GREAT BLACK MULATTOES OF NOTABLE DESCENT By Andre Austin 1.Hiriam Reveals (B.1827-D.1901) was Senator of Mississippi from 1870-1871 until he resigned the office. His father was a Blackman but his mother was a white woman from Scottish heritage. He later became president of Alcorn State University. 2. Blance Kelso Bruce (B.1841-D.1898) was Senator of Mississippi from 1874-81, the first black serving a full term. Bruce father was his white plantation owner Pettis Perfinson and his slave Polly Bruce. Bruce was the first black to have his signature on paper currency and I do believe Booker T Washington was first Blackman to have image on coin money, and rightfully so. It was no accident that our first two U.S. Senators were mulattoes. The Blackman, then and now, was seen as a threat. So that black coffee diluted down with milk and cream is less strong an powerful and taste better in the mouths of white society that wanted to keep black men in their place. With this legacy, it was no accident that our first black president was bi-racial. It did not just happen it was necessary to take the office. 3. Frederick Douglass (1818-1895) born to black mother Harriet and white plantation owner Aaron Anthony. The whites on the plantation were upset that Douglass learnt how to read because a slave learning to read would be dissatisfied with his condition. Douglass worked as a brick layer and advised the black masses to “Learn trades or Starve”. Black masses need to transition from vocational trades to Professional trades. This was the bridge to merge the Black Masses to Dubois talented tenth. Douglass was editor of the North Star and was made recorder of deeds by president Garfield. In 1884 Douglass married a second wife, Helen Pitts who happened to be white. In 1900 when Booker T Washington wrote Up From Slavery he blasted Douglass for marrying a white women. Douglass was also appointed by President Harrison as consul general to the Republic of Haiti. Douglass is most noted for his speech: “what is the fourth of July to me”. Douglass the Black lion died in 1895 the same year the white press anointed Booker T Washington the new negro leader of his peoples. 4. Booker T Washington (1856-1915). Booker mother was Jane and his father an unknown white plantation owner. Publicly Washington agreed with the supreme court decision of “separate but equal” in the Plessy vs. Fergusson case in 1896. “Not the separation that we complain of, but the inequality of the accommodations” Booker wrote. W.E. B. Dubois was irate with Washington on this stand and attempted to have bribery charges lodged against him and help build sentiment to expel Marcus Garvey from the country. Washington was not noted until after his death for secretly funding legal challenges of segregation and disfranchisement. Washington had the power and clout to get Dubois fired from jobs and to disrupt and destroy his Niagara movement, the forerunner to the NAACP, founded in 1909. Washington career can be summed up in part in this quote: “ The Negro will not be respected as a man until his business side as well as the moral and religious side is developed. And here comes in the value of industrial training”. There is nothing wrong with integration. I just don’t want to be integrated out of power. When we had the Montgomery Bus boycott in 1955 we should have kept the black taxi cabs that were established giving black men employment they couldn’t find elsewhere. Rosa parks basically traveled in the same path as the 7/8 white Homer Plessey did in 1892. I love the NAACP but studying its history and development they would prefer a mulatto over a pure Blackman to be the first president of the United States. Nobody has criticized Dubois for calling Garvey a “Monkey shine” and other derogatory terms. Dubois didn’t have the ability to Shepherd in the black masses of the people like Garvey. 5. W.E.B Dubois (1868-1963). Was one of the founding fathers of the NAACP which used legal Eagle Lawyer Warrior Thurgood Marshall to overthrow and dethrone Plessey v. Ferguson in 1954. Dubois grandfather was from Haiti being French/African Creole and mulatto decent. Dubois was most famous for writing Souls of Black folk in 1903 attacking Booker T Washington with no mercy in sight. In 1895 Dubois was the first to earn a PhD from Harvard. Carter G. Woodson (1875-1950), the father of Black History, was the second to get a PhD in 1912. Woodson was a member of the NAACP but quit. Woodson believed in self-reliance, racial respect and other values he shared with Marcus Garvey who also wrote for Garvey as a columnist in the Negro World newspaper. Dubois was super famous for coining a psychological term “Double-Consciousness” where a black man was caught between two worlds one black and the other white with blacks being reduced into an “Invisible Man” where he’s seen as something he’s not. Black people central problem is unity. We must unite or perish. Our Black organizations will never agree 100% but should work together on things agreed and not attempt to knock or snitch each other off like gangsters do urinating around land for turf wars. In the past the strategy of the NAACP was to pick off members from black organizations that produced mass movements. The problem with the NAACP is that its not a black organization it’s a Bi-racial organization that didn’t know how to appeal to the black masses. It preferred the elite and upper middle class blacks but wanted to use the plight of the black masses to advance the talented tenth. Black peoples relationship with White America has been up and down just like the Native Americans. They always break alliances and treaties when its in their interest or advantage to do so. So it would be foolish to give up your all black institutions and Dynasties through 100% integration programs with such a sweet/sour historical relationship. Being a garbage man is just as important as a Doctor. Both contribute to the health and sanitation of society. MLK died for garbage workers in 1968. We can jump the fence and jump the broom because we live in this great evolving country called the United States.