Black People : "Simultaneous Attention" in Indigenous communities - wikipedia

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  1. ceebee

    ceebee Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attention

    Multitasking and divided attention[edit]
    See also: Human multitasking, distracted driving
    Multitasking can be defined as the attempt to perform two or more tasks simultaneously; however, research shows that when multitasking, people make more mistakes or perform their tasks more slowly.[13] Attention must be divided among all of the component tasks to perform them.

    Simultaneous Attention[edit]

    Simultaneous attention is a type of attention, classified by attending to multiple events at the same time. Simultaneous attention is demonstrated by children in Indigenous communities, who learnthrough this type of attention to their surroundings.[25] Simultaneous attention is present in the ways in which children of indigenous background interact both with their surroundings, and with other individuals. Simultaneous attention requires focus on multiple, simultaneous, activities or occurrences. This differs from multitasking which is characterized by alternating attention and focus between multiple activities; that is, halting one activity before switching to the next.

    Simultaneous attention involves uninterrupted attention to several activities occurring at the same time. Another cultural practice that may relate to simultaneous attention strategies is coordination within a group. Indigenous heritage toddlers and caregivers in San Pedro were observed to frequently coordinate their activities with other members of a group in ways parallel to a model of simultaneous attention, whereas middle-class European-descent families in the U.S. would move back and forth between events.[2][26] Research concludes that children with close ties to Indigenous American roots have a high tendency to be especially wide, keen observers.[27] This points to a strong cultural difference in attention management.
     
  2. ceebee

    ceebee Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attention

    Clinical model[edit]

    Attention is best described as the sustained focus of cognitive resources on information while filtering or ignoring extraneous information. Attention is a very basic function that often is a precursor to all other neurological/cognitive functions. As is frequently the case, clinical models of attention differ from investigation models. One of the most used models for the evaluation of attention in patients with very different neurologic pathologies is the model of Sohlberg and Mateer.[48] This hierarchic model is based in the recovering of attention processes of brain damage patients aftercoma. Five different kinds of activities of growing difficulty are described in the model; connecting with the activities those patients could do as their recovering process advanced.

    • Focused attention: The ability to respond discretely to specific visual, auditory or tactile stimuli.
    • Sustained attention (vigilance and concentration): The ability to maintain a consistent behavioral response during continuous and repetitive activity.
    • Selective attention: The ability to maintain a behavioral or cognitive set in the face of distracting or competing stimuli. Therefore it incorporates the notion of "freedom from distractibility."
    • Alternating attention: The ability of mental flexibility that allows individuals to shift their focus of attention and move between tasks having different cognitive requirements.
    • Divided attention: This is the highest level of attention and it refers to the ability to respond simultaneously to multiple tasks or multiple task demands.
    This model has been shown to be very useful in evaluating attention in very different pathologies, correlates strongly with daily difficulties and is especially helpful in designing stimulation programs such as attention process training, a rehabilitation program for neurological patients of the same authors.
     
  3. ceebee

    ceebee Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    So I came across this subject through the last post, looking up attention and concentration.
    I was interested in divided attention, because it appeared to be what I was doing often when
    I was computing or making music, or even improvising.

    Then found the description of 'Indigenious' children, and will go look that up ...
     
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