Black People : Slaves' Spiritual Talismans Found Under Greenhouse


Well-Known Member
Dec 11, 2006
UK..not for long
Archeologists digging on the centuries-old plantation where abolitionist icon Frederick Douglass was once a slave have come across some fascinating objects that add real depth to the American understanding of culture in bondage.
Feb. 15, 2011


Beneath a greenhouse on the grounds of the Wye House Farm on Maryland’s Eastern Shore, a team from the University of Maryland, College Park, has discovered spiritual talismans suggesting that slaves both lived in the greenhouse and maintained deeply rooted African religious traditions there, even while probably being forced to practice Christianity.

Digging below a north-facing rear room, the archeologists discovered things like dishware and buttons, quotidian objects found in practically every home. But far more interesting was what they found beneath the doorstep leading into the room: “two projectile points and a coin.” According to the researchers, these were important objects in the African tradition of monitoring spirits.

"African-American religion in the form of African traditions gave this building a second identity, one that was not described or not known by Douglass," said Mark Leone, the team’s leader. “There was a whole set of concepts, ideas, and practices that kept the community whole. That isn't something that could be destroyed through brutality."

Through analyzing grains of fossilized pollen, the archeologists were also able to ascertain that, though they were subjected to horrible living conditions, the slaves at Wye House were smart and resourceful enough to experiment with agriculture, cultivating everything from medicinal herbs to broccoli and citrus trees.

"The kind of labor it took to run these greenhouses really was constant and very specialized," said Christa Beranek, an archeologist at the University of Massachusetts, Boston. "As people working in greenhouses gained information on how to care for these plants and build specific structures, they learned what worked and what didn't. The body of specialized knowledge they were amassing might then get shared orally."


Well-Known Member
Feb 28, 2009
Evidence of slave life found at Eastern Shore estate

By Michael E. Ruane
Washington Post Staff Writer
Monday, February 14, 2011; 10:08 PM

One day more than two centuries ago, a Maryland slave of West African descent took a smooth stone he had probably found in a plowed field and slid it between the bricks of a furnace he was building.

The slave might have believed, as West Africa's Yoruba culture held, that such stones had connections to Eshu-Elegba, the deity of fortune, and were left behind like mystical calling cards after a lightning strike.

The bond servant sealed the stone into the brickwork, where it would stay for generations, an artifact of the enslaved man as much as the god whose favor he sought.

On Monday, the University of Maryland unveiled, among other things, details of the stone's discovery at the Wye House "orangery" - a jewel of European architecture, now found to have imprints of the slaves who built it.

The discoveries were made over the past few years by a team headed by anthropology professor Mark Leone on an Eastern Shore estate where abolitionist Frederick Douglass once was a slave.

The team also found West African-style charms buried at the entrance to what turned out to be the slave quarters at the orangery, which was a state-of-the-art greenhouse, and pollen from exotic plants the slaves used. ....

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