MARCUS GARVEY VS. W.E.B DUBOIS By Andre Austin In 1915 Booker T Washington had died making Dubois the defacto spokesperson for the black race until Garvey came to America the same year from Jamaica. Dubois didn’t like Garvey and said because he was a West Indian he couldn’t speak for Africa or Blacks in America. Now Garvey could have countered and said Dubois was half white so how could he speak for the souls of black folk here in America. If all of this was true then Elijah Muhammad or Malcolm X couldn’t speak for black folk because their grandfathers were white through rape of black women. I recall a white Republican newspaper Jackson Citizen Patriot publishing articles of mine on thanksgiving day implying I was native American and couldn’t speak for Black folk because I have a Native-American grandfather on my mother side but what about my Black grandfather on my father with whom I knew. You see when you deal with a Republican newspaper your dealing with Willie Lynch the architect of black division. Dubois could have been a student of lynch. Dubois biggest mistake was helping the FBI bring down Garvey who had 2 million followers in America and 4 million worldwide. Garvey owned the Black Star Line company that own several ships; and one was privately called Booker T. Back in 1912 The White star Line owned the Titanic. In 1924 trumped up charges of mail fraud came against Garvey. Garvey had apparently converted stock money from the ship shareholders into his restaurant and newspaper business. The moment Garvey went into jail Dubois used Garvey’s famous slogan: “Africa for Africans” and said Garvey was West Indian and shouldn’t use the phrase. Garvey didn’t hate whites he just wanted to separate from their injustice and get some economic power to insulate self from racism; whereas Dubois wanted to go to court and get a law to make whites love blacks. Garvey created the red, black and green flags we used to this day and had the first Miss black America pageants. They say Elijah Muhammad was a corporal in the UNIA and Malcolm X father was member leader of one of his branches in Michigan. Dubois hated Garvey with a passion and said in an article: “Lunatic or Traitor”. Garvey shot back: “Dubois is speculating as to whether Garvey is a lunatic or a traitor. Garvey has no such speculation about Dubois. He is positive that he is a traitor”. In 1924 Dubois was a traitor to one half part of his race =Garvey who was now in prison then deported. I wish Dubois wouldn‘t of came into contact with Garvey until 1934 when Dubois left the NAACP because he advocated black progress through self-segregation and economic advancement. He would have got along with booker T and Garvey. Dubois rejoined the NAACP in 1944, Garvey died in 1940 broke in London. Dubois asked Amy Garvey, the wife of Marcus for help in getting delegates to a Pan African Congress in 1944. Was this Dubois gesture of admitting he was wrong? The eminent Sociologist E. Franklin Frazier mirrored Garvey’s assessment of Dubois: “In the Souls of black folk we have a classic statement of a cultural hybrid with his double consciousness. On the one hand sensitive to every slight concerning the negro, and feeling on the other hand little kinship or real sympathy for the great mass of crude, uncouth black peasants with whom he was identified. For, in spite of the way in which Dubois having written concerning the masses he has no real sympathetic understanding of them. The souls of black folk is a masterly portrayal of Dubois soul and not a real picture of the black masses”. Was Dubois Double consciousness due to his double race of black and white. To be fair to Dubois I will quote from his book, the classic The Souls of Black Folk: “The negro is a sort of seventh son, born with a veil, and gifted with second sight in this American world-a world which yields him no true self-consciousness, but only lets him see himself through the revelation of the other world. It is a peculiar sensation, this double-consciousness, this sense of always looking at one’s self through the eyes of others, of measuring one’s soul by the tape; of a world that looks on in amused contempt and pity. One ever feels his two-ness-an American, a negro; two souls, two thoughts, two unrecognized strivings two warring ideas in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder. The history of the American negro is the history of this strife-thins longing to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his double self into a better and truer self…he simply wishes to make it possible for a man to be both a negro and American, without being cursed and spit upon by his fellows, without having the doors of opportunity closed roughly in his face”. Does this sound like a man trapped in two worlds of black and white blood in self or speaking for black America. Garvey made his own doors of opportunity like Booker T and didn’t care to be in bed with a white girl. Garvey was comfortable being dark skinned and booker T brown skinned. Dubois was light and **** near white and didn’t appreciate the self reliance booker T and Garvey wanted. To illustrate the point read this poem: Booker T & W.E.B By Dudley Randall “It seems to me”, said Booker T., “it shows a mighty lot of cheek To study chemistry and Greek When mister Charlie needs a hand To hoe the cotton on his land, And when Miss Ann looks for a cook Why stick your nose inside a book?” “I don’t agree”, said W.E.B. “If I should have the drive to seek Knowledge of chemistry or Greek, I’ll do it. Charles and Miss Ann can look Another place for hand or cook Some men rejoice in skill of hand, And some in cultivating land, But there are others who maintain The right to cultivate the brain”. “It seems to me”, said Booker T, “That all you folks have missed the boat Who shout about the right to vote, And spend vain days and sleepless nights In uproar over Civil Rights. Just keep your mouths shut, do not grouse But work, and save, and buy a house”. “I don’t agree”, said W.E.B “For what can property avail If dignity and justice fail. Unless you help to make the laws, They’ll steal your (draws) and house With trumped -up clause. A rope’s as tight, a fire as hot, No matter how much cash you’ve got Speak soft, and try your little plan But as for me, I’ll be a man”. “It seems to me”, said Booker T. “I don’t agree”, said W.E.B I love this binary battle. Past Future 1.Dubois (d.1963) Dubois spoke for the talented tenth (Cornel West/ Julian Bond) 2.Booker T (d.1915) T spoke for business class (Urban league/Sports/Arts) 3.Garvey (d.1940) Garvey spoke for the Black masses ( Louis Farrakhan) All three spoke for freedom, justice and equality and should have come together AS One on those principles but differed on how to achieve them. In America there are always these three type of men in our society . We should never try to imprison or harm each other just because we are on a different path towards manhood. Note: 1925 Garvey went to federal prison in Atlanta. President Coolidge communted garvey sentence in 1927 and was released and deported. He tried in vain to come back to America. He even pleaded to get medical care for diabetes but was denied. Garvey original came to America to replicate Booker T Washington school and business but ended up staying and creating the UNIA.