Black People : To Treat the Dead

Discussion in 'Black People Open Forum' started by Goddess Auset333, May 6, 2007.

  1. Goddess Auset333

    Goddess Auset333 Banned MEMBER

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    http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/18368186/site/newsweek/?GT1=9951

    To Treat the Dead

    The new science of resuscitation is changing the way doctors think about heart attacks—and death itself.

    May 7, 2007 issue - Consider someone who has just died of a heart attack. His organs are intact, he hasn't lost blood. All that's happened is his heart has stopped beating—the definition of "clinical death"—and his brain has shut down to conserve oxygen. But what has actually died?

    As recently as 1993, when Dr. Sherwin Nuland wrote the best seller "How We Die," the conventional answer was that it was his cells that had died. The patient couldn't be revived because the tissues of his brain and heart had suffered irreversible damage from lack of oxygen. This process was understood to begin after just four or five minutes. If the patient doesn't receive cardiopulmonary resuscitation within that time, and if his heart can't be restarted soon thereafter, he is unlikely to recover. That dogma went unquestioned until researchers actually looked at oxygen-starved heart cells under a microscope. What they saw amazed them, according to Dr. Lance Becker, an authority on emergency medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. "After one hour," he says, "we couldn't see evidence the cells had died. We thought we'd done something wrong." In fact, cells cut off from their blood supply died only hours later.

    But if the cells are still alive, why can't doctors revive someone who has been dead for an hour? Because once the cells have been without oxygen for more than five minutes, they die when their oxygen supply is resumed. It was that "astounding" discovery, Becker says, that led him to his post as the director of Penn's Center for Resuscitation Science, a newly created research institute operating on one of medicine's newest frontiers: treating the dead.

    Biologists are still grappling with the implications of this new view of cell death—not passive extinguishment, like a candle flickering out when you cover it with a glass, but an active biochemical event triggered by "reperfusion," the resumption of oxygen supply. The research takes them deep into the machinery of the cell, to the tiny membrane-enclosed structures known as mitochondria where cellular fuel is oxidized to provide energy. Mitochondria control the process known as apoptosis, the programmed death of abnormal cells that is the body's primary defense against cancer. "It looks to us," says Becker, "as if the cellular surveillance mechanism cannot tell the difference between a cancer cell and a cell being reperfused with oxygen. Something throws the switch that makes the cell die."

    With this realization came another: that standard emergency-room procedure has it exactly backward. When someone collapses on the street of cardiac arrest, if he's lucky he will receive immediate CPR, maintaining circulation until he can be revived in the hospital. But the rest will have gone 10 or 15 minutes or more without a heartbeat by the time they reach the emergency department. And then what happens? "We give them oxygen," Becker says. "We jolt the heart with the paddles, we pump in epinephrine to force it to beat, so it's taking up more oxygen." Blood-starved heart muscle is suddenly flooded with oxygen, precisely the situation that leads to cell death. Instead, Becker says, we should aim to reduce oxygen uptake, slow metabolism and adjust the blood chemistry for gradual and safe reperfusion.

    Researchers are still working out how best to do this. A study at four hospitals, published last year by the University of California, showed a remarkable rate of success in treating sudden cardiac arrest with an approach that involved, among other things, a "cardioplegic" blood infusion to keep the heart in a state of suspended animation. Patients were put on a heart-lung bypass machine to maintain circulation to the brain until the heart could be safely restarted. The study involved just 34 patients, but 80 percent of them were discharged from the hospital alive. In one study of traditional methods, the figure was about 15 percent.

    Becker also endorses hypothermia—lowering body temperature from 37 to 33 degrees Celsius—which appears to slow the chemical reactions touched off by reperfusion. He has developed an injectable slurry of salt and ice to cool the blood quickly that he hopes to make part of the standard emergency-response kit. "In an emergency department, you work like mad for half an hour on someone whose heart stopped, and finally someone says, 'I don't think we're going to get this guy back,' and then you just stop," Becker says. The body on the cart is dead, but its trillions of cells are all still alive. Becker wants to resolve that paradox in favor of life.
     
  2. Moorfius

    Moorfius Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Death is Only the Beginning *

    Hotep

    The Ancestors (Kemet, Black, African, Founders) tell "Us"...that so-called death as we know it...is only the beginning of a new "Life". Life comes from life! When we close our eyes on this life...we open our eyes on a new "Life". We will come again and again and so on. This is no theory or conjecture..."Life" started in so-called Africa "Trillions" of years ago...there is no dout that "We" have had plenty of "Time" to "Observe" and learn from what the "Creator" intended us to "Know" about Life and Death through what is learned through study of "Creation".

    Keep in mind that "We" are not interested in anything what ever that the "Western-Mind" has to say on this or any other matter.

    We already have from the time of Creation...the "Code of Hue-Man Behavior" given to us by the "Creator" in the form of the Original..."77" commandments (MAAT) that we live by. We don't want or need any of the (European) Corrupt, Distorted, Concoctions that are contrary to the (Laws of Nature) "Natural Order of Things".

    We must learn and know to come out of the "Retardation" that is the thinking of "All"...western Religions and Myths...until we do...We will know nothing and continue to waste our "Life" thinking we are saved by some spooks that the white race...Made-Up and gave it to you only after they cause you to forget about (MAAT) yourself.

    The kemet ancestors (Mastered spiritual skills) knew things (through initiations) that we today would call "Super-Natural".
    There is nothing new under the sun...meaning...there is nothing discovered by the white-race that was not already "Known" by the Original Black Indiginis natural born "Care-Takers" of the (Tamert) Earth.

    Ase`
     
  3. Goddess Auset333

    Goddess Auset333 Banned MEMBER

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    Beloved KG Moorfius:

    To that I salute and bow.

    HILy/A
     
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