Black Muslims : Malaikat or Angels

Discussion in 'Islam Study Group' started by noor100, Dec 6, 2011.

  1. noor100

    noor100 Well-Known Member MEMBER

    Aug 17, 2010
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    The Characteristics of Angels

    Angels are created from light. The Arabic word for
    angel is malak. According to its root form, malak
    means Messenger,Deputy,Envoy,Superintendent,・and Powerful one.・The root meaning
    also implies descent from a high place. Angels are
    beings who build relations between the macrocosmic
    world and the material one, convey the commands of
    God, direct the acts and lives of beings (with God
    permission), and represent their worship in their own

    Angels move very rapidly and permeate all realms of

    Having refined or subtle bodies of light, angels move
    very rapidly and permeate or penetrate all realms of
    existence. They place themselves in our eyelids or in
    the bodies of other beings to observe the works of God
    through our or their eyes. They also descend into the
    hearts of Prophets and saintly people to bring them
    inspiration. Such inspirations are usually from God,
    but sometimes they may be from angels.

    Some angels represent species of earthly creatures and
    control and protect them

    Some animals, like honeybees, act according to Divine
    inspiration, although science asserts that all animals
    are directed by impulses. But science cannot explain
    what an impulse is and how it occurs. Scientists are
    trying to discover how migrating birds find their way,
    how young eels hatched in the waters of Europe find
    their way to their nature waters in the Pacific. Even
    if we attribute this to information coded in their
    DNA, this information is assuredly from God, Who knows
    everything, controls the universe, and assigns angels
    to direct the lives of such creatures. If science says
    we must accept without question the existence of such
    invisible forces as the law of growth in living
    creatures, then it is even more scientific to
    attribute such forces to angels, God痴 special

    Everything that exists, either as an individual or as
    a species, has a collective identity and performs a
    unique, universal function. Each flower displays a
    superlative design and symmetry and recites, in the
    tongue of its being, the Names of the Creator
    manifested on it; the entire Earth performs a
    universal duty of glorification as though it were a
    single flower; the vast ocean・of the heavens praises
    and glorifies the Majestic Maker of the universe
    through its suns, moons, and stars. Even inert
    material bodies, although outwardly inanimate and
    unconscious, perform a vital function in praising God.
    Angels represent these immaterial bodies in the world
    of the inner dimensions of things, and express their
    praise. In return, these immaterial bodies are the
    angels・representatives, dwellings, and mosques in
    this world.

    There are various classes of angels. One class is
    engaged in constant worship; another worships by
    working. These working angels have functions that
    resemble human occupations, like shepherds or farmers.
    In other words, the face of the Earth is like a
    general farm, and an appointed angel oversees all of
    its animal species by the command of the All-Majestic
    Creator, by His permission and power and strength, and
    for His sake. Each species of animal is overseen by a
    lesser angel appointed to act as its shepherd.

    The face of the Earth is also an arable field where
    all plants are sown. Another angel is appointed to
    oversee all of them in the Name of Almighty God and by
    His power. Lower ranking angels worship and glorify
    Almighty God by supervising particular plant species.
    Archangel Michael, upon him be peace, one of the
    bearers of God Throne of Sustenance, oversees the
    angels of the highest rank.

    Angels who function as shepherds or farmers bear no
    resemblance to human shepherds or farmers, for their
    supervision is purely for God sake, in His Name, and
    by His power and command. They observe the
    manifestations of God Lordship in the species they
    are assigned to supervise, study the manifestations of
    Divine Power and Mercy in it, communicate Divine
    commands to it through some sort of inspiration, and
    somehow arrange its voluntary actions.

    Their supervision of plants, in particular, consists
    of representing in the angelic tongue the plants・glorification in the tongue of their being. In other
    words, they proclaim in the angelic tongue the praises
    and exaltations that all plants offer to the Majestic
    Creator through their lives. These angels also
    regulate and employ the plants・faculties correctly
    and direct them toward certain ends. Angels perform
    such services through their partial willpower and a
    kind of worship and adoration. They do not originate
    or create their acts, for everything bears a stamp
    particular to the Creator of all things, meaning that
    only God creates. In short, whatever angels do is
    worship, and it is therefore not like the ordinary
    acts of human beings.

    Since there is one angel to represent every kind of
    creature and present its service and worship to the
    Divine Court, the Prophet, upon him be peace and
    blessings, description of the angels is entirely
    reasonable and true. According to him, there are
    angels with 40,000 heads, each with 40,000 mouths, and
    40,000 praises sung by 40,000 tongues in each mouth.
    This Prophetic tradition means that angels serve
    universal purposes, and that some natural creatures
    worship God with 40,000 heads in 40,000 ways. The
    firmament, for example, praises the Majestic Creator
    through its suns and stars; the Earth, although a
    single body, worships with many thousands of heads,・each with many thousands of mouths,・and each with
    many thousands of tongues.・Thus this tradition is
    considered to refer to the angel who represents the
    Earth in the world of the inner dimensions of things,
    or in the world of immaterial bodies.

    Angels carry out whatever God commands them

    The Majestic Maker of this huge palace of creation
    employs four kinds or classes of laborers: angels and
    other spirit beings; inanimate things and vegetable
    creations, which are quite important servants of God
    working without wages; animals, which serve
    unconsciously in return for a small wage of food and
    pleasure; and humanity, which works in awareness of
    the Majestic Creator purposes. Men and women learn
    from everything, and supervise lower-ranking servants
    below in return for wages in the form of rewards here
    and in the Hereafter.

    The first class consists of angels. These beings are
    never promoted for what they do, for each has a fixed,
    determined rank and receives a particular pleasure
    from the work itself, as well as a radiance from
    worship. That is, their reward is found in their
    service. Just as we are nourished by and derive
    pleasure from air and water, light and food, angels
    are nourished by and receive pleasure from the lights
    of remembrance and glorification, worship and
    knowledge, and love of God. Since they are created of
    light, light sustains them. Even fragrant scents,
    which are close to light, are a sort of enjoyable
    nourishment for them. Indeed, pure spirits take
    pleasure in sweet scents.

    From their jobs performed at the command of the One
    Whom they worship, their actions for His sake, their
    service rendered in His Name, their supervision
    through His view, their honor gained through
    connection with Him, their refreshment・found in
    studying His Kingdom material and immaterial
    dimensions, and their satisfaction in observing His
    Grace and Majesty manifestations, angels receive
    such elevated bliss that we cannot even begin to
    comprehend it. In addition, only they can perceive
    this bliss.

    Angels have no sexes and they have no evil-commanding souls.

    Angels do not sin or disobey, for they do not have an evil-commanding soul that must be resisted. They have fixed stations, and so are neither promoted nor abased. They are also free of such negative qualities as envy, rancor, and enmity, and from all lusts and animal appetites found in human beings and jinn. They have no gender, do not eat or drink, and do not feel
    hunger, thirst, or tiredness. Although they receive no wages for their worship, they derive special pleasure from carrying out God commands, delight in being near to Him, and receive some sort of spiritual pleasure from their worship. Praise, worship, recitation of God Names, and glorification of Him are their nourishment, as are light and sweet fragrances.

    On the other hand, we struggle with our
    evil-commanding soul and Satan. While angels invite us
    to true guidance, inspire us with belief and good
    conduct and virtue, and call us to resist the
    temptations of Satan and our evil-commanding self,
    Satan and our evil-commanding self try to seduce us. A person's life is the history of his or her continuous struggle between angelic inspiration and satanic temptation. This is why we can be elevated to the highest rank or abased to the lowest rank. Also, this is why the elect of humanity, the Prophets and great saints, are higher in rank than the greatest angels,
    and why ordinary believers are higher than common
    angels. Also, although angels have more knowledge of God and His Names and Attributes than we do, we are more comprehensive mirrors of God's Names and Attributes by virtue of our developed human senses, or ability to reflect, and our complex nature.

    Angels have different kinds

    There are different kinds of angels. Besides those
    deputed to represent and supervise various species on
    the Earth and present their worship to God, there are
    four Archangels and the angels who carry God Throne.
    (We do not know what God's Throne is like and how It is carried.) There are other groups of angels known as
    Mala・i Ala (the Highest Council), Nadiyy-i Ala (the
    Highest Assembly), and Rafiq-i Ala (the Highest
    Company), as well as angels appointed to Paradise and
    Hell. Angels who record a person's deeds are called
    Kiramun Katibun (the Noble Recorders), and, as stated
    in a hadith, 360 angels are responsible for each
    believer's life. They guard their charges, especially
    during infancy and old age, pray for them, and ask God
    to forgive them. Other angels help believers during
    times of war, attend assemblies that praise and
    glorify God, as well as study meetings held for God sake and to benefit people.

    Angels, particularly angels of mercy, do not enter
    houses containing statues or places where dogs are
    fed, and refrain from close contact with ritually
    impure people and menstruating women. They also avoid those with bad breath, derived from eating onions or garlic or from smoking, and do not visit those who sever relations with their parents and relatives.

    God Almighty is powerful over everything. Even though
    He can guard everyone by Himself, He may appoint
    angels to guard His servants. To earn such a
    guardianship and the company of angels, one has to
    willingly do what is good and establish a close
    relation with God Almighty. One must have strong
    belief in God and all other pillars of faith, never
    abandon regular worship and prayer, lead a disciplined life, and refrain from forbidden things or sinful acts.

    Angels helped the believers during the battles of Badr and Uhud, and also during the conquest of Makka. They always help believers who sincerely struggle in the way of God, regardless of time and place.

    Belief in angels has many benefits. For example, it provides us with some sort of peace and removes our loneliness. The inspiration breathed by angels exhilarates us, enlightens us intellectually, and opens new horizons of knowledge and thought. Awareness
    of the continuous company of angels also helps us
    abstain from sin and improper behavior.

    The Quran's description of angels

    We may use some Quranic verses, such as the following, to observe angels:

    By the loosed ones successively, storming
    tempestuously; by the scatterers scattering, and the
    severally severing and those hurling a reminder,
    excusing or warning. (77:1-6)

    By those that pluck out violently; and those that draw
    out gently; by those that float serenely, and those
    that outstrip suddenly; by those that direct an
    affair. (79:1-5)

    ... in (the Night of Power) the angels and the spirit
    descend, by the leave of their Lord, upon every
    command. (97:4)

    ... a Fire whose fuel is men and stones, and over
    which are harsh, terrible angels who disobey not God
    in what He commands them and do what they are
    commanded. (66:6)

    Glory be to Him! Nay, but they are honored servants
    that outstrip Him not in speech, and perform as He
    commands. (21:26-7)

    035.001 Praise be to God, Who created (out of nothing) the heavens and the earth, Who made the angels, messengers with wings,- two, or three, or four (pairs): He adds to Creation as He pleases: for God has power over all things.

    035.002 What God out of his Mercy doth bestow on mankind there is none can withhold: what He doth withhold, there is none can grant, apart from Him: and He is the Exalted in Power, full of Wisdom.