Omowale Jabali : Who are the COPTS?

Discussion in 'Omowale Jabali' started by Omowale Jabali, Feb 10, 2011.

  1. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    The word Copt was adopted in English in the 17th century, from New Latin Coptus, Cophtus, which is derived from Arabic collective qubṭ, qibṭ قبط "the Copts"</ref> with nisba adjective qubṭī, qibṭī قبطي, plural aqbāṭ أقباط; Also quftī, qiftī, Arabic /f/ representing historical Coptic /p/. </ref> an Arabisation of the Coptic word kubti (Bohairic) and/or kuptaion (Sahidic). The Coptic word is in turn an adaptation of the Greek Αἰγύπτιος "Egyptian".

    The term is thus ultimately derived from the Greek designation of the native Egyptian population in Roman Egypt (as opposed to Greeks, Romans, Jews, etc.) After the Muslim conquest of Egypt , it became restricted to those Egyptians adhering to the Christian religion.[18]

    The Greek term for Egypt, Αἰγύπτος, is itself derived from the Egyptian language, but dates to a much earlier period, being attested already in Mycenean Greek as a3-ku-pi-ti-jo (lit. "Egyptian"; used here as a man's name). This Mycenaean form is likely from Middle Egyptian ḥwt-k3-ptḥ ("Hut-ka-Ptah"), literally "Estate (or 'House') of the Spirit of Ptah" (cf. Akkadian āluḫi-ku-up-ta-aḫ), the name of the temple complex of the god Ptah at Memphis.

    In their own Coptic language, the Copts referred to themselves as rem en kēme (Sahidic) ⲣⲙⲛⲕⲏⲙⲉ, lem en kēmi (Fayyumic), rem en khēmi (Bohairic) ⲣⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ, which literally means "people of Egypt" or "Egyptians"; cf. Egyptian rmṯ n kmt, Demotic rmt n kmỉ.The Arabic word qibṭ "Copt" has also been connected to the Greek name of the town of Κόπτος Coptos (modern day Qifṭ; Coptic Kebt and Keft). It is possible that this association has contributed to making Copt the settled form of the name.[19]

    In the 20th century, some Egyptian nationalists and intellectuals in the context of Pharaonism began using the term qubṭ in the historical sense. For example, Markos Pasha Semeika, founder of the Coptic Museum, addressed a group of Egyptian students in these words: "All of you are Copts. Some of you are Muslim Copts, others are Christian Copts, but all of you are descended from the Ancient Egyptians".[20]

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copts

    http://www.coptic.net/EncyclopediaCoptica/
     
  2. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    Followers of the Egyptian Coptic Orthodox Church, which arose from the first schism with Rome, can be found in Northern Sudanese towns including Dongala, Atbara, Wad Medani, Port Sudan, El-Obeid, Khartoum and Omdurman. They have 23 churches and two bishops. There are less than 200,000 members of the Coptic Christian community in Sudan, but their presence in the country dates back over thirteen hundred years, and because of their advanced literacy and numeracy their role has been more significant than their numbers would suggest. Their
    adoption of a passive, non-confrontational role in an overwhelmingly Muslim society, coupled with their light skin colour, has helped them to avoid the worst excesses of religious and racial discrimination, but in recent years they have been harassed and intimidated by the National Islamic Front regime. Although they have common roots with the original Christian missionaries in
    Sudan, they tend to be overlooked in the debate on religious persecution, which focuses on the Christians in Southern Sudan.

    http://www.sudanupdate.org/REPORTS/PEOPLES/COPTS.HTM
     
  3. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    "Revolution, revolution in Egypt, in all churches of Egypt."

    In Alexandria, protesters were dispersed by police firing tear gas.

    The government said it had stepped up security measures outside churches after the Islamic State of Iraq, a militant umbrella group that includes al-Qaeda in Iraq, threatened the Copts of Egypt at the end of October.

    In recent months, Copts have complained of discrimination. Some Muslims have accused churches of holding converts to Islam against their will.

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-12106177
     
  4. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    Before Egyptians launched a revolt against their president last month, the country's Coptic minority was already rioting in the streets.

    The Orthodox Christians accused President Hosni Mubarak of not doing enough to protect their community, especially following a suicide bombing at a Coptic church on New Year's Day that killed some two dozen people.

    http://www.npr.org/2011/02/09/133629826/Uprising-Stirs-Fears-In-Egypts-Coptic-Community