Black Muslims : On Allah's Greatness

Discussion in 'Islam Study Group' started by noor100, Nov 8, 2011.

  1. noor100

    noor100 Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Ibn Al-Qayyim described Allah's Greatness, saying,

    He governs the affairs of the various kingdoms and He commands and forbids, creates, sustains, gives death, gives life, gives power, strips power (to and from whom He wills) and alternates the night and day. He gives varying fortunes to people and alternates governments (and states), destroying some and bringing some into existence. His Command and Power are dominant in the heavens and their zones, the earth and all that which is on and in it, in the seas and in the air. His Knowledge has encompassed everything and He counted everything. He hears all types of voices and they do not confuse Him. Rather, He hears each voice in its distinct language and need, and no voice will make Him busy from fulfilling the need of another, and no need will ever escape His Perfect Knowledge (and His Power to deliver). He does not become bored because of the many needs of those who need. His Sight encompasses all that which there is. He sees the movement of a black ant on a barren rock during a dark night. To Him, the Unseen is uncovered end the secret is secret no more,

    "Whosoever is in the heavens and on Earth begs of Him (its needs from Him). Every day He has a matter to bring Forth (such as giving honor to some, disgrace to some, life to (some, death to some, etc.)." [55:29]

    He forgives an evil deed, makes depression vanish and brings reprieve from disasters, relief for whoever needs it, wealth for the poor, guidance for the misguided, light for the lost, help for he who is desperate, fullness for the hungry, cover for the barely clothed, cure for the ill and ease for he who suffers. He accepts he who repents, gives reward for he who does good, gives aid for he who was dealt with injustice, destroys an arrogant person, covers mistakes, gives safety after fear end elevates some people and humiliates others. If those who inhabit His heavens and His earth and all those whom He created, whether mankind or the Jinns, had hearts similar to the most pious heart, His Kingdom will not increase. If all His creation, whether mankind or the Jinns, had hearts similar to the heart of the most wicked heart, this will not decrease from His Kingdom. Also, if all those who inhabit His heavens and His earth, all mankind and all the Jinns, the dead and the living, stand up on one strip of land and each asks Him for his need, and He then fulfils their needs, this will not decrease from what He has a bit. He is the First, nothing is before Him, the Last, nothing is after Him, the Most High, nothing is above Him, and the Most Near, nothing is nearer than Him. He, Exalted and Ever High as He is, is the Best Whom one can and should remember, the only One Who deserves to be worshiped and thanked, the Kindest of all those who own and the Most generous of all those who are asked to give. He is the King Who has no partner, the One Who has no competitor, the Samad (Self-Sufficient) Who has no offspring, and the Ever High, none like unto Him. Everything perishes save His Face and every kingship is bound to perish except His. He will only be obeyed by His Leave, and His Knowledge uncovers all disobedience to Him. When He is obeyed, He thanks for it, and when He is disobeyed, He grants forgiveness (for those who truly repent to Him). Every punishment from Him is just and every bounty is a grace. He is the Closest Witness and the Nearest One with His Perfect Care. He controls the forelocks of everything and has the full records of all deeds end the books of all ages. The hearts are unmasked to Him and the secret is unveiled. His giving and punishing is merely a Command,

    "Verily, His Command, when He intends a thing, is only that He says to it, ‘Be, and it is!’" [36:82]

    http://www.islamawareness.net/Allah/greatness.html
     
  2. noor100

    noor100 Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Allah,May He be exalted,

    His existence is neccessary,from eternity,their was no beginning to Him,
    He is Everlasting without having an end,
    He is totally distinct from things which came into being,
    He is not a body nor an attribute of a body,
    He has no direction nor place,but
    He is as He was before the universe came into existence,
    He is independent of needing a place or designation,
    He is one in His Essence,Attributes and Actions,
    He is All-Powerful by means of power,Willing by a will,
    He Knows by knowledge,
    He is Living by Life,
    He is Hearing with an attribute of hearing,
    He is seeing with sight,
    He is speaking with speech,and
    He is completely free to act upon something or leave it undone,
    Divine Perfection by necessity belongs to Allah,and all defects which are
    the opposite of Divine Perfection are impossible for Him.
     
  3. noor100

    noor100 Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    The most concise definition of God in Islam is given in the four verses of Surah Ikhlas which is Chapter 112 of the Qur’an:

    "Say: He is Allah,
    The One and Only.
    "Allah, the Eternal, Absolute.
    "He begets not, nor is He begotten.
    And there is none like unto Him."
    [Al-Qur’an 112:1-4]
    The word ‘Assamad’ is difficult to translate. It means ‘absolute existence’, which can be attributed only to Allah (swt), all other existence being temporal or conditional. It also means that Allah (swt) is not dependant on any person or thing, but all persons and things are dependant on Him.

    "No vision can grasp Him
    But His grasp is over
    All vision: He is
    Above all comprehension,
    Yet is acquainted with all things."
    [Al-Qur’an 6:103]

    "If there were, in the heavens
    And the earth, other gods
    Besides Allah, there would
    Have been confusion in both!
    But glory to Allah,
    The Lord of the Throne:
    (High is He) above
    What they attribute to Him!"
    [Al-Qur’an 21:22]

    "Say: ‘Who is it that
    Sustains you (in life)
    From the sky and from the earth?
    Or who is it that
    Has power over hearing
    And sight? And who
    Is it that brings out
    The living from the dead
    And the dead from the living?
    And who is it that
    Rules and regulates all affairs?’
    They will soon say, ‘Allah’.
    Say, ‘Will you not then
    Show piety (to Him)?’ "
    [Al-Qur’an 10:31]

    "If thou ask them, Who
    Created them, they will
    Certainly say, "God"how
    Then are they deluded
    Away (from the Truth)?"
    [Al-Qur’an 43:87]
     
  4. noor100

    noor100 Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Tawheed: The Bedrock of Islam

    Tawheed is a concept that was preached by every Prophet of Allaah and, thus, constitutes the essence of the teachings of Islam. It means that there is only One Supreme Lord of the Universe. He is Omnipotent, Omni-present and the Sustainer of the world and of mankind.

    We witness a superbly flawless plan in the universe - can it be without a Planner? We see great enchanting beauty and harmony in its working - can they be without a Creator? We observe wonderful design in nature - can it be without a Designer? We feel a lofty purpose in physical and human existence - can it be without a Will working behind it? We find that the universe is like a superbly written, fascinating book - can it be without an Author? Truly, Allaah Says (what means): “O mankind! Worship your Lord, who created you and those before you, that you may become righteous – [He] who made for you the earth a bed [spread out] and the sky a ceiling and sent down from the sky, rain and brought forth thereby fruits as provision for you. So do not attribute to Allaah equals while you know [that there is nothing similar to Him].” [Quran: 2:21-22]

    This is the basic tenet to which Prophet Muhammad asked humanity to adhere. It is an important metaphysical concept and answers the riddles of the universe. It points to the supremacy of law in the cosmos, the all-pervading unity behind the manifest diversity.
    http://www.r-islam.com/en/truth-of-...47-islam-basic-principles-a-characteristics-i
     
  5. noor100

    noor100 Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Is it Permissible for a Muslim to believe that Allah is in the Sky in a Literal Sense?
    Q-News © Nuh Ha Mim Keller


    No. The literal sense of being "in the sky" would mean that Allah is actually in one of His creatures, for the sky is something created. It is not permissible to believe that Allah indwells or occupies (in Arabic, "hulul") any of His creatures, as the Christians believe about Jesus, or the Hindus about their avatars.
    What is obligatory for a human being to know is that Allah is "ghaniyy" or "absolutely free from need" of anything He has created. He explicitly says in surat al-Ankabut of the Qur'an, "Verily Allah is absolutely free of need of anything in the worlds" (Qur'an 29:6). Allah mentions this attribute of "ghina" or "freedom of need for anything whatsoever" in some seventeen verses in the Qur'an. It is a central point of Islamic `aqida or faith, and is the reason why it is impossible that Allah could be Jesus (upon whom be peace) or be anyone else with a body and form: because bodies need space and time, while Allah has absolutely no need for anything. This is the `aqida of the Qur'an, and Muslim scholars have kept it in view in understanding other Qur'anic verses or hadiths.
    Muslims lift their hands toward the sky when they make supplications (du'a) to Allah because the sky is the qibla for du'a, not that Allah occupies that particular direction--just as the Kaaba is the qibla of the prayer (salat), without Muslims believing that Allah is in that direction. Rather, Allah in His wisdom has made the qibla a sign (ayah) of Muslim unity, just as He has made the sky the sign of His exaltedness and His infinitude, meanings which come to the heart of every believer merely by facing the sky and supplicating Allah.
    It was part of the divine wisdom to incorporate these meanings into the prophetic sunna to uplift the hearts of the people who first heard them, and to direct them to the exaltedness and infinitude of Allah through the greatest and most palpable physical sign of them: the visible sky that Allah had raised above them. Many of them, especially when newly from the Jahiliyya or "pre-Islamic Period of Ignorance", were extremely close to physical, perceptible realities and had little conception of anything besides--as is attested to by their idols, which were images set up on the ground. Umar ibn al-Khattab mentions, for example, that in the Jahiliyya, they might make their idols out of dates, and if they later grew hungry, they would simply eat them. The language of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) in conveying the exaltedness of Allah Most High to such people was of course in terms they could understand without difficulty, and used the imagery of the sky above them.
     
  6. noor100

    noor100 Well-Known Member MEMBER

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  7. noor100

    noor100 Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Allah's Being and the Limits of Human Imagination:

    Everything in our limited experience must have a beginning & end, & we can only imagine what we have somehow already experienced.
    Everything in our limited experience must have a beginning and end. We ourselves are born and we ultimately die. This is the case with our parents and forefathers as well as with our children and descendants. Such relationships permeate creation.

    Some people, due to intellectual weakness or simplicity, assume that everything must be comparable to their own past experience. They rely on the imagination, which is really only capable of visualizing that which has in one way or another already been experienced. This is why the imagination is incapable of grappling with absolutes and with universal concepts.

    Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was referring to the limits of human reason when he said:
    People will keep asking questions until they come to asking: “Allah created the universe, but who created Allah?” Whoever has thoughts like this should simply declare: “I believe in Allah.” Seek Allah’s help and desist from such thoughts. [Sahīh Muslim (134)]
    The human mind has limitations, and our human perspective is deficient. Because of this, some people fall into misgivings with respect to Allah’s pre-existence. We need to realize that we are dealing here with a matter of faith; in other words, a matter which transcends the limitations of human reason.

    After making the statement quoted above, it is mentioned that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) advised reciting the chapter of the Qur’ān entitled “Purity of Faith” (Sūrah al-Ikhlās):
    “Say: He is Allah, the One. Allah, the Self-Subsisting. He begets not, nor is He begotten, and there is none like unto Him.” [Sūrah al-Ikhlās: 1-4]
    The crucial verse here is “He begets not, nor is He begotten”. It shows that Allah’s perfection and Self-Subsistence defy human experience and transcend the limits of the human imagination.

    So Allah says: “Allah, the Self-Subsisting. He begets not, nor is He begotten” and immediately follows it with: “and there is none like unto Him.” We cannot compare Allah with anything in our experience. Likewise, we find that Allah commands us: “Do not give likenesses to Allah.” [Sūrah al-Nahl: 74] This is the way our faith in Allah should be.

    Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) advised those who were plagued with doubts like “Who created Allah?” to: “Seek Allah’s help and desist from such thoughts.” Nothing can be gained from pursuing the line of thinking as to “Who created Allah?” Allah’s nature cannot be compared to created existence, nor can it be compassed by the limitations of human reason. The human mind, however, can conceive of Allah’s existence and acknowledge that He is the Creator of all things. In fact, the human mind resists any attempt to compel it to deny Allah’s existence.

    Communist regimes of the 20th century tried to compel their subjects to embrace atheism. They employed every forceful means at their disposal, but the people refused to deny Allah. They resisted the most authoritarian attempts to crush their belief in Allah’s existence.

    The human mind acknowledges the existence of a Creator. Reason cannot escape from such an acknowledgment. The mind, consequently brings us to seek guidance About Allah and gives us a natural inclination to worship Him. We are receptive to Allah’s Messengers, and Allah would not leave His creatures without guiding them to the wisdom as to why they were created. Indeed, Allah says: “I have only created humanity and the Jinn to worship Me.” [Sūrah al-Dhāriyāt: 56]

    The intellect certainly recognizes Allah, but it is not capable of comprehending all of His attributes. The role of Allah’s Prophets and Messengers is to teach people what they need to know about their Lord and how Allah wishes them to worship Him. This protects people from concocting all sorts of rituals and rites from their own imaginings that have no basis in revelation from Allah.

    Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, addressing Allah in supplication: “You are the First, so nothing precedes You. You are the Last, so nothing comes after You. You are the Manifest, so nothing comes above You. You are the Hidden, so nothing comes below you. Fulfill our debts for us and enrich us so we will not be poor.” [Sahīh Muslim (2713)]

    Allah is the First who is not preceded by anything else. This is a concept that cannot be fully grasped by the imagination, but it can certainly be accepted by the mind and heart. Our awareness of the limitations that our minds have is a crucial awareness.

    Likewise, Allah is the Last, whose existence persists without end. As such, Allah is truly the Inheritor: “And remember Zechariah, when he cried unto his Lord: ‘My Lord! Leave me not childless, though You are the Best of inheritors.” [Sūrah al-Anbiyā’: 89]

    Allah is timeless and eternal, without beginning or end. By contrast, all created things have a beginning and end.

    Allah says about the Sun: “And the Sun runs its course to a point determined.” [Sūrah YāSīn: 38] The Sun and other celestial bodies are far older than the living things on Earth. But just like the fleeting lives of terrestrial beings, the stars are born and they die. All things in the universe must come to an end.

    Allah cannot be understood according to the terms of material existence. He is not bound by the laws of physics which are themselves part of the nature of what He created. It is no surprise that the mind cannot fully grasp the Creator, since the mind is itself created and subject to the limitations of its created nature. The mind can only fall into confusion and self-deception if it tries to rationalize that which is beyond its powers.

    Rather, we should apply our mental efforts to matters our minds are capable of engaging with – the universe that Allah created and the vast horizons of knowledge that it presents. Allah has given us the rational ability and the imaginative power to uncover and conceptualize the physical laws of nature. We can harness such knowledge to benefit humanity in ways that please Allah. .
     
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