Black People : Women of Corn

Discussion in 'Black People Open Forum' started by Amnat77, Aug 27, 2010.

  1. Amnat77

    Amnat77 Well-Known Member MEMBER

    Dec 11, 2006
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    In the South, women are the main producers of food, in charge of working the land, keeping the seeds, harvesting the fruit, getting water, etc. Between 60 and 80% of food production in these countries falls on women, 50% worldwide. These are the main producers of staple crops like rice, wheat and maize, which feed the poorest populations in the global South. But, despite their key role in agriculture and food, they are, along with children, the most affected by hunger.
    For centuries, rural women were responsible for domestic chores, caring for people, feeding their families, for subsistence, cultivation and marketing of some surplus from their gardens. They have borne the reproductive, productive and community work, and occupied an invisible private sphere. However, major economic agricultural transactions have been traditionally performed by men in the markets, buying and selling animals, marketing of large quantities of grain ... peasants occupying the public sphere.

    This division of roles assigns to women care of the home, health and education of their families and gives men the management of land and machinery, in short, those particular skills, and keeps intact the roles of men and women for centuries and even today, these roles remain in our societies.

    However, in many regions of the global South, in Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa and southern Asia, there is considerable feminization of agricultural wage labor. Between 1994 and 2000, women occupied 83% of new jobs in the sector of non-traditional agricultural exports. But this dynamic is accompanied by a marked gender division: plantation women perform unskilled tasks, such as collection and packaging, while men carry out the harvest and planting.

    This incorporation of women into the paid workplace implies a double burden on women, who continue to carry out the care of their families while working for income, mostly in precarious employment. They have worse working conditions than their peers and receive a lower financial remuneration for the same tasks and having to work longer to earn the same income.