Science and Technology : German museum returning skulls from racial experiments

Discussion in 'Science and Technology' started by blackeyes, Oct 1, 2011.

  1. blackeyes

    blackeyes Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    BERLIN (AP) -- Namibian tribal leaders took possession Friday of the skulls of 20 of their countrymen, taken by German colonial forces more than a century ago for racial experiments.
    The handing over of the skulls was a rare reminder of Germany's short-lived past as a colonial power in Africa, which included the bloody suppression of a Herero and Nama uprising between 1904 and 1908 that left tens of thousands dead.
    The heads of four females and 16 males, including a young boy of about three, were removed from their bodies and preserved in formaldehyde intact with faces, skin and hair.
    Researchers say the skulls do not show any sign of violence, and it is not clear how the people died, though they were possibly victims of German forces in Namibia at the time, or died in a German-run camp.
    Once the remains arrived in Berlin, between 1909-1914, scientists tried to prove the "racial superiority" of white Europeans over black Africans by analyzing the facial features of the heads, said Thomas Schnalke, the head of the Berlin Medical Historical Museum.
    In the 1920s, the heads were further dissected until only the skulls remained.
    Karl Max Einhaeupl, the chairman of the board of Berlin's Charite University, apologized for the injustice done to the Namibians at the time.
    "By returning the human remains, Charite wants to show its respect and help honor the memory of the victims," Einhaeupl said. "We deeply regret the crimes which were committed back then ... and want to sincerely apologize for it."
    http://www.thegrio.com/news/german-museum-returning-namibian-skulls.php
    SMH
     
  2. Shikamaru

    Shikamaru Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Germans practiced their genocidal practices first on Africans during their colonization period before turning their attention to Jews and other minorities within their borders.

    Put that in the history books !!
     
  3. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    Destined to Witness: Growing Up Black in Nazi Germany

    Author:

    Hans-Jürgen Massaquoi (born January 19, 1926) is a German American journalist and author. He was born in Hamburg, Germany, to a German mother and Liberian Vai father, the grandson of Momulu Massaquoi the consul general of Liberia in Germany at the time.

    http://www.amazon.com/Destined-Witness-Growing-Black-Germany/dp/0060959614
     
  4. Chevron Dove

    Chevron Dove Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    I can't find the proper words right now to really express how enraged this makes me feel, but thanks for this post. You have gotta be kidding! I'm angry....

    How dare they mock us with an apology now,but as for me, an apology doesn even matter because even still, they are going to have to pay a dear price for what they have done of which has nothing to do with me.
     
  5. Shikamaru

    Shikamaru Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    I take it all as lessons of the need to always defend one's self as well as possession of arms.

    Wouldn't hurt to design one's home like a bunker either!!
     
  6. Hildegard von Krone

    Hildegard von Krone Banned MEMBER

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    As an argentinian of german descent I want to say that this article made me realize how cruel and despicable some people can be. Their racial superiority propaganda was laughable, and all they achieved was getting humiliated in both world wars. Im glad this episode is over...
     
  7. Shikamaru

    Shikamaru Well-Known Member MEMBER

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  8. Chevron Dove

    Chevron Dove Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Wow! They have just White washed everything!
     

    Stephen Jay Gould described Madison Grant's The Passing of the Great Race (1916) as "the most influential tract of American scientific racism." In the 1920s–30s, the German racial hygiene movement embraced Grant's Nordic theory. Alfred Ploetz (1860–1940) coined the term Rassenhygiene in Racial Hygiene Basics (1895), and founded the German Society of Racial Hygiene i1905. The movement advocated seletive breeding, compulsory sterilization, and a close alignment of public health with eugenics...

    Like scientific racism, eugenics grew popular in the early 20th century, and both ideas influenced
    Nazi racial policies and Nazi eugenics.

    ... Otto Reche (1879–1966), who became an important figure within the plan to remove populations considered "inferior" from eastern Germany.[57]...
    ---------------------------------

    Early intelligence testing and the Immigration Act of 1924

    Before the 1920s, social scientists agreed that whites were superior to blacks, but they needed a way to somehow ‘prove’ this in order to back social policy in favor of whites. They felt the best way to gauge this was through testing intelligence. By interpreting the tests to show favor to whites ...This mentality went on for decades. Shaping public policy in favor of the dominate group was a defining form of scientific racism.[citation needed]
    -------------------------------------

    United States: slavery justified

      In the United States, scientific racism justified Black African slavery to assuage moral opposition to the Atlantic slave trade. Alexander Thomas and Samuell Sillen described black men as uniquely fitted for bondage, because of their "primitive psychological organization".[48] In 1851, in antebellum Louisiana, the physician Samuel A. Cartwright (1793–1863), considered slave escape attempts as "drapetomania", a treatable mental illness, hat, "with proper medical advice, strictly followed, this troublesome practice that many Negroes have of running away can be almost entirely prevented". The term drapetomania (mania of the runaway slave) ...Moreover, Southern slavers concluded that escaping Negroes were only suffering from "mental disorders", and the census mental health data became a political weapon against abolitionists. [50]
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientific_racism
    ______________________________________________________________

    Eugenics is the "applied science or the bio-social movement which advocates the use of practices aimed at improving the genetic composition of a population", usually referring to human populations.[2] The origins of the concept of eugenics began with certain interpretations of Mendelian inheritance, and the theories of August Weismann. [3] Historically, many of the practitioners of eugenics viewed eugenics as a science, ...

    Eugenics was widely popular in the early decades of the 20th century.
    [4] The First International Congress of Eugenics in 1912 was supported by many prominent persons, including: its president Leonard Darwin, the son of Charles Darwin; honorary vice-president Winston Churchill, ...Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of the telephone; among other prominent people.[5]
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eugenics
    _________________________________________________

    Mudsill theory is a sociological theory which proposes that there must be, and always has been, a
    lower class for the upper classes to rest upon. The inference being a mudsill, the lowest threshold that supports the foundation for a building.

    The theory was first used by South Carolina Senator/Governor James Henry Hammond, a wealthy southern plantation owner, in a Senate speech on 4 March 1858 [1], to justify what he saw as the willingness of the lower classes and the hegemony of non-whites to perform menial work which enabled the higher classes to move civilization forward....
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mudsill_theory

    ______________________________________________
    edited
     
  9. Shikamaru

    Shikamaru Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    There's much, much more but you all will have to start hitting the treatises and other books written on these subjects.
     
  10. Chevron Dove

    Chevron Dove Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    I agree that there's much more, but so far,all that I have read centers around White Supremacist and their beliefs of which they have fervently attempted to script and then implement in many ways. So they have put out a lot of script and treatises and books but it all revolves around their mindset. Even though they have attempted to make it fit in a scientific format, it ultimately stems from their beliefs of which they were determined to put into action no matter what.
     
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