Black Muslims : Positive Vibes [2]

Discussion in 'Islam Study Group' started by noor100, Apr 6, 2013.

  1. noor100

    noor100 Well-Known Member MEMBER

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  2. noor100

    noor100 Well-Known Member MEMBER

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  3. noor100

    noor100 Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    African Resistance:

    No African states had been invited to the Berlin conference, and none signed these agreements. Whenever possible, the decisions made in Europe were resisted when applied on African soil. The French faced a revolt in Algeria in 1870 and resistance from 1881 to 1905 to their efforts to control the Sahara. In the western Sudan the Mandinka ruler Samory Toure and Ahmadu, the son and successor of al-Hajj Umar of the Tukolor state, attempted to maintain their independence. Both were defeated by the French, however, Ahmadu in 1893 and Samory five years later. Dahomey was occupied by French



    forces in 1892, and the Wadai region was the last area to fall to the French, in 1900. British administrators encountered similar resistance from the Boers in South Africa during the periods 1880 and 1881 and 1899 to 1902. British and Boer settlers conquered Matabeleland in 1893, and three years later both the Matabele (Ndebele) and their subordinates, the Shona, revolted. Revolts broke out in Ashantiland in 1893 and 1894, 1895 and 1896, and 1900 and in Sierra Leone in 1897. The British conquest of the Fulani Hausa states was resisted from 1901 to 1903. Sokoto revolted in 1906. The Germans faced the Herero insurrection in South-West Africa from 1904 to 1908 and Maji Maji revolt from 1905 to 1907 in Tanganyika. Only the Ethiopians under Emperor Menelik II were successful in resisting European conquest, annihilating an Italian force at the Battle of Adwa (Aduwa) in 1896.
     
  4. noor100

    noor100 Well-Known Member MEMBER

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  5. Clyde C Coger Jr

    Clyde C Coger Jr going above and beyond PREMIUM MEMBER

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    You never cease to amaze me sister noor100 nor do you ever disappoint me, you are a gem...


    This is a very heavy Thread...

    Peace In,
     
  6. noor100

    noor100 Well-Known Member MEMBER

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