Black People : Original Names of The Kemetic ( Nisutiu-bity/ Kings) and Queens in Ancient Kemet

Discussion in 'Black People Open Forum' started by Keita Kenyatta, Dec 2, 2011.

  1. Keita Kenyatta

    Keita Kenyatta going above and beyond PREMIUM MEMBER

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    Canonical List of Kemetic Kings

    Nisutiu-bity em Tawy
    The Good Neteru, Rulers of the Two Lands, since Zep Tepi, as canonically accepted by the Kemetic Orthodox Early Dynastic/Archaic Period.
    1.
    2. Meni Narmer
    3. Teti Hor-Aha
    4. Iti Djer
    5. It(er)a Djet
    6. Zemty Den
    7. Merybiya Anedjib
    8. Semerkhet
    9. Qebeh Qa’a
    10. Hotepsekhemwy
    11. Nebnefer Raneb
    12. Netjeren Ninetjer
    13. Wadjnes Weneg
    14. Sened
    15. Perenma’at Sekhemib/Peribsen
    16. Nebwyhotepimef Khasekhemwy
    OLD KINGDOM
    17. Nebka Sanakht
    18. Netjerikhet Djoser
    19. Sekhemkhet
    20. Khaba
    21. Huni
    22. Nebma’at Senefru
    23. Medjedu Khufu (Khnumkhufwy)
    24. Kheperi Djedefra
    25. Userib Khaefra
    26. Kakhau Menkaura
    27. Khentkawes (I) (female)
    28. Shepseskaf
    29. Irma’at Userkaf
    30. Nebkhau Sahura
    31. Userkhau Neferirkara Kakai
    32. Shepseskara
    33. Khentkawes (II) (female)
    34. Neferkhau Neferefra
    35. Setibtawy Niuserra Ini
    36. Menkauhor Kaiu
    37. Djedkara Isesi
    38. Wadjtawy Unas
    39. Sehoteptawy Teti
    40. Merytawy Neferdjaheru Meryra Pepi (I)
    41. Ankhkhau Antyemsaf Merenra
    42. Netjerkhau Neferkara Pepi (II)
    43. Nitocris (female)
    44. Merenre (II)
    FIRST INTERMEDIATE PERIOD
    45. Wadjkara
    46. Qakara Iby
    47. Meryibra Khety
    48. Wahkara Khety
    49. Merykara
    50. Kaneferra
    51. Nebkaura Akhtoy
    MIDDLE KINGDOM
    52. Sehertawy Intef (I)
    53. Wahankh Intef (II)
    54. Nakhtnebtepnefer Intef (III)
    55. Sankhibtawy Nebhedjet Sematawy Nebhepetra Montuhotep (I)
    56. Sankhtawef Sankhkara Montuhotep (II)
    57. Nebtawyra Montuhotep (III)
    58. Wehemmesut Sehotepibra Amenemhat (I)
    59. Ankhmesut Kheperkara Senwosret (I)
    60. Hekaenma’at Nubkaura Amenemhat (II)
    61. Seshemutawy Khakheperra Senwosret (II)
    62. Netjerkheperu Khakaura Senwosret (III)
    63. A’abau Nymaatra Amenemhat (III)
    64. Kheperkheperu Maakherura Amenemhat (IV)
    65. Sobekkara Merytra Sobekneferura Sobeknefru (female)

    SECOND INTERMEDIATE PERIOD
    66. Khutawyra Wegaf
    67. Sankhibra Ameny Intef (IV) Amenemhat (V)
    68. Auyibra Hor
    69. Sekhemra-Khutawy Sobekhotep (II) Amenemhat (VI)
    70. Userkara Khendjer
    71. Sekhemra Sewadjtawy Sobekhotep (III)
    72. Khasekhemra Neferhotep (I)
    73. Khaneferra Sobekhotep (IV)
    74. Merneferra Ay
    75. Sekhemra Sankhtawy Neferhotep (II)
    76. Aasehra Nehesy
    77. Maaibra Sheshi
    78. Meruserra Yakubher
    79. Sawoserenra Khyan
    80. Aawoserra Apepi (I)
    81. Aaqenenra Apepi (II)
    82. Anather
    83. Yakobaam
    84. Sekhemra Shedtawy Sobekemsaf (II)
    85. Nubkheperra Intef (VII)
    86. Senakhtenra Ta’o
    87. Seqenenra Ta’o
    88. Wadjkheperra Kamose
    NEW KINGDOM
    89. Nebpehtyra Ahmose (I)
    90. Djoserkara Amenhotep (I)
    91. Aakheperkara Djehutymose (I)
    92. Aakheperenra Heqaiunu Djehutymose (II)
    93. Maatkara Hatshepsut (female)
    94. Menkheperra Djehutymose (III)
    95. Aakheperura Amenhotep (II)
    96. Menkheperura Djehutymose (IV)
    97. Nebmaatra Heqawaset Amenhotep (III)
    98. Neferkheperura Waenra Amenhotep (IV) (Akhenaten)
    99. Ankhkheperura Nefernefruaten Merywaenra Smenkhkhara
    100. Nebkheperura Heqaiunushema Tutankhamen
    101. Kheperkheperura It-Netjer Ay
    102. Djoserkheperura Setepenra Meryamun Horemheb
    103. Menpehtyra Rameses (I)
    104. Menmaatra Meryenptah Sety (I)
    105. Usermaatra Setepenra Meryamun Rameses (II)
    106. Bauenra Merynetjeru Hotephermaat Merenptah
    107. Menmira Setepenra Heqawaset Amenmesses
    108. Userkheperura Setepenra Merenptah Sety (II)
    109. Sekhaenra Akhenra Setepenra Merenptah Siptah
    110. Satra Meryamun Setepenmut Twosret (female)
    111. Userkhaura Meryamun Setepenra Mereramunra Setnakht
    112. Usermaatra Meryamun Heqaiunu Rameses (III)
    113. Heqamaatra Setepenamun Heqama’at Meryamun Rameses (IV)
    114. Usermaatra Sekheperenra Amenhirkhopeshef Meryamun Rameses (V)
    115. Nebmaatra Meryamun Amenhirkhopeshef Netjerheqa Rameses (VI)
    116. Usermaatra Meryamun Setepenra Itamun Netjerheqa Rameses (VII)
    117. Usermaatra Akhenamun Sethirkhopeshef Meryamun Rameses (VIII)
    118. Neferkara Setepenra Khaemwaset Mereramun Rameses (IX)
    119. Khepermaatra Setepenra Amenhirkhopeshef Meryamun Rameses (X)
    120. Menmaatra Setepenptah Khaemwaset Mereramun Netjerheqa Rameses (XI)
    THIRD INTERMEDIATE PERIOD
    121. Piankh
    122. Khakheperra Setepenamun Panedjem (I)
    123. Maasaheretj
    124. Nesbanebdjed (I)
    125. Khakeperra Setepenamun Panedjem (II)
    126. Hedjkheperra Setepenra Meryamun Nesbanebjed (II)
    127. Neferkara Amenemnisut
    128. Akheperra Setepenra Pasebakhaenniut (I)
    129. Usermaatra Meryamun Setepenamun Amenemope
    130. Aakheperra Setepenra Osorkon (the Elder)
    131. Netjerkheperra Setepenamun Meryamun Siamun
    132. Tyetkheperura Setepenra Meryamun Pasebakhaenniut (II)
    133. Hedjkheperra Setepenra Meryamun Sheshonk (I)
    134. Sekhemkheperra Setepenra Meryamun Osorkon (I)
    135. Heqakheperra Setepenra Meryamun Sheshonk (II)
    136. Usermaatra Setepenra Meryamun Takelot (I)
    137. Usermaatra Setepenamun Meryamun Osorkon (II)
    138. Hedjkheperra Setepenra Meryamun Sa-Aset Takelot (II)
    139. Usermaatra Setepenra Meryamun Sa-Bast Sheshonk (III)
    140. Usermaatra Setepenamun Meryamun Pami
    141. Aakheperra Sheshonk (V)
    142. Aakheperra Setepenamun Osorkon (IV)
    140. Hedjkheperra Setepenamun Meryamun Herusaaset
    141. Usermaatra Setepenamun Meryamun Padibast
    142. Usermaatra Meryamun Sheshonk (IV)
    143. Usermaatra Setepenamun Osorkon (III)
    144. Usermaatra Takelot (III)
    145. Usermaatra Setepenamun Rudamon
    146. Usermaatra Meryamun-Sabast Iuput
    147. Nemaaretj (Nimlot)
    148. Neferkara Peftjawybast
    149. Shepsesra Tefnakht
    150. Wahkara Bakenrenef
    151. Userma’atra Seneferra Menkheperre Piye
    152. Neferkara Wahibra Shabaka
    153. Djedkara Menkheperra Shebitko
    154. Nefertemkhura Taharqa
    155. Bakara Tanutamen
    156. Wahibra Psamtik (I)
    157. Wehemibra Nekau (Necho)
    158. Neferibra Psamtik (II)
    159. Haaibra Wahibre
    160. Khnumibra Sa-Nit Ahmose (II)
    161. Ankhkara Psamtik (III)
    LATE PERIOD
    162. Mesutira Cambyses (II)
    163. Setutra Darius (I)
    164. Xerxes
    165. Artaxerxes (I)
    166. Darius (II)
    167. Amyrtaeus
    168. Baenra Merynetjeru Nafaarud (I)
    169. Maatibra Hakor
    170. Kheperkara Nakhtnebef (I)
    171. Irmaatenra Djedhor
    172. Senedjemenra Setepenanhur Nakhtnebef (II)
    173. Artaxerxes (III)
    174. Arses
    175. Darius (III)
    176. Meryamun Setepenra Alexander (III) (Alexander the Great)
    177. Meryamun Setepenra Phillip Arrhidaeus
    178. Haaibra Setepenamun Alexander (IV)
    179. Meryamun Setepenra Ptolemy (I)
    180. Userkaenra Meryamun Ptolemy (II)
    181. Iwaenneterjwysenwy Sekhemankhra Setepenamun Ptolemy (III)
    182. Iwaennetjerwymenkhwy Setepptah Userkara Sekhemankhamun Ptolemy (IV)
    183. Iwaennetjerwymerwyitu Setepptah Userkara Sekhemankhamun Ptolemy (V)
    184. Iwaennetjerwyper Setepenptahkhepera Irmaatenamunra Ptolemy (VI)
    185. Ptolemy (VII)
    186. Iwaennetjerwy Meryptah Setepenptah Sekhemankhamun Ptolemy (VIII)
    187. Iwaennetjerwy Meryptah Setepenamun Sekhemankhamun Ptolemy (IX)
    188. Iwaennetjertwy Meryptah Setepenptah Irmaasenenamun Ptolemy (X)
    189. Ptolemy (XI)
    190. Iwaenpanetjernehem Setepptah Irmaat Ptolemy (XII)
    191. Berenike (IV) (female)
    192. Ptolemy (XIII)
    193. Ptolemy (XIV)
    194. Netjeret-merites Cleopatra VII (female)
    195. Iwapanetjer entynehem Setepenptah Irmaatenra Sekhemankhamun Ptolemy Caesarion (XV)
    KEMETIC ORTHODOXY PERIOD

    196. Sekhenetma’atra Setepenra Hekatawy Tamara (female)
     
  2. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    Kemetic orthodoxy period?
     
  3. skuderjaymes

    skuderjaymes Contextualizer Synthesizer MEMBER

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    Do you mind including your sources?
     
  4. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    There are some MAJOR problems with this "Canonical List" of the "Kemetic Orthodoxy" smh...

    I will just deal with the most obvious. The problem begins with #77 "Sheshi who is the first of the Dynasty 15 rulers known as the Hikau-khoswet who began to assume control of the EASTERN DESERT AND DELTA REGIONS from about 1663-1555 BCE.

    Who provides the most part of this account? Manetho.

    The problem here is that during the SAME period the Dynasty 17 rulers based at Thebes ruled AT THE SAME TIME as the Hikau-khoswet in the Delta.

    The following is from Peter Clayton's "Chronicle of the Pharaohs", pp. 93-94:

    "Manetho's account of this period is preserved at great length in Contra Apionem by the Jewish historian Josephus, but it must be remembered that Manetho was writing as a Graeco-Egyptian about the greatest disaster that ever struck ancient Egypt: rule by foreign nationals."

    At the same time these so-called "Hyksos" were usurping the Delta which had fallen into governmental anarchy, the rulers were evolving at Thebes as their dominion extended from Elephantine to Abydos, while at the same time largely preserving the culture of the Middle Kingdom.

    The second problem that I notice is that this list does not mention Herihor (Siamun Hemnetjertepyenamun) which is major because as Herihor was the High Priest of Amun at Thebes, he also effectively orchestrated a co-rulership with Ramesses XI thrus creating a ruling class of High Priests, while at the same time acquiring the high title of Viceroy of Kush. This is important because it set the stage for the ascendency of his son-in-law Piankh.

    The list confusesand omits at least three other High Priests at Thebes, while at the same time the order is incorrect because many of the Kings at Tanis (1069-945) also reigned at the same time as the Theban High Priests.

    Third issue:

    196. Sekhenetma’atra Setepenra Hekatawy Tamara (female)

    Why is this white woman included on an "Ancient List"?

    Tamara L. Siuda (born 1969) is the founder and current head of Kemetic Orthodoxy and the House of Netjer. She is known formally within her faith as Her Holiness, Sekhenet-Ma'at-Ra Setep-en-Ra User Hekatawy I, Nisut-Bity of the Kemetic Orthodox faith and uses the honorific Reverend outside of the faith to indicate her position as clergy. She is also a mambo in Haitian Vodou.

    "Siuda founded the group which would become Kemetic Orthodoxy in 1988 after an experience during a Wiccan initiation ritual in which she is said to have been called by the ancient Egyptian deities to revive their worship. She left Wicca and began study and worship in ancient Egyptian religion with friends and students.[4] In 1993, this group of people had grown substantially, and gained legal recognition as the House of Netjer Kemetic Orthodox Temple. In 1999, the House of Netjer, and the Kemetic Orthodox Faith, were granted 501(c)(3) status.[2]"

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamara_Siuda

    smh:thinking:
     
  5. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    [​IMG]
     
  6. Keita Kenyatta

    Keita Kenyatta going above and beyond PREMIUM MEMBER

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    Brother, I am so glad that you or someone was able to respond to this. First of all, I've had this listing for several months now and have been attempting to match these names with what has been documented by Dr. Ben and Cheihk Anta Diop. I was able to obtain this listing from an Afrakan Organization that basically follows the teachings of Ankhnaton. This organization also obviously has access to material that the masses normally won't see. In fact, if you don't have a Ph.d, have not been initiated and have not been referred by someone else with authority, we can't even get onto the site. So now my goal with some help is to find the english equivelant just so people will know who is who . This is obviously going to be some work...for example; There's 8 Kemetic Female Rulers listed and we know that the white academia and many Afrakan scholars only tell us about Hatshepsut or Cleopatra....even though to my knowledge there were 8 of them.

    If there's anything else that you can find out on these names, please let me know and Asante Sana (Thank you Very Much)
     
  7. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    There are two things here which need to be differentiated, and this is no easy task. First of all, the list you posted is a mostly complete list of Kings, which also serves as a partial list of Queens. Of the 8 yu have referenced, most tend to reference Queens Hatshepsut and Cleopatra VVI because they supposedly also reigned as PHARAOH, in addition to Queen.

    Therefore, the second thing here is the fact that there are hundreds of Queens who are not listed, many of whom are either unknown or forgotten.

    Of the 8 listed, I am trying to fond confirmation that Queens Khentkawes I and II actully ruled. Queen Khentkawes I was the eldest daughter of Menkaure (also known as Mycerinus) but by all indication he was succeeded not by Khentkawes I but his son Shepseskaf. It is possible that since the elder son Prince Khuenre preceeded his father in death that as the elder Khentkawes I may have served as titular heir until her half brother Shepseskaf was of age since she was the daughter of Menkaure's chief wife and queen Khamerernebty II.

    In the case of Khentkawes, it is speculated she "may have ruled" but details of this 5th Dynasty are poorly documented as these rulers were moving their funerary sites south to Saqqara. The supporting evidence for both Khentkawes I and II are the pyramids built in their honor.

    The following is key:




    Queen Kentkhawes II (Khentkawes) lived during the fifth dynasty (Old Kingdom) of Ancient Egypt. She was the wife of Neferirkare and the mother of Neferefre and Niuserre. There is also some evidence that she ruled as a pharaoh in her own right or as a regent for her sons after the death of her husband.
    She was buried in a pyramid to the south of the pyramid of her husband Neferirkare at Abusir. Her pyramid was not simply a satellite attached to that of her husband, although it probably started out that way. Instead it was supported by a small pyramid complex including a mortuary temple and had its own satellite pyramid.

    http://www.ancientegyptonline.co.uk/q-khentkausII.html

    If the list of rulers includes "co-regents" then that would include more to this list of eight as several Queen-Mothers of the 18th Dynasty alone served in this capacity.

    One more thing to mention. Since the list has the first Nitocris as the successor of Pepi II, in several instances the end of one dynasty and the beginning of another was determined by the matrilineal line of succession. For example, Pepi II had no known sons so his daughter or elder sister would have served as de facto ruler, while her son or husband would have later been assisgned title of King or Pharaoh, but only after the daughter/Queen Mother served in capacity of regent or co-regent. There is no archaeological evidence for the reign of Nitocriseven though she is regarded as the successor to Pepi II. The problem is that Nitocris is not listed as one of Pepi II's wiv as are his wives Neith and Ipwet. The following is from the wikipedia in reference to Queen Nitocris.

    Nitocris (Greek: Νίτωκρις) has been claimed to have been the last pharaoh of the Sixth Dynasty. Her name is found in the Histories of Herodotus and writings of Manetho but her historicity is questionable. She might have been an interregnum queen. If she is in fact a historical person, then she may be the sister of King Merenre and the daughter of Pepi II and Queen Neith.[1]

    According to Herodotus (Histories ii-100), she invited the murderers of her brother, the "king of Egypt", to a banquet, then killed them by flooding the sealed room with the Nile.
    ...[Nitocris] succeeded her brother. He had been the king of Egypt, and he had been put to death by his subjects, who then placed her upon the throne. Determined to avenge his death, she devised a cunning schema by which she destroyed a vast number of Egyptians. She constructed a spacious underground chamber and, on pretense of inaugurating it, threw a banquet, inviting all those whom she knew to have been responsible for the murder of her brother. Suddenly as they were feasting, she let the river in upon them by means of a large, secret duct. (Herodotus)[1]
    Then, to avoid the other conspirators, she committed suicide (possibly by running into a burning room). Manetho claims she built the "third pyramid" at Giza, which is attributed by modern historians and archaeologists to Menkaure. Herodotus also has a Babylonian queen of the same name and talks of her constructions in Babylon, mainly connected with diverting the Euphrates. His story about her tomb and the inscription on it which fooled Darius into opening it, only to have another inscription on the inside that chastised the opener for being so greedy is an early example of a familiar cultural meme.
    Nitocris is not mentioned, however, in any native Egyptian inscriptions and "she" probably did not exist. It was long claimed that Nitocris appears on a fragment of the Turin King List, dated to the Nineteenth Dynasty, under the Egyptian name of Nitiqreti (nt-ỉqrtỉ). The fragment where this name appears was thought to belong to the Sixth Dynasty portion of the king list, thus appearing to confirm both Herodotus and Manetho. However, microscopic analysis of the Turin King List suggests the fragment was misplaced in reassembling the fragmentary text, and that the name Nitiqreti is in fact a faulty transcription of the praenomen of a clearly male king Netjerkare Siptah I,[1][2] [3] who is named on the Abydos King List as the successor of the Sixth Dynasty king Nemtyemsaf II. On the Abydos King List, Netjerkare Siptah is placed in the equivalent spot that Neitiqreti Siptah holds on the Turin King List.

    As can be seen clearly, there is some confusion between Queen Nitocris of the 6th Dynasty and the Nitocris of the later 19th Dynasty.

    Sobekneferu is considered the first KNOWN female ruler of ancient Egypt/Kemet.

    Sobekneferu (sometimes written "Neferusobek") was an Egyptian pharaoh of the twelfth dynasty. Her name meant "the beauty of Sobek." She was the daughter of Pharaoh Amenemhat III. Manetho states she also was the sister of Amenemhat IV, but this claim is unproven. Sobekneferu had an older sister named Nefruptah who may have been the intended heir. Neferuptah's name was enclosed in a cartouche and she had her own pyramid at Hawara. Neferuptah died at an early age however.[1]
    Sobekneferu is the first known female ruler of Egypt, although Nitocris may have ruled in the Sixth Dynasty, and there are five other women who are believed to have ruled as early as the First Dynasty.[citation needed]
    Amenemhat IV most likely died without a male heir, consequently, Amenemhat III's royal daughter Sobekneferu assumed the throne. According to the Turin Canon, she ruled for 3 years, 10 months and 24 days,[2] in the late 19th century BC. She died without heirs and the end of her reign concluded Egypt's brilliant twelfth dynasty and the Golden Age of the Middle Kingdom as it inaugurated the much weaker, thirteenth dynasty.

    Reign

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]
    Cylinder seal of Sobekneferu.
    Few monuments have been discovered for her, although many of her (headless) statues have been preserved including the base of a representation of a king's royal daughter that was discovered in Gezer and bears her name.[3] It is known that she made additions to the funerary complex of Amenemhat III at Hawara (called a labyrinth by Herodotus) and also built structures at Herakleopolis Magna. A fine cylinder seal bearing her name and royal titulary is today located in the British Museum.[4] A Nile graffito, at the Nubian fortress of Kumma records the Nile inundation height of 1.83 meters in Year 3 of her reign.[5] Her monumental works consistently associate her with Amenemhat III rather than Amenemhat IV, supporting the theory that she was Amenemhat III's royal daughter and was perhaps only a stepsister of Amenemhat IV.[3] The Danish Egyptologist, Kim Ryholt, notes that the contemporary sources from her reign show that Sobekneferu never adopted the title of "Queen or King's sister"--only 'King's Daughter'--which supports this hypothesis.[3]
    Her tomb has not been identified positively, although she may have been interred in a pyramid complex in Mazghuna that lacks inscriptions, immediately north of a similar complex ascribed to Amenemhat IV. A place called Sekhem-Neferu is mentioned in a papyrus found at Harageh. This might be the name of her pyramid.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sobekneferu

    Queen Hatshpesut is well documented so no need for explanation in her regards.

    The same can be said for Queen Twosret who ascended the throne upon the death of her stepson Siptah. Twosret used the full pharaonic titles as Hatshepsut had done about 300 years earlier.

    [​IMG]

    Queen Twosret (Tawosret, Tausret) was the last known ruler and the final Pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty. She is recorded in Manetho's Epitome as a certain Thuoris, who in Homer is called Polybus, husband of Alcandara, and in whose time Troy was taken.[2] She was said to have ruled Egypt for seven years, but this figure included the nearly six year reign of Siptah, her predecessor.[3] Consequently, her sole independent reign would have lasted for slightly more than one full year from 1191 to 1190 BC. Her royal name, Sitre Meryamun, means "Daughter of Re, beloved of Amun."[4]

    The wiki article states :
    "There are no known children for Twosret and Seti II, unless KV56 represents the burial of their daughter.[5]"

    This is not true. They had a son names Seti-Merenptah.

    There is another matter that I will briefly express before moving on. I have connected all of the information I am presenting in this post with my personal genealogical research and have a much more in-depth knowledge of how much of this information has been distorted, misrepresented, fictionalized, mythologized and down right falsified and plagarized, and have become highly suspect of writers such as Manetho and Josephus in particular. Herodotus tends to be more revealing, less biased and more historically accurate because his writings were not tained with a religious agenda that is evident in the others mentioned.

    Therefore, in many instances what is "hidden" in the accounts of Manetho and Josephus is a slant towards the Abydos Kings Lists which were altered during the Ramessid period, and also a bias towards the "records" of the High Priests of Amun at Thebes, which historically was much more recent than the older High Priests of Ptah at Memphis which dates back to the 4th Dynasty.

    The point here is that after the Amarna period, the Amun priesthood effectively exercised domination over Kemetic society and altered many records as they developed a stranglehold over not only the ruling class, but the economy and vast array of trading networks.

    This dominance occured within the vacuum which developed under the reign of Queen Twosret as the 19th Dynastic period fell into anarchy and confusion, resulting in the ascendencey of Setnakhte.

    "While not regarded as a dynasty, the High Priests of Amun at Thebes were nevertheless of such power and influence that they were effectively the rulers of Upper Egypt from 1080 to c.943 BC, after this period their influence declined. By the time Herihor was proclaimed as the first ruling High Priest of Amun in 1080 BC--in the 19th Year of Ramesses XI—the Amun priesthood exercised an effective stranglehold on Egypt's economy. The Amun priests owned two-thirds of all the temple lands in Egypt and 90 percent of her ships plus many other resources.[1] Consequently, the Amun priests were as powerful as Pharaoh, if not more so. One of the sons of the High Priest Pinedjem I would eventually assume the throne and rule Egypt for almost half-a-decade as pharaoh Psusennes I while the Theban High Priest Psusennes III would take the throne as king Psusennes II--the final ruler of the 21st Dynasty."

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theban_High_Priests_of_Amun_(21st_and_22nd_Dynasty)

    As a result, the Queen-ship in ancient Kemet became largely relegated to ceremonial tasks with no real power as a succession of dynastic rulers limited the role of women in government with the exception of two offices.

    The Divine Adoratrice of Amun was a second title created for the chief priestess of the ancient Egyptian deity, Amun. During the first millennium BCE, when the holder of this office exercised her largest measure of influence, her position was an important appointment facilitating the transfer of power from one pharaoh to the next, when his daughter was adopted to fill it by the incumbent office holder. The Divine Adoratrice ruled over the extensive temple duties and domains, controlling a significant part of the ancient Egyptian economy.
    God's Wife of Amun, a title for a similar office of the high priestess, originated as a title held by a daughter of the High Priest of Amun during the reign of Hatshepsut and continued as an important office while the capital of Egypt remained in Thebes.
    Later, the added title of Divine Adoratice of Amun can be seen to accompany a resurgence of the title God's Wife of Amun which had fallen into disuse. The God's Wife title was revived in the 20th Dynasty, when Ramesses VI's daughter Aset held the office, as well as the additional office of Divine Adoratrice.[1] He reigned from 1145-1137 BC. She never married and seems to have been the first of the celibate holders of the office of Divine Adoratrice of Amun, as he stipulated along with the new tradition that she would adopt the daughter of the succeeding pharaoh as her successor at the end of his reign in order to facilitate the transition to the next pharaoh. [2] Generally, the tradition was followed and the position was filled by the daughter of the current king, who was adopted as the daughter of the incumbent Divine Adoratrice.
    The new office reached the very heights of its political power during the late Third Intermediate Period of Egypt when Shepenupet I, Osorkon III's daughter, was first appointed to this post at Thebes. The Nubian king Kashta, in turn, appointed his daughter, Amenirdis, as her successor. The high status of this office is illustrated by the tomb of Amenirdis at Medinet Habu.[4]
    Toward the end of the Third Intermediate Period and the start of the Late Period, during the 25th and 26th Dynasties, the office was at its height both politically and economically. As the role of the high priests of Amun changed from a mostly spiritual to a more 'earthly' role, the Divine Adoratrice became the main focus of the cult of Amun in Thebes. During the twenty-sixth dynasty, the Saite king Psamtik I forcibly reunited Egypt under his rule in March 656 BC and he compelled the God's Wife of Amun serving at the time, Shepenupet II, daughter of Piye, to adopt his daughter as her chosen successor to this position.
    When the Napatan kings from Kush started to extend their power into Upper Egypt, the reigning God's Wife of Amun, Shepenupet I, was persuaded to adopt Amenirdis, the daughter of Kashta as her heir. This sequence was followed throughout the 25th Dynasty until Egypt was conquered by Psamtek I, who had his daughter, Nitocris I, adopted by Amenirdis II. The Adoption Stelae of Nitocris' shows the ceremony involved by this event, and the prestige of the role:[3]


    “​
    "I have given to him my daughter to be a god's wife and have endowed her better than those who were before her. Surely he will be gratified with her worship and protect the land who gave her to him.
    ”​


    At this time, the dynastic rulers were based in the Nile Delta region, and the office of the Divine Adoratrice was a means to secure peaceful relations with the Theban area where the cult of Amun was centered. A number of the God's Wives had mortuary shrines constructed on the west bank of the river, mostly alongside the Medinet-Habu of Ramesses III.
    Because of the power and prestige of the offices, the ceremony of adoption by the current incumbent of the post was used as a way for the kings of the delta area to project their power into the south of Egypt. In the same manner it was used by Napatan kings to project their power northward into Egypt proper. The power of the Divine Adoratrice of Amun was limited to the area around Thebes, which was the center of the cult.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Divine_Adoratrice_of_Amun

    God's Wife of Amun (Egyptian: ḥm.t nṯr n ỉmn) was the highest ranking priestess of the Amun cult, an important Ancient Egyptian religious institution centered in Thebes during the Egyptian 25th and 26th dynasties (circa 740-525 BC). The office had political importance as well as religious, since the two were closely related in Ancient Egypt.
    Although the title is first attested in the Middle Kingdom, its full political potential was not realized until the advent of Egypt's 18th dynasty.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/God's_Wife_of_Amun

    Royal women holding the office of God's Wife of Amun
    Holders of the office from the tenth through the twelfth dynasties are not noted on this list because they were not women from the royal line.
    • Ahhotep I - wife of Seqenenre Tao II and mother of Ahmose, the title God’s Wife only appears on her coffin, first to hold this title
    • Ahmose Nefertari - daughter of Seqenenre Tao II and sister-wife of Ahmose - first royal woman known to hold the office
    • Sitkamose - probably a daughter of Kamose, may have become God's Wife only posthumously
    • Ahmose-Meritamon - daughter of Ahmose and sister-wife of Amenhotep I
    • (Ahmose-)Sitamun - daughter of Ahmose, represented as a colossal statue in front of the eight pylon at Karnak
    • Hatshepsut - daughter of Tuthmosis I and Queen Ahmose, given title of Divine Adoratrice of Amun also, became pharaoh
    • Neferure - daughter of Tuthmosis II and Queen-Pharaoh Hatshepsut, possibly first royal wife of Tuthmosis III
    • Iset - mother of Tuthmosis III, received the title of God's Wife after her death
    • Satiah - next wife of Tuthmosis III in the early part of his reign
    • Merytre-Hatshepsut - next wife of Tuthmosis III, mother of his heir, she was the daughter of the Divine Adoratrice of Amun Huy
    • Meritamen - daughter of Tuthmosis III and Merytre-Hatshepsut
    • Tiaa - wife of Amenhotep II and mother of Tuthmosis IV
    (hiatus - when the title was not used, due to political and religious changes that occurred and reverted again)
    • Sitre - wife of Ramesses I, mother of Seti I, use of the title resumes after hiatus imposed by Amenhotep II
    • (Mut-)Tuy - wife of Seti I and mother of Ramesses II
    • Nefertari-Merymut - wife of Ramesses II, Nefertari may have been the de facto God's Wife; this theory is based on epithets in her tomb, on scarabs, on a fragment of a statue from Dendara (PM V, 115), her insignia, and the designation of the royal couple as incarnations on earth of the divine couple Amun(-) and Mut(-Hathor); Kichen mentions she is attested twice as God's wife in her tomb QV66
    • Twosret - wife of Seti II, regent for Siptah
    • Iset Ta-Hemdjert - wife of Ramesses III
    • (Dua)Tentopet - wife of Ramesses IV, she was a Divine Adoratrice of Amun
    • Aset - daughter of Ramesses VI, also given title of Divine Adoratrice of Amun, stipulation established by Ramesses for the holder of the God's Wife title to remain a virgin and facilitate the transfer of power by adopting the daughter of the next pharaoh
    • Tyti - possibly the wife of Ramesses X
    • Maatkare (prenomen: Mutemhat) - daughter of Pinudjem I and Henuttawy Q
    • Henuttawy - daughter of Isetemkheb IV and Pinudjem II
    • Karomama Meritmut (prenomen: Sitamen Mutemhat) - possibly a daughter of Osorkon II
    • (?)Tashakheper - daughter of Osorkon II, may be the God’s Wife mentioned during the reign of Takelot III
    • Shepenwepet I (prenomen: Khnemet-ib-amun) - daughter of Osorkon III and Karoatjet, served as God’s Wife of Amun from the beginning of her father’s reign, and adopted Amenirdis I
    • Amenirdis I (prenomen: Khaneferumut) - daughter of Kashta, served through the reigns of Shabaka and Shabataka
    • Shepenwepet II (prenomen: Henut-neferumut-iryetre) - daughter of Piye, served as God’s Wife from the reign of Taharqa until after year 9 of Psamtik I
    • Amenirdis II - daughter of Taharqa, adopted by Shepenwepet II, may have been passed over after the death of Shepenwepet II to have the position go to Nitokris
    • Nitokris I Shepenwepet III (prenomen: Nebetneferumut) - daughter of Psamtik I
    • Ankhnesneferibre (prenomen: Hekatneferumut) - daughter of Psamtik II, adopted by Nitokris I, became God’s Wife of Amun in year 4 of the reign of her brother Wahibre
    • Nitokris II - daughter of Ahmose II and Ankhenesneferibre’s intended successor, probably never served due to the Persian invasion.
     
  8. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    Berenike (IV) is also known as "Berenice" who was the daughter and only heir of Ptolemy II. She was also the Elder sister of Cleopatra VII.

    Berenice IV Epiphaneia (Greek: Βερενίκη, 77–55 BC) born and died in Alexandria, Egypt. She was a Greek Princess of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Berenice was the daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes and probably Cleopatra V Tryphaena, sister of the famous Cleopatra VII (lover of Roman Triumvirs Julius Caesar and Mark Antony), Arsinoe IV, Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV. Berenice loved fashion, parties, and jewels. She was quite lazy and fearful, especially of the peasants, slaves and any form of lower social class. She spoke only her native tongue, was poorly educated due to her lack of work ethic, and ignored the peasants, making her a poor leader. Despite her flaws, she was a kind and loving person towards her friends and family, and was also very beautiful.
    In 58 BC, Ptolemy XII and Cleopatra VII fled to Rome in search of political and military aid against Berenice's elder sister Cleopatra VI Tryphaena, who had become far too powerful. After Tryphaena's death in 57 BC, possibly poisoned on behalf of Berenice, she at age 20 became the sole ruler of Egypt due to her father's absence, and with him and Cleopatra absent she had no worry about being overthrown or overpowered and executed.
    As a lone woman ruling Egypt, she was expected to marry and have a man as a co-regent. When she did not, her consuls forced her to marry prince Seleucus VII Kybiosaktes, but she had him strangled and remained as sole ruler. The public feared the Ptolemic reign would fail to continue due to Berenice's foolishness. It is also believed she cared far too much for fashion and luxuries, leading to rising expenses. She later married Archelaus, but he was not co-regent. Archelaus had been appointed to the priesthood at Comana at Cappadocia by Pompey, and claimed to be a son of King Mithridates VI of Pontus. Strabo instead says his father was Archelaus, a general of Mithridates VI in the First Mithridatic War who defected to the Romans.
    The reign of Berenice ended in 55 BC when her father retook the throne with the aid of the Romans led by Aulus Gabinius, and had Berenice beheaded. Archelaus, who according to Strabo had previously had a friendly relationship with Gabinius, died in battle against the forces of Gabinius.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berenice_IV_of_Egypt
     
  9. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    It has been argued by some, if not many, that the "Fall" of ancient Egypt/Kemet and the "destruction" of Black civilization was the result of "intermarriage" with foreign women, invasion by "asiatics", etc. even though the above-referenced gives some rather extensive detail concerning the role of the Queen-Mother-Priestess in ancient Kemetic society as it was impossible for any male ruler to ascend the throne without being married to an indigenous, African, female daughter-heir of the preceeding dynastic ruling matriarch.

    This was the case from the first Queen Neithhotep to the last, Cleopatra VII.

    For those among us who may view "reality" tv programs such as Basketball Wives, the following statement in regards to Queen Berenice IV sums up my opinion in this matter.

    "The public feared the Ptolemic reign would fail to continue due to Berenice's foolishness. It is also believed she cared far too much for fashion and luxuries, leading to rising expenses. "

    In the end, when all is said and done, it is our own foolishness and lack of utilizing the Tehuti function (Wisdom) which has caused us not to only drop the proverbial "football" but our Dual Crown (rulership and ancestral bloodline) but we have lost our minds in the process!

    Hetep'tah!
     
  10. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    Afterthought

    I find it interesting that this list also fails to mention who is considered the FIRST ruler of ancient Kemet. Who is it that preceeded Narmer?

    [​IMG]
     
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