African American History Culture : slavery in american black history Colonization

Discussion in 'African American History Culture' started by $$RICH$$, Feb 4, 2010.

  1. $$RICH$$

    $$RICH$$ Lyon King Admin. STAFF

    United States
    Mar 21, 2001
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    The roots of the Colonization movement date back to various plans
    first proposed in the eighteenth century. From the start, colonization of
    free blacks in Africa was an issue on which both whites and blacks were divided.
    Some blacks supported emigration because they thought that black Americans
    would never receive justice in the United States. Others believed African-Americans
    should remain in the United States to fight against slavery and for full legal rights
    as American citizens. Some whites saw colonization as a way of ridding the nation of blacks
    others believed black Americans would be happier in Africa, where they could live free
    of racial discrimination. Still others believed black American colonists could play a central role
    in Christianizing and civilizing Africa.
    The American Colonization Society (ACS) was formed in 1817 to send free African-Americans to Africa
    as an alternative to emancipation in the United States the society established on the west coast of Africa
    a colony that became the independent nation of Liberia the society had sent more than 13,000 emigrants.
    Beginning in the 1830s, the society was harshly attacked by abolitionists, who tried to discredit colonization
    as a slaveholder's scheme.

    Beginnings of the American Colonization Society

    Paul Cuffee (1759-1817), a successful Quaker ship owner of African- American and Native American
    ancestry, advocated settling freed American slaves in Africa. He gained support from the British government,
    free black leaders in the United States, and members of Congress for a plan to take emigrants to
    the British colony of Sierra Leone. Cuffee intended to make one voyage per year, taking settlers
    and bringing back valuable cargoes at his own expense, Captain Cuffee took thirty-eight American blacks
    to Freetown, Sierra Leone, but his death in 1817 ended further ventures. However, Cuffee had reached
    a large audience with his pro-colonization arguments and laid the groundwork for later organizations
    such as the (ACS) American Colonization Society

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