North to Freedom!? Slavery in the New England States of Colonial America~ part 3 After I had searched and found an image of the slave woman on a community patchwork quilt, I wondered about her life but also, I wondered about the actual artist that painted her as well and the kind of life he had lived. I wondered why the artist chose to paint her image and what kind of thoughts went through his mind. I wondered just how did he view this Black African woman of whom he knew since his youth. How did he feel about Black people in general especially during his lifetime as he lived during the time when the north campaigned against the south on the basis of chattel slavery. The slave woman Nancy actually lived up into that very period and when the underground railroad movement occurred right there in Connecticut. In fact, the very status of Nancy as a chattel slave in the north caused me to wonder about the presence of other possible Black people that could have been enslaved in the north. Why did the government allow this little slave girl to be enslaved in the north? America has taught us that chattel slavery was in the south, and the north fought against the south to end slavery. However, it never occurred to me until now, that based on the story of Nancy Tony, we have been completely deceived. I was led to believe that during the early colonial times and prior, the north was a place where there were no Black African people. We were taught that Black Africans were brought over to America on slave ships from Africa and forced into chattel slavery in the south. The only dark presence that I saw from my school books were mostly of white Indians of whom had straight dark hair and indeed, this is what they show in all of their movies today as well. Shockingly though, after searching more deeper, I actually stumbled across some incredible records that reveal there was indeed a serious concentration of Black African-typed people in New England in early colonial times and these records show that many of them were slaves! Not only that but, they are on record for being apart of the American Revolution, the same time period that the slave girl Nancy was born! Furthermore, slavery existed in New England up until the rising movement of the underground railroad! So it seems that the north was living under a double standard. While they organized to fight against the south, they actually allowed slavery to exist in their country almost the whole time just until that point when they decided to separate from the south in order to use that issue of chattel slavery against them. And the story of Nancy and more reveals this truth! So I wonder how did the artist view this African slave woman of whom he decided to paint. After I dwelled on these thoughts for awhile, I soon became more and more curious about what the actual oil painting of her looked like and wondered why it was that it was not made available. This slave Nancy Toney has a complete storyline from her birth until her death and because her image was captured, her presence obviously made some kind of an impact on the artist. For him to be moved in his spirit to paint her, the image of her might reveal something about both the slave and the artist that could help to understand this kind of history with regards to justified human sacrifice. Did the artist capture her image to treasure as a memorial or was it out of remorse for a life that was used and then thrown away without being able to give retribution for such an heinous act. I believe all of the information collected about her life might help us to see the bigger picture and understand the mindset of our enslavers and also get a better grasp of how we too have formed and how we regard ourselves and each other today based upon these governmental foundations. We might better understand what they saw in us as Black Africans and how their attitudes impact us today. How did the artist feel as he sat down and looked into her eyes and captured her image? What were his emotions as he focused on this slave Nancy that was subjected to his every whim? 1774~Before & After the Birth of Nancy Toney The mother of Nancy Toney is not mentioned in available records but it has been written that her mother was a slave, as well, for a wealthy man named Hezekiah Bradley in an area called Greenfield Hill and in Fairfield county Connecticut. This slave woman gave birth to Nancy in either 1774 or 1775 during the time that led up to the American Revolution and a time in which much conflicts did occur in that area in regards to war. It was written that because the law stated that if a child was born in slavery that was their fate, to remain a slave until death. Hezekiah Bradley had a daughter in 1764 named Charlotte Bradley that later married a doctor named Hezekiah Chaffee Jr., in 1784 (or 1785) when she was about twenty years old. When the little slave girl Nancy was four (4) years old though, she was given to Charlotte (at the age fourteen) to be her slave and later when Charlotte had gotten married, Nancy was taken away from her mother at the age of ten (10) and given to Charlotte as a wedding gift. Nancy was taken to another part of Connecticut called Windsor to be a slave for Dr. Hezekiah Chaffee, Jr. and Charlotte (Bradley) Chaffee and would remain as a slave for them for the next 36 years of her life and until both Hezekiah and Charlotte had died. Above is the actual picture of the house that the little slave girl Nancy was taken to when Charlotte Bradley Chaffee left her home in Fairfield to live in Windsor, Connecticut in an area called Palisado Green and the house still remains today. Hezekiah Chaffee, Jr., was born in 1762 and in 1765, when he was three years old, his father also named Hezekiah Chaffee had this house built for his son. The father, Hezekiah Chaffee originally moved from Rehoboth, Maryland to Connecticut and was a doctor during the American Revolution. His son, Hezekiah Jr. also grew up to become a doctor as well. It was also mentioned that in 1774, Hezekiah senior entertained the future president of America, John Adams, in that house in Palisado Green and the visit was significant and perhaps the reason why, when the son Hezekiah Chaffee Jr. grew up and married Charlotte Bradley in 1785, their child may have been named after the wife of John Adams. The house was to become a noted memorial and Hezekiah senior lived nearby in another house in Palisado green as well. 1785 -to- 1821~ For 36 Years~ In 1785, the little slave girl Nancy was about ten (10) years old. After Dr. Hezekiah Chaffee Jr. married Charlotte (Bradley) Chaffee, Nancy Toney was their slave for the next 36 years of her life. In 1787, three years later after they married, Charlotte Bradley gave birth to their daughter of which they named Abigail Chaffee when the little slave girl was now 13 years old. Two years later in 1789 they had their son named, Hezekiah Bradley Chaffee, and another two years in 1791, they had another son named, Samuel Griswold Chaffee. So, 1784 or 1785 + 36 = 1821, Nancy was apart of that house for 36 years and was now 46 years old. And it was after many years in 1821 when the slave Nancy Toney was forty-six (46) years old that she would now be given to Hezekiah and Charlotte’s daughter, Abigail to become her slave. That means that like her mother Charlotte, Abigail Chaffee was trained to be a slave mistress from her birth and the slave girl, Nancy, was her subject while she was educated on the ways of slavery, the lot of Negroes under American law, and the privileged White Supremacist world that she was born to live with in. In 1821 and after Dr. Hezekiah Chaffee, Jr. died that year at the age of 59 years old, the slave girl now, a slave woman, was sent away from Palisado Green to be a slave under another family. From her birth in about 1775 and for 46 years of her life, she had been a slave and at that time she became known as ‘Old Nance’. She was owned by and passed from Hezekiah Bradley to Hezekiah Chaffee and now was being sent to be under another family. In 1818, Dr. Hezekiah Chaffee made a will before he died in 1821 and in it, he bequeathed to his daughter Abigail, “my Negro slave Nancy”. Now based on several other accounts there are a lot more facts that can be added during the 36 years of Nancy’s life in Windsor, Connecticut on Palisado Ave. before she left there. By the year 1821, when Abigail Chaffee took the slave woman Nancy into her house, she was 34 years old and she already had five young children. Abigail had gotten married, left her father’s house on Palisado Ave. at the age of 18 in the year 1805 and, she married a man named Colonel James Loomis. According to records, Abigail had a child that year in November named after herself as Abigail Sherwood Loomis but the baby died a month later in December. She had another child in 1807, another child in 1809, another child in 1811, another child in 1813, and then another one in 1815. So by the time that the slave woman Nancy was 30 years old, Abigail had gotten married and left her father’s house and, by the time that Nancy was 46 years old, the white woman had a total of five children, 4 sons and a daughter ranging from the ages of 8 to 14 and was awarded from her father his “Negro slave Nancy”. Nancy was a slave for 46 years of her life and saw the birth and life of one family into adulthood and now, it was as if she had to start all over again, but as an old woman. What kind of a life was that! This slave woman Nancy went from being under Hezekiah Bradley, to Dr. Hezekiah Chaffee, Jr. and now onto being under Col. James Loomis’ household as a slave to them and his wife. Was she the only slave in the house? Amazingly, records show that long before Abigail left her father’s house at the age of 18, there was another slave girl at Palisado Green under Dr. Hezekiah Chaffee, Jr. named Elizabeth Stevenson, and in the year of 1810, that slave girl was emancipated! So that would mean that even before Abigail had gotten married and left her father’s house, there was another slave in the house at Palisado Green along with the slave Nancy. And just five (5) years after Abigail got married and left in 1805, this slave girl Elizabeth was freed and left in 1810. The emancipation records show two ages and that the slave girl Elizabeth was supposed to remain a slave until she was twenty-five years old, but then because of her healthy status and her application, she was freed at the age of nineteen (19) years old in 1810. So, if the emancipation records state that Elizabeth Stevenson was nineteen (19) years old when she was granted emancipation in 1810 then, that would mean that she was born in 1791 when the slave Nancy was sixteen (16) years old! Interestingly too, that would also be the same year that her mistress Charlotte gave birth to her third child named Samuel. Therefore, that would mean that this slave girl Elizabeth could have possibly been the daughter of Hezekiah Chaffee and his “Negro slave” girl Nancy! Or perhaps the father Hezekiah Chaffee senior of whom was still living at that time could also have been the father, but he was not apart of that household. At any rate, the mistress Abigail was only three years older than the slave girl Elizabeth Stevenson. Five years after Abigail left, Elizabeth Stevenson becomes emancipated in 1810 and the slave woman Nancy was left behind at 35 years old. According to other records, in 1784 when the slave Nancy was about Nine (9) years old and right before she was given to the first mistress Charlotte as a wedding gift, there were said to be ‘gradual laws’ that allowed for some slaves to gain freedom although this depended upon the choice and discretion of the slave holders. And obviously in regards to Nancy, even if the law was actually written down, it was disregarded at will and had no bearing on the humans that were indeed sacrificed under the Whites that chose to continue holding slaves for their own personal use. Nancy was given as a gift to Charlotte (Bradley) Chaffee and obviously, Charlotte ignored that law as if it were never written and made use of that little Black girl to enhance her life. Six years later, another little slave girl was born in 1791, the aforementioned, Elizabeth, and was added to the work force of that house and then 19 years later in 1810, Elizabeth was set free. Two years later in 1812, Charlotte died at the age of 48 [b.1764, d. 1812], and Dr. Hezekiah remarried that next year in 1813 to a young woman named Abigail Talcott. Around this time period too, America faced some great conflicts. Since the time even before the Boston Tea Party in 1773 and the Revolutionary War that begun in 1775 and when the slave Nancy was born, many Native Americans of whom identified themselves as being ‘Redskins’ had become hostile. In 1754 a great conflict known as the Seven Years’ War involved many hostile Indians in Middle America of whom bonded with France against the British because they attempted to get help from the French and hoped to fight back against the British and remain in the lands that they were continually becoming pushed off from. However, they were unfortunately faced with an unexpected doom in that the French basically abandoned them and made peace with the British in 1763 and therefore, left the Indians vulnerable for revenge attacks. And even though this war came to a halt, it led to more problems of which continued onward into the time of the American Revolution and beyond and hindsight shows that Native people were totally being exploited at their unawares, a reality that also had a heavy bearing upon the lives of millions and millions of Black African people all over the world including the continent of Africa. What the Natives may not have been aware of was that the face of France was in the process of changing! For almost a thousand years and since even around the time of the Crusades, France was considered to be a country that had a significant Black African-typed presence but, by and by they were being removed. About a decade after the American Revolution began, France went through a revolution too that was sparked in 1789 when after Austrian born, Marie Antoinette, who had earlier become the queen of France, was cited for her immoral behavior and lavish lifestyle in the midst of the suffering masses. Unfortunately for the masses hindsight shows that this occasion was used to set up another system that was not in the favor of the original people. Likewise, the Native Americans were unaware of the changes occurring and, that the White Austrian presence in France were actually a kind of people that were directly related to the British and many of the White Americans! White Anglo-Saxon typed people of whom operated from France as well as from the seat of authority in other European countries competed against each other for trade control over colonies all over the world including Africa for the slave trade as well. After the French made peace with the British in 1763, the British turned their attention to dominating trade over their American colonies and the Americans decided that they wanted to have the freedom to get rich and not be made poor by the British imposing taxes on them for products that they felt they could afford to do without for a time. And in 1810, an Indian named Tecumseh was on the scene. The Indians in Middle America at a time that it was known as the Northwest Frontier, sought help from the British and fought in the last great Revolutionary War against the Americans and that war became known as the War of 1812. This was the time when the Chaffee household changed due to the slave girl Elizabeth of whom left in 1810, the death of Charlotte Chaffee in 1812 and the remarriage of Hezekiah Chaffee in 1813. Amazingly, research caused me to stumble across a picture of the slave girl Elizabeth along with a record of her emancipation! Now on this very document, the life of the slave woman Nancy Toney was included which further offers a clue that she was indeed the very mother of the slave girl Elizabeth. And even though the ages of Nancy and Elizabeth offers the obvious clue to this possibility of blood relations, after being able to look at an enlarged image in comparison to the many portraits of their White enslavers, the emancipated slave girl Elizabeth seems to have the same wide, thin mouth and pronounced forehead that many of them had as well. At any rate, after Elizabeth was set free in 1810, the slave woman Nancy continued on in this household as a slave. And one of the most interesting issues that surrounds the life of Black African people around these very times that were enslaved and oppressed was that Daniel-the-prophet wrote about these end times. According to his vision in DANIEL 8:1, 13-14, he was told that in the very year of 1815, the world government would finally separate from exploiting the Church [temple] of God…of which they did. Again, from a time even before the American Revolution in 1775 and before the Boston Tea Party in 1773, the Anglo-Saxon, Austrian, and German people in European systems entered into France and changed the face of France and hindsight reveals the outcome. The dark presence in France soon became overthrown systematically and the Natives in America and other parts of the world were deceived and divided continually until they were subdued. Finally in 1815,the Americans made peace with the British and the greatest losers were the natives and the millions of Africans in slavery and in the huge continent of Africa for, the slave ship trade continued onward. In that same year, the Battle of Waterloo had ended and the French had changed their flag to symbolize they had ended their French Revolution and went from a royal government to a national system. The title of ‘king’ of which symbolizes ‘a system that is headed up by inherited rights’ was changed to symbolize that like all White Supreme governments that were able to sit up in ancient Black lands, the system became headed up by a manmade law in which the head could be elected or selected. For thousands and thousands of years ancient Black kings and queens would bond with pagan people and continually give up their inheritance and allow their own kind to suffer. Therefore as Daniel wrote, for a time, God stopped delivering ancient Black African people and he stopped allowing them to exploit the temple and then turn around and blame their actions solely on the opportunist. Sin must be manifested because some people don’t want to believe that a spirit can be evil enough to hurt innocence and therefore they continue to support it and choose to ignore it. And when this kind of evil is supported, innocence continues to become hurt and perpetrators will hide behind that support continually. They were using the Church, the ancient temple systems, the kings and even the priesthood of whom allowed persecutions to occur in the name of God, and the ancient prophets were being attacked and killed off by their own people for speaking against it! Therefore, the Creator God stopped delivering ancient Black kings and queens after they had been overthrown. Again, according to the Bible, God’s permissive will has allowed these kinds of offenses to manifest under White Supremacy because ancient Black African people continued to give their souls over to it and they supported these systems and allowed their own kind to be hurt…continually. God’s permissive will has allowed white Supremacy to prove their arrogance and hide behind Black African support to prove mankind…but only for a time. Cont. But whoso shall offend one of these little ones which believe in me, it were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and that he were drowned in the depth of the sea. Woe unto the world because of offences! for it must needs be that offences come; but woe to that man by whom the offence cometh! ST MATTHEW 18: 6-7. ______________________________________________ In the third year of the reign of king Belshazzar a vision appeared unto me, even unto me Daniel, after that which appeared unto me at the first… Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot? And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed. DANIEL 8:1, 13-14. *All 12 Chapters of DANIEL revolves around these end times; this prophecy is ‘a day for a year prophecy’; 2300 years - 485 BC = AD 1815; the Separation of Church & State…completed.