To quote him... "Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that." ~Martin Luther King, Jr. This seemed to be the fundamental principle for most of his campaigns for European acceptance. The flaw here is the concept that "love" and "hate" are opposites of each other, or that hate is in effect the absense of love as he attempted to parallel with light and darkness. However, the absense of love does not connote hate. The result is rather indifferent, but is just as far from hate as it is far from love. Another thing to consider is that "love" and "hate" are actually the same emotion. In both cases, something is particularly wanted from another person. The only difference is whether or not those conditions are met which determines the outcome of either love or hate. The reason Europeans hated us is because we resisted their efforts to make us into perpetual slaves. The reason they felt a need for a Klan was to "keep the nigrahs in line"...that line was in the order of perpetual slavery. Now, back to King...since "love" and "hate" are in essence the same emotion, getting Euros to love us under the same conditions is perhaps more detrimental to the African than their hate. In our efforts to get them to love us, the cohesiveness of the African family and community has suffered more in the last 40 years than in all the centuries of slavery, Jim Crow, and institutionalized racism leading up to the so called Civil Rights Era in this country.