Black Spirituality Religion : Was Mary Magdalene the Wife of Prophet Jesus?

Discussion in 'Black Spirituality / Religion - General Discussion' started by Kannte, Feb 27, 2004.

  1. Kannte

    Kannte Well-Known Member MEMBER

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  2. Aqil

    Aqil Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Peace Brother Kannte.

    Yes...There is an ancient city named “Nazeret” in Ethiopia, about 40 miles south of the capital city of Addis Ababa. Not too far from Nazeret is a city called "Megdela," which was the birthplace of the Biblical "Mary Magdalene." Therefore it could it be that the Biblical Jesus of Nazereth and Mary Magdalene are in reality Isa of Nazeret and Miriam of Megdela, Ethiopia...which leads me to believe that they were husband and wife...

    (As you can see, from "Magdalene" to "Megdela" is linguistically an extremely short step...as is "Nazareth" to "Nazeret.")
     
  3. Kannte

    Kannte Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Aqil, Thanks for sharing that . . .

    Again, thanks for sharing that, Aqil.

    Very interesting.
     
  4. AACOOLDRE

    AACOOLDRE Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Magdalene is a word for "Watchtower". Nazarite also means "Watchtower". Mary was in the spiritual line of David and Solomon who are personifications of Ptah/Thoth who are the original Nazarite building the Hill/Watchtower/Pyramid from which life sprang. The Egyptians were decendants from Ethiopia so the name may be after them.

    Dan Brown author of "The Da Vinci Code" talked about secret information in the picture of Mona Lisa. Brown says:

    Mona Lisa =
    Amon-L'isa

    Brown says Amon's counterpart was Isis whose ancient pictogram was once called L'isa.

    I don't believe M&M gave birth to a daughter to Jesus. Jesus was a symbolic, spiritual figure based on Egyptian characters. There are no bloodlines just grapevines of knowledge being passed to "knowers".
     
  5. Aqil

    Aqil Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Bishop James Spong speculates that Jesus may have been married. And of course, he says, the woman he was married to was Mary Magdalene, whom the church has painted with a wide-scarlet brush down through the centuries.

    Bishop Spong says that such negative views of Mary Magdalene are pure nonsense. "The only indications that Mary Magdalene even had problems," he says, "are a short Gospel passage that says she was a sinner and another passage that says Jesus cast seven demons out of the woman."

    But Bishop Spong sees other positive indications that Mary Magdalene could have been the wife of Jesus. For instance, when the Gospel writers list the contingent of women who followed Jesus and the disciples from town to town, Mary Magdalene is always mentioned first.

    Given the many prohibitions on single Jewish women in those days, Bishop Spong says that the women following Jesus could have been mothers, wives or prostitutes. Bishop Spong thinks that Peter and some of the other disciples had wives who followed along. What then was the role of Mary Magdalene?

    The Bible says the women “provided for them out of their means.” And in every account Mary Magdalene is the central figure. Even at the tomb after the crucifixion, the focus is on Mary Magdalene. She tells an angel inside the tomb that someone has taken away her “Lord,” which would have been a common reference to a husband in those days, Bishop Spong says. And when she sees a mysterious figure outside the tomb whom she believes is a gardener, she lays claim to the body of Jesus which, of course, would be the duty of a man’s wife.

    He talks about the narrative that describes the moment after the resurrection when Jesus sees Mary and greets her by name. Mary responds, “Rabboni,” an intimate reference to Jesus’ teaching role. Apparently, Mary then moves toward Jesus to embrace him, and Jesus says, “Do not embrace me” or: “Do not cling to me.” In Orthodox Jewish sects, the bishop says, women did not embrace men unless they were married – and then only in the privacy of their homes.

    Bishop Spong contends that the wedding at Cana in Galilee was actually the wedding of Jesus and Mary Magdalene. The bishop notes that the only likely time that Jesus’ mother and all of his friends would be at the same wedding was when Jesus himself got married. And he wonders why Jesus’ mother became so upset when the wine was running low. Probably because she was the hostess of her own son’s wedding.

    Bishop Spong charges that the real Mary Magdalene was excised from holy stories as a way of denying women their true sexual nature. “By the turn of the 1st century, there was in the life of the Christian church a clear need to remove Mary Magdalene, the flesh-and-blood woman who was at Jesus’ side in life and in death, and to replace her with a sexless woman, the virgin mother. The record of history is that this was accomplished by portraying Mary Magdalene as a prostitute...and thus assassinating her character...
     
  6. Kannte

    Kannte Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Bishop Spong, is saying the same thing almost word for word as Sir Laurence Gardner (mybe Spong has read Gardner's work?), and sounds like he is in agreement with Sir Laurence Gardner.

    The question is: why did the Roman Church, "[deny] . . . women their true sexual nature," as Biship Spong, points out? The answer can be found in Sir Gardner's work.

    Sir Gardner writes,

    "Because women become wives and lovers. The very nature of MOTHERHOOD is a perpetuation of BLOODLINES. It was this that bothered the Church: a taboo subject-motherhood, bloodlines. This image had to be separated from the necessary image of Jesus.

    The only way for the Roman High Church to restrain the heirs of Mary Magdalene was to discredit Mary herself and to deny her bridal relationship with Jesus.

    Only by removing Jesus from the frontline could the Popes and cardinals reign supreme. When formally instituting Christianity as the state religion of Rome, Constantine declared that "he alone" was the true "Saviour Messiah", not Jesus! As for the Bishops of Rome (the Popes), they were granted an apostolic descent from St Peter – not a legitimate Desposynic descent from Jesus and his brothers, as was retained within the Nazarene Church.

    [T]he Grail bloodline-a bloodline which had been ousted from its dynastic position by the Popes and Bishops of Rome . . . had elected to reign supreme by way of a contrived "apostolic succession."

    So as Sir Gardiner, points out the Roman Church, denied women their true sexual nature, for the political and theological usurpation and supplanting of the Desposynic descent from Jesus of his children (from Mary Magdalene) as heirs to lead and continue the religious and theological movement that he founded and started.
     
  7. j'hiah

    j'hiah Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    no, Jesus was not married.
     
  8. Aqil

    Aqil Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Why wasn't he, Jehiah?...
     
  9. AACOOLDRE

    AACOOLDRE Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    The Da Vinci Code

    This is a bunch of bunk.Mary Magdalene and offspring of jesus are said they headed to France when the Romans persecuted the Essene/Nazarite society in 70’s ad. This is the foundation of the holy grail story which claims that the Jesus bloodline became the merovingians in France. well thats crap because these people didn’t exist and note the source of this story, the librarian of the Vatician Library of the Roman church in Rome. The bloodline/Vine/knowledge was symbolic. this blood was merely symbolic of the blood, which flowed in the ancient rituals in which lambs were sacrificed at the spring equinox .

    Dan Brown converts Mary Magdalene into Isis of Egypt. The logic is that you can’t get truth from fiction. Magdalene means “Watchtower” which equals Nazarite. The original Nazarites are linked to Netzer=Shoot of the Egyptian goddess Net/Isis and Osiris who went around the world teaching manking the Vine/knowledge and wheat.
     
  10. AACOOLDRE

    AACOOLDRE Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    The Merovingian dynasty ruled France for 300 years -- from the 5th to the 8th centuries. It is also true that most of Europe's monarchs have been from the Merovingian lineage from the Middle Ages until today. We have discussed at length the ancient heresy which considered the Merovingian bloodline to be the descendants of Jesus Christ and Mary Magdalene. But, who really were the Merovingians? Where did they actually come from? Can we trace their history back to Mary Magdalene? Or does it go back further, to the days of the Old Testament?

    To find the answer, we must research ancient history and trace the migration of nomadic tribes. Merovee was king of a Germanic tribe called Franks. His name "echoes the French word for 'mother' as well as both the French and Latin words for 'sea'." 1.

    According to the legend reported in HOLY BLOOD, HOLY GRAIL, Merovee was born of two fathers. It was said that his expectant mother went swimming one day in the Mediterranean Sea and was attacked be a dreadful sea creature who impregnated her with a divine seed. Not only was Merovee the son of Clodio, King of the Franks, he was also supposedly the son of a beast of Neptune. It was believed that in his veins flowed a co-mingling of two different bloods; the blood of a Frankish ruler and the blood of a mysterious aquatic creature. Since that, of course is not possible, it was suggested that the story of the sea creature may have been symbolic of his lineage, leading to the development of the legend that he was of the offspring of Mary Magdalene.

    It is believed to this day by the people in Provence, a district in southern France, that Lazarus and his two sisters, Mary Magdalene and Martha, landed there when they sailed across the Mediterranean to France, escaping the Roman destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70. 2. So, the belief that the mother of the Merovingian dynasty came from the Mediterranean Sea (or from across the sea) may have originated from this symbolic fairy tale. She is still considered today, by those who ascribe to the belief of the 'holy bloodline,' to be the progenitor of Merovee - 400 years removed.

    A clue to where the Merovingians possibly originated is found in ancient Norse mythology. Merovee claimed to be descended from Odin, one of the gods worshipped by the Teutonic people of northern Europe -- after whom Odin's Day (also called Woden's Day), or Wednesday, was named. Note the spelling of the word "Odin." Is it possible - could this be another way of spelling Dan, or could the name have evolved from the Israelite Lost Tribe of Dan? We shall analyze the possible Merovingian/Israelite connection in this chapter.

    In order to explore that premise, perhaps we should begin with a story from Greece -- of the battle between the Spartans and the Trojans. Keep in mind, the kings of the Merovingian dynasty claimed to be descendants from those ancient tribes.

    According to the ancient Greek treatise, THE ILIAD, by Homer, the founder of Troy was named Dar-dan-us. 3. The name is strikingly familiar. It contains the name of Dan! It was said that Dardanus was the son of Zeus. Dardanus had a son named Erichthonius, who had a son named Tros, who was the namesake of the ancient Trojans and of their capital city, Troy.

    Tros had three sons, Ilus, Ganymede, and Assaracus. Priam, the reigning king of the Trojans, was of the line of Ilus. Aeneas, founder of the Roman Empire, as a prince of the royal house of Assaracus. Ganymede was the great-grandson of Dardanus, the founder of Troy. According to Homer's ILIAD (Book V), 4. Zeus kidnapped the prince, Ganymede. Zeus wanted Ganymede to be a special cup-bearer to the gods (which may be a clue to the origin of the legend of the so-called Holy Grail).

    The ILIAD does not relate how Zeus carried off Ganymede, but there is an ancient Roman mosaic showing Ganymede, the Trojan prince, being carried off by Zeus, who had taken the form of an eagle! Here is a possible clue to connect the progenitors of the ancient Trojans with the tribe of Dan, who had adopted the eagle as their insignia.

    Zeus was sometimes pictured as an eagle, but at other times he was pictured as a serpent to whom offerings of honey were made. Here appears yet another clue. We have the symbol of a snake (the first insignia of Dan) to whom offerings of honey were made! The honey could be a reference to the bees in Samson's riddle -- again, it smacks of the tribe of Dan.

    According to Greek mythology, Zeus was the son of Cronus, the sun god. Zeus was born in Arcadia, near the capital city of the Spartans. When he reached manhood he overthrew his father Cronus and won the universe. He then divided it with his brothers according to lots: Hades drew the nether world, Poseidon the sea and the waters, and Zeus the heavens.

    The Spartans lived in Laconia, near Arcadia, in the southern Greek peninsula called Peloponnesus. Over the centuries some of the group migrated northeast across the Aegean Sea to build the ancient city of Troy. There came a time when Paris, the Trojan prince, fell in love with Helen, wife of the Spartan king, kidnapped her and removed her to the city of Troy. By the way, Paris was the one after whom the capital of France was named. There is also a city in France named Troyes, after the ancient Trojan capital -- for the Merovingian French royalty claimed descent from the Trojans.

    According to the legend, the battle between the Spartans and the Trojans raged for 10 years. Then the Spartans hit upon an idea. They built a huge hollow horse, left it outside the walls of Troy, boarded their ships and pushed off into the Aegean sea. As they sailed out of sight, the people of Troy emerged to inspect the horse. They were warned that it might be a trick, but they wouldn't listen. They pulled the Trojan horse inside their city, and that night celebrated their victory over the Spartans. However, inside the horse, Spartan soldiers had been hidden, and under the cover of darkness, the Spartan ships returned.

    While the people of Troy celebrated, the Spartan warriors crept out of their hiding place and opened the gates of the city allowing their army to enter. According to the account, the Spartans rescued Helen, killed many of the Trojans, and set fire to the city. Here's a side note: Aeneas, a Trojan prince, escaped the city and went to central Italy, where his offspring bore the twin boys Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome.

    Over the centuries some of the Spartans migrated into southern France, and some of the surviving Trojans moved north and west into Germany, Belgium and northern France, following the Danube River, and eventually settled in the region that became known as Austrasia in the province of Lorraine. 5. The lineage of the Merovingian kings, therefore, may have been rooted in the Trojans.

    In the apocryphal book of I Maccabees there is an account about the Spartans of southern Greece - claiming that they were related to the Jewish people and were, in fact, of the stock of Abraham. A letter from the king of the Spartans to the Jewish high priest in Jerusalem is most revealing:

    "Areus, king of the Spartans, to Onias, the high priest, greetings.

    "It has been discovered in a document concerning the Spartans and Jews that they are brothers, and are of the race of Abraham" (I Maccabees 12:20-21).

    Unfortunately, the "document" referred to in the letter does not exist today. If it did, however, it might have provided the missing link necessary to connect the Spartans to the tribe of Dan. However, Flavius Josephus also records the letter in his writings:

    "We have met with a certain writing, whereby we have discovered that both the Jews and the Spartans are of one stock, and are derived from the kindred of Abraham. It is but just, therefore, that you, who are our brethren, should send to us about any of your concerns as you please. We will also do the same thing, and esteem your concerns as our own, and will look upon our concerns as in common with yours. Demotoles, who brings you this letter, will bring your answer back to us. This letter is foursquare; and the symbol is an eagle, with a dragon in his claws." 6.

    The Spartan letter followed the invasion of Jerusalem by Antiochus Epiphanes, the Syrian general who sacrificed a sow upon the brazen altar of the Temple. In the course of events, Onias died, but his successor, Jonathan, wrote a letter of reply to the Spartans of southern Greece:

    "Jonathan the high priest, the senate of the nation, the priests, and the rest of the Jewish people, to the Spartans their brothers send greetings.

    "In the past a letter was sent to Onias, the high priest from Areus, one of your kings, stating that you are indeed our brothers, as the copy subjoined attests.

    "Onias received the envoy with honor, and accepted the letter, in which a clear reference was made to friendship and alliance.

    "For our part, though we have no need of these, having the consolation of the holy books in our possession.

    "We venture to send, to renew our fraternal friendship with you, so that we may not become strangers to you, for a long time has elapsed since you sent us the letter.

    "We may say that constantly on every occasion, at our festivals and on other appointed days, we make a remembrance of you in the sacrifices we offer and in our prayers, as it is right and fitting to remember brothers." 7.

    What relation the Spartans were to the Jews is not given. We can only surmise the possibility that they could have been from the tribe of Dan.

    King Merovee supposedly possessed magical powers. He and his royal offspring wore their hair long as a symbol of their magic (similar to Samson). It was also said that they had the power to heal by the laying on of hands and that such power could be found in the tassels that hung as fringes on the bottom of their garments. This indicates a possible Hebrew heritage, for such power was believed to be in the fringes of the talliths worn by Israelites. You may recall the woman at Capernaum who touched the hem (fringes) of our Savior's garment and was healed of a 12-year infirmity.

    Thus, we may consider not only a so-called Christian connection, but we are told of a more significant Israelite custom as well. These are two important clues: One, he wore his hair long like Samson, the Danite, with the belief that it gave him magical power, and two, he wore a tallith as did the ancient religious Israelite people. Is it possible that Merovee's forefathers were Israelites, of the stock of Abraham -- perhaps even from the tribe of Dan? That brings us to another clue.

    When the tomb of Childeric 1, son of Merovee, was discovered and opened in 1653, there were found among the items in his tomb, 300 miniature bees made of solid gold. In Chapters 3 and 5 we mentioned the bees. We said that Napoleon had these 300 golden bees sewn onto his coronation robe -- worn when he crowned himself Emperor of France. When he married Marie-Louise (Habsburg) of Austria, she wore a royal robe with the bees interwoven throughout. The bees may well represent a very important clue as to the lineage of the Merovingian dynasty. (See pages 58-59.)

    Four symbols are used in the Bible concerning the Danites -- a serpent, an eagle, a lion, and the bees. In the story of Samson, we find the famous riddle of the bees who made honey in the carcass of a lion which had been killed by Samson. 8. The symbolic nature of the bees could represent the concept that the descendants of the tribe of Dan would one day try to bring about the destruction of the tribe of Judah, whose symbol was the lion, and from the carcass of the lion the tribe of Dan would attempt to produce the golden age of a world empire, symbolized by the honey. 'The Merovingians claim of coming from the tribe of Judah (through Mary Magdalene and Jesus Christ) is not true. The lie may have been advanced because the symbol of Judah was the lion. However, I believe the Merovingians were from the tribe of Dan.

    The eagle's wings detached from the back of the lion in the 7th chapter of Daniel may also be an ancient symbol for the tribe of Dan, which broke away from the tribe of Judah in the last chapters of the book of Judges:

    "The first was like a lion, and had eagle's wings: I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon the feet as a man, and a man's heart was given to it" (Daniel 7:4).

    On a map of ancient Israel, the territory of Dan appears like a wing attached to the shoulder of the territory of Judah. Among the possible interpretations of Daniel's vision one must consider the story of Dan leaving its original territory and moving north into Lebanon.

    When Moses gave his prophecies of the 12 tribes, he said that Benjamin would "dwell between the shoulders of Judah" (Deuteronomy 33:12), and that Dan, "as a lion's whelp, would leap from Bashan" (Deuteronomy 33:22). Bashan was located in ancient Lebanon. That Mosaic prediction came to pass when the tribe of Dan was deprived of its territory adjacent to Judah, moved north to Lebanon, and established its territory in Bashan. From there the Danites made a symbolic leap into obscurity. It is my opinion that they could have landed in Europe.

    To follow the possible migration of the Danites, we must go back to the early pages of the Bible to the days following the death of Samson. 9. During those days, the tribe of Dan lived in the territory west of Jerusalem, over toward the coast of the Mediterranean Sea and down through the valley of Sorek to the borders of the Philistines. After the death of Samson, the men of Dan were deprived of their territory. Not only did Samson's death create a possible difficulty for the Danites, but the sin of the tribe of Benjamin at about that time also created a precarious situation for the tribe.

    The story is given of the wife of a Levite who had been molested by the Benjamites. When her husband discovered her corpse, he cut it into pieces and sent it to the other tribes demanding that they avenge the rape of his wife. The battle that followed almost annihilated the Benjamites. In the war, however, the tribe of Dan also suffered. Flavius Josephus, a first century Jewish historian, described it:

    "Now it happened that the tribe of Dan suffered in like manner with the tribe of Benjamin; and it came to do so on the occasion following: --- When the Israelites had already left off the exercise of their arms for war, and were intent upon their husbandry, the Canaanites despised them, and brought together an army, not because they expected to suffer by them, but because they had a mind to have a sure prospect of treating the Hebrews ill when they pleased, and might thereby for the time to come dwell in their own cities the more securely; they prepared therefore their chariots, and gathered their soldiery together, their cities also combined together, and drew over to them Ashkelon and Ekron, which were within the tribe of Judah, and many more of those that lay in the plain. They also forced the Danites to fly into the mountainous country, and left them not the least portion of the plain country to set their foot on. Since then, these Danites were not able to fight them, and had not land enough to sustain them, they sent five of their men into the midland country to seek for a land to which they might remove their habitation. So these men went as far as the neighborhood of Mount Libanus, and the fountains of the Lesser Jordan, at the great plain of Sidon. . . 10.

    Thus, we have the migration of the tribe of Dan. Having been pushed out of their territory west of Jerusalem, they went north into Lebanon. The story is found in Judges 18. According to the chapter, the tribe of Dan established an idolatrous religion -- the worship of the sun and moon. The summation of their move is given in the book of Judges:

    "And they called the name of the city Dan, after the name of Dan, their father, who was born unto Israel; howbeit, the name of the city was Laish at the first.

    "And the children of Dan set up the graven image; and Jonathan, the son of Gershom, the son of Manasseh, he and his sons were priests to the tribe of Dan until the day of the captivity of the land" (Judges 29-30).

    According to the story, the tribe of Dan moved into Lebanon, where they lived for at least the next 600 years. In the year 721 B.C., the Assyrians took the northern ten tribes captive. Though there are no historical documents to prove that the tribe moved westward into Europe, the question remains: What happened to the tribe of Dan?

    According to THE WORLD BOOK ENCYCLOPEDIA, the Celts, in 400 B.C., divided Ireland into small kingdoms called tuatha. 11. Celtic mythology claims that the most important race was the "Tuatha de Danann, or People of the Goddess Danu." Some have suggested that this name may refer to a connection to the ancient tribe of Dan. The Tuatha de Danann was "the source of most of the divinities that the Irish people worshiped before they became Christians in the A.D. 400's." 12.

    Now, I am not an adherent of "British Israelism." It is not my purpose to try to promote the idea that the Europeans were the lost ten tribes of Israel. However, it is not impossible that at least the tribe of Dan could have migrated northwest -- to eventually establish the thrones of Europe. I have no hard evidence that the name Denmark comes from Dan or that the Danube River is so named after the ancient tribe. I am simply pointing out the possibility, for the tribe of Dan is considered by Jewish rabbis to be a lost tribe.

    The lineage of the Merovingian kings has not been historically established. But, we are relating in this chapter why we believe they probably descended from the early Spartans, which, according to the apocryphal book of I Maccabees, claimed to be of the stock of Abraham, father of Israel. Could they have come from the tribe of Dan? Could the name of the Danube River be derived from that ancient tribe? And could the country of Denmark also be so named? Why should we be so interested in the tribe of Dan? What part would that ancient tribe have to play in the fulfillment of prophecy? For the answer, we must go to the 49th chapter of Genesis and consider the story of the dying Jacob, who gathered his 12 sons around his bed to give prophecies of that which would befall each of them in the last days. He spoke of Judah as a lion and said that the scepter shall not depart from Judah until Shiloh come -- which is taken to be a prediction of the coming Messiah. But then he spoke of Dan:

    "Dan shall judge his people, as one of the tribes of Israel. Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward" (Genesis 16-17).

    Here we see the trail of the serpent and are reminded of the prophecy to Adam and Eve that the serpent shall bruise the heel of the Messiah - the seed of the woman. The dying Jacob referred to Dan under the insignia of the serpent.

    These symbols take us back to the ancient zodiac. To Judah was given the insignia of Leo, the Lion, and to Dan was given the insignia of Scorpio, the seed of the serpent. The reference by the dying Jacob could be a prediction that the offspring of Dan may one day produce Mr. 666, who will attempt to sit upon the throne of this world.

    In Revelation 7 the 144,000 Israelites are listed. All of the tribes are given but the tribe of Dan. By the time we reach that point in world history (the time of Revelation 7), the tribe of Dan is missing. The implication is that Dan will produce the great usurper, the antichrist.

    I have long believed that the tribe of Dan would somehow be involved with the rise of the antichrist -- even while other theologians were suggesting that the future man of sin would be a Gentile -- perhaps from Syria, Egypt, or even Rome.

    I had no concrete proof to support my theory. I could not pinpoint the whereabouts of the offspring of Dan, for the ancient tribe slipped into obscurity some 3,000 years ago. Further, there is no scripture which specifically states that the future world ruler will be from that ancient Israelite tribe. I based my theory upon the implications of a few prophetic Scriptures.

    The prophet Daniel predicted the coming of a future usurper, indicating that he could be an apostate Israelite, who would forsake the traditional religion of his forefathers:

    "Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all" (Daniel 11:37).

    Daniel indicated that the future world ruler would not regard the God of his fathers. That may be a reference to his lineage. He will have no regard for the God of the rabbis. Furthermore, it may be more than a coincidence that the Lord chose a man named Daniel to write one of the greatest prophetic books in the Bible. His very name, Dan-i-el, may, in itself, be a clue concerning this one about whom Daniel wrote. More than any other Old Testament Book, Daniel describes the coming world ruler who will persecute the Jewish people with a vengeance. It just might be a man from the tribe of Dan who will try to eliminate the Lion of the tribe of Judah.

    If the predictions that "Dan shall judge his people" and "Dan shall be a serpent" are accurate, most of the suffering of Israel down through the centuries has been plotted and perpetrated by the lost tribe of Dan. The question is, can we prove it? Were the leaders of imperial Rome the offspring of the tribe of Dan? Was the Syrian general, Antiochus Epiphanes, who sacrificed a pig upon the brazen altar (168 B.C.) an offshoot from the tribe of Dan? Was Alexander the Great a Danite? And what about the thrones of Europe who persecuted the Jewish people over the past 1,600 years? Do they belong to that ancient tribe?

    In these prophecies of the dying Jacob we can see the trail of the serpent who beguiled Eve in the Garden of Eden. God placed a curse upon the serpent and his seed. He said:

    "I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel" (Genesis 3:15).

    It is quite remarkable that the dying Jacob gave the symbol of the serpent to Dan and declared that he would judge his people.

    There is an ancient apocryphal writing called the "Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs" in which Dan was supposed to have made certain predictions concerning his offspring. The writing is apocryphal, and has been dated by scholars to have been written around 150 B.C. Fragments of the apocryphal writing were found in the Qumran caves, and are a part of the famous Dead Sea Scrolls.

    The "Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs" are purported to be the final utterances of the twelve sons of Jacob -- modeled after Jacob's last words in Genesis 49. Just prior to death, each of the sons is depicted as gathering his offspring around him and prophesying those things which would befall each tribe in the future. According to the testament of Dan, he gathered his sons around him when he was 125 years old. Among the many things he had to say were these startling words:

    "I read in the Book of Enoch, the Righteous, that your prince is Satan. . ." 13.

    Because of this statement, Jewish scholars, some 150 years before Christ, linked the tribe of Dan with the antichrist -- "your prince is Satan." Furthermore, in the apocryphal writing, Dan was made to say, "I know that in the last days you will defect from the Lord, you will be offended at Levi, and revolt against Judah; but you will not prevail over them." 14.

    Finally, upon Dan's death, the writer concluded, "Dan prophesied to them. . .that they would go astray from God's law, that they would be estranged from their inheritance, from the race of Israel, and from their patrimony; and that is what occurred." 15.

    As the ancient writing indicated, the Danites lost their inheritance of territory after the death of Samson. Migrating north into Lebanon, they eventually lost their identity. Dan became a lost tribe.

    When Moses built the Tabernacle, he was instructed to choose two men to head up the project. They were Bezaleel of the tribe of Judah and Aholiab of the tribe of Dan (Exodus 31:1-6). These two men were chosen to do the design work with the gold, silver, brass, stone, wood, and fabric. In choosing these two men, I believe God was laying out a prophecy of those two tribes who would eventually fight over the possession and disposition of the sanctuary. Just as the Messiah has His roots in the tribe of Judah, the antichrist may have his roots in the tribe of Dan.

    When the Tabernacle was completed, it was placed in the center of the camp. Each of the tribes were positioned around it -- three to the east, three to the south, three to the west, and three to the north. Furthermore, each tribe was instructed to display their insignia:

    "Now the Lord spake unto Moses and unto Aaron saying,
    "Every man of the children of Israel shall pitch by his own standard, with the ensign of their father's house; far off about the tabernacle of the congregation shall they pitch" (Numbers 2:1,2).

    The symbols of the tribes were given according to the constellations in the ancient Egyptian zodiac. The tents of the tribe of Judah were pitched to the east of the Tabernacle under the symbol of the lion. Alongside Judah were the tribes of Issachar and Zebulon. On the south side lay the tents of Reuben, Simeon and Gad. On the west side Ephraim, Manasseh, and Benjamin pitched their tents. And on the north side were Asher, Naphtali, and Dan:

    "The standard of the camp of Dan shall be on the north side by their armies, and the captain of the children of Dan shall be Ahiezer" (Numbers 2:25).

    This specific position of the Danites on the north side of the camp may be prophetic of their eventual location at the extreme north end of the nation -- at the Lebanon border. It may also be connected to the prophecy given by Isaiah concerning the fall of Lucifer:

    "How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north" (Isaiah 14:12-13).

    The notes of the Open Bible say the north side means, "in the place of control." Could it be that the tribe of Dan, who was situated on the north side of the congregation was the target of Lucifer?

    To Dan was given the symbol of Scorpio, which, in the ancient Egyptian zodiac was a snake. However, when the time came to hoist the symbol of the snake, Ahiezer refused and chose instead the symbol of an eagle. According to Unger's Bible Dictionary:

    "Dan's position in the journey was on the north of the Tabernacle, with Asher and Naphtali. The standard of the tribe was of white and red, and the crest upon it, an eagle, the great foe to serpents, which had been chosen by the leader instead of a serpent, because Jacob had compared Dan to a serpent. Ahiezer substituted the eagle, the destroyer of serpents, as he shrank from carrying an adder upon his flag." 16. It may prove worthwhile to consider the possible connection to the tribe of Dan whenever an eagle is used as the symbol of subsequent leaders or nations.

    Here are the clues which could connect the tribe of Dan with the political leaders of the Greeks, the Romans, the Germans, the French -- all of the thrones of Europe, including the leaders of ancient Czarist Russia. Not only have those nations displayed the symbol of the eagle, but their colors have primarily been white and red, the colors of the Danites. It may be more than coincidence that the Knights Templar wore white uniforms displaying a red cross on the chest.

    Dan was the largest tribe in Israel in the days of the Tabernacle. Their population numbered 157,600. After conquering Canaan, Dan was the last tribe to receive any land. Though they were the largest tribe, they received the smallest amount of territory -- west of Jerusalem, down to the Mediterranean coast. After the death of Samson, however, they were deprived even of that, and had to migrate north into southern Lebanon. There, they captured the city of Laish and changed its name to Dan. Thus, we have the term in the Old Testament -- "From Dan to Beersheba."

    The ancient name "Laish" means "a lion,"which fulfills the prophecy of Moses in Deuteronomy 33:22 when he said:

    "Dan is a lion's whelp: he shall leap from Bashan."

    The city of the lion (Laish) was located in the ancient province of Bashan, in the territory of Lebanon. From there, however, according to the prediction of Moses, Dan was to make a historic leap. In fact, the tribe vanished over the next 400 years.

    In I Chronicles 1-8, the Israelite tribes are listed -- all, that is, but the tribe of Dan. The date for writing the first eight chapters of the Chronicles has been placed at 1056 B.C. By then, Dan had become a lost tribe. They were not listed among the tribes of Israel. We do not have to wait until we get to Revelation 7 to eliminate the tribe of Dan. It was apparent in the first of the Chronicles. The big question remains, what happened to the tribe of Dan? Where did they go with their symbol of an eagle as a killer of snakes? We previously mentioned a letter, written by the king of the Spartans to the high priest in Jerusalem, wherein he claimed to be of the "stock of Abraham." We also related a similar statement written by the historian, Flavius Josephus.

    According to Josephus, the symbol of the ancient Spartans was an eagle with a dragon in his claws. The dragon, by the way, was synonymous with the snake among the early cultures. This is an incredible clue linking the tribe of Dan with the Spartans of southern Greece. It is curious to note that the Spartans claimed to be brothers to the tribes of Israel, of the stock of Abraham -- displaying the symbol of an eagle and its enemy, the snake.

    When Herod the Great built the magnificent temple in the years before the birth of Christ, he placed a huge eagle above the gate. Flavius Josephus wrote of it:

    "Herod had caused such things to be made, which were contrary to the law, of which he was accused by Judas and Mathias; for the king had erected over the great gate of the temple, a large golden eagle, of great value, and had dedicated it to the temple." 17.

    Herod the Great had placed an eagle (a symbol of the tribe of Dan) above the temple in the years just prior to the birth of Christ. How significant! For the mysterious tribe of Dan appears to have laid claim to the temple, just as they may again, someday, when the antichrist commits the abomination of desolation. When Herod the Great became extremely ill, a group of patriotic Jews pulled down the golden eagle. Josephus wrote:

    "And with such discourses, as this did these men excite the young men to this action; and a report being come to them that the king was dead, this was an addition to the wise men's persuasions, so, in the very middle of the day they got up on the place, they pulled down the eagle, and cut it into pieces with axes, while a great number of the people were in the temple." 18. Needless to say, they were arrested and executed for destroying what may have been a Spartan eagle.

    Now, the question remains, how do we know the Spartans were the offspring of the tribe of Dan? Even though they admitted to being brothers to the children of Israel, of the stock of Abraham, what further clues can we gather to help detemine their lineage?

    Aside from the fact that the Spartans wore long hair as a symbol of their power (like Samson) there is a legend written about the son of Belus, king of the Spartans -- in which is given the story of one named "Danaus," who arrived in Greece with his daughters by ship. According to the legend, his daughters called themselves Danades. They introduced the cult of the mother goddess, which became the established religion of the Arcadians and developed over the years into the worship of Diana. . .The Spartans so loved their king that they called themselves Danaans -- long before they adopted the name of Spartans.

    Also in the legend is a record of the arrival of "colonists from Palestine." Please note, the man who headed the expedition was named Danaus. He may well have been of the tribe of Dan, and thus would have been the progenitor of the ancient Spartans.

    In 1928, the ancient Canaanite city of Ugarit was discovered in northern Syria, about a half-mile inland from the coast of the Mediterranean. In the years following, a team of archaeologists, digging at the site, uncovered hundreds of cuneiform tablets dating from about 1200 B.C. One of the tablets recorded a legend. It told of a king called Aqhat, the son of a man named Danel and his wife Donatiya. The names of these two parents may well be a clue to the ancient tribe of Dan which lived in the area in the 12th century B.C.

    According to the legend, Kothar-wa-Khasis (the god of crafts) made a beautiful bow for Aqhat, which drew the attention of Anath, the goddess of war. Anath desired the bow for her arsenal, but Aqhat rejected her offers for it. In the story, Anath had Aqhat killed by one of her cohorts, Yatpan, who assumed the form of an eagle. In the ancient legend, the eagle ate Aqhat. His father, Danet, retrieved Aqhat's remains from the stomach of the eagle, and buried his son. Aqhat's sister, Pigat, then went to Yatpan the eagle to revenge her brother's death. Meanwhile, Danel entered a seven year period of mouming for Aqhat. " 19. In the cuneiform text, the story ends here, but many scholars feet there is probably more to the legend.

    And why was the legend written? No one is certain. But it could possibly be symbolic of the tribe of Dan, consumed by the eagle, who sets out to get revenge, looking forward to that future day when they will enter a seven year period of mourning. The overtones are apocalyptic. The story seems somewhat prophetic of that future seven year period when the tribe of Dan will seek revenge upon the children of Israel for letting them be driven from their land.

    Is it possible that the Danel of the Canaanite legend is the same as Danaus in the ancient Spartan legend? If they are not the same man, they may still be of the same tribe.

    By the way, not only did the Spartans wear their hair long like Samson, ascribing a special magical significance to it, but even Alexander the Great, the youthful king of Macedonia, wore his hair long. When Alexander approached the city of Jerusalem with his army, the Jewish high priest welcomed him with open arms. Jerusalem was the only capital city which did not come under the sword of Alexander. Is it possible that Alexander the Great was of the tribe of Dan? Was he perhaps an Israelite of the stock of Abraham?

    After the death of Alexander, his world kingdom was divided by his four generals. One hundred fifty years later, Antiochus Epiphanes, leader of the Greek province of Syria, invaded Jerusalem and sacrificed a pig upon the brazen altar. Josephus called him the "little horn" of Daniel's prophecy -- a prophetic type of the antichrist. 20. The designation has led many scholars to believe the future antichrist will be a Syrian. But, though Antiochus Epiphanes may have been a Syrian general, his lineage goes back to the Greek general who fell heir to part of Alexander's kingdom. Antiochus Epiphanes may have been from the tribe of Dan.

    The father of Alexander was Philip II, who, in 359 B.C., became the king of Macedonia and quickly conquered the entire Greek peninsula. In later years, Philip called a meeting at Corinth of representatives from all the Greek city states (with the exception of Sparta). And the delegates to this league of Corinth sat on a council called the "Synhedrion." As incredible as it may seem, the parliament of ancient Greece was called by the same name as the parliament of ancient Israel. They were called the "Sanhedrin."

    Is it any wonder that though the Old Testament was written in Hebrew, the New Testament was written in Greek? It may be more than a coincidence that the Hebrew alphabet, with its Aleph, Beth, Gimmel is remarkably similar to the Greek alphabet with its Alpha, Beta, Gamma. Though the Greeks were a mixture of ancient tribes (as was all of Europe for that matter), their political leaders may well have been Danites who migrated from the land of Israel over a thousand years before the birth of Christ. Perhaps from the ancient Spartans came the rulers of most of the thrones of Europe -- who carried with them the symbol of the eagle.

    The symbol of imperial Rome was a single headed eagle, but after Constantine divided the empire in the 4th century A.D., and moved his throne to Constantinople, a two headed eagle evolved as the symbol of the Byzantine Roman Empire.

    In the ninth century, most of the thrones of Europe were established, including a huge Jewish kingdom, known as Khazaria - kingdom of the Khazars. It was located above the Black Sea and offered a refuge for all of the tribes of the Diaspora. Could the Khazars have been Danites? Strangely enough, there are four major rivers that ran through the kingdom of the Khazars emptying into the Black Sea. There is the Danube, the Dnister, the Dnieber, and the Don. It appears to have been a common thing for the people of Dan to name their rivers by their ancient forefather. Even the Jordan river that weaves like a snake along the eastern border of the land of Israel is named after the ancient tribe of Dan. Jordan means "the going down of the Dan."

    The kingdom of the Khazars may have been a refuge for all of the tribes, but their political leaders ruled under the symbol of the two headed eagle. With all of that evidence, one is tempted to conclude that the lost tribe of Dan has thus been found. Some scholars believe that the prophet Ezekiel was referring to the prophet Daniel when he dampened the hopes of his people for deliverance, in Ezekiel 14:12-23, by saying that an individual will be saved only if he is righteous. To stress the point, Ezekiel wrote:

    "Though these three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job were in the land, they should deliver but their own souls by their righteousness."

    Scholars have no problems identifying Noah and Job in the Bible, but who is the Daniel mentioned by Ezekiel? Is he the great prophet contemporary with Ezekiel? Or is he the Danel of the Canaanite legend? In the book of Daniel, the prophet's name is spelled in the Hebrew, Dny'l. But in Ezekiel's passage, Daniel is spelled Dn'l - exactly as the name Danel is spelled in the ancient Canaanite legend. It is possible, then, that Ezekiel made reference not to his contemporary, but to the ancient tribe of Dan who was predicted to judge the children of Israel. Ezekiel, nevertheless, declared that his people would not escape the judgment meted out by the Babylonians.

    In Revelation 4:7, a description of four living creatures is given -- each seeming to represent a quarter of the ancient zodiac:

    "And the first beast was like a lion, and the second beast like a calf, and the third beast had a face as a man, and the fourth beast was like a flying eagle."

    The lion, calf, and man seem to represent the constellations of Leo, Taurus, and Aquarius, but the eagle has replaced Scorpio. The symbolism is powerful. Aquarius, the water bearer, may be a picture of the first coming of Christ to pour out the Holy Spirit (symbolized by the water) upon his people. Leo appears to be a picture of the second coming of Christ to judge the offspring of Dan (symbolized by the snake, Hydra).

    On the other hand, Taurus, the bull, and Scorpio, the transformed eagle, may represent the tribe of Dan and its quest for the throne. The name Taurus means "the coming Judge." That is the description given of Dan by his dying father, Jacob, in Genesis 49:16, "Dan shall judge his people, as one of the tribes of Israel."

    The symbol of the eagle has replaced Scorpio in the book of Revelation, which may be another indication of the tribe of Dan who refused the symbol of the snake and adopted the symbol of the eagle in the days of Moses.

    On the Gabbatha, or pavement at the fortress of Antonia, where our Savior stood before Pilate on the day of his crucifixion, there is an inscription carved in stone. It was discovered in the archaeological dig made at the site in the early 1930's, and is considered to mark the spot where our Savior was mocked by the Romans as "King of the Jews."

    Among the pictures carved in the pavement, there is a symbol of Scorpio -- used as an insignia of the brutal Roman army. The symbol may have been used interchangeably with the Roman eagle. Both may be a clue to the progenitors of the Romans, who came from the Trojans, who came from the Spartans, who admitted to being brothers to the Jewish people (and of the stock of Abraham) 150 years before the birth of Christ.

    There is an ancient prophecy given in the apocryphal book of II Esdras which has baffled scholars for hundreds of years. The book was written during the Babylonian captivity and was published between the Old and New Testaments for many years. However, it is not regarded as an inspired part of the Bible. We cannot consider the validity of its doctrine, but can get a glimpse at early Jewish theology from a reading of it.

    In chapter 11, Esdras, a captive rabbi in Babylon, dreams a dream -- which enlarges upon the eagle plucked from the back of the lion found in Daniel's vision:

    "Then saw I a dream, and, behold, there came up from the sea an eagle, which had twelve wings, and three heads. 21.

    In the vision, the prophet is told that the wings represent a dynasty of kings who would rule in succession and that the three heads represented the development (worldwide expansion) of the empire, with its various divisions. Verses 29 through 35:

    "... behold, there awaked one of the heads that were at rest, namely, it that was in the midst; for that was greater than the two other heads.

    "But this head put the whole earth in fear, and bare rule in it over all those that dwelt upon the earth with much oppression; and it had the governance of the world more than all the wings that had been.

    "And after this I beheld, and, Io, the head that was in the midst suddenly appeared no more, like as the wings.

    "But there remained the two heads, which also in like sort ruled upon the earth, and over those that dwelt upon the earth, and over those that dwelt therein.

    "And I beheld, and, Io, the head upon the right side devoured it that was upon the left side." 22.

    The passage is remarkable in view of the history of the Roman Empire. The head in the middle could be a prophecy of Imperial Rome, which ruled the world for 666 years. Please note: the head disappeared on its own. It was not killed. Such was the demise of Imperial Rome. The empire simply disintegrated in the fourth century.

    The other two heads of the eagle could represent the succeeding Holy Roman Empire which was split under the leadership of Constantine. The division destroyed its imperial power and weakened Roman rule. Over the centuries, the Church at Rome devoured the Eastern Orthodox Church, which ruled from Constantinople. For nearly a thousand years, the power of the Holy Roman Empire was unchallenged.

    The implications of the visionary eagle are incredible. It may well represent the historical development of the Roman Empire. May I point out that the Habsburg Dynasty provided most of the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire from 1273 to 1806. And before that, in A.D. 496, King Clovis, the grandson of Merovee, was crowned emperor of the Western Roman Empire following the death of Constantine, and the division of the government. As incredible as it may seem, the family crest of the Habsburg Dynasty is a two-headed eagle.

    Could the vision of Esdras be accurate after all? His three headed eagle appears to be an uncanny portrayal of the history and development of Roman rule -- or perhaps we should say, of Merovingian rule, for the Roman Empire was started by Aeneas, a Trojan prince, whose ancestors were Spartans, who claimed to be of the stock of Abraham!

    In the vision of Esdras, he saw a lion come out of the woods and declare that the last head of the eagle represented the fourth dreadful beast of Daniel's vision. You may recall, Daniel's fourth beast had 10 horns, representing a ten nation European confederation which would attempt to establish the final world government, and whose leader would be the antichrist.

    In chapter 12 of the ancient prophecy, the destruction of the eagle is described. A lion came out of the woods to proclaim an interpretation of the eagle. According to the prophecy, the lion represented the Messiah.

    "And it came to pass, whiles the lion spake these words unto the eagle, I saw,

    "And, behold, the head that remained and the four wings appeared no more, and the two went unto it, and set themselves up to reign, and their kingdom was small, and full of uproar.

    "And I saw, and, behold, they appeared no more, and the whole body of the eagle was burnt, so that the earth was in great fear..." 23.

    In the final stages of the eagle, two leaders are predicted to reign over a small kingdom full of uproar. That may be a picture of the proposed world government during the short seven years of the Tribulation Period. Finally, the eagle will be burned, and all the world will be in great fear. Could that be a prediction of nuclear war? The description seems to fit with the other prophecies of the Bible.

    The symbol of ancient Spartan Greece was an eagle. The symbol of ancient Trojan Rome was an eagle. The symbol of Germany, which also claimed descent from the Trojans, was an eagle, and the symbol of the Habsburg dynasty, which provided the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire for 500 years was an eagle. In fact, the name Habsburg means "hawk's castle." The hawk is a part of the same family as the eagle. There are 260 kinds of eagles. Furthermore, the type of eagle which lives in the Middle East is called the "hawk eagle." This may be one of the most important clues to tie their dynasty back to the ancient Israelite tribe of Dan.

    Under Roman domination, the Jewish people suffered unmercifully. But the leaders of the cruel Roman oppression may have been from the tribe of Dan. The Jew has suffered in the various countries of Europe down through the centuries, but those European kings may well have ben from the tribe of Dan.

    They also suffered under the pograms or massacres of the Russian Czars who came from an ancient tribe known as Varangians, whose symbol was the double headed eagle. The ninth century Varangians, who established the Czarist throne of Russia may well have ben Merovingians of the ancient tribe of Dan. In fact, the symbol of the Russian bear may have come from the ancient Spartans who lived in the province of Arcadia in southern Greece. The Word Arcadia means "the people of the bear."

    Perhaps, one day, a descendant of the tribe of Dan will surround Jerusalem with an army, enter the Jewish sanctuary on the Temple Mount, commit the prophetic abomination of desolation, establish a throne on the sacred site and declare himself to be god!

    Yes, the prophecy of dying Jacob may be ultimately fulfilled -- as he said, "Dan shall judge his people."

    The Lost Tribe of Dan



    CHAPTER 6

    1. Baigent, et al., HOLY BLOOD, op. cit., p. 235.
    2. Gurney, KINGDOMS OF EUROPE, op. cit., p. 52.
    3. Homer, THE ILIAD, Trans. W.H.D. Rouse (New York: Mentor Books, 1960), p. 62.
    4. Ibid.
    5. Baigent, et al., op. cit., pp. 238-239.
    6. Flavius Josephus, THE WORKS OF JOSEPHUS, Trans. William Whiston, A.M. (Lynn, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1980), Antiquities of the Jews, Book XII, Chapter IV, par. 10, p. 256.
    7. THE APOCRYPHA (London: Oxford University Press), I Maccabees 12:6-1 1.
    8. THE HOLY BIBLE, King James Version, Ed. Rev. C.I. Scofield, D.D. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1945), Judges 14:8.
    9. Ibid., Judges, Chapters 16-21.
    10. Josephus, WORKS OF JOSEPHUS, op.cit., Antiquities, Book V, Chapter 111, verse 1, p. 113.
    11. "Ireland," THE WORLD BOOK ENCYCLOPEDIA, op. cit., p. 336.
    12. "Mythology/Celtic Mythology," WORLD BOOK, op. cit., p. 822.
    13. H.C. Kee, "Testaments Of The Twelve Patriarchs," in THE OLD TESTAMENT PSEUDEPIGRAPHA, Vol. 1, ed. James H. Charlesworth (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1983), p. 809.
    14. Ibid.
    15. Ibid., p. 810.
    16. Merrill F. Unger, UNGER'S BIBLE DICTIONARY (Chicago: Moody Press, 1966), pp. 235-236. 17.Josephus,op. CiL,Antiquities,Book XVII, ChapterVl, par. 2, p. 364.
    18. Ibid., par. 3, p. 364.
    19. "Ugarit," ZONDERVAN PICTORIAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE BIBLE, Ed. Merrill C. Tenney (Grand Rapids, NU: Regency Reference Library, 1976), Vol. 5, p. 840.
    20. Josephus, op. cit., Antiquities, Book X, Chapter XI, par. 7, p. 227.
    21. THE APOCRYPHA, op. CiL, 11 Esdras11:1, p. 38.
    22. Ibid., pp. 38-39.
    23. Ibid., 11 Esdras 12:1-3, p. 39.
     
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