Black Christians : Urim and Thummim

Discussion in 'Christian Study Group' started by cherryblossom, Dec 5, 2014.

  1. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    Exod.28 [30] And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron's heart, when he goeth in before the LORD: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the LORD continually.

    Lev.8 [8] And he put the breastplate upon him: also he put in the breastplate the Urim and the Thummim.

    Num.27 [21] And he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask counsel for him after the judgment of Urim before the LORD: at his word shall they go out, and at his word they shall come in, both he, and all the children of Israel with him, even all the congregation.

    Deut.33 [8] And of Levi he said, Let thy Thummim and thy Urim be with thy holy one, whom thou didst prove at Massah, and with whom thou didst strive at the waters of Meribah;

    1Sam.28 [6] And when Saul inquired of the LORD, the LORD answered him not, neither by dreams nor Urim, nor by prophets.

    Ezra. 2[63] And the Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim.

    Neh.7 [65] And the Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and Thummim.
     
  2. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    The Urim and Thummim (Heb. אוּרִים וְתֻמִּים) was a priestly device for obtaining oracles. On the high priest'sephod (an apron-like garment) lay a breastpiece (חֹשֶׁן) – a pouch inlaid with 12 precious stones engraved with the names of the 12 tribes of Israel – that held the Urim and Thummim (Ex. 28:15–30; Lev. 8:8). By means of the Urim, the priest inquired of YHWH on behalf of the ruler (Num. 27:21; cf. Yoma 7:5, "only for the king, the high court, or someone serving a need of the community"); they were one of the three legitimate means of obtaining oracles in early Israel (Urim, dreams, prophets; I Sam. 28:6). Owing to the oracular character of the Urim, the breastpiece is called "the breastpiece of decision" (חֹשֶׁן הַמִּשְׁפָּט). (The concept evokes "the Tablets of Destiny" in Babylonian mythology – the symbol of supreme authority that lay on the breast of the chief god; Pritchard, Texts, 63, 67, 111.) The right to work this oracle was reserved for the levitical priests (Deut. 33:8).

    Occasionally the term ephod is used with reference to the Urim-oracle associated with it (I Sam. 14:3, 18 [according to LXX]; 23:6, 9; 30:7). The latest period for which there is evidence of use of the ephod-Urim is that of David (but cf. Hos. 3:4); subsequently, oracles are conveyed exclusively by prophets. In postexilic times, when the Urim oracle was extinct, difficult questions were reserved "until a priest would appear with Urim and Thummim" (Ezra 2:63; Neh. 7:65; cf. Sot. 9:12: "After the former (i.e., pre-exilic) prophets died, the Urim and Thummim became extinct"; and Josephus (Ant. 3:218), who avers that the oracle ceased 200 years before his time)......

    .....complete:

    http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/urimthummim.html
     
  3. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    The Urim and Thummim were mysterious objects used by the ancient Israelites to determine God's will, and although they are mentioned several times in the Bible, Scripture does not give a description of what they were or what they looked like.

    In Hebrew, Urim means "lights" and Thummim means "perfection." These objects were used to illuminate the people about God's flawless will.

    Down through the centuries, Bible scholars have speculated on what those items were and how they might have been used. Some think they may have been gems the high priest looked at and received an inner answer. Others theorize they may have been stones inscribed with "yes" and "no" or "true" and "false" that were drawn out of a bag, the first drawn being the divine answer. However, in some instances they provided no answer, further confusing the picture.

    The Urim and Thummim were used in connection with the breastplate of judgment worn by the high priest in ancient Israel. The breastplate contained 12 stones, each with the name of one of the 12 tribes written on it. The Urim and Thummim were placed in the breastplate, perhaps in a bag or pouch.

    We find the first high priest Aaron, brother ofMoses, wearing the breastplate over the priestly ephod or tunic, Joshua consulting the Urim and Thummim through the high priest Eleazar, and perhaps Samuel wearing the priest's breastplate.

    After the captivity of the Israelites in Babylon, the Urim and Thummim disappeared and were never mentioned again.

    The Urim and Thummim were a foreshadowing of the Messiah, Jesus Christ, who called himself "the light of the world," (John 8:12) and who became the perfect sacrifice (1 Peter 1:18-19) for humanity's sins.

    http://christianity.about.com/od/glossary/a/JZ-Urim-And-Thummim.htm
     
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