Philosophy II - Western Philosophy

Published by GatekeeperCrow in the blog GatekeeperCrow. Views: 368

I want to start with Aristotle, the same as my class did, and work backwards to Socrates. I agree with Aristotle's three key elements of philosophy, which are rhetoric (the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the use of figures of speech and other compositional techniques), dialectic (the art of investigating or discussing the truth of opinions), and logic (reasoning conducted or assessed according to strict principles of validity). I also believe there are five elements, as he did. Those elements being aether (or spirit), Wind, Fire, Water, and Earth (I placed them in order of the most etherial to the most solid. I am not sure as to whether Aristotle did the same). I am also into metaphysics (the knowledge of immaterial beings of the highest degree of abstraction), as he was. I also agree with something he was quoted as saying. "Wishing to be friends is quick work, but friendship is a slowly ripening fruit."

As for Plato, Aristotle's teacher, I find him to be correct when he referred to three types of love: Love for parents, immediate family and children (known as storge - affectionate love), love for an intimate partner (known as erotas -intimate or passionate love), and love for one's fellow man (also known as agape - love in a spiritual sense). There is also a fourth type of love, Philia, which is a concept developed by Aristotle, meaning affectionate regard, or friendship including loyalty to friends, family and community. I would agree more with the concept of Philia were it narrowed down to loyalty to friends, because including family and community combines storge and agape. I do not agree with Plato that no one is voluntarily evil. I believe some are, and some are not. I do agree with what he said about democracy, that it is "a charming form of government full of the variety of granting equality to the rich and poor alike." At least I see it as how democracy should be.

Socrates. I am an adherent of the Socratic Method which is a way of reasoning and logic to find deeper truth in life. I do like that Socrates had a higher view of women than his contemporaries. I like this, and agree with having such a view. Maybe this is because I myself am a woman, but maybe not. There isn't too much more that is known about Socrates, save that he wrote nothing, but was still known as one of the greatest philosophers of his time. He has been written about widely, but there are varying views on him even by his contemporaries.

I will write more on my views of philosophy when I glean information of the philosophies I missed.
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