Black Christians : Passover and Resurrection

Discussion in 'Christian Study Group' started by cherryblossom, Apr 7, 2012.

  1. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    THE PASSOVER FEAST and CHRIST'S PASSION

    Three Old Covenant Holy Feast Days fell within a one-week period: Passover, Unleavened Bread and the Feast of Firstfruits. In the 1stCentury this entire 8-day period was know as the Passover Feast or the Feast of Unleavened Bread (Matthew 26:17; Mark 14:12; Luke 22:1 & John 18:28). The celebrations of these Old Covenant Holy Days were prescribed by the Laws of the Sinai Covenant and are found in Exodus chapter 12, in Leviticus chapter 23 and Numbers 28. For more information please see the chart on "The Seven Sacred Annual Feasts Days of the Old Covenant" in the charts section of www.agapebiblestudy.com . Please note that the Jewish day began at sundown.

    The Week Preceding the Resurrection of Jesus Christ:

    10th of Nisan (also known as the month of Abib/Aviv): fell on a Sunday, what we call Palm or Passion Sunday: This is the day the male lambs or kids are chosen (Exodus 12:3-6) for the Passover sacrifice. This is the day Jesus rode into the city of Jerusalem (see Matthew 21; Mark 11; Luke 19:28ff; John 12). John 12:1 identifies the day before Jesus rode into Jerusalem [Saturday] as 6 days before the Passover. In the ancient world when one counted a sequence, one counted from the day that started the sequence as #1'the ancients had no concept of a 0-place value. This is why it is said Jesus was in the tomb 3 days = Friday, Saturday, and Sunday as the ancients counted but this would be only two days as we count today. Therefore, counting as the ancients counted six days from Saturday Nisan the 9th would be Thursday, Nisan the 14th and the same day the Synoptic Gospels identify as the day of the Passover Sacrifice. The lambs chosen for sacrifice by each family on the 10th of Nisan must be visible for 5 days (4 days as we count) before the Passover Feast in order for everyone to observe the selected lamb's perfection. For 5 days Jesus, the perfect Lamb of God preached at the Temple in Jerusalem, where everyone could see Him.

    14th of Nisan (Thursday): Jesus sends Peter and John into Jerusalem to see that the room He has selected for the feast is prepared. Everything is ready. This is the day the lambs are sacrificed at the Temple (Exodus 12:6). The lambs were sacrificed at the hour of the second daily sacrifice (the Tamyid Sacrifice) at 3pm. The ceremony began at 12 noon when the second Tamid lamb of the daily sacrifice was brought out and tied to the altar. Exodus 12:6 should read "between the twilights" which is 12 noon. (see the chart on the Tamyid daily Sacrifice at www.agapebiblestudy.com). At the end of the ceremony the lambs or kids that each family brought to be sacrificed are taken home and prepared for the feast that night. The sacrificial animal was to be roasted whole, no bones broken. The next day began at sundown. At sundown it became the 15th of Nisan.

    ...continued...
     
  2. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    ...15th of Nisan: At sundown, the beginning of the day (Friday Jewish time but Thursday night our time), Jesus and His disciples gathered at the Upper Room in Jerusalem to celebrate the Feast. Everything that took place in the Old Covenant sacrificial meal of the Feast of Unleavened Bread prefigured the Passion of the Christ. After the meal, very late that night or sometime after midnight, Jesus is arrested while praying on the Mt. of Olives. At dawn He is condemned by the Jewish court and sent to the Roman governor, Pilate'Jesus is essentially "selected" for sacrifice by the High Priest Joseph Caiaphas just as Caiaphas selected the perfect male lambs for the Tamid (daily) sacrifice. At dawn the first lamb of the daily sacrifice is tied to the altar. This is the 6th day of the week: the day man was created.

    When Jesus is sent to Pilate in John 18:28, in the New American Bible translation this text reads: "...They did not enter the Praetorium themselves, for they had to avoid ritual impurity if they were to eat the Passover supper." The modern translators have inserted the word "supper" into the text; it is not in the original Greek. The Greek reads: "And they entered not into the Praetorium that they might not be defiled but that they might eat the Passover." This passage cannot be referring to the ritual Passover meal eaten on the night that began the Feast of Unleavened Bread since ritual uncleanness would only last until the end of the day which was sundown and the feast didn't begin until after sundown:
    • Leviticus 22:4b-7: "Anyone who touches anything made unclean by a dead body, or who has a seminal discharge, or who is made unclean by touching any kind of reptile or any one who has contaminated him with his own uncleanness, be it what it may, in short, anyone who has had any such contact will be unclean until evening, and must not eat holy things until he has contact will be unclean until evening, and must not eat holy things until he has washed his body. At sunset he will be clean and may then eat holy things, for these are his food."
    • Numbers 19:17-22: "Anything that an unclean person touches will be unclean, and anyone who touches it will be uncleanuntil evening."
    [Note: the requirements were different for someone who physically touched a dead body. That person had to undergo the 7-day period of ritual purification. See Numbers 9:9-11 and 19:11].

    The Passover meal began immediately after sundown, which according to the Jewish calendar was the beginning of the next day. But there was a Feast offering on the 15th of Nisan (the morning after the Passover Supper) at the Temple in a service that began at 9AM and they would not have been able to attend this required Temple service having been made ritually unclean in the presence of gentiles. The important point here is that the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke do agree with John's Gospel account!

    St. John's Gospel also records that it was the 6th hour when Jesus was taken to Pilate. This is 12 noon Hebrew time, which does not agree with the Synoptic Gospels. But the 6th hours Roman time is dawn. If Jesus is before Pilate at the 6th hour Roman time John's account is in agreement with the Synoptic Gospels. Writing his Gospel years after the events of the Crucifixion in the third most important city in the Roman Empire and as bishop of a largely gentile Christian community, why would John use Hebrew time?
    Pilate pronounces this man Jesus without fault. It is a gentile pagan Roman who pronounces the sacrifice selected by the High Priest Caiaphas as a "perfect" sacrifice.

    At 9AM (the 3rd hour) Jesus is crucified on the cross (Mark 15:25), just as the first lamb of the daily sacrifice is offered up on the altar in the Temple and the people attend the Feast of Unleavened Bread ceremonies at the Temple and eat the Chagigah offering. At the hour of the first daily sacrifice, 12 noon, the sun goes dark (Mark 15:33). A total eclipse at this time of the month is not according to the laws of astronomy'a total eclipse cannot not take place during a full moon: And this feast is begun on the fifteenth day of the month in the middle of the month, on the day on which the moon is full of light, in consequence of the providence of God taking care that there shall be no darkness on that day [Philo, Special Laws II, 155]. The festival calendar was a lunar calendar. At the 9th hour, or 3PM, the hour of the second daily sacrifice Jesus gives up His life on the cross (Mark 15:33-34).

    ...continued...
     
  3. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    ...16th of Nisan: Saturday: The Jewish Sabbath. Jesus "rests" in the tomb.

    17TH of Nisan: Sunday: The Feast of Firstfruits [the first day after the Sabbath of Passover week] = Resurrection Sunday.

    According to the Law this feast was celebrated the day after the first Sabbath of Passover week (Leviticus 23:11). It signaled the beginning of the harvest when the people present the firstfruits of the barley harvest at the Temple. God prescribed that this feast wouldalways fall on a Sunday! The day we call Sunday was the first day of the week and the first day of Creation in Genesis [the Sabbath, Saturday being the 7th day]. The day of Jesus' Resurrection was the day of the New Creation when all of creation was renewed in the Resurrection of the Son of God'the King of Kings, and the great harvest of souls into heaven begins with Christ the firstfruits of the great harvest: But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. [I Corinthians 15:20].

    http://www.agapebiblestudy.com/documents/The Passover Feast and the Week of Christ's Passon.htm
    Michal Hunt, Copyright © 1991, revised 2007 Agape Bible Study. Permissions All Rights Reserved
     
  4. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    Proof Jesus Died Just Before the Passover Feast in 33 AD

    This one seems obvious to many people, but it can quickly
    become confusing due to a number of factors: how the scriptures
    were translated, how and when the Jewish feasts occur, who
    was alive and ruling at the time, and some indication from a
    prior prophecy and the history behind that prophecy.

    That last one was already covered in a previous article concerning
    Daniel 9, where Jesus was predicted to die in 33 AD. So here is a
    starting point to reference from, was the prediction correct, or not?

    History records 3 prominent rulers mentioned in the New
    Testament at the time that Jesus was said to have died:

    * Tiberious Caesar ruled from 14 AD - 37 AD

    * Herod Antipas ruled from 4 BC - 39 AD, he divorced his wife
    and married his half brother Herod's wife, which caused
    John the Baptist to condemn that marriage, and John then
    lost his head for saying such.

    * Pontius Pilate ruled from 26 AD - 36 AD.

    Pilate's rule looks to limit Jesus's year of death to a
    span of only 10 years time. The gospel of Luke says that
    John the Baptist started preaching in the 15th year of
    Tiberius Caesar's rule: 14 AD + 15 - 1 = 28 AD

    Given John the Baptist's arrival, needing to preach for a while
    first (let's guess a year for John to preach), and that Jesus
    had to later minister for more than 3 years, Jesus had to have
    died some time after: 28 + 1 + 3 = 32 AD, and also had to die
    before Pilate left his position in 36 AD. Therefore, Jesus died
    some time between 32 AD and 36 AD.

    The 33 AD prediction falls within the 32 AD to 36 AD time span.

    What about the Jewish feasts, do they help confirm the year?
    To answer this, you have to know more about the Passover and
    which day Jesus would have died on.

    The bible records which day Jesus died on:

    John 19:31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation,
    that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on
    the Sabbath day, (for that Sabbath day was an high
    day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken,
    and that they might be taken away.

    So clearly, Jesus died just prior to the Sabbath, and it was
    also a Sabbath that was a "high day" of the Passover feast week.

    What is a "high day"?

    The high days in the Passover feast week, are the first and last
    days of the 7 Passover feast days of eating unleavened bread. The
    first high day could start any day of the week, due to the fact
    that the month of Nissan would start on the day that two witnesses
    would see the new moon show up, and that day of the week varied
    each year. They would kill the Passover lamb on the 14th day of
    Nissan, and the unleavened bread would be eaten from the 15th
    on for 7 days. The 2nd high day, was the 7th day or last day of the
    7 day Passover feast. For that Passover the year Jesus died, the
    first high day was said by John to have been the same day as the
    Sabbath.

    In simple terms showing what occurred per day (while noting that days
    back then ran from evening to evening, and that the Sabbath starts
    on Friday evening), this is how it looked to John back then describing
    which day it was in the verse above:

    "day" What was occurring that day
    -------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    Thursday evening to | Nissan 14, Day of Preparation, Jesus dies
    Friday evening | during the daylight hours on Friday.
    |
    -------------------------------------------------------------------
    | Nissan 15, Sabbath, the first day of the 7
    Friday evening to | day Passover feast week begins, it's also
    Saturday evening | called the 1st "high day" of the Passover
    | feast week. Jesus's body is in the tomb.
    -------------------------------------------------------------------

    etc...

    (the 7 days of the passover feast continue on, with the last day of
    the passover feast week being the 2nd "high day")

    It is possible to find all years where the first high day fell on
    the Sabbath to verify which years are possible candidates for the
    year of Jesus's death. As it turns out, between the years 27AD
    and 38AD, there are only 2 years where the high day fell on a Sabbath
    and those two years are 33AD and 36AD. So given this, during the
    period of 32AD to 36AD (after John started preaching plus Jesus's
    preaching, yet before Pilate's rule ended), the only years possible
    for Jesus to have died in, are 33 AD and 36 AD.

    The 36 AD year is ruled out for a number of reasons. Essentially
    too many things had to happen during that year, and one account
    given, becomes void when 36 AD is checked as a possible crucifixtion
    date. Pilate was told to return to Rome in 36 AD, he arrived there
    after Tiberius Caesar died, before Passover in 37AD. Herod Antipas
    was in a war with Aretus in 36AD and wouldn't have had time to be
    across the Dead Sea during the preparation of Passover at Jesus's
    trial. Herod Antipas was said to have been desiring to see Jesus,
    but in 36 AD, that was during a time of Herod's war and preparing
    for war with Aretus. There is also the issue that if Jesus died
    in 36 AD, with a 3.5 year ministry that makes him 32.5 (or older)
    at the start of it, and Luke said he "began to be about 30" (29.5?)
    at that time. His birth as the next article states, had to happen
    soon after the tetrarchy was formed so the people could be
    registered under their specific tetrarch, and that happened only
    2 or 3 years after 4 BC, making Jesus too old for Luke's statement
    that Jesus "began to be about 30". The 33 AD crucifiction year,
    does not have any of the issues the 36AD year has.

    The only year that matches all accounts, is 33 AD.

    As the Sabbath is Friday evening until Saturday evening and
    Jesus died just prior to the Sabbath (they didn't want his body
    to be left on the cross during the Sabbath), Jesus had to have
    died prior to Friday evening.

    Therefore, Jesus died just prior to the 1st Passover feast day
    (which that year fell on the Sabbath), on Friday before evening,
    in 33 AD.

    Is there more confirmation of this?

    Absolutely.

    At the last supper, Jesus told them that he wanted to eat the
    Passover feast with them, but never would, in fact, he didn't
    even eat the night before he died. Jesus handed them the bread
    at that last supper, but didn't eat any of it himself.

    Jesus was the first born, and the first born would be fasting
    on the day the Passover lamb was sacrificed. That 'day' would
    be Thursday evening, to Friday evening, and Jesus would be
    fasting during that time. Friday afternoon when Jesus was
    crucified, it was just before the Passover feast's first day,
    just before the evening of the Sabbath, when they would have
    all ate together later that night on the Sabbath... but by then,
    Jesus was dead, dead before the start of the 1st day of the
    Passover feast, having died during the time of the lambs being
    sacrified prior to the first day of the feast of unleavened
    bread.

    In the translations of the verses, there are instances
    where it's a little confusing concerning the days of
    the Passover. For example:

    Mt 26:17 Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread
    the disciples came to Jesus, saying to him, Where
    wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the
    Passover?

    Obviously, the preparation for the Passover is BEFORE the Passover
    feast week. Typically it takes days or even weeks to clean
    the rooms. That verse should have been and can be translated as:

    Mt 26:17 Then to first honor the feast of unleavened bread the
    disciples came to Jesus, saying to him, Where do you
    want us to prepare for you to eat the Passover feast?

    Again, that preparation could take days, where they'd first have
    to clean all traces of the leaven from the place they'd be having
    the Passover feast, and that cleaning is before the Passover started.
    So they were asking Jesus before the Passover, and NOT on the
    1st day of Passover.

    You can find confirmation of this in a prior verse:

    Mt 26:2 Ye know that after two days, is the feast of the Passover,
    and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified.

    In other words, Jesus just told them that in two days, the feast
    of the Passover would start, and the verses continue on where they
    then replied back to him "Where should we go prepare for the Passover
    feast?". Obviously they weren't asking him on the first day of
    the Passover feast week, but had to be asking him prior to the
    first day... that same 2 days before when Jesus said they needed
    to go to Jerusalem. The Mt 26:17 verse to make proper sense with
    the Jewish feasts, it should have been translated to english with
    regards to the timing of events in those feast days such that
    they'd simply be replying back on the same day, "where should
    we go to prepare?".

    Retranslating other similar verses:

    Mk 14:12 Then to first honor the time of unleavened bread after
    they would kill the Passover lamb, his disciples said
    to him, "Where do you want us to go and prepare, that
    you may eat the Passover feast?"

    Lu 22:7 But approaching was the time of unleavened bread, with
    the Passover to be killed.
    8 And he sent Peter and John, saying, "Go and prepare us
    the Passover feast, that we may eat.

    The translators basically didn't check to insure that the translated
    english description matched with regard to the Old Testament laws of
    the Passover feast. Choosing proper english wording from available
    translation options, helps substantially in conveying what Jesus
    had said and when he had said it, verses the actual events occurring
    then. There is nothing wrong with the original scriptures concerning
    the verses, but there is a problem with how the scriptures were
    translated to english.

    Regardless, Jesus knew he was being betrayed by Judas Iscariot
    2 days before the Passover started, so the timeline of Jesus's
    death looks like:

    Weds - They were in Simon the leper's house in Bethany. Jesus
    told them he was being betrayed (by Judas Iscariot), and
    the woman put the spikenard on Jesus's head and feet for
    his burial, while Judas complained that the spikenard
    could have been sold for a lot of money, and the money
    should have been given to the poor. John said that Judas
    had a bag of money at the time that the chief priests gave
    Judas to tell them who Jesus is and point him out. Jesus
    reminded them that in two days the feast of the Passover
    would start and they had to move on into Jerusalem.
    The disciples knew they had to prepare for the Passover
    so they asked Jesus where they'd be having the Passover
    so they could go there and start preparing for it. Jesus
    then tells them to follow a man bearing a pitcher of
    water to where ever he went in the city to a new house,
    with a new large room where they'd be preparing the
    Passover feast at. In that they didn't yet know where
    the house was, Judas wouldn't know, and couldn't report
    back to the high priests or soldiers. And this delayed
    Jesus being taken, while Judas looked for an opportunity
    where he'd know where Jesus was that was close enough
    to go get the soldiers to turn him in.

    Thurs - They entered Jerusalem, Jesus rode on an ***'s colt and
    was praised by them, mostly over Lazarus being raised. They
    quickly became disenchanted in that they expected Christ
    would abide forever, yet Jesus told them he'd die. That
    evening they went to the large room for the last supper,
    Jesus didn't eat. Judas had the money bag, he was anxious
    to turn Jesus in, and he now knew where they were staying for
    the Passover feast. Being in Jerusalem, it was closer to
    the chief priests and soldiers than it was when they were
    back in Bethany. Now it was easier for Judas to walk off
    and quickly get the soldiers. Judas then left the last
    supper, to go get permission to get the soldiers and to
    then bring them to take Jesus. But they left while Judas
    was gone. That night, Judas helped the soldiers find Jesus,
    he then identified him, the soldiers took him and his
    disciples deserted him.

    Fri - Jesus was taken to prison, interrogated, beaten, ridiculed,
    mutilated, and crucified until he died. John confirms the
    the day by saying Jesus was there being questioned by Pilate
    and accused by the chief priests and elders (of which Jesus
    did not defend himself against their claims) on the day of
    preparation for the feast days of Passover. The preparation
    day is when the Passover lambs would be slaughtered, much like
    Jesus was about to be after Pilate washed his hands of it
    and told the chief priests and elders that Pilate would be
    innocent of Jesus's death. The chief priests and elders
    convinced the crowd to demand they crucify Jesus and let
    Barabbas go free. Just before evening, after Jesus died,
    he was taken down off the cross, wrapped in linen and laid
    in the tomb. The Sabbath then started that evening, as did
    the 1st day of the 7 day feast of Passover, the feast of
    unleavened bread.

    Sat - Sabbath continues through the daylight hours, no work allowed
    to finish Jesus's burial. The chief priests and the Pharisees
    went to Pilate to tell him to place guards at the tomb as
    they'd heard Jesus say he'd rise again after the third day.
    Pilate told them to guard it and make it as sure as they liked.
    During the evening, Jesus's disciples stayed away from the tomb
    probably because it was: too dark to see in the tomb, there
    were now guards there guarding it, and they probably feared
    using lamps as that would draw attention to themselves, them
    being seen as followers of Jesus after he'd been crucified
    the previous day by the chief priests, elders and crowd.

    Sun - Early morning, the women went to the tomb to see about finishing
    the burial, the angel appeared with the appearance of lightning,
    and the guards fell to the ground. The angel rolled back the
    stone while telling the women that Jesus had risen, and for
    them to go tell the others.

    The 3 days and nights article discusses the prophecy of Jesus being
    in the hands of sinful men from Thursday evening, until Sunday morning.

    Further discussion of the above mentioned prophecy in Daniel 9
    described in a another article, the calculation for that is as
    follows:

    * 360 days for a prophetic year
    * 365.242199 days per standard year
    * 7*7+62*7 prophetic years from the order to restore Jerusalem
    * Artaxerxes gave the order to restore Jerusalem to Nehemiah in 444 BC
    * There is no 0 BC year, 1 BC jumps to 1 AD in 1 year of time.

    Therefore, the messiah shows up, as per Daniel 9 in:

    -444+1+(7*7+62*7)*(360 prophetic days/yr)/(365.242199 day/yr) = 33 AD

    The accounts line up in many ways with Jesus dying in 33 AD, before the
    Passover feast's 1st day (or "high day", which was also on the Sabbath),
    and on the same day as the Passover lambs were being slaughtered that
    year. There is no other year where the accounts all align.

    God made it all, Jesus died for our sins.


    Return


    Note: The above information was written by John P. Boatwright and is freely given. The information is simply my opinion based on how I perceive the content discussed. Anyone reading such should use their own judgement as to whether or not the information has any value to them. You may copy portions of the above opinions as long as a reference to this page is included and no text within said portion is altered. If copied to another medium other than the internet, include the entire text. The above content may change over time.

    http://home.teleport.com/~salad/4god/33ad.htm
     
  5. Angela22

    Angela22 Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    So much work and study is put into the life of the Faithful Son, and it is wonderful. :) I believe it shows a great devotion to the One who did for us what none else could do, and that is allow His body, in His perfection, to be sacrificed for our sins, so that we may be salvaged unto life eternal, just as He has life eternal after His resurrection from the dead on the 3rd day. He has redeemed us like no other could, and done for the Father like no one else could. By faith in His works, and belief in His Way, we will always come to understanding as we search out the Holy Doctrine, and read into the the Divine Word of the Father. Blessings!
     
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