Health and Wellness : MEN THE CAUSE OF MENOPAUSE?

Discussion in 'Black Health and Wellness' started by Kemetstry, Jun 13, 2013.

  1. Kemetstry

    Kemetstry going above and beyond PREMIUM MEMBER

    United States
    Feb 19, 2001
    Likes Received:
    Women's health
    Menopause cause? It may well be men, scientists say

    Brian Alexander NBC News contributor

    For decades, anthropologists and biologists have been puzzling over one of nature’s great mysteries: Why do women go into menopause?
    At first blush, menopause doesn’t make much evolutionary sense. According to one widely accepted theory, the point of evolution is successful reproduction. After that, nature doesn’t have much interest in keeping us alive, and so we die. Why, then, keep women kicking for decades after they can no longer make babies?
    Rama Singh, a professor in the department of biology at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, thinks he’s figured it out. Menopause, the Canadian researcher argues, is men’s fault.
    Marcy Maloy / Digital Vision
    Controversial new research suggests that ancestral males' preference for younger women actually set the stage for the evolution of menopause.
    In a paper published today in PLOS Computational Biology, Singh and two colleagues detail elaborate evolutionary computer models demonstrating that “male mating preference for younger females” leads to the development of a long menopausal period.
    “I am saying what women have been saying all their lives,” Singh told “Men are to blame.”
    Singh’s argument relies on one key fact: “Sex is fun,” he says.
    In humans, sex isn’t just about making babies, it’s also about pleasure and bonding. Over time, he contends, men found that having that sex with younger women was more desirable than sex with older women, without regard to making babies.
    As men began to prize younger women as sex partners, gene variants that led to infertility with advancing age were not eliminated. Menopause became built in, even as women lived longer and longer.
    To demonstrate how this might work, Singh and his colleagues ran hundreds of simulations on fixed virtual populations exposed to various scenarios of mate preferences and genetic mutations. Models assumed that both genders started with fertility almost to the time of death, and that gene variants conferring longer lives accumulated in both sexes.
    But as ancestral males began to prefer younger females, “female-specific mutations with a late age of onset … accumulated in the population” of women in most of their models, the scientists found. But, because males remained fertile into old age, mortality of both sexes kept being pushed back.

    Singh said he understands this is a controversial finding.
    “I do expect resistance from anthropologists” to this idea, he said, “and I sympathize with them because all their models are based on the idea that menopause is a deleterious trait and must be compensated for” with some evolutionary payoff. Singh believes there’s none.
    Singh may or may not be correct about that, but he’s certainly correct that others will view his ideas with skepticism.
    “I’ve never been overly fond of computer modeling the evolution of a trait, especially when the model’s assumptions are highly questionable,” said Barry X. Kuhle, an evolutionary psychologist at the University of Scranton. Kuhle said he does not think Singh’s idea will gain much traction.