Black Spirituality Religion : The Historical Significance of Ethiopian Religions...

Discussion in 'Black Spirituality / Religion - General Discussion' started by Aqil, Jun 27, 2003.

  1. Aqil

    Aqil Well-Known Member MEMBER

    Joined:
    Feb 3, 2001
    Messages:
    4,029
    Likes Received:
    114
    Location:
    New York
    Ratings:
    +114
    The main religions in Ethiopia are Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Paganism. It is a predominantly Christian country, and the majority of Ethiopian Christians are Orthodox Christians who belong to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. The Ethiopian Orthodox Church is headed by a patriarch, and is related to the Egyptian Coptic Church, and the Armenian and Syrian Orthodox Churches. There is a small minority of Christians who are Roman Catholic or Protestant.

    The Muslim communities are predominant in the east and southeast (i.e., Harar and Somali administrative regions). Paganism is widely practiced in the Southern Peoples' State, and south of the Oromia administrative regions, and contains considerable animist communities.

    The population of Ethiopian Jews – known as Felashas or Beta Israel – is concentrated in northwest Ethiopia, mainly in Gondar, Wollo, and west of the Tigray Province. In 1985 and 1993 they almost all were airlifted to Israel, but some still live in Ethiopia.

    You can read the entire article at:

    http://www.ethiotreasures.plus.com/pages/religion.htm
     
  2. Aqil

    Aqil Well-Known Member MEMBER

    Joined:
    Feb 3, 2001
    Messages:
    4,029
    Likes Received:
    114
    Location:
    New York
    Ratings:
    +114
    From the article:

    "The UK Television Channel 4 interviewed the present Patriarch of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, Abune Paulos, regarding the existence of the Ark of the Covenant and its authenticity. He was asked why the church does not allow archaeologists and forensic scientists to test its authenticity and existence and why it is kept secret and from the public view. He replied:

    'We believe we have the Ark of the Covenant but we do not have to prove its authenticity and existence to anybody...'"


    ^5 Mr. Paulos...
     
  3. Aqil

    Aqil Well-Known Member MEMBER

    Joined:
    Feb 3, 2001
    Messages:
    4,029
    Likes Received:
    114
    Location:
    New York
    Ratings:
    +114
    Ethiopian Orthodox Christians, Jews and Muslims do not eat pork, as it is forbidden by their religious beliefs...
     
  4. ifasehun

    ifasehun Well-Known Member MEMBER

    Joined:
    May 11, 2003
    Messages:
    381
    Likes Received:
    19
    Ratings:
    +19
  5. Aqil

    Aqil Well-Known Member MEMBER

    Joined:
    Feb 3, 2001
    Messages:
    4,029
    Likes Received:
    114
    Location:
    New York
    Ratings:
    +114
    From Cheikh Anta Diop:

    As Islam triumphed from the Middle Ages onward, the Muslim clergy undertook a social and political revolution by way of their religion. The terrain was eminently favorable. The traditional religion was dead in the people's heads…it had withered away. Heaven was no vain promise to converts to the new faith, which alone galvanized the masses.

    Holy war was the dreamed-of opportunity that assured entrance into paradise: it meant volunteering for glorious death. The Tieddos of Cayor saw this at the battle of Samba Sadio against the fanatic soldiers of Ahmadu Cheikhu of Senegal.

    Islam in Black Africa finally became superimposed on the caste system, but in its essence, Islam ignored caste; therefore, no barrier of birth could prevent anyone from becoming a respected religious chief, if he were virtuous. Better yet, only the halo of holiness stemming from Islamic practice could erase and make meaningless a humble extraction, and thus eliminate the social hindrances it might entail: in this, Islam was socially revolutionary. It could, for these various reasons, mobilize the masses from all social strata who were ready to sweep away the supporters of traditional power, now considered completely de-sacralized heathens, because the traditional religion was dead.

    The fact that Islam was propagated by the nationals themselves radicalized the action: therefore, the revolution was able to succeed, but it came too late. The revolt of the marabouts of Koki, in Senegal, under the Darnel Amari Ngone Ndella, the help they received from the Almamy Abdul Qadir of Futa, the formation of the Lebu theocracy of Cape Verde, governed by Qur’anic law allied to custom, are so many facts that show the movement's self-awareness, and that it was to reach unusual size under the leadership of men such as Ousmane Dan Fodio and El-Hajj Omar.

    Islam might have eliminated castes and started a social revolution, the basis of all progress; but the religious dignitaries of common origin preferred to become "ennobled," in a way, by marrying princesses, so that their children would be nobles through their mothers and marabouts through their fathers. Thus, outwardly, the model of the conquered aristocratic society continued to be conveyed, in some manner, by the subconscious of those whose mission had been to eradicate it from the mental universe of the people.

    The failure of the social revolution was painful. However, some religious chiefs did at times put the nobility back in its place. This was the case with "Lamp Fall" (Cheikh Ibra Fall), creator of Muride subject of the Baye Fall. He had a calabash full of sun-dried “turds” given to all of his princess wives who were demanding the privilege of having their meals separately, apart from the other wives of popular or slave origin, and exclaimed indignantly: "Try to tell your 'turds' from those of the common women!"

    Another specific feature of the aristocratic society survived. "Asking" is a normal act, not a humiliating one. From the bottom to the top of the social hierarchy, everyone - casted or not - may ask his social superior for various things. Even the marabout making a series of requests of God, after having sung his glory in beautiful poetry, is only transposing to the divine order the social reality of everyday life.

    Be that as it may, aristocratic ideas, even after the destruction of the nobility as a class, survive in everyone's consciousness; the proletarian is often an aristocrat without knowing it.

    The religious conceptual apparatus, essentially forged during the monarchial phase of human evolution, bears the imprint of that period. Thus, the language of the revealed religions, the relationship between God and humanity is one of master and slave: "Lord, we are your slaves." The idea of God on his throne is a symbol. Osiris was the first god in the story of religions to sit on a throne on Judgment Day, to judge the souls of men.


    (Cheikh Anta Diop, CIVILIZATION OR BABARISM, An Authentic Anthropology, Lawrence Hill Books, pp. 148-149)
     
  6. Aqil

    Aqil Well-Known Member MEMBER

    Joined:
    Feb 3, 2001
    Messages:
    4,029
    Likes Received:
    114
    Location:
    New York
    Ratings:
    +114
    From the forward by John Henrik Clarke:

    "Cheikh Anta Diop is considered to be one of the greatest scholars to emerge in the African world in the 20th century..."
     
  7. Aqil

    Aqil Well-Known Member MEMBER

    Joined:
    Feb 3, 2001
    Messages:
    4,029
    Likes Received:
    114
    Location:
    New York
    Ratings:
    +114
    "Islam, in Black Africa, finally became superimposed on the caste system, but in its essence, Islam ignored caste; therefore, no barrier of birth could prevent anyone from becoming a respected religious chief, if he were virtuous. Better yet, only the halo of holiness stemming from Islamic practice could erase and make meaningless a humble extraction, and thus eliminate the social hindrances it might entail: in this, Islam was socially revolutionary. It could, for these various reasons, mobilize the masses from all social strata who were ready to sweep away the supporters of traditional power, now considered completely de-sacralized heathens, because the traditional religion was dead..."

    (Cheik Anta Diop)
     
  8. Aqil

    Aqil Well-Known Member MEMBER

    Joined:
    Feb 3, 2001
    Messages:
    4,029
    Likes Received:
    114
    Location:
    New York
    Ratings:
    +114
    Even though the Aksumite kingdom of Ethiopia had accepted the arrival of the Messiah, Jesus Christ, during and after King Ezana, the Felashas (Beta Israel) refused to accept Christianity and continued to practice their Old Testament faith which they still do today. This shows that Ethiopia has an unbroken tradition of Old Testament and Judaic culture since the time of King Menelik...
     
  9. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

    Country:
    United States
    Joined:
    Sep 29, 2005
    Messages:
    21,179
    Likes Received:
    9,463
    Gender:
    Male
    Occupation:
    Creative Industrialist
    Location:
    Temple of Kali, Yubaland
    Ratings:
    +9,585
    Very good information!
     
  10. nibs

    nibs Well-Known Member MEMBER

    Joined:
    Jun 18, 2006
    Messages:
    483
    Likes Received:
    22
    Ratings:
    +22
    why are "pagans" and "animists" being disrespected? judiasm/christianity/islam are all basically watered down versions of these "paganist" traditions. what people are calling "paganist" here is essentially nile valley spirituality. as we know, the religious knowledge of kemet was derived from kush and punt.

    the african caste systems are not the same as the abomination that aryans imposed in india (although originally the dravidians did have an african caste system). so let's not trash african culture just because diop wishes to elevate islam to a pedestal in favor of religions he may not understand.
     
Loading...