The Front Porch : i need images of statues and paintings

noble_moore

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MEMBER
Jan 31, 2013
79
23
kingdom of kongo


The Kingdom of Kongo was composed of 6 provinces: Mpemba, Mbata, Nsundi, Mpangu, Mbemba and Soyo, plus 4 vassal Kingdoms: Loango, Cacongo and Ngoye, at the North of the N'Zari river, and Ndongo, at the South of the Congo river.
Vili Kingdom of Loango, Kongo
West Africa
Vili Kingdom of Loango


The King of Loango, late 17th century

Dutch mission to the Congolese king Dom Alvarez in 1642.


beautiful loango ivory art

african loango girl

llustration of the ruler of Loango, from Dapper's Description of Africa (1668)

 

noble_moore

Well-Known Member
MEMBER
Jan 31, 2013
79
23
kingdom of kongo
(kongo not loango as loango is a vassal kingdom of kongo)











Don Alvaro VI, King of Kongo giving Audience to ye Dutch in 1642




Dom Pedro VII and Dona Isabel










Afonso I, was the founder of first Catholic dynasty in Africa. He welcomed the Portuguese and admired the European culture. He is one of the most influential person in Kongo history that left many legacies.
Nzinga Mbemba became Manikongo in 1506. He was deeply impressed by the exotic goods and unique culture of Europe. He was baptized and titled himself as Afonso I, a European styled name. He converted most of his subjects to Christian. With his help, Christianity became the official religion of Kongo kingdom. The missionaries from Portugal freely spread Christianity in Kongo and majority of people eventually converted into Christianity or mixed their traditional religion with Christianity.
















llustration of the ruler of Loango, from Dapper's Description of Africa (1668).













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SMALL EXTREMELY REDUCED LIST OF CONGOLESE MONARCHS




Dom Francisco I, 9th King of Mbanza Kongo 1545,

Dom Diego I, 10th King of Mbanza Kongo 1545-1561, +1561. Son of Nzinga Mbemba (1st daughter of 7th King Dom Afonso I) and
brother of:

Dom Afonso II, 11th King of Mbanza Kongo 1561, +1561. Brother of:

Dom Bernado I, 12th King of Mbanza Kongo 1561-1566, +1566,

Dom Henrique I, 13th King of Mbanza Kongo 1566-1567, +1567,..
 

noble_moore

Well-Known Member
MEMBER
Jan 31, 2013
79
23
Queen Nzinga Mbande of Ndongo and Matamba



Queen Nzinga Mbande was a ruthless and powerful 17th century African ruler of the Ndongo and Matamba Kingdoms (modern-day Angola). Nzinga fearlessly and cleverly fought for the freedom and stature of her kingdoms against the Portuguese, who were colonizing the area at the time.
Around the turn of the 17th century, the independent kingdoms and states of the Central African coast were threatened by Portuguese attempts to colonize Luanda. (Luanda, today the capital of Angola, was founded in 1576.) Portugal sought to colonize the region in order to control the trade in African slaves, and attacked many of their old trading partners to further this goal.
Unlike many other rulers at the time, Nzinga was able to adapt to these changing circumstances and fluctuations in power around her. By her own determination and refusal to give in to the Portuguese without a fight, she transformed her kingdom into a formidable commercial state on equal footing with the Portuguese colonies.
In 1617 the new governor of Luanda began an aggressive campaign against the kingdom of Ndongo. His troops invaded the capital and forced King Ngola Mbandi (Nzinga’s brother) to flee from the area. Thousands of Ndongo people were taken prisoner.
The king sent his sister Nzinga Mbandi to negotiate a peace treaty in 1621, which she did successfully. But Portugal didn’t honor the terms of the treaty, and King Ngola Mbandi committed suicide, leaving the kingdom to his sister Nzinga. (Other accounts claim Nzinga poisoned her brother, or murdered her brother’s son the heir after Ngola committed suicide, in order to seize power.)
As the new sovereign of Ndongo, Nzinga re-entered negotiations with the Portuguese. At the time, Ndongo was under attack from both the Portuguese and neighboring African aggressors. Nzinga realized that in order to acheive peace and for her kingdom to remain viable, she needed to become an intermediary. She allied Ndongo with Portugal, and was baptised as Ana de Sousa Nzinga Mbande with the Portuguese colonial governor serving as her godfather. By doing this she acquired a partner in her fight against her African enemies, and ending Portuguese slave raiding in the kingdom.
The new alliance didn’t last very long, however. Portugal betrayed Ndongo in 1626, and Nzinga was forced to flee when war broke out. Nzinga took over as ruler of the nearby kingdom of Matamba, capturing Queen Mwongo Matamba and routing her army. Nzinga then made Matamba her capital, joining it to the Kingdom of Ndongo.
To build up her kingdom’s martial power, Nzinga offered sanctuary to runaway slaves and Portuguese-trained African soldiers. She stirred up rebellion among the people still left in Ndongo, now ruled by the Portuguese. Nzinga also reached out to the Dutch and invited them to join troops with her. She told the Dutch she would be happy to ally with them because of their justice and politeness, whereas the Portuguese were proud and haughty.
Even their combined forces were not enough to drive the Portuguese out, however, and after retreating to Matamba again, Nzinga started to focus on developing Matamba as a trading power and the gateway to the Central African interior.
By the time of Nzinga’s death in 1661 at the age of 81, Matamba was on equal footing with the Portuguese colony. The Portuguese came to respect Queen Nzinga for her shrewdness and intransigence.
With Nzinga’s rule, Matamba became a powerful kingdom that long resisted Portuguese colonisation attempts and was only integrated into Angola in the late nineteenth century.

Nzinga retreated back to Mbande. The Portuguese, seeing that Mbande would never be conquered until Nzinga died, abandoned their war with her. Nzinga ruled Mbande until her death. She died peacefully on December 17, 1663, at the age of eighty. Today, Nzinga is remembered as a visionary leader and one of the greatest female rulers of Africa.
Intesting Fact #1: Nzinga’s name means “twisted” in the language of Ndongo. Her umbilical cord was wrapped around her neck when she was born.
Interesting Fact #2: According to legend, Nzinga execute her lovers when she lost interest with them, so as to “honor” their love.
Interesting Fact #3: Nzinga’s alliance with the Dutch was the first African-European alliance against another European power.



















(http://www.amazingwomeninhistory.com/anna-nzinga-mbande-fearless-africa-queen/)
(http://monarchus.wordpress.com/2011/01/01/queen-nzinga-mbande-of-ndongo-and-matamba/)
 

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