POP QUIZ # 4 SOCIAL STUDIES 1. Dred Scott Vs Sandford (1857). Dred Scott sued for his freedom because he was in a free state. Supreme Court denied request stating slaves were property like a horse crossing from a slave state to a free state. Abraham Lincoln was in a furious discord with the court ruling and led him and others to form the republican party or (GOP) Grand Old Party in Jackson, Michigan in 1854 to oppose the expansion of slavery. True or False? 2. White Quakers from Cass County, Michigan in defiance against slave bounty hunters welcomed run away slaves to flock to their communities in droves. When slave raids failed in Cass County, Michigan and other free states it led to white slave owners to lobby congress to pass the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 requiring all whites to return slaves to their owners. True or False? 3. Homer Adolp Plessy Vs Fergusion (1896). Supreme Court said a person who was 7/8 white was still considered black if they had one drop of black blood in them and couldn’t ride 1st class with whites on trains. Homer was from new Orleans and his great grandmother was of African descent but everyone else was white. Nevertheless, homer had to ride on trains and be “Separate but Equal”. Was transportation equal for blacks and whites. Yes or No? 4. Brown Vs Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954). Supreme Court rule “Separate but Equal” was unconstitutional because it treated black people inferior and blacks felt inferior. A test was conducted to ask black children to pick between a black or white doll. Black kids picked the white doll because they thought it was better. Did this supreme court decision stop whites from making blacks receive unequal treatment in public places Yes or No? 5. The Brown’s Supreme Court decision meant nothing to the people of Alabama. Rosa Parks in 1955 was still treated like Homer Plessy was on a train. The only difference was Parks was on a bus. She refused to give up her seat to a white man and as a result the Civil Rights Movement was born with Martin Luther King. After the bus boycott ended Rosa parks fled to Detroit, Michigan to prevent her assassination. Do black students defeat Rosa parks work by sitting in the back of the bus in 2011. True or False? 6. Wygant vs. Jackson, MI Board of Education (1986) Supreme Court ruled no by passing union seniority or Affirmative Action policies could be implemented to achieve racial balance for minority call back from work due to layoffs. Has court decision effected Jackson Public Schools from hiring black teachers. Yes or No? 7. In 1957 President Eisenhower sent army troops to force whites to let 9 black students attend Little Rock high school in Arkansas. Eisenhower’s mother was 7/8 white just like Homer Plessy. A 2007 silver dollar celebrates the event. The first black president Barack Obama invited the 9 black student to his 2009 inauguration. Is little Rock an all Black school now Yes or No? 8. In 1860 President Lincoln gives his famous Cooper union speech. In it he denies his Republican party had anything to do with John brown’s race riot. You charge that we stir up insurrections among your slaves. We deny it; and what is your proof? Harper's Ferry! John Brown!! John Brown was no Republican…Slave insurrections are no more common now than they were before the Republican party was organized. What induced the Southampton insurrection, twenty-eight years ago, in which, at least three times as many lives were lost as at Harper's Ferry? You can scarcely stretch your very elastic fancy to the conclusion that Southampton was "got up by Black Republicanism." In the present state of things in the United States, I do not think a general, or even a very extensive slave insurrection is possible. The indispensable concert of action cannot be attained. The slaves have no means of rapid communication; nor can incendiary freemen, black or white, supply it…Much is said by Southern people about the affection of slaves for their masters and mistresses; and a part of it, at least, is true. A plot for an uprising could scarcely be devised and communicated to twenty individuals before some one of them, to save the life of a favorite master or mistress, would divulge it. This is the rule; and the slave revolution in Hayti was not an exception to it, but a case occurring under peculiar circumstances”. In 1865 Lincoln gave his last speech and said in part: “It is also unsatisfactory to some that the elective franchise is not given to the colored man. I would myself prefer that it were now conferred on the very intelligent, and on those who serve our cause as soldiers. Still the question is not whether the Louisiana government” . John Booth hears the speech and said he will kill Lincoln because he wants to give blacks the right to vote. Lincoln didn’t think many black people could read and write so voting wasn’t a vast civil rights movement. Recall in his Cooper Union Speech he said blacks have no means of “rapid communication”. And reading and writing doesn’t mean you are “very intelligent”. That would be just like saying in 2011 only blacks who have a PHD can vote. Was Lincoln 100% for liberation of Black People? Yes or No? 9. On June 11, 1963 President John F. Kennedy gave his famous speech on race relations in America. He argued in part for a Civil rights bill to end segregation in public facilities because he didn’t want blacks to think their only remedy was to march in the streets. Kennedy cite the lone dissenter of the Plessy vs. Fergusson case, Supreme Court Judge John Marshall. Marshall had said in part: “In view of the constitution, in the eye of the law, there is in this country no superior, dominant, ruling class of citizens. There is no caste here. Our constitution is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens. The thin disguise of 'equal' accommodations for passengers in railroad coaches will not mislead any one, nor atone for the wrong this day done”. What recent movie starring Sandra Bullock used a variation of phrase “Color-blind” for the title of their show. In November of 1963 Kennedy was assassinated but his vice president Johnson was able to take the torch of passing the 1964 Civil Rights Act outlawing the denial of blacks to eat at public restaurants, bathrooms etc. Was Kennedy killed for his position on race? Yes, No, Maybe or not for sure?