Black History Culture : Itiopology

Discussion in 'Black History - Culture - Panafricanism' started by Omowale Jabali, Jan 14, 2011.

  1. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    What is interesting to note is that King Itiopia ruled in 1800 BCE. Greeks travellers didn't begin to travel and write about "Ethiopia" until 1000 BCE to 800 BCE. Thus, IT IS IMPOSSIBLE THAT "ETHIOPIA" IS A GREEK WORD THAT MEANS LAND OF THE SUN BURNT FACES/PEOPLE. TOTALLY IMPOSSIBLE!

    The word ITIOPIA/ETHIOPIA has an indigenous meaning that know one really knows, or at least no one has revealed to the best of my knowledge. World class scholars, black and white, Ehtiopian and European, all say that the word comes from the Greeks.

    But why would an "Ethiopia" ruler give himself a greek name 800 years before grek travelers knew of the land?

    What I think happened was that King Itiopia was a great ruler around the 1800's. By the time Greeks became aware of the land, 800 to 1000 years later, they people they encountered told of their great King Itiopiya. So the Greeks called these people "Ethiopians" in the same way people first called I&I "Ras Tafarites" which becam "Rastafari people". When asked to described these "Itiopiyans" the Greeks used poetic phrases like "sun-burnt faces" to say that they are black people. Later in history, the word, Itiopiyans became associated with the poetry, hence the idea that the whole land and people of Ethiopia are named by the Greeks! Totally ridiculous!

    SO THE QUESTION MUST BE ANSWERED: WHAT IS THE INDIGENOUS MEANING OF THE WORD ITIOPIYA?


    http://www.rastafarispeaks.com/cgi-bin/forum/archive1/config.pl?noframes;read=55087
     
  2. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    “We find when we discover Egypt in what we call the First Dynasty, under Menes, that it is at its absolute zenith of culture in painting, sculpture, architecture. From this peak period, the Egyptian culture steadily declines. It is very much as if the Egyptians found themeselves the inheritors of a great ready-made culture of which they could take advantafe, which they could utilize and even to some degree emulate, but which they themselves did not create . . . . This very strongly suggests that it drew its greatness from a source higher than itself . . . .”

    --Jalandris, The Hall of Records: The Hidden secrets of the Pyramid and Sphinx, 1980

    “This civilization called Egyptian in our period developed for a long time in its early cradle . . . This cycle of civilization, the longest in history, presumably lasted 10,000 years. This is a reasonable compromise between the long chronology (based on data provided by Manetho -the last student of the Ancient Egyptian Mystery School of Anu at Alexandria before it was invaded by Alexander the Great in 330 BCE-- which places the beginning at 17,000 BCE) and the short chronology [3100 BCE] of the moderns - for the latter are obliged to admit that by 4245 BCE the Egyptians had already invented the calendar (which necessarily requires the passages of thousands of years).”

    --Cheik Anta Diop, The African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality (originally published Nations Negres et Culture) 1955(Published in English in 1974)

    “In this chapter I hope to demonstrate that the origin of the civilization of Egypt (khem) was black African, specifically Ethiopian or Anu . . . The history of Black will remain suspended in air and cannot be written correctly until African historians dare connect it with the history of Egypt. In reviewing Egypt’s beginnings, we find an advanced civilization already intact from the earliest Dynasty. This fact has perplexed historians down through the ages. Common sense dictates that if Egypt began fully mature, then its civilization must have originated elsewhere . . . . [Herodotus] The ‘Father of History’ was told that the first man to rule Egypt was Min, who lived so long ago that Egypt was still under water: ‘in (Min’s) time the whole country, except the district around Thebes, was marsh, none of the land below Lake Moeris, was then showing above water. To this place from the sea [Nowe] is seven days passage up the river . . . . “

    --Wayne Chandler, Of Gods and Men: Egypt’s Old Kingdom, 1989

    “According to Flnders Petrie these people were the Anu whose name, known to us since the protohistoric epoch, is always written with three pillars on the few inscriptions extant from the end of the fourth millennium before our era. The natives of the country are always represented with unmistakable chiefly emblems for which one looks in vain among the infrequent portrayals of other races, who are all shown as servile foreign elements having reached the valley by infiltration (cf. Tera Neter and the Scorpion king whom Petrie (wrongly) groups together; ‘The Scorpion King . . . belonged to the preceding race of Anu, moreover he worshipped Min and Set.’). As we shall see later Min, like the chief gods of Egypt, was called by the tradition of Egypt itself ‘The Great Negro’. . . .

    “The Palermo Stone is Egypt’s oldest history book . . . revealing to us information on the early kings of Egypt, along with mythical kings prior to the dynastic era. This fragment of a 5th century basalt stele . . .was doubtless one of the documents that Manetho used to compile his history of Egypt. The king list covers the period from the Old Kingdom back thousands of years into the predynastic period. It chronicles these mythical kings until the time of the god Horus, who is said to have given the throne to the human king Menes. . . . Other interesting information recorded by the Palermo stone is the construction of a stone building called Men-netjeret (2686-2667 BCE), copper smelting and copper statues created in the 2nd Dynasty (2890-2686 BCE) and a record of forty ships that brought wood from an unknown region outside of Egypt during the reign of Sneferu . . . describing military expeditions such as campaign in Nubia that resulted in the capture of 7,000 slaves . . . . .that probably resulted in the disappearance of the local Nubian culture. . . .”

    --Alan Winston, The Palermo Stone, 1999

    “More evidence comes from the Books of Thoth. It describes one of the pyramids as standing upon the sea-shore, ‘the waves of which dashed in powerless fury against its base.’. . . They add that from them [Ethiopians who built the pyramids], as from their authors and ancestors, the Egyptians get most of their laws. It is from them that the Egyptians have learned to honor kings and gods and bury them with such pomp; sculpture and writing were invented by the Ethiopians. The Ethiopians cite evidence that they are more ancient than the Egyptians . . . .The most complete list of [Egyptian] kings known appeared in the Royal Papyrus of Turin, which assigned in order of dynasty the names of over 130 kings. . . . . Manetho named over a hundred kings and divided them into thirty dynasties . . . . The two most complete versions of his list are those quoted by Julius Africansu and by Eusebius. . . .According to Julius Africanus, 561 kings reigned for approximately 5,524 years in total. Eusebius, on the other hand, states that 361 kings ruled in 4,780 years. . . . Cheik Anta Diop, egyptologist, linguist, physicist and historian, allows 10,000 years for the cycle of Egyptian civilization. His logic is pure and simple and hard to refute. The Egyptian calendar was based on the cylce of the star Sirius whose rise coincides with the sun every 1,461 years. Now any astronomer will verify the fact that it takes thousands of years to study the stellar movement of celestial bodies before one may acquire information accurate enough to develop a calendar. . . . Thus, if the Egyptians had the calendar in 4245 BCE and it took the passage of several thousands years to amass enough data to create it, then it is only rational that we adhere to the logic of Professor Diop. Diop goes on to say, ‘The official date, adopted until now for no special reason wavers between 3100 BCE and 3000 BCE. In actual fact, the choice of 3100 BCE results from no necessity but that of synchronizing Egyptian and Mesopotamian chronolgy.’

    --Wayne Chandler, Of Gods and Men: Egypt’s Old Kingdom, 1989

    “The Ethiopians say that the Egyptians are one of their colonies which was brought into Egypt by Osiris. They claim that at the beginning of the world Egypt was simply a sea but that the Nile, carrying down vast quantities of loam from Ethiopia in its flood waters, finally filled it in and made it part of the continent . . . I not only believe the people who gave me this account of Egypt, but my own conclusions strongly support what they said . . . Now it is my belief that Egypt was originally an arm of the sea. I have observed for myself that Egypt at the Nile Delta projects into the sea beyond the coast on either side; I have seen sea shells on the hills and noticed how salt exudes from the soil to such an extent that it effects even the pyramids; I have noticed too, that the only hill where there is sand is the hill above Memphis, and that the soil of Egypt does not resemble that of the neighboring country of Arabia, or Libya, or even Syria . . . but is black as one would expect of an alluvial soil . . .’

    --Diodorus of Sicily

    “The Egyptians are colonists sent out by the Ethiopians, Osiris having been the leader of the colony. . . . Osiris . . . . gathered together a great army, with the intention of visiting all the inhabited lands and teaching the race race of men how to cultivate . . . . for he suppsed that if he made men give up their savagery and adopt a gentle manner of life he would receive immortal honors. . . . . They were the earliest, and say that the proofs of this are clear. That they did not arrive as immigrants but are the natives of the country and therefore rightly are called authochthonous is almost universally accepted. That those who live in the south are likely to be the first engendered by the earth is obvious to all . . . .They further write that it was among them that people were first taught to honor the gods and offer sacrifices and arrange processions and festivals and perform other things by which people honor the divine. For this reason their piety is famous among all men, and the sacrifes among the Aithiopians are believed to be particularly pleasing to the divinity.”

    --Diodorus, 1st Century BCE

    “These Anu [Ethiopians] were agricultural people, raising cattle on a large scale along the Nile, shutting themselves up in walled cities for defensive purposes. To this people we can attribute without fear of error, the most ancient Egyptian books, The Book of The Dead and the Text of the Pyramids, consequently all the myths of religious teachings. I would add almost all the philospohical systems then known and still called Egyptian. They evidently knew the crafts necessary for any civilization and were familiar with the tools those trades required. They knew how to use metals . . . They made the earliest attempts at writing, for the whole Egyptian tradition attributes this art to Thoth, the great Hermes, an Anu like Osiris, who is called Onian in chapter fifteen of The Book of the Dead and in the Texts of the Pyramids. Certainly the people already knew the principal arts; it left proof of this in the architecture of the tombs at Abydos, especially the tomb of Osiris, and in those sepulchres objects have been found bearing the unmistakeable stamp of their origin - such as carved ivory . . . . All those cities [Ant, Annu Menti, Aunti, Aunyt-Seni today called Esneh, Erment, Quoch, and Heliopolis] have the characteristic symbol which serves to denote the name Anu”

    --Abbe Emile Amelineau 1850-1916 CE

    “Once again we must turn to Amelineau for it was he that discovered the tomb of Osiris at Abydos . . . [and] the head of Osiris found in a jar in the necropolis of Abydos. Because of this discovery Osiris could no longer be considered a mythical hero. The magnitude of this discovery cannot be stressed enough. . . ”

    --Wayne Chandler, Of Gods and Men: Egypt’s Old Kingdom, 1989

    “The common ancestor of the Annu settled along the Nile was Ani or An, a name determined by the word (khet) and which, dating from the earliest versions of the ‘Book of the Dead’ (4100 BCE) onwards, is given to the god Osiris. . . . The identity of the god An with Osiris has been demonstrated by Pleyte; we should indeed, recall that Osiris is also surnamed by the Anu: ‘Osiris Ani’ The god Anu is represented alternatively by the symbol and the symbol . Are the Aunak tribes now inhabiting the upper Nile (in Ethiopia) related to the ancient Annu? Future research will provide the answer to this question.”

    --Cheikh Anta Diop, Origin of The Ancient Egyptians, 1981
     
  3. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    WHAT DID THE EGYPTIANS TEACH?

    “He who is between the thighs of Nut (Goddess of sky and heaven) is the Pygmy who danceth like the god and who pleaseth the heart of the god before his great throne.”

    --Pyramid Text of Pepi I, 6th Dynasty, 2300 BCE “The High Priest Tera Neter of the Temples of the God Seth of the Cities of the Anu Peoples” -- Inscription on Tera Neter tile dating around 3100 BCE at a temple at Aabdju (Abydos) in Ta-Seti (Upper Egypt)

    “Thou hast said in this thy letter, that thou has brought a dancing dwarf of the god from the land of spirits, like the dwarf which the treasurer of the god Burded [Ba-Wex-Djed, Chancellor of the Divine Seals of King Isosi] brought from Punt in the time of Isesi . . . . Come northward to the court immediately; . . . thou shalt bring this dwarf with thee, which thou bringest living, prosperous and healthy from the land of spirits, for the dances of the god, to rejoice and [gladden] the heart of the king of Upper and Lower Egypt, Neferkare, who lives forever. . . . My majesty desires to see this dwarf more than the gifts of Sinai and of Punt. If thou arrivest at court this dwarf being with thee alive, prosperous and healthy, my majesty will do for thee a greater thing than that which was done for the treasurer of the god Burded in the time of Isesi, according to the heart’s desire of my majesty to see the dwarf.”

    -- Inscription from the Tomb of Prince Harkhuf from reign of Pepi II 2250 BCE
     
  4. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    TO THE EGYPTIANS . . .

    "The land of Punt, with its reed, beehive shaped houses raised on stilts above water, was the most exotic and mysterious of places to visit, and from which to receive visitors, for more than once the Royaly of Punt came to the court of the Pharaoh in Egypt. It seems to have been considered by them a most unique haven; an emporium of goods for both king and gods, and gradually acquired an air of fantasy . . . . "

    "Punt seems to have been a commercial center for goods not only from within its own borders, but from elsewhere in Africa. Here, the Egyptians sought and found many items that did not exist within the Two Lands. From Punt, they received the incense known as antyu, which was produced in considerable quantities near Punt in the region of Utjenet (God’s Land), as well as ivory, ebony (hebny) and gum (kemy). From this mystical place they also imprted the skins of giraffes, panthers and cheetahs which were worn by temple priests . . . . Cynocephalus baboons were imported from Punt. Because of the goods from Punt used by priests and to adorn temples, it was known as a region of God’s Land, and considered a perosnal pleasure garden of the god, Amun . . ."

    “We will see below that [Queen Hatshepsut’s] ambitious ‘Ship and Safari Expedition to the Land of the Ancestors/Gods’ (Ta Neter)’ includes sailing the Red Sea by ship to the coast of Punt (today called Eritrea), and then undertaking an interior of Africa land Safari on foot across Sheba (today called Ethiopia) into the Nile River Equatorial Great Lakes region known then as Khenthunefer. The ‘Welcome and Tribute by the Country of Punt’ Wall Relief from the Hatshepsut Deir El Bahari Burial Temple specifically shows the Puntian people bringing welcoming gifts (lower level) and later delivering tribute (upper level) to the Egyptian soldiers . . . aboard 5 ships which sailed from Egypt/Kemit by way of a canal from the Nile River to the Red Sea . . . .In 1962 the American Research Center in Egypt published a computer enhancement of the heavily vandalized ‘Safari’ Wall Relief and exposed for the first time the presence of a male giraffe. Specifically the left portion of the 3rd level of the ‘Safari’ Wall Relief is inhabited by a male giraffe. Additionally the left portion of the 4th level of the ‘Safari’ Wall Relief shows a hippopotamus and baboon. . . . .The proximity of the male giraffe with the hippopotamus strongly suggests that the ;Land of the Ancestors/Gods’ is in the Nile River Region of the Great Lakes in Equatorial Africa starting at the northern most Lake Tana; being that these fauna naturally are found in close proximity together only in that region. Specifically it is theorized the 18th Dynasty of Pharaoh Queen Hatshepsut commissioned ‘Safari’ penetrated on foot into the interior of Africa, traveling through what we call today ‘Sustainable Agri-Forests’ or cultivated jungles. . . . Consequently, in identifying the geographical location of Ancient Egypt’s ‘Land of the Ancestors/Gods’ (Ta Neter) the first key is the zoology of the giraffe and related fauna. . . . .This Wall Relief from the Hatshepsut Deir El Bahari Burial Temple records in hieroglyphic and visual detail describe the 5 Egyptian ships being loaded visible with at least 12 Frankincense and Myrrh trees, bags of resin incense, precious woods and metals, various rare ‘sacred’ animals including at least 10 caged leopards, 3 baboons, and other tribute . . . . [Here then] is the aboriginal paradigm of the ‘Garden of Eden” . . . .
     
  5. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    According to the last Student of the Kemetic Mystery School System of the Anu (called "On" in the Bible and "Heliopolis" by the Greeks), as well as recent scientific discovery, there was

    1. Rule of Gods on Earth begins 34,525 BCE (Germinga shock wave, Late Wisconsin
    Glaciation) and lasts 13,900 years.

    2. Rule of Demigods and Spirits of the Dead begins 20,625 BCE (last Glacial
    Maximum) and lasts 11,025 years.

    3. From the Rule of Gods on Earth to the end of the Rule of Demigods and Spirits
    of the Dead is therefore about 34,525- 9,600 = 24,925 years, which is
    approximately the Earth precession period of 26,000 years and the travel time of
    a light beam from the center of our Galaxy to our Sun, about 25,000 light years
    distance.

    4. Rule of Mortal Humans on Earth begins 9,600 BCE at the same time the Vela X supernova caused a dramatic warming period of about 50 years that caused glaciers to melt and sea levels to rise more than 35 meters with 30 percent per year net precipitation over evaporation loss by 5,600 BCE, forcing the earth’s creatures to higher ground.
     
  6. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    Our Most Respected brother Historian Dr. Ben's , theory is that the Annu people of the (Mountains of the Moon) bought agriculture, science and culture down the Nile River.


    “These Anu [Ethiopians] were agricultural people, raising cattle on a large scale along the Nile, shutting themselves up in walled cities for defensive purposes.

    To this people we can attribute without fear of error, the most ancient Egyptian books, The Book of The Dead and the Text of the Pyramids, consequently all the myths of religious teachings.

    http://kemetichistoryofafrikabluelotus.blogspot.com/2010/04/mountain-of-moon-home-of-anu.html
     
  7. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    Archeology Findings



    The oldest known fossil remains, according to Dr. Louis Leakey, were found in the Olduvai Gorge region in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. These first "small stature" people were known as the "Twa", who worshipped the God Bes, a primitive human form of Horus I, being the earliest form of Ptah the God of Gods. The Twa, are modern humans or Homo sapiens sapiens. They are a diminutive Africoid people residing in the rain forests of Central Africa. Related groups live in South and Southeast Asia.



    We also find this same black God, Ptah, symbolized in the mystery system in Egypt. The Twa are said to have migrated the four thousand one hundred miles of the Nile river, establishing what was later to become the Egyptian civilization.
    http://wysinger.homestead.com/bes.html
     
  8. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    Anu, On, Heliopolis and Zion

    Mayan Bze Video

    By: Griffith Fuller

    On could possibly be related to the Biblical name Zion . Zion , Jerusalem , the City of David and often used to refer to Israel and then the heavenly place, the Promised Land.

    The nation of Uganda [the mouth of the Nile ] was in the running as a sight for the New Israel after WWII.

    Anu is also the Sumerian [African] name for the sky or sky god.

    ‘According to Amélineau An means man [in Diola]. Thus Anu originally may have meant men.’ Cheikh A.Diop

    Sumer , Akkad, Babylon all were relatives of the sons of Cham and related to Khemet according to the Biblical account.

    Zion or the Holy city/city of righteousness originate in Egypt with the city of Anu/On?

    Zion is mentioned in connection with Jerusalem and more specifically the ‘City of David ’. The Jebus or Canaanites originally controlled Jerusalem before and after the time of Melchezedeck, called the King of peace and righteousness by the Biblical writers.

    The name Melch or Melek means king. Zedec or Zedek means righteousness or peace.

    'The name of Jerusalem (literally meaning "to establish peace or submission") certainly symbolized the role that it played in establishing and maintaining Egyptian control over Palestine during the 18th Dynasty. Both names are found in Chapter 11 of Nehemiah where the Hebrew reads as "Yurushalayim ha Qudesh," meaning, "Jerusalem the Holy City."

    http://www.mayanbzevideo.com/resources/Anu.htm
     
  9. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    King Itiopia or Moses King of Ethiopia?

    According to this tradition Moses, in his flight from Egypt following his killing of the Egyptian taskmaster, wandered off first to Ethiopia, where he found himself in the midst of a civil war. It seems that while the legitimate king, named Kikanos, had been off on a foreign campaign, he had entrusted the homefront to the wily Balaam, who took the opportunity afforded by the king's absence in order to execute a coup d'étât, fortifying the country against the returning monarch. Moses happened upon King Kikanos as he was laying siege to the capital city trying to recapture it, and was instantly appointed commander-in-chief. When Kikanos died soon afterwards, Moses was declared the new king and set to completing the liberation of Ethiopia, a task which had already dragged on for nine long years.

    The most formidable of the enemy fortifications consisted of a barrier of venomous snakes and scorpions. Moses defused this "minefield" by having his soldiers unleash a volley of hungry storks who immediately swooped down upon the serpents and devoured them, allowing Moses' forces to recapture the capital. As was the custom in antiquity, Moses was expected to contract a diplomatic marriage with King Kikanos' widow Adoniah. Daunted by the prospect of intermarriage, Moses never consummated the union. Nonetheless he continued to reign as king of Ethiopia for forty years until his embittered queen aroused the population to remove this foreign ruler. Moses then proceeded to Midian where the biblical narrative resumes.

    The story as I have described it is based on a work called the Sefer Hayashar, composed in Spain during the later middle ages. However versions of the story are found in Greek sources that date back to antiquity, except that instead of storks these versions refer to the ibis, the sacred bird of the Egyptians. These versions relate that the Egyptians' reverence for these birds resulted from their association with this episode.

    http://people.ucalgary.ca/~elsegal/Shokel/910614_Ethiopia.html
     
  10. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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