Black People Politics : State Laws Governing Early Voting - Pennsylvania for some reason isn't included


Jul 2, 2003

StateEarly Voting BeginsEarly Voting EndsLocationsHours and Days

AS §15.20.064, 15.20.045 and 6 AAC 25.500
15 days before electionDay of electionElections supervisors’ offices
Other locations as designated by election director
Varies by location
ARS §16-541, 16-542
26 days before electionFriday before electionRecorder’s office
Any other locations in the county the recorder deems necessary
Not specified
AR Code §7-5-418
15 days before election5 p.m. Monday before electionOffices of county clerk
Other locations as determined by county board of election commissioners
Not specified
Elec. Code §3001, 3018
29 days before electionDay before electionCounty election officials’ offices
Satellite locations as determined by county election officials
Varies from county to county

Del. Code Title 15, Chapter 54
(Note: goes into effect in 2022)
At least 10 days before an electionSunday before electionDesignated by state election commissioner
At least one per county and one additional in the City of Wilmington
At least 8 hours per day. Polling sites must open at 7 a.m. on at least 5 days of early voting. Closing time is 7 p.m.
Includes the Saturday and Sunday before the election
District of Columbia
DC ST § 1-1001.09
7 days before election, but in-person absentee voting is available 15 days beforeSaturday before election for early voting, day before election for in-person absenteeCouncil Chambers
One satellite location in each ward
8:30 a.m.-7 p.m.
Sunday excluded
Fla. Stat. §101.657
10 days before election
May be offered 11 to 15 days before an election that contains state and federal races, at the discretion of the elections supervisor
3 days before election
May end 2 days before an election that contains state and federal races, at the discretion of the elections supervisor
Main or branch offices of elections supervisors
Other sites designated by the elections supervisor (locations must provide all voters in that area with equal opportunity to vote)
No less than 8 or more than 12 hours per day
Election supervisors may choose to provide additional days of early voting, including weekends
GA Code §21-2-380 and §21-2-382
Fourth Monday prior to a primary or election; as soon as possible prior to a runoffFriday immediately prior to a primary, election or runoffBoard of registrars’ offices
Other sites as designated by boards of registrars (must be a government building generally accessible to the public)
Normal business hours on weekdays
9 a.m.-4 p.m. on the second Saturday prior to primary or election
Election officials may provide for early voting beyond regular business hours
HRS §15-7
10 working days before electionSaturday before electionClerks’ offices
Other sites designated by clerks
Hours determined by county clerks.
ID Code §34-1006 and 34-1002
Third Monday before election (in-person absentee)5 p.m., Friday before electionDetermined by county clerkNot specified
10 ILCS 5/19A-15 and 10 ILCS 5/19A-20
40th day before election for temporary polling locations and 15th day before election for permanent locationsEnd of the day before election dayAn election authority may establish permanent and temporary polling places for early voting at locations throughout the election authority’s jurisdiction, including but not limited to:
Municipal clerk’s office
Township clerk’s office
Road district clerk’s office
County or local public agency office
Early voting locations must be provided at public universities
Permanent early voting locations must remain open from the fifteenth day before an election during the hours of 8:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m. or 9 a.m.-5 p.m. on weekdays.
Beginning eight days before an election, they must remain open 8:30 a.m.-7 p.m. or 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. on weekdays, 9 a.m.-Noon on Saturdays and holidays, and 10 a.m.-4 p.m. on Sundays.
Permanent early voting locations must stay open at least 8 hours on any holiday and a total of at least 14 hours on the final weekend during the early voting period.
Election authorities may decide the days and hours for temporary early voting locations, beginning the fortieth day before an election.
Ind. Code §3-11-4-1 and 3-11-10-26
28 days before election (in-person absentee)Noon, day before electionOffice of circuit court clerk
County election board may adopt a resolution to authorize the circuit court clerk to establish satellite offices for early voting
The office of the circuit court clerk must permit in-person absentee voting for at least seven hours on each of the two Saturdays preceding election day, but a county with fewer than 20,000 voters may reduce this to a minimum of four hours on each of the two Saturdays preceding election day
IA Code §53.10 and 53.11(b)
29 days before election (in-person absentee)5 p.m., day before electionCommissioners’ offices
Satellite locations may be established by commissioner
Satellite location must be established upon receipt of a petition signed by at least 100 eligible electors requesting a specific location
A satellite station established by petition must be open at least one day for a minimum of six hours
KSA §25-1119, 25-1122a, 25-1123
20 days before election OR Tuesday before election (varies by county)Noon, day before electionOffices of county election officers
County election officers may designate satellite locations
Not specified
LRS 18:1303 and 1309
14 days before election7 days before electionRegistrars’ offices
Registrar may provide alternate location in the courthouse or a public building in the immediate vicinity thereof

One branch office of the registrar, as long as it is in a public building
8:30 a.m.-6 p.m., Monday through Saturday
Holidays excluded
Title 21-A §753B(2) and 753-B(8)
In-person absentee voting available as soon as absentee ballots are ready (30-45 days before election)Three business days before election, unless the voter has an acceptable excuse.Municipal clerks’ officesDuring regular business hours on days when clerks’ offices are open
Election Law §10-301.1
Second Thursday before a primary or general electionThursday before electionEstablished by State Board of Elections in collaboration with local boards
Number required depends on county population and ranges from one to five per county
8 a.m.-8 p.m. in a presidential election
10 a.m.-8 p.m. each day in all other elections
Constitution Article II, Section 4 (as amended by Ballot Proposal 3 in 2018)
In-person absentee voting during the 40 days before an electionDay before electionAt least one locationDuring regular business hours and for at least eight hours during the Saturday and/or Sunday immediately prior to the election.
Local election officials have the authority to make in-person absentee voting available for additional times and places beyond what is required.
M.G.L.A. 54 §25B
(only available for state biennial elections)
Eleven days before electionSecond business day before election (Friday before)City hall election office and town clerk’s office
Alternate or additional locations may be provided at the discrection of the city or town registrar
Regular business hours. City or town clerks may provide additional hours (including weekends) at their discretion.
M.S.A. §203B.081, 203B.085
46 days before election (in-person absentee)5 p.m. the day before electionElections offices or any other location designated by county auditorMonday through Friday regular business hours.
10 a.m.-3 p.m. on Saturday before election; 10 a.m.-5 p.m. on the day before Election Day.
M.C.A. §13-13-205
30 days before election (in-person absentee)Day before electionElections officesNot specified
N.R.S. §32-808, §32-938, 32-942
30 days before each an election.Election DayCounty clerk or election commissioners’ officesNot specified
N.R.S. §293.356 et seq.
Third Saturday preceding electionFriday before electionPermanent places for early voting as designated by county clerk
Branch polling places for early voting as designated by county clerk
There are special requirements for early voting sites on Native American reservations.
Until Dec. 31, 2019: 8 a.m.-6 p.m., Monday through Friday of the first and second weeks. The Clerk may conduct early voting until 8 p.m. during the second week. At least four hours between 10 a.m.-6 p.m. on any Saturday that falls during the period. Sundays and holidays are excepted, but a clerk may include them as early voting days.

Beginning Jan. 1, 2020: Monday through Friday for at least 8 hours a day, to be established by the clerk. Any Saturday that falls within the early voting period for at least 4 hours, to be established by the clerk. A clerk may choose to offer Sunday hours as well.
New Jersey
45 days before election (in-person absentee)3 p.m. the day before electionOffice of the county clerkNot specified
New Mexico
N.M.S.A. §1-6-5(G)
Third Saturday before electionSaturday before electionClerks’ offices and:
Class A counties with more than 200,000 registered voters: clerk must establish at least 12 alternate locations
Class A counties with 200,000 or fewer registered voters: clerk must establish at least 4 alternate locations
Non-class A counties with more than 10,000 registered voters: clerk must establish at least one alternate location
Non-class A counties with 10,000 or fewer registered voters: clerk’s office and alternate locations as designated by clerk
Hours are set by the clerk, and must begin no earlier than 7 a.m. and end no later than 9 p.m.
Each alternate location must be open for at least eight consecutive hours on each day of early voting, and may be closed on Sundays and Mondays
New York
Election Law Title VI, §8-600
10th day before electionSecond day before an electionAt least one early voting location for every full increment of 50,000 registered voters in each county, but not more than seven are required. Counties with fewer than 50,000 registered voters shall have at least one early voting location. Counties and the city of New York may choose to establish more than the minimum required. Early voting sites shall be located so that voters have adequate and equitable access.Open for at least eight hours between 7 a.m. and 8 p.m. each weekday during the early voting period.
At least one early voting site shall be open until 8 p.m. on at least two weekdays in each calendar week during the early voting period.
Open for at least five hours between 9 a.m. and 6 p.m. on each Saturday, Sunday and legal holiday during the early voting period.
Boards of elections may establish a greater number of hours for voting during the early voting period beyond what is required.
North Carolina
N.C.G.S.A. §163-227.2
Third Thursday before election3 p.m. on the last Saturday before electionOffice of county board of elections
The county board of elections may choose to offer additional locations, subject to approval by the state board of elections. All sites must be open during the same days and hours.
Monday through Friday during regular business hours at the county board of elections. A county board may conduct early voting on weekends.
If the county board of elections opens early voting sites on Saturdays or Sundays during the early voting period, then all sites shall be open for the same number of hours uniformly throughout the county on those days.
There are exceptions for counties with islands that contain no bridges to the mainland.
North Dakota
NDCC §16.1-07-15
15 days before electionDay before electionAt the discretion of county auditorThe county auditor chooses and publishes the hours
Note: Uniform statewide schedule is set by the secretary of state: 2018 Voting Schedule here
28 days before election (in-person absentee)2 p.m. Monday before electionMain office of board of elections
Board may conduct voting at a branch office only under certain conditions
8 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday through Friday, with some extended evening hours in the week prior to the election
8 a.m.-4 p.m. on Saturday
1-5 p.m. on the Sunday before Election Day
Thursday preceding an election (in-person absentee)2 p.m. on the Saturday before electionAt a location designated by the county election board. For counties of more than 25,000 registered voters or with an area of more than 1,500 sq. miles, more than one location may be designated8 a.m.-6 p.m. on Friday and Monday
8 a.m.-2 p.m. on Saturday
South Dakota
S.D.C.L. §12-19-2.1
45 days before election (in-person absentee)5 p.m. the day before the electionOffice of the person in charge of electionsRegular office hours
Tenn. Code §2-6-102(a)(1)
20 days before electionFive days before election (seven days for a presidential preference primary)County election commission officeOffices must be open a minimum of three consecutive hours on weekdays and Saturdays between 8 a.m.-6 p.m. during the early voting period
On at least three days, offices must be open between 4:30-7 p.m., and on at least one Saturday from 8 a.m.-4 p.m.
Tex. Elec. Code §85.001and 85.002
17 days before electionFour days prior to electionIn a room in the offices of the county clerk, or elsewhere as determined by the clerk
Each county has one main early voting center
During business hours on weekdays unless:
Fewer than 1,000 voters, in which case three hours per day, or
More than 100,000 voters, in which case 12 hours per day during the last week
Utah Code §20A-3-601
14 days before electionFriday before election, though an election official may choose to extend the early voting period to the day before the electionIn government offices as determined by election officerAt least four days per week, and on the last day of the EV period.
The election officer may elect to conduct early voting on a Saturday, Sunday or holiday.
Tit. 17, §2531 thru 2537
45 days before election (in-person absentee)5 p.m. day before electionOffices of town clerks
Clerks may make “mobile polling stations” available
Not specified
VA Code Ann. § 24.2-701.1
(Note: goes into effect in 2020)
45 days before election5 p.m. Saturday before electionOffice of the general registrar. Additional locations in public buildings may be provided at local discretion.Regular business hours.
A minimum of eight hours between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. on the two Saturdays before the election.
West Virginia
W.V. Code §3-3-3
And SB 581
13 days before electionThree days before electionCourthouse or the annex next to the courthouse
County commission may designate additional areas, subject to requirements prescribed by the Secretary of State
Must be open 9 a.m.-5 p.m. on Saturdays through EV period
Wis. Code §6.86(1)(b)
14 days preceding the election (in-person absentee)Sunday preceding the electionClerks’ officesA municipality shall specify the hours.
Wyo. Stat. §22-9-105 and 125
40 days before election (in-person absentee)Day before electionCounty clerks’ offices
Courthouse or other public building
Must be open regular hours on normal business days
Additionally, three states have all-mail voting. Every eligible voter is sent a ballot that can be returned by mail, or dropped off at a voter center or similar location during the early voting period.

States With All Mail Voting

StateEarly Voting BeginsEarly Voting EndsLocationsHours and Days
C.R.S. §1-5-102
Voter service and polling centers must be open 15 days before an election.Day of election.Determined by county election officials.Every day but Sunday during the early voting period. Normal business hours (but may be expanded by county board of commissioners).
§254.470, Secretary of State Rules
Dropsites must open the Friday before an election, but may open as soon as ballots are available (18 days before).Day of election.Election offices or other staffed locations (libraries, city halls, etc.) or outdoor mailboxes (drive-by or walking traffic).Normal business hours.
RCW §29A.40.160
Vote centers must be open 18 days before an election.8 p.m. on day of election.Election offices or other locations designated by the county auditor.Normal business hours.
At least one U.S. territory, the U.S. Virgin Islands, has provisions for early voting.

Early Voting in U.S. Territories
TerritoryEarly Voting BeginsEarly Voting EndsLocationsHours and Days
U.S. Virgin Islands
18 V.I.C. §94a
14 days before an election.3 days before an election.Permanent main or branch office of the supervisor of elections for the district. The supervisor of elections may also designate public or government-owned facilities. However, these sites must be geographically located so as to provide all electors in the district an equal opportunity to cast a ballot, insofar as is practicable.No less than eight hours and no more than 12 hours per day at each site.
State Laws Governing Early Voting



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