Brother AACOOLDRE : History of Educating slaves

Discussion in 'AACOOLDRE' started by AACOOLDRE, Oct 20, 2002.

  1. AACOOLDRE

    AACOOLDRE Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Before Carter G. Woodson wrote The Misseducation of The Negro in 1933 he penned another book The Education of the Negro prior to 1861 way back in 1919. This work is a minor masterpiece. Reading both books helps us understand the history of education of slaves and former slaves

    Woodson founded the first black Masonic order in the United States. He received the charter from the Irish in Europe.

    Here’s a brief excerpt from Woodson book:

    “The history of the education of the ante-bellum Negroes, therefore, falls into two periods. The first extends from the time of the introduction of slavery to the climax of the insurrectionary movement about 1835, when the majority of the people in this country answered in the affirmative the queston whether or not it was prudent to educate their slaves. Then followed the second period, when the industrial revolution changed slavery from a patriarchal to an economic institution, and when intelligent Negroes, encouraged by abolitionists, made so many attempts to organize servile insurrections that the pendulum began to swing the other way. By this time most southern white people reached the conclusion that it was imposible to cultivate the minds of Negroes without arousing overmuch self-assertion.

    The early advocates of the education of Negroes were of three classes: first, masters who desired to increase the economic efficiency of their labor supply; second sympathetic persons who wished to help the oppressed ; and third, zealous missionaries who, believing that the message of divine love came equally to all, taught slaves the English lanquage that they might learn the principles of the Christian religion. Though the kindness of the first class, slaves had their best chance for mental improvement. Each slaveholder dealt with the situation to suit himself, regardless of public opinion. Later, when measures were passed to prohibit the education of slaves, some masters, always a law unto themselves, continued to teach their Negroes in defiance of the hostile legislation. Sympathetic persons were not able to accomplish much because they were usually reformers, who not only did not own slaves, but dwelt in practically free settlements far from the plantations on which the bondmen lived.

    The Spanish and French missionaries, the to face this problem, set an example which influenced the education of the Negroes throughout America. Some of these early heralds of Catholicism manifested more interest in the Indians than in the Negroes, and advocated the enslavement of the Africans rather than that of the Red Men. But being anxious to see the Negroes enlightened and brought into the Church, they courageously directed their attention to the teaching of their slaves, provided for the instruction of the numerous mixed-breed offspring, and granted freedmen the educational privileges of the highest classes. Put to shame by this noble example of the Catholics, the English colonists had to find a way to overcome the objections of those who, granting that enlightenment of the slaves might not lead to servile insurrection, nevertheless feared that their conversion might work manumission. To meet this exigency the colonists secured, through legislation by their assemblies and formal declarations of the Bishop of London, the abrogation of the law that a Christian could not be held as a slave. Then allowed access to the bondmen, the missionaries of the Church of England, sent out by the society for the propagation of the gospel among the heathen in foreign parts, undertook to educate the slaves for the purpose of extensive proselyting”. pp.1-4
     
  2. Aqil

    Aqil Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Excellent post Dre. Btw, the great Marcus Mosiah Garvey once said that "to see and know your enemy should be a part of the complete education of man..." He is absolutely right...animals learn very early which other animals are their enemy...with them it's a matter of life and death. We were never taught who our enemy was because the enemy was teaching us...:maddd:
     
  3. NNQueen

    NNQueen going above and beyond PREMIUM MEMBER

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    AACOOLDRE, Aqil...great information. Great African history lesson. It's more than a cliche'...knowledge is power. But we all need to increase our knowledge and use it to advance, uplift us.
     
  4. Aqil

    Aqil Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Thanx Queen...and you're absolutely right. I thank God for using me as an instrument for the education and uplifting of our people, for I am firmly convinced that education is our ONLY salvation...
     
  5. AACOOLDRE

    AACOOLDRE Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    thanks to all. i just want to share information so that we as a people can overcome.
     
  6. NNQueen

    NNQueen going above and beyond PREMIUM MEMBER

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    Often it seems that the greatest challenge for us to overcome is ourselves! *sigh*
     
  7. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    You said a mouthful there!
     
  8. Ankhur

    Ankhur Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    The statistics show that those who were taught to read and write immediately after emancipation, scared the hell, out of their White teachers , because they all, young and old excelled at beyond record levels of achievement and retension.
    In precolonial and ensavement Africa, education was mandatory and excellence in scholarship was a badge of honor, and enforced by peer pressure.

    How can we return our innercity youth to that paradigm?
     
  9. decipherx1

    decipherx1 Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Great Book brother, I read it and passed it on.
     
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