Black People : Generation X-!

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    Generation X
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    For other uses, see Generation X (disambiguation).

    Generation X, commonly abbreviated to Gen X, is the generation born after the baby boom ended [1][2], with earliest birth dates used by researchers ranging from 1961 to the latest 1981.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11]

    The term Generation X has been used in demography, the social sciences, and marketing, though it is most often used in popular culture.

    * 1 Origin
    * 2 The "13th Generation"
    * 3 Generation X in the United States
    * 4 See also
    * 5 Notes

    [edit] Origin

    In the U.S. Generation X was originally referred to as the "baby bust" generation because of the drop in the birth rate following the baby boom.[1]

    The term was first used in the UK in a 1964 study of British youth by Jane Deverson. Deverson was asked by Woman's Own magazine to interview teenagers of the time. The study revealed a generation of teenagers who "sleep together before they are married, were not taught to believe in God as 'much', dislike the Queen, and don't respect parents," these controversial findings meant that the piece was deemed unsuitable for the magazine. Deverson, in an attempt to save her research, worked with Hollywood correspondent Charles Hamblett to create a book about the study. Hamblett decided to name it Generation X.[12]

    The term was popularized by Canadian author Douglas Coupland’s 1991 novel, Generation X: Tales for an Accelerated Culture, concerning young adults during the late 1980s. While Coupland's book helped to popularize the phrase “Generation X,” in a 1989 magazine article[13] He erroneously attributed the term to Billy Idol. In fact, Idol had been a member of the punk band Generation X from 1976-1981, which was named after Deverson and Hamblett's 1965 sociology book—a copy of which was owned by Idol's mother.
    [edit] The "13th Generation"

    In the 1991 book Generations, William Strauss and Neil Howe call this generation the "13th Generation" and define the birth years as 1961 to 1981 (the lowest birth rate year for this generation was 1970).

    According to the authors, Generation X is "the 13th generation" to be familiar with the flag of the United States (counting back to the peers of Benjamin Franklin).[3] The label was also chosen because they consider it a "Reactive" or "Nomad" generation, composed of those who were children during a spiritual awakening.

    Older generations generally have negative perceptions of Reactive generations—whose members tend to be pragmatic and perceptive, savvy but amoral, more focused on money than on art[14] -- and the use of 13 is also intended to associate this perception with the negative connotations of that number.

    The authors highlight this negative perception by noting the popularity of "devil-child" movies, wherein children are portrayed as malevolent protagonists (e.g. Rosemary's Baby[15]), released soon after the generation's first members were born.[16]
    [edit] Generation X in the United States

    Individuals considered to be within Generation X were born, and grew up during the later years of, and in the decade following the Vietnam War. They are most often linked to the presidencies of Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush.[17] Coming of age after the Vietnam War had ended, their political experiences and cultural perspective were shaped by the end of the cold war and the fall of the Berlin wall. Growing up in an historical span of relative geopolitical peace for the US, this generation saw the inception of the home computer, the rise of videogames, and the Internet as a tool for social and commercial purposes. Other attributes identified with this demographic are Dot-com businesses, Desert Storm, 80's rock, such as Van Halen and Bon Jovi, Heavy Metal, grunge and hip hop culture and punk rock bands such as The Ramones.

    The US Census Bureau cites Generation X as statistically holding the highest education levels when looking at age group (bloc): US Census Bureau, in their 2009 Statistical Abstract. (Also see Education Statistics Canada, 2001 Census.) Moreover, in economics, a study (done by Pew Charitable Trusts, the American Enterprise Institute, the Brookings Institute, the Heritage Foundation and the Urban Institute) challenged the notion that each generation will be better off than the one that preceded it.[18] The study, 'Economic Mobility: Is the American Dream Alive and Well?" focuses on the income of males 30-39 in 2004 (those born April, 1964 – March, 1974) and is based on Census/BLS CPS March supplement data.[19]

    The study, which was released on May 25, 2007, emphasized that in real dollars, this generation's men made less (by 12%) than their fathers had at that same age in 1974, thus reversing a historical trend. The study also suggests that per year increases in the portion of father/son family household income generated by fathers/sons have slowed (from an average of 0.9% to 0.3%), barely keeping pace with inflation, though increases in overall father/son family household income are progressively higher each year because more women are entering the workplace, contributing to family household income.[20]
    [edit] See also

    * List of generations
    * Grunge
    * Latchkey kid
    * Baby Busters
    * Generation Y


    1. ^ a b Gen-X: The Ignored Generation? - TIME
    2. ^
    3. ^ a b Strauss, William & Howe, Neil. Generations: The History of America's Future, 1584 to 2069. Perennial, 1992 (Reprint). ISBN 0-688-11912-3 p. 324
    4. ^
    5. ^ Tovar, Molly (August/September 2007). "Getting it Right: Graduate Schools Respond to the Millenial Challenge". Communicator 40 (7): 1. Retrieved 2008-08-29.
    6. ^ Neuborne, Ellen (1999-02-15). "Generation Y". Business Week. Retrieved 2009-05-17.
    7. ^
    8. ^
    9. ^ "How Generational Theory Can Improve Teaching: Strategies for Working with the "Millennials"" (PDF). Currents in Teaching and Learning 1 (1): 29-44. Fall 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-16.
    10. ^
    11. ^
    12. ^ Asthana, Anushka & Thorpe, Vanessa. "Whatever happened to the original Generation X?". The Observer. January 23, 2005.
    13. ^ Coupland, Doug. “Generation X.” Vista, 1989.
    14. ^ Strauss & Howe, ibid, p. 365
    15. ^ Strauss & Howe, ibid, p. 30,
    16. ^ Strauss & Howe, ibid, p. 337,
    17. ^ Robinson, Peter (1997-10-31). "GEN X FILES". Uncommon Knowledge with Peter Robinson. Hoover Institution. Retrieved 2009-07-01.
    18. ^
    19. ^ Economic Mobility Project
    20. ^ Standing in the shadow of dad's salary - May. 25, 2007

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    Cultural Generations of Western Society
    Lost Generation • Interbellum Generation • Greatest Generation • Silent Generation • Baby Boom Generation • Generation X • Generation Y • Generation Z
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    Categories: 1960s births | 1970s births | 1980s births | 1981 births | Cultural generations | Demographics | Postmodernism | Postmodern terminology