POSITIVELY BLACK Junious Ricardo Stanton Not Out of Greece, A Review "Were it not for the contributions of Egyptians and Sumerians to mathematics we would definitely not have progressed to the present level of science. We would still be in the dark age Europe of 2000 years ago. In other words, the origin of logic, science and mathematics is NOT OUT OF GREECE." - Ra Un Nefer Amen Ra Un Nefer Amen author of the best selling Metu Neter Vol I and II and follow up books Tree of Life Meditation System and An Afrocentric Guide To A Spiritual Union has written another book demonstrating what Dr Jacob H. Carruthers has called "African Deep Thought". Much to the chagrin of the Eurocentric white supremacist establishment, Ra Un Nefer Amen not only has written a book that compliments George G. M. James' Stolen Legacy detailing how the Greeks could not have possibly originated the ideas attributed to them but shows how continental Africans and their Sumerian counterpart's creation of mathematics, logic and astronomy raised their use far beyond that of the Greeks who borrowed their ideas but lacked their depth of both insight and application. In addition to what he says, the way he presents it, and the sequence in which he discusses it is so plain and easy to understand that he further buttresses the arguments the Greeks were not the great creators, originators and innovators of high culture and civilization their Indo-European relatives claim they were. Many of us are familiar with George G.M. James seminal work, Stolen Legacy in which James irrefutably proves the Greeks were not the creators of Philosophy or metaphysics the West credits them with being, but rather were students of and in many cases plagiarists who took credit for African and Asian discoveries, ideas and bodies of knowledge that pre-dated Greece by thousands of years. Ra Un Nefer Amen examines the areas of logic and mathematics the way James researched philosophy and came to the exact same conclusion, the Greeks were not the first civilization to create and use abstract thinking, logic, geometry and algebra, nor were they the greatest. Not content merely to use the available information and time lines to show that Egypt and Sumer were thousands of years older and more advanced than the Greeks, Ra Un Nefer Amen also examines how the mind processes outside world sensory stimuli and ties these processes to the fields of critical thinking and logic. The good news is he does it in a way that is easy to comprehend which sets the stage for his arguments that the Egyptian and Sumerian looked at the world differently from the Greeks and their language and use of mathematics reflected these differences, differences which the Greeks who studied what the Egyptians and Sumerians created could not fully grasp. He uses historical time lines and supplemental material some by contemporary Greeks themselves to look at logic, mathematics, astronomy and science, the uses the Egyptians and Sumerians applied them to in their culture and their spiritual orientation to stars and cycles of nature like the annual innundation of the Nile River that the Greeks did not. In so doing Amen debunks the myths (lies) of Greek superior thought and higher mathematical understanding. Like James, Amen looks at Greek mathematicians like Thales, Pythagorus, Democritus and Plato who are credited with significant discoveries and innovative ideas and unequivocally shows they got their learning not from existing Greek schools, institutions or social factors and circumstances but via exposure to the Cretans, Canaanites, Egyptians and Babylonians. In a later chapter Amen shows the importance of the Library in Alexandria, which was a repository of much of the world's knowledge. It contained manuscripts that had to be translated by Egyptian scribes and priests so the Greeks who frequented the library could learn (and subsequently claim it as their own). The first part of the book was technical but it was necessary to explain the differences in thinking and the language of mathematics so we could see how the Greeks approached mathematics and how they altered their perception after coming into contact with Africans, Babylonians and others. Like James, Ra Un Nefer Amen clearly demonstrates that the Greeks were not what subsequent generations of Indo-Europeans claimed they were. He shows how the West has suppressed African mathematical advances. Amen's latest book is only sixty- four pages long, nevertheless it is another valuable asset by an African scholar, researcher and thinker who sets the record straight and gives credit where it is properly due. It is a book well worth your time, one you should be familiar with and have ready access to.