Omowale Jabali : From the Sons of God, to the Sons of Men

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  1. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    From the Sons of God, to the Sons of Men:
    ‘The Bible With Complexion’

    By Omowale Jabali

    © 2011

    Generation No. 1

    1. EVE1 She married THE GOD 'ATUM' ADAM.

    Notes for EVE:
    In the early centuries of the Christian church in the lands around the Mediterranean, the Gnostics, or “Knowing Ones,” developed ideas about the teachings of Christ and his disciples that were at variance with the more traditional forms of Christian thinking. Some Gnostics developed elaborate mythologies based on a fascination with the Old Testament Book of Genesis. An important concept among certain Gnostics was the idea that Eve wasn't simply the second human God created or Adam's mate, but actually the Mother of All of Creation, an illustrious and imminently important role that equaled Adam's position as the Father of Humankind. In the Gnostic culture, women were treated as equals of men. They were seen as spiritual beings as capable as men to receive holy teachings.

    According to modern scholars, Gnosticism, which emerged during the period in which traditional Christianity developed, includes numerous religious movements,. At first, what little was known about Gnostic beliefs was gleaned from the writings against heresies by the early Church fathers such as Clement, Origen, and Irenaeus. They saw many ideas originating within the Gnostic sects as heresies infecting Christian teaching. Another early church father, Tertullian (circa A.D. 155-A.D. 230), found it unbelievable that Gnostic sects allowed their women not only to discuss religion, but also to perform such functions as healing, baptizing, and exorcising that were normally performed by men in Christian communities.

    In 1945, a priceless collection of Gnostic documents unearthed by a peasant searching for fertilizer near Nag Hammadi, Egypt, enabled religious scholars to better understand some of the Gnostic beliefs and concepts. In the Bible, Eve is an exemplar of sexual temptation by Satan; in the culture of Gnosticism, Eve is portrayed as Barbelo, or emanation of the Godhead in its highest feminine aspect. other Gnostic texts refer to her as Mother of the Aeons. The Gnostics understood the meaning of aeon (Latin for “forever”) to be an emanation from the Godhead that had ennoea, or thought, as its own inner being.

    Included in the body of Gnostic literature that exists today is a controversial text entitled The Gospel of Mary [Magdalene], the only gospel named after a woman. Only fragments of the gospel survive — two third-century fragments in Greek and a fifth-century version in the Egyptian Coptic script.
    References to Barbelo, the Gnostic Eve, can be found in such texts as The Apocryphon of John, The Three Steles of Seth, The Thunder Perfect Mind, The Gospel of Judas, and The Gospel of the Egyptians, among others. In the Apocryphon of John (also called The Secret Book of John and The Secret Revelation of John), Eve, the Mother of All Living, is called Luminous Epinoia. She is the sacred light within and the spiritual capacity of humans to know God. Before the Trinity of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit became Church doctrine, sects of Gnostic Christians worshipped Luminous Epinoia. The Apocryphon of John proclaims that it is the Savior's teaching given to John, his disciple, and that the teaching reveals the mysteries which are hidden in silence. The Gnostics adhered to the idea that only through inner knowing could humans achieve salvation, and that inner knowing (gnosis) came about in silence.

    Source:

    The Esoteric Gnostic Fascination with Eve by Meera Lester

    Notes for THE GOD 'ATUM' ADAM:
    (1) There is/was/will be essence beyond Time's measure, but this cannot be called the Beginning, or even 'before the beginning', for Beginnings and befores began with Time.

    (2) Nun is the Egyptian name for the Abyss, the primal void. Isntisnt is the negation of the primal Mother Isis, a new 'non-entity' deifying Spare's 'Neither-neither' principle.

    (3) Atum is the creator deity of the Egyptian pantheon. In the earliest known texts Atum is referred to as 'that great He-She'. Hermaphroditic deities of other cultures and mythologies are here introduced as different masks or names for this One essence.

    (4) The great axiom of Hermes Trismegistus, 'As Above, so Below', or as A.O.Spare elucidated, 'As Within, so Without', is Now applied to Time as well as Space. The quantum theory of Morphogenetic Fields shows that anything significant that has occurred, has more likelihood of recurring in a new way than something totally 'new'.

    (5) In most versions of the Egyption creation mythos Atum created Tefnut and Shu, the first male and female, by masturbating, although this could be also interpreted as being the 'self-mated' One; Either way asexual. The creation of the first male and female is thus seen as being the root mythos of the Qabbalistic seperation of the one divine essence Kether into the masculine and feminine essences Chokma and Binah, or the taoist version of the creation of Yin and Yang from the Tao.

    The Hebrew name 'Adam' comes from 'Atum'. Atum became masculinized as the Red God of the Setting Sun in later Egyptian myths, so it is not surprising that this male bias remained in the tale of Adam and Eve, where Eve was said to have sprung from Adam's rib. 'Adam Qadmon' as the 'Perfect Man' is associated with Kether in Qabbala.

    (6) Atum as hermaphrodite was the deified representation of an original essence ultimately beyond gender and thus equally well represented as sexless, as is the 'babe in the egg', the undefined child Hoor-Paar-Kraat of our future 'Wordless Aeon.'

    (7) Ipsos is the Word of the future aeon of Maat, the Egyptian Goddess of Truth or Measure. It means 'By the same mouth' (from the Greek 'Ipse' and 'Sos'. Tefnut, the first female, was also sometimes called 'Mayet', The World Order - This was the earliest form of Maat. Shu, the first male, was said to be spat from the mouth of Atum, but as Shu is the God of Air or Life (Prana) this is probably just a metaphor for the first exhalation of Atum.

    While Tefnut/Mayet was said to have been ejaculated by Atum, that great He-She is in another myth equated with the cosmic serpent, as if Hir whole being was like a great phallus, thus it is 'the same mouth' which births/spits/ejaculates/breathes both Tefnut and Shu. This is the Mouth of the Cosmic Serpent and the Eye of the penis. The Eye being a symbol of the Kteis (vagina), Atum is thus the YoniLingam as represented by the Cornucopia -phallic in shape yet hollow- of abundance fromwhich everything comes.

    (8) The magickal energies of Horus and Maat form a double current in the present aeon. Mayet as the World Order (Maat is Goddess of Measure and the natural Balance) and Shu as the God of Air and Light (Air represents Horus in the Pentagrammaton aeonic formula, and he is also 'Lord of Force and Fire' as a Sungod -Light) are the earliest form of these twins. Their return in our present aeon suggests imminent reabsorption into the source, the end/beginning. On a personal level, the union of these currents within the initiate may allow them access, via atavistic resurgence, to our genetic memories of the source.

    (9) The World Order gave birth to Geb, the Earth, and Nu/Nuit, the Universe. Thus form began, and the Abyss (nothingness) was no longer everywhere.

    (10) Maya is the web of illusions in the Hindu tradition, the manifest universe, Lila the play of form.

    (11) The chopping up of the Babylonian Chaos Serpent Tiamat represents the onset of Time, as the division/ordering of reality into segments or periods, which was done by the sword (the elemental weapon of the air/mind) of the solar hero Marduk - the mental apprehension of the Sun's passage through the sky is used as a measure of cycles.

    (12) With the beginning of Time comes the Scribe, the recorder of history and cronology ('In the Beginning was the Word'). Language describes and thus earths the vision. Thoth, the Ibis-headed Scribe of the Egyptian pantheon, is thus sent to retrieve the Eye.

    (13) The reunion of the Hand and the Eye represents the manifestation of the vision. Atum has 'new eyes' because as the creator his perception is everything, and the Universe (Nu) of form has now been born.

    (14) The Ajna or third eye chakra is represented in many cultures as a serpent. The Egyptians symbolized it with the Uraeus, a cobra (which has an eye-like glyph on it's neck) from the forehead often worn on crowns and headresses.

    (15) With the advent of form and Reason -the Sun or Utchet Eye, Atum loses his Dreaming -the Moon or Wedjat Eye; His visions have manifested and are therefore no longer just dreaming but solid 'reality.' Without the daughter eye She-He becomes a He, even as Atum was masculinized into a Sun God in the later Egyptian texts. Atem is the Goddess of blood and periodicity. Thus during the dark of the Moon She disappears.

    In an Aeonic/historical perspective, this symbolizes the disappearance of the feminine from power in the outer structure and record of civilization during the Patriarchy.

    Later Egyptian myths tell of the Sun and Moon (right and left) Eyes of the Creator as the Eyes of Heru/Horus, thus Horus is an aspect of Atum, and by implication also originally hermaphroditic. Thus The Double-Wanded One, Heru-rAHA, contains Maat, (and viceversa as Mayet birthed the deities which later spawned Horus.) even as Her current exists within His aeon.

    (16) The Daughter Eye has become the Moon. Shu the Air-God seperated Geb and Nu as the atmosphere, thus allowing Life to exist.

    (17) Set tore out the left eye of Horus and cast it away. Set, as the God of Death, is the Egyptian analogue of Saturn and thus yet another Serpent of Cycles of Time. Thus the eye of the moon is cast beyond Time, which in our dreams is often absent or distorted.

    This disappearance is the monthly waning of the Moon to the Dark In the Greater Cycle, the replacement of the lunar cycles with the solar calendar at the advent of the patriarchy is suggested. Set as Time, ie. recorded His-story, left out/threw away the lunar/feminine aspect.

    (18) The Lord of Parts is the dismembered Osiris, the Egyptian Dying and Rising Lord, God of the Sun and the Underworld, whose Aeon was the Patriarchy whose cult of resurrection (Christianity) He represents. The Lovers of the Hawk are the Thelemic tribe who have inaugurated the Aeon of Horus and thus returned Osiris to the darkness. This is a reiteration of line 8 in Nema's ''Liber Pennae Praenumbra'' to provide a context for the following lines.

    (19) The pieces of the Wedjat Eye (Like the Utchet, the Wedjat contains a mathermatical formula by its division into parts - 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/16. 1/32, 1/64) are the phases of the Moon, which must now be gathered to return the dreams of our subconscious to the world of form on the full Moon. This occurs within the greater (aeonic) cycle too. Maat's function in our times is Balance -She represents the return of the feminine to the outer.

    (20) Nema's 'Liber Pennae Praenumbra'' ('The Foreshadowing of the Feather') begins with the line 'O Mother of the Sun,' the title of Maat as the Upper Air or Space. Infinite Stars and Infinite Space equals I.S.I.S. -the Star-Mother of the Egyptian pantheon who aeonically represents the Matriarchy.

    Nema's book has helped earth the current of the coming aeon into the present, so Maat now exists 'in our atmosphere', Shu, and is thus also 'Daughter of the Sun.' Maat's hieroglyph is the Feather. ('Daughter of the Sun' is also one of the names given to the feather-staff 'KiaQyl' by it's carver, Ra'en, who gave Hir to me during the transmission of this book.) Maat is the Daughter in the Aeonic formula of Pentagrammaton. As such, her Aeon represents the element of Earth, 'the Ma-nifestat-ion ('Ma' is Maat's title as the daughter, therefore Ma-ion = The Aeon of the Daughter) of Nuit', which according to Crowley, 'is at an end' (Liber AL, I 66) -the completion of the cycle is the reabsorption back to the source. (see 'Liber Pentagrammaton')

    (21) The Word of the Aeon of Maat, 'IPSOS' (which means 'by the same mouth') received by high priestess Nema, was breathed onto a feather in her 'Feather and Flame Rite.' This same feather was then used as a quill with which I tattooed the SwordQyl on my left wrist.

    A prophecy was fulfilled with the transmission of this book and the rituals involved: The Word IPSOS was inscribed in the 'living parchment' -the skin- of a priest of Maat, as foretold/reartold by Nema in 'Liber Pennae Praenumbra.' This was the first mark made with the sword-quill I first tattooed on my left wrist. Having married Maat (Truth) as the Godform of Thoth invoked during the ritual, the IPSOS starseed sigil was Her wedding gift to Him.

    Thus the Eye -Nema's vision- is retrieved, the prophecy fulfilled; ...Or the spell manifested, for I was inspired by Nema's work to do this ritual; - the duality of divination/conjuration is transcended in paradox.

    (22) In the ancient Egyptian mythos, Maat weighs the Heart of the deceased soul against the Feather of Truth.

    The sword -weapon of Horus as Air in the Pentagrammaton aeonic formula- is united with the feather as the symbol of Maat to become the quill which earths the visions of the mind (air/sword): Fight not the Universe with your hard blade of persistence; rather float on Her currents, light and fine -yet remaining sharp, an instrument of precision on it's natural path of flight.

    (23) 'Ink' is the Egyptian word for 'I Am.' Much of this book was received during the gradual ritual tattooing (with handheld featherquill) of this scribe's 'SwordQyl' tattoo, during which Thoth was invoked. As I 'inked' the ibis-heads on it's hilt, I chanted, 'Tahuti (Thoth) I invoke thee.' As the energy of the ibis-headed scribe began to fill my being, I began to chant 'Tahuti, Ink thee.' -With Him came the Egyptian scribe's love of wordplay and the pun.

    Another important aspect of the Egyptian word 'ink' is that it's tense is undefined. It can be interpreted in modern linear terms as 'I am', 'I was' or 'I will be'. Thus the Egyptian pantheon exists 'beyond time' and was/is/shall be all-ways accessible.

    Thoth is the consort of Maat, the Goddess of Truth, who Goes by the title 'She-Who-Moves' -The power of the Gods is in the Go-ing.

    (24) "True Will" is the union of the Horus and Maat currents within. For "Thelema" means "Will" and "Maat" is "Truth."

    (25) The spine of the quill is the shaft of the arrow, thus the staff which is the weapon of will.

    (26) Hermes -the Greek equivalent of Thoth -also 'marries truth' with this vow, which equates with the Hindu Boddhisattvic Vow (which is To not ascend from humanity until the species entire is ready to do so) because He knows the Whole Truth as a God Himself, yet is bound also to the realm of mortals, to Tell the Truth/ point the Way to others as Messenger and Guide.

    (27) Our individual perceptions are as varied as the way we appear to the perceptions of others. In a quantum multi-verse we each have our own (malleable) outer truths.

    (28) And yet one's words can be aught but forked, for they exist only in the realm of duality, the manifest world. Time is represented in almost every mythology of the World as a serpent.

    "All words are lies" -Crowley. He was lying -words may build a (rain-bow) bridge to other Worlds, for they are also expressions of Cannac/Chthonos, the (rain-bow) serpent of both matter and spirit.

    The triple-tongue is the form of the Hebrew letter Shin, which represents Spirit. There is essence beyond the capacity of language or sound to express, when as represented by the apex of a triangle a duality is transcended.

    (29) 'In the Beginning (there being no concept of 'beginning' 'before'/beyond the record of time) was the Word' -language as the documentation or CronoLogy (The Logos or Word of Cronos, the Greek Time-God) of events is the measure of Time, as spoken by the forked tongue of the Serpent of Time. The Beginning was Atum, thus the Word (creative force) 'In the Beginning' was In Atum. AHA is the mantra of the hermaphroditic One. Thus the double-wanded One is Heru-rAHA. The ah is the inhalation, the ha the exhalation. Hahu is another name of Shu, as Life, Light and Air.

    Tantrically the AHA mantra represents a balance of implosive (non-ejaculatory/circulatory, therefore 'inspirational') and explosive (ejaculation/ the 'little death', thus 'expiration.') orgasm. This is a reverse key to forwards and backwords movement in time/emit.

    (30) The All can never be fully expressed with language, thus the Quill/Pennae as the weapon of the Word can only point the Way.

    'The Way' is the Tao or Quintessence of pure spirit -"The Tao which can be spoken of is not the Tao" -Lao Tze Tung .

    For when, in a state of uncensored divinity, one proclaims, 'I am God' The reflection back in time is 'Dogma I'; One can only appear a Hierophant or Messenger with language, And not a God oneself.

    Thus is this the 'pen-ultimate' manifestation of the double current. The Quill can only point the Way: The Ultimate manifestation of the aeon of Maat, it's inauguration -which appears to us as its end because the current flows backwords in time- is the beginning of the 'Wordless Aeon', the Ultimate re-union -as represented by Hoor-Paar-Kraat/Harpocrat whose mudra is the Sign of Silence- of the double current back into the hermaphroditic/genderless source. Thus 'Liber Pennae' can never be Written, nor spoken; yet is, now and forever.

    (31) AHA, the mantra of the Double-Wanded One, is here expressed as the secretive murmur of a coming surprise. 'Sh' represents Harpocrat's Sign of Silence, a secret, and the letter Shin which represents spirit.

    (32) As the female/lunar current Maat is the feather in one of the dishes of the scales. This feather is united with the Sword of Horus as the masculine/solar current to create the central SwordQyl axis/ mast/ sushumna (spine) or fulcrum of the Scales, the dishes ofwhich thus hang from either side of the hilt of the Sword of Reason.

    (33) Again language as the record and thus measure of time: 'Oro-bouros', the Greek tail-biting (cyclical) equivalent of Tiamat, translates as 'golden serpent'.

    This has been ritually represented by this scribe riting with featherquill the text of this Liber on the scales of a seven-foot golden-brown snakeskin, which after skinning, tanning and inscribing I have wound and bound around KiaQyl, the pennae-staff (carved of 5000-yr-old hardwood) which I was given during the transmission of the book.

    (34) The Honey-Moon represents the time of ovulation, the honey being the elixir of this phase of the lunar/menstrual cycle, and the bee gynander one of the primary symbols of Maat and the hive-mind to come. Sekhmet, the Egyptian Lioness-Goddess of heat and sexuality, is the Goddess of the Honeymoon. Tefnut (Mayet) is also considered 'the leonine one' thus we have Sekh-Maat, the Goddess of the Lion and the Bee and a glyph of the double-current.

    Talam is the semen-honey. 'Lam' is an alien egregore who has contacted Crowley, Nema, Aossic, Staley and others; and is also the seed sound of the base chakra, to which the stellar energies of Sirius and Andromeda are earthed; It is also Tibetan for 'the Way', ie the Tao. Maat is also contained in this mantra. Talam = 81 = KSA, the Full Moon. The backwords reiteration 'Malat' suggests the backwards or inwards-turning passage of the waning Moon after this turning-point, and also the implosive or non-ejaculatory orgasm. It is also short for Malatan, menstrual blood, the elixir of Atem, the Goddess of periodicity. With the mantra Talat Malat, combined with various other techniques of gnosis, it is possible to invoke Atum and generate the Talam Malat -the combined elixir of both male and female secretions- on One's own, as Two-in-One. This is the sacred honey-moon gift of Maat and Thoth, the elixir with-which they inscribe the IPSOS sigil -the DNA of QNA or Aeonic Lemniscate.

    'Lamat' is a glyph from the Mayan calendar which represents 'the starseed', harmony and stellar consciousness. Thus the Talam may become the Starseed when via tantric techniques we channel information from Andromeda through Sirius.

    (35) Here are revealed the consecration rituals and the magickal tools thereof which heralded and celebrated this transmission: I internalized my staff several years ago, represented on the surface by the Caduceus Staff I tattooed on my right wrist - I am left-handed. The SwordQyl tattoo I also eventually did myself with my right-hand through a supreme effort of focused Will, becoming thus ambidextrous or double-wanded. This was possible with the appropriate use of feather-quill rather than tattoo-gun. The feather was thus held by my Caduceus Staff (right hand), in a 3-night balancing activity (activating my left-brain) - the rendering of the SwordQyl which is itself a symbol of Balance.

    During the same initiation period I received a new staff, carved by Ra'en from 5000-year old (carbon-dated) black hardwood. This staff told Ra'en its name is KiaQyl: from following the flow of the woodgrain, a flat ridged feather-shape emerged at its tip, a hoof at its base and seven half-formed snakes between. Ra'en carved the staff with both hands, which are the heads of two large black serpents tattooed down and around his arms and torso (in the Druidic tradition), The KiaQyl staff is thus sushumna. the spine around-which Ida and Pingala -the kundalini serpents of the right and left nadis- entwine. One of these was tattooed by me a year earlier (forwhich gift he gave me the staff), thus it was 'filled by the SwordQyl' before it had a manifest form.

    (36) Thus the sword-qyl and staff-qyl combine into the Arrow of Art, fledged with the feathers of Maat/Truth.

    Arrow of Art = Subconscious desire, intuitive creativity, 'True Will.' Will alone is thought-forms of unrealized desire. The Art or Temperance card of the Tarot is also suggested, as representing the second part of the alchemical formula 'Solve et Coagula.'

    The Aeon of Maat is the ma-nifestat-ion because as Truth it is the moment of real-ization. For nothing can stop the True Will from manifestation. Truth is ultimately timeless, thus can future dreams be brought into being via the faculty of ambition. So look to the Stars -we are they. The Arrow may pierce the Heart of Matter\Maya, the emptiness at the centre of the illusion of being. This is the silence, void or calm Eye at the centre of the aeonic cyclone. Thus the Eye (target/vision/Way) is the Tao.

    (37) The Heart is Tiphereth, the Death Daath/the Abyss and Hope the Star path to Kether

    (38) Qaneshentator is a Word of Power revealed to Nema, priestess of Maat. Like the stele of revealing, it equals 718. Now are further aspects of this Word revealed: When I was first dreamtracing the Eye-globe's passage, I was confused by the presence of Ganesha, the Vedic/Hindu elephant-headed God.

    Nevertheless, this vision persisted, so I included the vedic chant, 'Om Ganapati Namah' in my SwordQyl workings. Later reading up on this deity, I discovered he is actually the Scribe of the vedic tradition, thus the eastern equivalent of Thoth. Not only that, but He is responsible for the disappearance and return of the moon just as Thoth was sent forth to retrieve Atum's Eye.

    The word 'Qaneshantator', which also kept invading my psyche at this time, relates thus to the Q- uill of Ganesha. The suffix 'tator' is 'tarot' turned inside-out, even as the 'spokes of the Wheel (of tarot/rota) invert' in this sub-consciously-written verse. Qaneshantator contains the letters QNA, which equals 151, Coph Nia -the Eye of the Daughter, the 'inwards-turning eye' which is 'sucked up and into Ganesha's great trunk'; ie. contained within him. As 'Lord of the Categories' Ganesha has 32 different forms. The reflection/inversion of this is 23, the mysterious arcana 'beyond the cycles' of tarot/time.

    There are also a total of 32 paths and spheres on the Tree of Life (thus the Q in Qaneshantator also stands for Qabbala) ; the 33rd thus being the non-sphere Daath as the gateway to the Nightside of the Tree, the 23rd Arcana as the inversion of 32.

    (39) In his role of Scribe of the Gods Ganesha used his right tusk as His Quill. This tusk was hurled at the Moon when She laughed at His antics, banishing Her. On the other Gods' request He allowed Her to return, but since then She has waxed and waned (the crescent moon appears like a tusk). Even as Ganesha was informed to write the Words of the Gods only when He understood them fully, so has reading this tale at the appropriate time allowed me comprehension of Ganesha's relevance to this transmission.

    Another meaning of Ipsos is 'By the same bone'(/tusk/tooth). In the Hindu tradition Ganesha's quill banished the moon to darkness, then returned it, as does Thoth's quill in Egyptian mythology.

    The triple-tongue is the form of the Hebrew letter Shin, which represents both fire and spirit/ether. It's symbol is the tooth. Ganesha/Ganapati is often called 'One-Tooth'.

    The Trident of Shiva is also suggested, as Ganesha is Hir scribe even as Thoth is Atum's -for Shiva was also originally hermaphroditic.

    (40) Tahuti is another name of Thoth. By the same mouth, different versions of the same tales are told in different languages of different cultures and traditions-we are all connected by the Group Mind, Na'aton: Currently subconscious but awakening as the Moon (the subconscious mind/ dreams) returns to unite with the Sun (the conscious mind/ the manifest world) in the greater cycle also.

    (41) In the Hebrew alphabet, 10/Yod(I)/Hand + 70/Ain(O)/Eye =80/Pe/Mouth. The journey is written or The Vision Manifested -IO!

    (42) The Heart which the Feather of Truth is weighed against is the Chalice of Love, the Cup of Isis, the elemental tool of Water. The chalice is the symbol of the kteis/vagina, whose other major glyph is the Eye. Yet Eros/Cupid, the Greek God of Love, is the Archer, thus 'target and source' - For when your Will is True, there is no difference between the Universe and the Self.

    (43) The huntress/archer is Diana, the maiden (waxing) phase of the Greek triple-moon Goddess Hecate, whose number, like Qoph, is 100. 'Liber Qoph vel Hecate' is a new ritual of praise to the Moon, to balance Crowley's sun-salute, 'Liber Resh vel Helios'. Hecate's original form as the Egyptian Hekt was a frog, thus She who turns the wheel as Goddess of the Crossroads also leaps beyond the wheel on the dark moon.

    (44) The old Qabbalistic formula of Tetragrammaton, YHVH, as applied to the aeons and represented by the corresponding elemental tools.

    (45) The KiaQyl staff arrived the night I performed a version of Nema's 'Pan-Aeonic Vortex' ritual. Having existed through all the aeons dealt with, it became the perfect central 'mast' for the rite.

    Just as elemental correspondences to magickal tools and directions vary according to different sources and traditions, so are there many different historical/aeonic perspectives. The resultant confusion reveals and thus pierces the veil of illusion to the central source of Spirit.

    The Arrow from the Bow of Zos only pierces the Kia when it realizes That the target is also the source, that the Arrow is fledged with feathers from the wings which bear the Eye aloft, to which they thus return.

    Thus the orb is the egg of potential, wound around with the serpent of time, as all aeons and elements and the magickal tools thereof entwine the essence of spirit. Thus is the underlying formula of Pentagrammaton revealed -YHShVH, with spirit as the axis. (-see Liber Pentagrammaton.)

    (46) The Egg of potential cracks apart, The illusions of the world of form are shattered and there is nothing within but the arrow of the perciever, who then begins to recreate their reality from the shards of its previous form. The Egg seems whole again, as potential is recreated. The Abyss, and the quantum idea of the perceiver-created reality.

    (47) TheWedjat or Left Eye of Horus is made up of six pieces, each smaller than the last, forming the mathematical pattern of fractions: 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32, 1/64. This equates when assembled to 63/64, i.e. it approximates to one, the full moon.

    The Moth of the moon is the insectoid version of Thoth, with eyes on His wings.

    (48) Yet note the use of a word-pun to illustrate the point!

    (49) Kali is the Hindu Goddess of Time, the Kalas or Colours the emanations from Her womb. These form the rain-bow which the arrow pierces, so in the drawn Bow it has already reached its target and thus 'time stands still'.

    (50) The vision is grounded with Art/Language as represented by the Arrow/Quill.

    (51) In the formula of Pentagrammaton the Daughter takes the throne of the Father. But the Son must also attend to the Mother. We must heal and reconcile our relationships with our parents, on an aeonic as well as personal level. so as not to repeat their mistakes. The aeon of Isis (matriarchy) and the aeon of Osiris (patriarchy) should be philosophically and magickally apprehended so as we can progress.

    (52) Mayet, Measure or the World Order, is basically the balance of nature -thus Maat's scales. The natural justice of karma.

    (53) Eros, the Greek God of Love, is the Archer, even as the Chalice is the target.

    (54) The Zos, represented by the hand, is the individual self or the body, the Kia, represented by the eye, is the group mind, ether or 'atmospheric I'. They are reunited when the Eye returns to the Hand.

    Zos is also the magickal name of A.O.Spare, whose major magickal tool was the Quill. Thus his legacy and Will are continued via this scribe. The 'execution' of the Will is the Little Death or sex-magickal activation of sigils/hieroglyphs.

    (55) Immersion in A.O.Spare's Death Posture and the Osirian Corpse Asana initiated re-connection with the guide Black Eagle. Azoth is the black eagle in alchemy. A is the first letter in the Roman, Greek and Hebrew alphabets, Z, O and Th the last letter in each of these alphabets. Thus Azoth represents the first and the last, the beginning and the end, the source and the target; immortal continuity as expressed in Spare's Alpha-Omega evocation. Walla Warru is Australian Aboriginal (Central Uluru tribe) for eagle, a fact which I discovered after the fleeting spirit of a dead eagle itself had already revealed to me its name in a spontaneous funerary chant. The return to the shamanic Dreamtime is also suggested.

    The Black Goat is Pan Pangenitor, the All-Begetter, combined with Shub Niggurath (Female 'Black Goat with a Thousand Young' -abundant fecundity) of the Cthulhu Mythos, ritually symbolized in the physical temple with the skin of Mandrake, which like his departed soul is entwined with mine.

    Kanacheta is Ouranian barbaric for Baphomet, the hermaphroditic Horned One with face and legs of a black goat, breasts, torso and genitals of a hermaphoditic wo/man and wings of a black eagle.

    (56) Fourteen days is the period between dark moon and full moon. The Kingdom is Malkuth, the World of form.

    (57) ATU(cell)/Arcana 23 is added to Crowley's chart of Tarot/ Hebrew-alphabet correspondences in the Book of Thoth:

    The letter Shin appears twice in this table, its Fire aspect correlating with the Aeon/Judgement card. There are no correspondences given for its Spirit aspect, but this line is now filled: It is the 'Triple-Crown' rather than the 'Triple Tongue of Fire', the Crown being Kether or the Sahasrara. The number of the letter Qoph is 100, it corresponds to the Moon Card and the Back of the Head. The number of the letter Resh is 200, its card is the Sun and its symbol the (front of the) Head. 100 + 200 = 300, the value of Shin. As the Aeon card, this is the union of Horus and Maat. As the added ATU 23, it is pure spirit outside the cycle (beyond the wheel) of 0 the Fool back to 0 the Fool. It has no Title, being beyond words and names. It's glyph is the 8-spoked wheel of Spirit or the Sun and Moon glyphs conjoined.

    (58) The Forgotten Ones are primal atavistic entities which have been re-membered by Nema, Hollub and others.

    Iannu is the union of Abraxas (Ian) and Nuit (Nu). As such, S/He is the intersection of Chthonos (matter-energy) and Ycronos (time-space), as mapped out by the yearly passage of the sun (the Greek spell-ing of the name Abraxas is a grammatical equivalent of the 365 days) and the moon across the sky. S/he is the formula for grounding all time and space into the Here and Now.

    In Gematria, Iannu = 117, as does Qyl. Thus the Arrow of True Will and it's target, the Winged Eye, are equivalent and thus united. The glyph of Iannu as depicted by Allen Hollub is an eye appended with the male and female (Mars and Venus) symbols. The symbol of Sagittarius, the astrological archer, is also a composite of Mars and Venus symbols, thus again weapon and target are the same.

    Source:
    Liber Pennae Ultim-Atum
    The Commentary
    by Orryelle Bascule

    Child of EVE and THE ADAM is:
    2. i. THE GOD SET2 SETH.

    Generation No. 2

    2. THE GOD SET2 SETH (EVE1) He married AZURA.

    Notes for THE GOD SET SETH:
    Seth (Hebrew: ????, Standard Šet, Tiberian Še?; Arabic: ???? Shith or Shiyth; "Placed; appointed"), in Judaism, Christianity and Islam, is the third listed son of Adam and Eve and brother of Cain and Abel, who are the only other of their children mentioned by name. According to Genesis 4:25, Seth was born after the slaying of Abel by Cain, and Eve believed God had appointed him as a replacement for Abel.

    According to Genesis, Seth was born when Adam was 130 years old[1] "a son in his likeness and image."[1] The genealogy is repeated at 1 Chronicles 1:1-3. Genesis 5:4-5 states that Adam fathered "sons and daughters" before his death, aged 930 years. In Genesis 4:25, there is a folk etymology for Seth's name, which derives it from the Hebrew word for "plant" as in "plant a seed" (syt). Eve says, "God has planted another seed, under/replacing Abel's". Seth lived to the age of 912.[2]

    Book of JubileesThe Book of Jubilees also dates his birth to 130 AM.[3] According to the Book of Jubilees, in 231 AM Seth married his sister, Azura, who was 4 years younger than he was. In the year 235 AM, Azura gave birth to Enos.[3]

    In Jewish tradition
    Rashi (Rabbi Shlomo Yitzhaqi) refers to Seth as the ancestor of Noah and hence the father of all mankind, all other humans having perished in the Great Flood.

    In gnosticism, Seth is seen as a replacement given by God for Abel, whom Cain had slain. It is said that late in life, Adam gave Seth secret teachings that would become the kabbalah. The Zohar refers to Seth as "ancestor of all the generations of the tzaddikim" (Hebrew: righteous ones).[4]

    According to Seder Olam Rabbah, based on Jewish reckoning, he was born in 130 AM. According to Aggadah, he had 33 sons and 23 daughters. According to the Seder Olam Rabbah, he died in 1042 AM.

    In Islam
    Islamic tradition reveres Seth as the gift bestowed upon Adam after the death of Abel. Although not one of the prophets mentioned in the Qur'an, Muslims see Seth as a prophet like his father, and the one who continued teaching mankind after the death of Adam.[5] Islamic lore gives Seth an exalted position among the Antediluvian Patriarchs of the Generations of Adam, and some sources even cite Seth as the receiver of a scripture.[6] Islamic literature holds that Seth was born when Adam was past 100 and that, by the time Adam died, Adam had already made Seth the heir to him in guiding the "Children of Adam". Muslims hold that Seth was taught of the hours of day and night as well as of the Great Flood to come and was further taught to pray to God during the hours of the night. Islam, like Judaism and Christianity, traces the genealogy of mankind back to Seth, since Abel did not leave any heirs and Cain's heirs, according to tradition, were destroyed by the Great Flood.[7]

    Some Muslims believe that Seth's tomb is located in the village of Al-Nabi Shayth (literally meaning The Prophet Seth) where a mosque is named after him.

    In Josephus
    In the Antiquities of the Jews, Josephus refers to Seth as virtuous and of excellent character, and reports that his descendants invented the wisdom of the heavenly bodies, and built the "pillars of the sons of Seth", two pillars inscribed with many scientific discoveries and inventions, notably in astronomy. They were built by Seth's descendants based on Adam's prediction that the world would be destroyed at one time by fire and another time by global flood, in order to protect the discoveries and be remembered after the destruction. One was composed of brick, and the other of stone, so that if the pillar of brick should be destroyed, the pillar of stone would remain, both reporting the ancient discoveries, and informing men that a pillar of brick was also erected. Josephus reports that the pillar of stone remained in the land of Siriad in his day.

    William Whiston, a 17/18th century translator of the Antiquities, stated in a footnote that he believed Josephus mistook Seth for Sesostris, king of Egypt, the erector of the referenced pillar in Siriad (being a contemporary name for the territories in which Sirius was venerated (i.e., Egypt). He stated that there was no way for any pillars of Seth to survive the deluge, because the deluge buried all such pillars and edifices far underground in the sediment of its waters.

    In Christian tradition
    The 2nd century BC Book of Jubilees, regarded as non-canonical except by Coptic Christianity, says that in 231 AM Seth married his sister, Azura, who was 4 years younger than he was. In the year 235 AM, Azura gave birth to Enos.[3]

    Seth is commemorated as one of the Holy Forefathers in the Calendar of Saints of the Armenian Apostolic Church, along with Adam, Abel, and others, with a feast day on July 26. He is also included in the Genealogy of Jesus, according to Luke 3:23–28.[8]

    The name of one of the oldest deities of which we have any record is Set (Phoenician), [Egyptian] or Seth (Hebrew). Traces of this God are found in all oriental countries; and in the most primitive religions, whose traditions are still extant, he (or she) appears as the supreme God. After the subjection of Egypt by the stranger kings and the consequent introduction into the country of Sabianism, the dual creative force residing in the sun is represented by Seth. We are told that Seth signifies "appointed or put in the place of the murdered Abel."

    That there is some deep mystery connected with this subject none who has studied it carefully can help observing.

    According to the story of creation as set forth in the Jehovistic account, on Saturday night, after God had finished his work, and immediately after he had commanded Adam to "be fruitful," he presents him with a staff, which we observe is handed down to Enoch and all the patriarchs. Here the mystery deepens, for it is declared that this staff was presented so Seth, and that it was a branch of the Tree of Life.

    That beneath this allegory is veiled a contest, or perhaps a compromise, between the worshippers of two distinct sects, seems altogether probable. That the handing down of this branch of the Tree of Life, first to Adam, or man, by Aleim, and its subsequent transference to Seth, the God of Nature, the Destroyer or Regenerator, seems to indicate a victory for the adherents of a purer religion. The translator of Kallimachus says: "It is well known to the learned reader that the descendants of Cain are distinguished in Scripture by the name of the sons of man or Adam; those of Seth by the name of the sons of God." Gen. vi., 2.[85] It is stated in Julius Africanus that all the righteous men and patriarchs down to the Saviour himself have sprung from Seth and have been denominated as the sons of God in contradistinction to the sons of man.

    [85] Forlong, Rivers of Life, vol. i., p. 527.

    Doubtless at the time indicated by the transference of the creative agency from Aleim to Adam, the worship of an abstract principle, or of a Trinity composed of the powers of Nature, was losing its hold on the minds of the people, and the creative power, or the reproductive energy in human beings, was rapidly taking the place of the older Deity. These higher principles forgotten, Adam, or man, had become the Creator.

    It is not improbable that the terms Adam, Cain, Abel, and Seth have an esoteric meaning which for ages was known only to the priests. From various facts which in later times are being brought forward regarding the ancient myths of Genesis, it is believed that these names originally stood for races of men, and that subsequently certain religious doctrines came to be attached to them. The offering of fruit by Cain, the elder brother, who was a tiller of the ground, and that of flesh by Abel, who was a keeper of sheep, indicates a quarrel which ended in the death of the latter. After the death of Abel, or after one of these principles or sects was subdued, the older religion was revived, and Seth, as the Aleim, or as the creative power within the sun, was "appointed" or again worshipped.

    It would seem that Seth was appointed to represent the third person in the ancient Trinity–the Destroyer or Regenerator which had previously come to embody all the powers of the Creator and Preserver. The fact has been observed that the very ancient philosophers believed matter to be eternal, hence, seeming death, or destruction, was necessary to renewed life or regeneration. In other words, creation was but continuous change in the form of matter.

    Of the doctrines of the Sethians extant at the beginning of Christianity, Hippolytus says that their system "is made up of tenets from natural philosophers. These tenets embrace a belief in the Eternal Logos: Darkness, Mist, and Tempest." These elements subsequently became identified with the Evil Principle, or the Devil. The cold of winter, the darkness of night, and water, were finally set forth as the Trinity. Regarding cold, darkness, and water, or darkness, mist, and tempest, Hippolytus observes:

    "These the Sethian says are the three principles of our system; or when he states that three were born in paradise– Adam, Eve, the serpent; or when he speaks of three persons, namely, Cain, Abel, Seth, and again of three others, Shem, Ham, Japheth; or when he mentions three patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob; or when he speaks of three days before the sun, etc."

    The same writer says that their entire system is derived from the ancients; that, antecedent to the Eleusinian mysteries, were enacted by them the ceremonies connected with the worship of the Great Mother.[86]

    [86] Hippolytus, Refutation of all Heresies, book v., ch. 15.

    We have observed that through some process not thoroughly understood at the present time, the adherents of the older faith had succeeded in reinstating their Deity. The powers of Nature had come to be represented by Typhon Seth. It was the God of Death and of Life, of Destruction and Regeneration. The simoom of the desert and the cold of winter were Seth, as were also the genial powers of Spring. We are informed by various writers that Typhon Seth was feminine. She was the early God of the Jews. In other words, the Jews were formerly worshippers of a female Deity. Jehovah, Iav, was originally female.

    Although the secret meaning of all the allegories contained in the Old Testament is not fully understood, still the belief that Cain, Abel, and Seth represented the self-triplicated Deity at a time when the idea of man as a creator had been accepted, or when his power to reproduce was becoming the highest idea of a creative force, is consistent with what is known of the Cabala of the Jews, or of the esoteric meaning of the Jewish scriptures formerly known only to the priests. In other words, the ancient doctrines, the true meaning of which was no longer understood by them, were patched together as a basis for the later developments in Jewish religious experience.

    We have seen that six hundred years after Adam appears Noah, another self-triplicated Saviour or preserver of man, with his ark or seed vessel, beneath which is veiled the female element. Afterward Abraham becomes the Great Father or Saviour, and later Moses. That, in the time of the latter, the more ancient worship of a creative force in Nature represented by the Aleim, had, by the masses of the people, been wholly lost, is evident from the Old Testament writings. The worship of the Father, the male power, in opposition to that of the Mother, or the female power, constituted the religion of Moses. In the religion of the Jews, Jehovah came to be regarded as wholly male and as spirit, while Edam (translated "downward tending"), the female principle, was matter, or woman, which finally became identified with the Devil.

    The philosophical doctrine that spirit is evolved through matter, or that matter must be raised to a certain dynamical power before spirit can manifest itself through it, was no longer understood; only the husks of this doctrine –the myths and symbols of Nature-worship–remained; these were taken literally, and thus man's religion was made to conform to his lowered estate.

    When man had so far gained the ascendancy over woman as to assert that he is the sole Creator of their joint offspring, he was no longer of the earth earthy, but at once became the child of heaven. He was, however, bound to earth through his association with matter, or with woman, from whom he was unable to free himself. The "sons of God" were united "to the daughters of man." Jahvah, the "God of hosts," who was revengeful, weak, jealous, and cruel, was worshipped in the place of Aleim the great dual force throughout Nature. The ethereal, spiritual male essence resided somewhere in the heavens and created from afar, while the earth (female) furnished only the body or material substance.

    In the history of the god Seth is to be found a clue to the way in which the sublime and philosophical doctrines of the ancients, after their true meaning was forgotten, were finally changed so as to conform to the enforced humiliation and degradation of women.

    Seth or Typhon was for ages worshipped throughout Egypt, and as she comprehended the powers of Nature, or the creative energy residing in the sun and earth, little is heard of any other god. Strange it is, however, that Seth is worshipped more in her capacity as Destroyer than as Regenerator. So soon as we understand the origin and character of the Devil, and so soon as we divest ourselves of the false ideas which under a state of ignorance and gross sensuality came to prevail relative to the "powers of darkness," we shall perceive that his (or her) Satanic majesty was once a very respectable personage and a powerful Divinity–a Divinity which was worshipped by a people whose superior intelligence can scarcely be questioned. Regarding this subject Higgins remarks:

    "Persons who have not given much consideration to these subjects will be apt to wonder that any people should be found to offer adoration to the evil principle; but they do not consider that, in all these recondite systems, the evil principle, or the Destroyer, or Lord of Death, was at the same time the Regenerator. He could not destroy but to reproduce, and it was probably not till this principle began to be forgotten, that the evil being, per se, arose; for in some nations this effect seems to have taken place. Thus Baal-Zebub is, in Iberno Celtic, Baal Lord, and Zab Death, Lord of Death; but he is also called Aleim, the same as the God of the Israelites; and this is right, because he was one of the Trimurti or Trinity.

    "If I be correct respecting the word Aleim being feminine, we here see the Lord of Death of the feminine gender; but the Goddess Ashtaroth or Astarte, the Eoster of the Germans, was also called Aleim. Here again Aleim is feminine, which shows that I am right in making Aleim the plural feminine. Thus we have distinctly found Aleim the Creator (Gen. i., 1), Aleim the Preserver, and Aleim the Destroyer, and this not by inference, but literally expressed."[87]

    [87] Anacalypsis, ch. ii., p. 66.

    At one period of their history the Hebrews worshipped Ashtaroth and Baal, they together representing the great Aleim, the indivisible God, but after the Israelites had chosen the worship of the male principle as an independent deity, or as the only important agency in the creative processes, as Baal might not be represented aside from his counterpart Ashtaroth, he was no longer adored but came to stand for something "approaching the Devil." Forlong has observed the fact that, although in Hebrew Baal is masculine, in the Greek translations he is feminine both in the Old and New Testaments.[88]

    [88] Forlong, Rivers of Life, p. 223.

    Jehovah was originally female, so, also, was Netpe the Holy Spirit of the Egyptian Tree of Life. We are given to understand that Netpe was the same as Rhea, the partner of Sev or Saturn, and that her hieroglyphic name was "Abyss of Heaven." Osiris was the son of this goddess who was really a Mai or Mary, the Celestial Mother, he being the only God of the Egyptians who was born upon this earth and lived among men. Of this Forlong remarks: "His birthplace was Mount Sinai; called by the Egyptians Nysa, hence his Greek name Dionysos."

    As the Palm was the first offering of Mother Earth to her children, so Osiris was the first offspring of the Egyptian Celestial Virgin to mankind. He was the new sun which through the winter months had been "buried," but which in process of time arose to gladden all the earth. He was also the new Sun of Righteousness which was to renew the world, or redeem mankind from sin.

    The female principle for the time being cast out of the Deity, Osiris, the male element, now outwardly assumes the position of supreme God. It was, however, reserved for a later and more sensuous age to permanently adopt an absurdity so opposed to all established ideas relative to a creative force in Nature and in man. Seth, the Destroyer, had been deposed, but, so deeply rooted in the human mind had become the idea of a female Creator, that Isis, the Queen of Heaven, a somewhat lower conception of Muth, or of universal womanhood, soon assumed the place of Seth beside Osiris. Later in the history of Egypt, when the gods have become greatly multiplied, and the original significance of the deity obscured, Horus, the child and the third member in the later Egyptian triad, not unfrequently appears in her place as one of the eight great gods.

    The fact is observed that the history of Osiris is not alone the "history of the circle of the year, or of the sun dying away and resuscitating itself again, but that it is also the history of the cycle of 600." It has been said that of the component elements of his hieroglyphical name, Isis is the first, and that the name Osiris really signifies the "Eye of Isis."

    According to Plutarch, Isis and Muth are identical, but from the evidence at hand it is plain that Muth comprehends divine womanhood, or the female principle as it was regarded at an earlier stage of human growth. Muth is not only the parent of the sun, or the force which produces the sun, but she is also Wisdom, the first emanation from the Deity, at the same time that she comprehends all the possibilities of Nature. Isis seems to represent the Deity at a time when the higher truths known to a more ancient people were beginning to lose their hold upon the race.

    Renouf informs us that the word Maat, or Muth, means Law, "not in that forensic sense of command issued either by a human sovereign authority, or by a divine legislator, like the laws of the Hebrews, but in the sense of that unerring order which governs the universe, whether in its physical or its moral aspect."[89] The same writer observes further that Maat "is called mistress of Heaven, ruler of earth, and president of the nether world," and in a further description of the conception embodied in this Deity, refers to the fact that while she is the mother of the sun she is also the first emanation from God.

    [89] The Religion of Ancient Egypt, p. 126.

    Although Typhon Seth was long worshipped as the sole Deity in Egypt, in later ages the god-idea came to be represented by Seth and Osiris. Toward the close of Typhon Seth's reign, Horus, the child, the young sun, was represented "as rising from his hiding-place, attracting beneficent vapors to return them back as dews, which the Egyptians called the tears of Isis."

    Seth and Osiris represent a division of the Deity. Osiris, as the sun, represents heat; as man, or as god, he stands for desire. Seth or Typhon stands for the cold of winter, the simoom of the desert, or the "wind that blasts." Seth, Osiris, and Horus constitute a Trinity of which Muth is the Great Mother. Finally, with the gradual ascendancy of male influence and power, it is observed that Seth appears as the brother of Osiris.

    It is the opinion of Bunsen that the fundamental idea of Osiris and Set was "not merely the glorification of the sun, but was also the worship of the primitive creative power."[90] But, as in Egypt the creative agency was regarded as both female and male, the former being in the ascendancy, this fact of itself would seem to determine the sex and position of Seth.

    [90] History of Egypt, vol. iv., p. 319.

    In the ideas concerning Seth and Osiris may be observed something of the manner in which the fructifying agencies of the sun and the reproductive power in human beings were blended and together worshipped as the Deity; while through the history of these gods are to be traced some of the processes by which the idea of the Creator was changed from female to male.

    In all countries, at a certain stage in the history of religion, the transference of female deified power to mortal man may be observed. In the attempt to change Seth or Typhon into a male God may be noted perhaps the first effort in Egypt to dethrone, or lessen the female power in the god-idea.

    The fact seems plain that the Great Typhon Seth, or Set, who conferred on the sovereigns of the eighteenth and nineteenth dynasties of Egypt "the symbols of life and power," was none other than the primitive Regenerator or Destroyer, who was for ages worshipped as the God of Nature the Aleim, or the life-giving energy throughout the universe.

    We have observed that when the profound principles underlying the most ancient doctrines had been lost or forgotten, and when through the decay of philosophy, and through the stimulation of the sensual in human nature, mankind had lost the power to reason abstractly, Destruction, which was symbolized by darkness or the absence of the sun's rays, finally became the evil principle, or the Devil. Darkness and cold, which had formerly been worshipped as the powers which brought forth the sun, or as mother of the sun, in process of time became the agency which is ever warring with good and which is constantly destroying that which the latter brings forth.

    We are informed by Forlong that "some derive our term Devil from Niphl or Nevil, the wind that blasts or obstructs the growth of corn; and it used sometimes to be written th' evil, which is D'evil or Devil."

    It was "this Dualistic heresy which separated the Zend or Persian branch of the Aryans from their Vedic brethren, and compelled them to emigrate to the westward."[91]

    [91] See Rawlinson, Notes on the Early History of Babylon.

    The ancient philosophical truth that matter is eternal, and that the destruction of vegetable life through the agency of cold was one of the necessary processes of re-generation, or the renewal of life, had evidently been lost sight of at the time when Seth was dethroned in Egypt. Wilkinson informs us that "both Seth and Osiris were adored until a change took place respecting Seth, brought about apparently by foreign influence." Sethi or Sethos, a ruler whose reign represents the Augustan age of Egyptian splendor, received his name from this Deity. It is said that during the twentieth dynasty Seth is suddenly portrayed as the principle of evil "with which is associated sin." Consequently all the effigies of this great Goddess were destroyed and all her names and inscriptions "which could be reached" were effaced.

    Bunsen tells us that Schelling, who has made a study of Egyptian mythology, although totally ignorant of the later historical facts which by means of hieroglyphical monuments have been obtained, had arrived at the conclusion that Seth had occupied an important position in the Deity down to the fourteenth century B.C. "Schelling had on mere speculative grounds been brought to lay down as a postulate that Typhon, at some early period, had been considered by the Egyptians as a beneficent and powerful God."

    Wilkinson says that the character given to Seth, who was called Baal-Seth and the God of the Gentiles, "is explained by his being the cause of evil." We are assured that formerly "Sin the great serpent, or Apophis the giant, was distinct from Seth who was a deity and a part of the divine system. But after the recondite principles underlying sun-worship were lost or forgotten; when cold and darkness, or the sinking away of the sun's rays, which are necessary to the reappearance of light and warmth, came to be regarded as the destructive element, or the evil principle, woman became identified with this principle. She was the producer of evil, and came to be represented in connection with a serpent as the cause of all earthly or material things. She is Destruction, but not Regeneration. She is in fact matter. The cold of winter and the darkness of night, which are necessary to the return of the sun's warmth and which were formerly set forth as a beneficent mother who brings forth the sun, became only the evil principle–that which obscures the light. In fact Darkness or absence of the sun's heat has become the Devil. It is the "cause of evil in the world."

    With woman blinded by superstition, with every instinct of the female nature outraged, and with her position as the central figure in the Deity and in the family usurped, her temples were soon profaned, her images defiled, and the titles representing her former greatness transferred to males.

    There is no doubt but this doctrine was the legitimate outcome of the decay of female influence. Through the further stimulation of the lower nature of man its absurdity gradually increased, until under the system calling itself Christian it finally reached its height. This subject will be referred to later in these pages.

    When we remember that the original representation of the Deity among the nations of the earth consisted of a female figure embracing a child, and when we observe that subsequently in the development of the god-idea woman appears associated with a serpent as the cause of evil in the world, the history of the God Seth, who, as we have seen, represented the processes of Nature, namely Destruction and Regeneration, seems quite significant as indicating some of the actual processes involved in this change.

    There can be little doubt that the facts relating to this Deity indicate the source whence has sprung the great theological dogma underlying Christianity, that woman is the cause of evil in the world.

    This above section was created by Philipp Lenssen. Source: Burt Gamble, Eliza, God Idea of the Ancients or Sex in Religion 1897.
    The Gods of the Phoenicians also Kings of Atlantis

    Not alone were the gods of the Greeks the deified kings of Atlantis, but we find that the mythology of the Phoenicians was drawn from the same source.

    For instance, we find in the Phoenician cosmogony that the Titans (Rephaim) derive their origin from the Phoenician gods Agrus and Agrotus. This connects the Phoenicians with that island in the remote west, in the midst of ocean, where, according to the Greeks, the Titans dwelt.

    According to Sanchoniathon, Ouranos was the son of Autochthon, and, according to Plato, Autochthon was one of the ten kings of Atlantis. He married his sister Ge. He is the Uranos of the Greeks, who was the son of Gaea (the earth), whom he married. The Phoenicians tell us, "Ouranos had by Ge four sons: Ilus (El), who is called Chronos, and Betylus (Beth-El), and Dagon, which signifies bread-corn, and Atlas (Tammuz?)." Here, again, we have the names of two other kings of Atlantis. These four sons probably represented four races, the offspring of the earth. The Greek Uranos was the father of Chronos, and the ancestor of Atlas. The Phoenician god Ouranos had a great many other wives: his wife Ge was jealous; they quarrelled, and he attempted to kill the children he had by her. This is the legend which the Greeks told of Zeus and Juno. In the Phoenician mythology Chronos raised a rebellion against Ouranos, and, after a great battle, dethroned him. In the Greek legends it is Zeus who attacks and overthrows his father, Chronos. Ouranos had a daughter called Astarte (Ashtoreth), another called Rhea. "And Dagon, after he had found out bread-corn and the plough, was called Zeus-Arotrius."

    We find also, in the Phoenician legends, mention made of Poseidon, founder and king of Atlantis.

    Chronos gave Attica to his daughter Athena, as in the Greek legends. In a time of plague be sacrificed his son to Ouranos, and "circumcised himself, and compelled his allies to do the same thing." It would thus appear that this singular rite, practised as we have seen by the Atlantidae of the Old and New Worlds and the red men of America, dates back, as we might have expected, to Atlantis.

    "Chronos visits the different regions of the habitable world."

    He gave Egypt as a kingdom to the god Taaut, who had invented the alphabet. The Egyptians called him Thoth, and he was represented among them as "the god of letters, the clerk of the under-world," bearing a tablet, pen, and palm-branch.

    This not only connects the Phoenicians with Atlantis, but shows the relations of Egyptian civilization to both Atlantis and the Phoenicians.

    There can be no doubt that the royal personages who formed the gods of Greece were also the gods of the Phoenicians. We have seen the Autochthon of Plato reappearing in the Autochthon of the Phoenicians; the Atlas of Plato in the Atlas of the Phoenicians; the Poseidon of Plato in the Poseidon of the Phoenicians; while the kings Mestor and Mneseus of Plato are probably the gods Misor and Amynus of the Phoenicians.

    Sanchoniathon tells us, after narrating all the discoveries by which the people advanced to civilization, that the Cabiri set down their records of the past by the command of the god Taaut, "and they delivered them to their successors and to foreigners, of whom one was Isiris (Osiris), the inventor of the three letters, the brother of Chua, who is called the first Phoenician."1

    Notes for AZURA:
    The name Azura the sister/wife of Set means ‘blue’ as in ‘blue sky’ or heavens.

    Azur: Female Persian name meaning "blue"

    Azura: Female Persian name meaning "blue"

    The sky is called Nut in Egypt :

    The sky goddess whose arched body formed the vault of heaven gave birth to the sun each dawn and swallowed him each dusk; conversely, she bore the myriad stars each evening and gobbled them up each dawn.

    The help was the word Azar and the meet was also the word Azar. This word is intensified when it is doubled although they leave that out in the Concordance renderings. When speaking about Chavvah the ‘mother of all living’ as she is called by Adam her husband. She is referred to as Azar-Azar.

    In the extra-biblical literature Enosh mother is Azura, his sister who coincidentally is named after her mother’s role as Azar-Azar, helpmeet and binder, defender and protector in the Garden.

    Azura means blue sky …but also relates to the mother of all living and her role in the garden for the man. Azura was [said to be] the daughter of Eve and wife of Enosh and that same name can also mean Fire.

    But, what are the Hebrew words for Blue sky? Here the Hebrew word is suppose to be [email protected] {tek-ay'-leth} because of the blue dye found in a snail in the Indian Ocean , but that seems a bit circuitous. That word references a Cerulean purple color and not blue, but the prime root word is [email protected] {shekh-ay'-leth} which relates to incense from India called onycha.

    Then we get to the root word: shachal {shakh'-al} which is defined as a black lion [Syrian]. We never get to the color blue that was the color of the sky first heaven, but we get a black purple reference for the sky which can only be the night or the distant vault of the heavens. That was also represented by Nut in Egypt.

    "The word for Sky or Heavens in Hebrew is: Shamayim {shaw-mah'-yim} dual of an unused singular Shameh {shaw-meh'} which means firmament or vault over the globe of earth. "

    The Egyptian iconic image is this, a dark blue-black woman with a body of stars or Kohab.

    Black Lion: In some cosmologies Leo, the lion is associated with the classical element Fire, and thus called a Fire Sign. Azura is also the name for Fire.

    There it is the ‘Vault of Heaven’ the same symbolism as 'Nut' in Egypt. Here is further extra-biblical proof Seth’s wife and her name Azura is an astrological reference that can be traced to Egypt.

    Habar {haw-bar'} which they call: a primitive root of uncertain derivation, is related to the Heavens and those who plot them called astrologers or those who divide the heavens into quadrants.

    So, the Hebrew reference for the word Azura rendered ‘Blue Sky’ is actually the same as the Black Vault in the Heavens that is the realm of the astrologers. Her name is an astrological reference. How does Azura the night sky relate to Set?

    Set is the god or neteru of the night and Azura is the night sky. What is the Astrological or Astro-theological reference?

    Yet, Set was thought to be a follower [as night follows day] of Ra [Day/Sun]. It was he who defended the Solar Barque each night as it traveled through the underworld, the only Egyptian deity who could kill the serpent Apep - Ra's most dangerous enemy - each night as it threatened to swallow the Barque [Ark].

    Then Set, the strong one, the son of Nut, said "As for me, I am Set, the strongest of the Divine Company. Every day I slay the enemy of Ra when I stand at the helm of the Barque of Millions of Years, which no other god dare do."[3]

    M’azzar’oth meaning "From the night skies" [with a feminine plural ending OT]. ‘M’ is the prefix from in Hebrew and ‘son’ in Egyptian and west African languages..

    So, that would leave the word 'azzar/azar' the OT is a feminine ending and the M means son. Azar meaning the helper and the vault in heaven.

    The meaning of the word Mazzaroth has been in contention for some hundreds of years as the scarce but, adequate literature confirms. Traditional sources generally interpret the word as meaning constellation, though usually understood in the plural, constellations; where others agree it specifically refers to the zodiac and possibly the planet ‘Venus’

    Leo: It is the domicile of the Sun. The Egyptian pharaoh Nechepso, and his priest Petosiris, taught that at the creation of the world the Sun rose here near Denebola, and hence Leo was Domicilium Solis, the emblem of fire and heat, and the "House of the Sun".

    House of the Sun is Heliopolis and also relates to Zion in Israel .

    However, for those with an enquiring desire for the esoteric elements of the mystery of the M’azzar’oth, much will be revealed and certain elements of truth will not be lost, but remain for all generations : even as the author of the Book of Job intended, for the things which are revealed are ours and our children's forever [Deuteronomy 29:29].

    According to the ancient Hebrews, the names of the constellations, figures and the signs of the ancient zodiac were given by Yahweh (the unutterable name of God) from the beginning of creation; however as it has been known to happen, certain etymological meanings and roots have eroded throughout time, with the ancient Hebrew language undergoing numerous changes and modifications in its history.[4]

    Again: M’Azzar’oth contains the word Azzar or Azar meaning helper or comforter and the "Feminine One" who is the covering and alludes to the vault of heaven as we have shown or the Egyptian iconographic image of Nut the vault over the sky.

    See artistic depiction of Nut [Sky] and Geb [Earth] with his penis pointed at her navel.

    M’ azzar’ oth means: From the ‘helping one/feminine’ in the Heavens. Set was a God of the night sky, storms and earthquakes.

    He was strongly worshipped in Upper Egypt and the Delta. His birthday was celebrated at the end of the year. [see Dec 25th].

    Description: “In early times Set was worshipped as the god of wind and the desert storms, and prayed to that he would grant the strength of the storms to his followers. Although he was always a dark and moody god, he was believed to be the ally of his brother and sister, Osiris and Isis, the counterpart to his sister-wife Nephthys, and the defender of their father, Ra.[5]

    Seth was called the seed of his mother. The variant spelling of the name is Sheth, Shethar {shay-thawr'} which is Persian for the word ‘star’ found in the book of Esther 1:14, which is the 7 princes of the Medo-Persian empires which references the belt of Orion or 7 stars in his belt.

    See Orion over Giza [next]

    Shethar Bowzanay {sheth-ar' bo-zen-ah'-ee} is called the star of Splendor a prince of Persia . Ezra 5:3, 6:6

    So we can say that Seth or Sheth is another word for Star in another language other than Hebrew, although it is used in the bible but said it is of unknown derivation by the Concordance people.

    Now the Hebrew word for Star is kowkab {ko-kawb'} from the root: To burn and to hollow, to trace or excavate, like a window or aperture or hole to bore through.

    Although the meaning may escape the Concordance people it is obvious to me, the stars in the night sky look as though they are holes in a cloth or blanket in which light shines through. This is also to the word for stargazer or seer. Even the American Algonquin Indians understood the simplicity of it all.

    7 stars of Orion

    "Long ago, the Indians believed the departed left this world and their spirits went to the happy hunting grounds in the sky. At night, the Great Spirit would draw a blanket over the sky to make it dark. The Indians believed the points of light seen in the blanket were holes made by the spirits as they passed through the blanket on their way to the happy hunting grounds. Some of the holes were large, making bright points of light, while others were so small they were hardly visible. The Indians thought that the size of the hole had nothing to do with how powerful a chief the person had been, or how large his land was, or how many enemies he had killed in battle, but instead was larger for the number of good deeds and acts of kindness the departed had done throughout his life."[6]

    Let’s put a conclusion on this short essay by looking at the scriptures in Genesis 4:25-26 in a new light:

    And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For Elohim [plural/nerteru], said she, hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew.

    And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos [synonym for Adam or man]: then began men to call upon the name of the Lord or call themselves by the name of the Lord.

    To summarize our initial scripture and put it in context of the Egyptian Creation story of the heavens and stars reinterpreted into man and mankind by the Hebrews.

    "Genesis 4:25 And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth [appointed]: For Elohim [the many], said she [life], hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew."

    "Genesis 4:26 And to Seth [appointed], to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon the name of the LORD."

    Here is the summary to Genesis 4

    25"And mankind/male and female knew and understood and was initiated by this; and she bare a class of guild of men/women and call them by the name of the [son] of the night sky. For the attributes of the One God and she [life] hath appointed me another seed [That from which anything springs; first principle; original; source] instead of the vapor/spirit, whom the man of the Lord slew.

    26 "[Seth] the son of the night sky, the seed of the mother of all living [Eve], who was married to his sister/wife [Azura] the ‘vault of heaven’ that held the stars out on a blanket, the protector, gave birth to son or class/guild/order of men/stargazers [Enosh]. Then they [the sons of Enoshian class] men began to call on the attributes of name LORD/God/Elohim."

    Child of THE SETH and AZURA is:
    3. i. ENOSH3.

    Generation No. 3

    3. ENOSH3 (THE GOD SET2 SETH, EVE1) He married NOAM.

    Notes for ENOSH:
    [Stem of the House of Connor.FTW]

    Enos or Enosh (Hebrew: ???????, Standard Enoš, Tiberian 'Enôš; "mortal man"; Ge'ez: ??? Henos), in the Book of Genesis of the Hebrew Bible, is the first son of Seth who figures in the Generations of Adam, and consequently referred to within the genealogies of Chronicles, and of Genealogy of Jesus according to Luke 3:38.

    According to Genesis, Seth was 105 years old when Enos was born[1] (but the Septuagint version gives 205 years[2]), and Seth had further sons and daughters. He was the grandson of Adam and Eve (Genesis 5:6-11; Luke 3:38). According to Seder Olam Rabbah, based on Jewish reckoning, he was born in 235 AM. According to the Septuagint, it was in 435 AM.

    Enos was the father of Kenan, who was born when Enos was 90 years old[3] (or 190 years, according to the Septuagint). According to the Bible he lived 905 years.

    "Call upon the name of the Lord"Genesis 4:26 says that "at that time men began to call upon the name of the Lord". In giving a meaning to the statement, commentators have proposed that it means either (1) then began men to call themselves by the name of the Lord (marg.) i.e., to distinguish themselves thereby from idolaters; or (2) then men in some public and earnest way began to call upon the Lord, indicating a time of spiritual revival.

    The traditional Jewish interpretation of this verse, though, implies that it marked the beginning of idolatry, i.e. that men start dubbing "Lord" things that were mere creatures. This is because the previous generations, notably Adam, had already "begun calling upon the name of the Lord", which forces us to interpret ???? huchal not as "began" but as the homonym "profanated". In this light, Enosh suggests the notion of a humanity (Enoshut) thinking of itself as an absolute rather than in relation to God (Enosh vs. Adam).

    In Christianity
    According to the Book of Jubilees (4:11-13) in the Ethiopian Orthodox Bible, Enos was born in 235 AM, and "he began to call on the name of the Lord on the earth." He married his sister, No'am, and she bore him Kenan in the year 325 AM. Ethiopian Orthodox tradition considers him a "faithful and righteous servant of God", and further credits him with the introduction, following a divine revelation, of the Ge'ez alphabet in its original, consonant-only form, "as an instrument for codifying the laws".[4]

    Enos is commemorated as one of the Holy Forefathers in the Calendar of Saints of the Armenian Apostolic Church, with a feast day on July 30. He is also included in the Genealogy of Jesus, according to Luke 3:23–28.[5]

    E’nosh was the son, brought forth by Seth, who was brought forth by Eve or Chavvah, the ‘mother of all living’ as a replacement for the slain Abel or Hevel. [Hebel] Abel of Ay-bel means breath or vapor. It can also mean vanity or something transitory and unsatisfactory. Cain the slayer of Abel or the breath or vapor means: The boy's name Cain/Cain is pronounced Kayin. It is of Hebrew origin, and its meaning is "something produced; spear". The spear is usually a phallic reference a weapon of authority in battle and genetics. See Baruch - to praise also a spear. The Hebrews understood that 'praise' or Baruch [Baruch Atah Adonai Elyohenu Melek Ha Olam] was the first go up in battle, so Judah went first. The tribe of Judah were probably the spearmen as well as singers.

    Seth or Shet (Hebrew: ????, Standard Šet, Tiberian Še?; Arabic: ??? Shith or Shiyth; "Placed; appointed"), in the Book of Genesis of the Hebrew Bible, is the third listed son of Adam and Eve and brother of Cain and Abel and is the only other son mentioned by name.

    According to Genesis 4:25, Seth was born after the slaying of Abel by Cain, and Eve believed God had appointed him as "replacement" for Abel "because Cain killed him"...According to the Book of Jubilees, Seth married his younger sister Azura, was 105 when his son Enos was born, and died at the age of 912.[2]

    Due to developments in the Egyptian language over the 3,000 years that Set was worshipped, by the Greek period, the t in Set was pronounced so indistinguishably from ‘th’ that the Greeks spelt it as Seth.

    Remember, we do have a Greek Old Testament the Septuagint.

    Child of ENOSH and NOAM is:
    4. i. KENAN4.

    Generation No. 4

    4. KENAN4 (ENOSH3, THE GOD SET2 SETH, EVE1) He married MUALELETH.

    Notes for KENAN:
    [Stem of the House of Connor.FTW]

    Kenan (also spelled Qenan or Kaïnan, as found in Luke 3:36, 37), Hebrew: ??????, Modern Keinan Tiberian Qênan ; "possession; smith", or Cainan, was a Biblical patriarch first mentioned in the Hebrew Bible Book of Genesis as living before the Great Flood.

    Family
    According to Genesis 5:9-14, Kenan/Cainan was a son of Enos and an unnamed woman, and a grandson of Seth. Born when Enos was ninety years old,[1] Kenan had his only named son, Mahalalel, when he was seventy.[2] Other sons and daughters were born to Kenan before he died at 910 years of age.

    According to Book of Jubilees, Kenan's mother was Noam, wife and sister of Enos; and Kenan's wife, Mualeleth, was his sister.

    Postdiluvian Cainan
    Main article: Cainan
    Two men named Cainan are mentioned in the genealogy of Jesus given in Luke 3 in the New Testament. One of these is the son of Enos above; a second Cainan is listed as the son of Arpachshad and father of Saleh, who lived in the time between Noah and Abraham.

    This Cainan also appears in the Septuagint (Greek) Old Testament, but is omitted by the Hebrew Masoretic text. For this reason, this second Cainan is considered to be a scribal error by some scholars.[3] Nevertheless, a substantial number of traditions about this other Cainan exist in the history of literature.

    Child of KENAN and MUALELETH is:
    5. i. MAHALELEL5.

    Generation No. 5

    5. MAHALELEL5 (KENAN4, ENOSH3, THE GOD SET2 SETH, EVE1) He married DINAH.

    Notes for MAHALELEL:
    [Stem of the House of Connor.FTW]

    Mahalalel was a son of Kenan, son of Enos, son of Seth, son of Adam in the Old Testament of the Bible. He was also the father of Jared and the grandfather of Enoch II.

    Although Mahalalel's wife is not named in the Bible, her name in the Book of Jubilees is Dinah; she was Mahalalel's cousin and mother of Jared.

    He appears in the Book of Genesis 5:12-17, and according to the book, he lived 895 years, placing him eighth in the records for the unusually long lifespans for the antediluvian patriarchs.

    Later references to Mahalalel include 1 Chronicles 1:1, Jubilees 4:14–15 and Gospel of Luke 3:37. Enoch’s first dream vision in 1 Enoch 83 recounts the dream that Enoch had in the house of Mahalalel his grandfather, and which Mahalalel explains to him.

    Child of MAHALELEL and DINAH is:
    6. i. JARED6.

    Generation No. 6

    6. JARED6 (MAHALELEL5, KENAN4, ENOSH3, THE GOD SET2 SETH, EVE1) He married BARAKA.

    Notes for JARED:
    [Stem of the House of Connor.FTW]

    His father Mahalalel, great-grandson of Seth, son of Adam, was stated to be 65 years of age when Jared was born. In the apocryphal Book of Jubilees, his mother's name is Dinah. His primary history is recounted in Genesis 5:18-20.

    Jubilees adds that Jared married Beraka, and the Bible speaks of Jared having become father to many sons and daughters. Of those children, only Enoch is named specifically, born when Jared was 162 years old (Genesis 5:18, 5:22a, 5:24, Hebrews 11:5b, Jude 14-15). Enoch went on to marry Edna, according to Jubilees, and the sole named grandchild of Jared is Enoch's son Methuselah, the longest-living human mentioned in the Bible (Genesis 5:18, 5:21, 5:27).

    Additionally, Jared was a forefather of Noah and his three sons. Jared's age was given as 962 years old when he died, making him the second-oldest person mentioned in the Hebrew Bible and the Septuagint. In the Samaritan Pentateuch, his age was 62 at fatherhood and only 847 at death, making Noah the oldest and Jared the seventh-oldest.

    Name
    In English translations of the Bible, such as the King James Version of the Bible, the classical Biblical pronunciation of the English name Jared is /'d???r?d/; generally though it is pronounced /'d??r?d/ or /'d??r?d/. The spelling of the identical name in 1 Chronicles is Jered. The original Hebrew pronunciation of the name, ???, found in the Hebrew Bible, was similar but with an initial y sound: ['j?r?ð].

    According to the Book of Enoch, Mahalalel named [his son] Jared "descent" because during his lifetime the angels of the Lord who were called Watchers descended to earth to teach mankind and to do what is just and upright upon the earth".

    Longevity
    For more details on this topic, see Biblical longevity.
    In recent history, the oldest person documented beyond reasonable doubt, Jeanne Calment, died in 1997, aged 122; demographic study of modern human longevity gives odds of trillions to one against humans today reaching 130. The application of modern demographic data to ancient eras is unclear. The extreme ages of the Hebrew Bible exhibit a decrease over time, and the Biblical upper limit of longevity has been categorized by Witness Lee as having four successive plateaus of 1,000, 500, 200, and finally 120 years.

    Accordingly, these very long lifespans have been a source of much speculation, with special emphasis on Methuselah and Jared as record-holders. Biblical apologists hold that sin, loss of the water-canopy firmament, and DNA breakdown all contribute to decreased lifespans. Form critics hold variously that the yearly and monthly cycle were confused, simplifying some dates; that numbers were converted incorrectly; or that other reinterpretation is necessary. If "year" is interpreted consistently as "month", numbers like Jared's age become reasonable (962 lunar months or 78 years), but other numbers become more unreasonable (fathering children at age 5).[1]

    References

    1.^ Morris, Henry M. (1976). The Genesis Record: A Scientific and Devotional Commentary on the Book of Beginnings. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House. p. 159. ISBN 0801060044. "Such an interpretation would have made Enoch only five years old when his son was born!"

    Notes for BARAKA:
    [Stem of the House of Connor.FTW]

    Baraka means blessing in Hebrew, Arabic and Arabic-influenced languages. It may refer to:

    Baraka, also berakhah, in Judaism, a blessing usually recited during a ceremony
    Baraka, also barakah, in Arabic Islam and Arabic-influenced languages such as Swahili, Urdu, Persian, Turkish, a blessing from God in the form of spiritual wisdom or divine presence. Also a spiritual power believed to be possessed by certain persons, objects, tombs.
    Baraka, a rarely used French slang term for luck, derived from the Arabic word
    Baraka, fully ?abbat al-barakah, aka Nigella sativa, a spice with purported health benefits
    Baraka Bashad, meaning "may the blessings be" or just "blessings be", originally a Sufi expression and also used in Eckankar

    Child of JARED and BARAKA is:
    7. i. ENOCH7.

    Generation No. 7

    7. ENOCH7 (JARED6, MAHALELEL5, KENAN4, ENOSH3, THE GOD SET2 SETH, EVE1) He married EDNA.

    Notes for ENOCH:
    [Stem of the House of Connor.FTW]

    Enoch (Hebrew: ???????, Modern H_anokh Tiberian ?ano?; Arabic: ?????? 'Idris) is a figure in the Generations of Adam. Enoch is described as Adam's greatx4 grandson, through Seth, and the text reads—uniquely in the Generations—that Enoch "walked with God: and he was not; for God took him," avoiding the mortal death ascribed to Adam's other descendants. Additionally, Enoch is described as the father of Methuselah and great-grandfather of Noah (Genesis 5:22-29). Enoch is the son of Jared.

    Despite the brief descriptions of him, Enoch is one of the main two focal points for much of the 1st millennium BC Jewish mysticism, notably in the Book of Enoch. Additionally, Enoch is important in some Christian denominations: He is commemorated as one of the Holy Forefathers in the Calendar of Saints of the Armenian Apostolic Church and the Armenian Catholic Church on July 26. He also features in the Latter Day Saint movement.

    Enoch appears in Genesis as the seventh of the ten pre-Deluge Patriarchs. The function of the Patriarchs is primarily to mark the passage of immense periods of time[citation needed]: each lives for several centuries, has a son, lives more centuries, and dies. Enoch is unique in the series on two counts: his life-span of 365 years is extremely short in the context of his long-lived peers, and he does not die, the Bible noting rather that "he was not, for God took him." (Genesis 5:22-29).

    Enoch in Judaism
    In the Septuagint the phrase "God took him" is rendered with the Greek verb metatithemi (µetat???µ?)[1] a common Greek verb for moving from one place to another.[2]

    Sirach 44:16 states, "Enoch pleased God and was translated into paradise that he may give repentance to the nations."

    The Books of EnochThree extensive apocryphal works are attributed to Enoch:

    1st Book of Enoch, or simply the Book of Enoch, an apocryphal book in the Ethiopic Bible that is usually dated between the third century BC and the first century AD.
    2nd Book of Enoch, an apocryphal book in the Old Slavonic Bible usually dated to the first century AD.
    3rd Book of Enoch, a Kabbalistic Rabbinic text in Hebrew usually dated to the fifth century AD.
    These recount how Enoch is taken up to Heaven and is appointed guardian of all the celestial treasures, chief of the archangels, and the immediate attendant on God's throne. He is subsequently taught all secrets and mysteries and, with all the angels at his back, fulfils of his own accord whatever comes out of the mouth of God, executing His decrees. Enoch was also seen as the inventor of writing, and teacher of astronomy and arithmetic, all three reflecting the interpretation of his name as meaning initiated. Much esoteric literature like the 3rd Book of Enoch identifies Enoch as the Metatron, the angel which communicates God's word. In consequence, Enoch was seen, by this literature, and the ancient kabbala of Jewish mysticism, as having been the one which communicated God's revelation to Moses, in particular, the dictator of the Book of Jubilees.

    Enoch in classical Rabbinical literature
    In classical Rabbinical literature, there are divergent opinions of Enoch. After Christianity and Judaism had separated, the prevailing view regarding Enoch was that of Targum Pseudo-Jonathan, which thought of Enoch as a pious man, taken to Heaven, and receiving the title of Safra rabba (Great scribe).

    However, while Christianity was separating from Judaism, the Jewish view of Enoch was he was the only pious man of his time and was taken away before he would become corrupted.

    According to Rashi[3] [from Genesis Rabba[4]], “Enoch was a righteous man, but he could easily be swayed to return to do evil. Therefore, the Holy One, blessed be He, hastened and took him away and caused him to die before his time. For this reason, Scripture changed [the wording] in [the account of] his demise and wrote, ‘and he was no longer’ in the world to complete his years.

    Among the minor Midrashim, esoteric attributes of Enoch are expanded upon. In the Sefer Hekalot, Rabbi Ishmael is described as having visited the 7th Heaven, where he meets Enoch, who claims that earth had, in his time, been corrupted by the demons Shammazai, and Azazel, and so Enoch was taken to Heaven to prove that God was not cruel. Similar traditions are recorded in Sirach. Later elaborations of this interpretation treated Enoch as having been a pious ascetic, who, called to mix with others, preached repentance, and gathered (despite the small number of people on Earth) a vast collection of disciples, to the extent that he was proclaimed king. Under his wisdom, peace is said to have reigned on earth, to the extent that he is summoned to Heaven to rule over the sons of God. In a parallel with Elijah, in sight of a vast crowd begging him to stay, he ascends to Heaven on a horse.

    Enoch is often confused with Enos. However, Enos is grandson to Adam (Genesis 5:5-6), and great-great-grandfather of Enoch (Genesis 5:9-18).

    Enoch in Christianity
    Elijah and Enoch - an icon 17th cent., Historic Museum in Sanok, Poland[edit] New TestamentThe New Testament contains 3 references to Enoch. The first is a brief mention in Luke's genealogy of the ancestors of Jesus (Luke 3:37).

    The second mention is where the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews writes, "By faith Enoch was transferred, that he should not see death, and was not found, because God had transferred him; for before his transference he had the witness that he had pleased God well." (Hebrews 11:5)

    The third mention is in the Epistle of Jude (1:14-15) where the author attributes to "Enoch, the Seventh from Adam" a passage unknown in the Old Testament. The quotation is believed by most modern scholars to be taken from 1 Enoch 1:9 which exists in Greek, in Ethiopic, as part of the Ethiopian Orthodox canon, and also in Aramaic among the Dead Sea Scrolls.[5][6] Though the same scholars recognise that 1 Enoch 1:9 itself is a midrash of the words of Moses "he came from the ten thousands of holy ones" from Deuteronomy 33:2.[7][8][9][10][11] The introductory phrase "Enoch, the Seventh from Adam" is also found in 1 Enoch (1 En. 60:8), though not in the Old Testament.[12] In the New Testament this Enoch prophesies "to"[13] ungodly men, that God shall come with His holy ones to judge and convict them (Jude 1:14-15).[14]

    Early Christianity
    Early Christianity contains various traditions concerning the "translation" of Enoch.

    Regarding the quotation in Jude, most of early Christianity considered it an independent quotation pre-dating the flood. Regarding the Book of Enoch itself Origen, Jerome and Augustin mention it, but as of no authority. Justin, Athenagoras, Irenaeus, Clemens Alexandrinus, Lactantius, and others borrowed an opinion out of this book of Enoch, that the angels had connection with the daughters of men, of whom they had offspring ('the giants of the past'). Tertullian, in several places, speaks of this book with esteem; and would persuade us, that it was preserved by Noah during the deluge.

    Medieval and Reformation
    According to the Figurists (a group of Jesuit missionaries mainly led by Joachim Bouvet into China at the end of the 17th and the beginning of the 18th century and based on ideas of Matteo Ricci 1552 to 1610),[15][16][17] Fu Xi in China's ancient history is actually Enoch.[18][19][20]

    Modern Christianity
    Enoch is not counted as a saint in Roman Catholic tradition, though Enoch has a saints day, July 26, in the Armenian Apostolic Church. The "St. Enoch" in the place name St. Enoch's Square, Glasgow, is a corruption from the site of a medieval chapel to Saint Teneu, the legendary mother of Saint Mungo, and unconnected with Enoch.

    Enoch is revered in the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, and the Enochic texts Jubilees and 1 Enoch regarded as the 13th and 14th books, respectively, of the Tewahedo Old Testament canon.[21] Most churches, including the Catholic, Greek Orthodox, and Protestant churches, do not accept the books.

    Some Evangelical commentators consider Enoch to be one of the Two Witnesses in the Book of Revelation due to the fact that he did not die according to Genesis 5:24. Two televangelists holding this view, for example, are Pastor John Hagee of Christians United for Israel and Hebrew Roots Bible teacher Perry Stone.

    Enoch in Islam
    Main article: Idris (Islamic Prophet)
    In the Quran, Enoch is sometimes identified with Idris, as for example by the History of Al-Tabari and the Meadows of Gold.[22] The Quran contains two references to Idris; in Surah Al-Anbiya (The Prophets) verse number 85, and in Surah Maryam (Mary) verses 56-57:

    (The Prophets, 21:85): "And the same blessing was bestowed upon Ismail and Idris and Zul-Kifl, because they all practised fortitude."
    (Mary 19:56-57): "And remember Idris in the Book; he was indeed very truthful, a Prophet. And We lifted him to a lofty station".
    Idris is closely linked in Muslim tradition with the origin of writing and other technical arts of civilization,[23] including the study of astronomical phenomena, both of which Enoch is credited with in the Testament of Abraham.[24] Nonetheless, even aside from the identification of Idris and Enoch, many Muslims still honor Enoch as one of the earliest prophets, regardless of whether they equate him with Idris or not.[25] Thus, views on Enoch are divided into two groups:

    The first believes that Enoch and Idris are one and the same.
    The second believes that Enoch and Idris are two different prophets.
    [edit] Enoch in LDS theologyAmong the Latter Day Saint movement and particularly in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Enoch is viewed as having founded an exceptionally righteous city, named Zion, in the midst of an otherwise wicked world. This view is encountered in the Mormon scripture (see Standard Works), the Pearl of Great Price and the Doctrine and Covenants, which states that not only Enoch, but the entire peoples of the city of Zion, were taken off this earth without death, because of their piety. (Zion is defined as "the pure in heart" and this city of Zion will return to the earth at the Second Coming of Jesus Christ.) The Doctrine and Covenants further states that Enoch prophesied that one of his descendants, Noah, and his family, would survive a Great Flood and thus carry on the human race and preserve the Gospel. The Book of Moses in the Pearl of Great Price has several chapters that give an account of Enoch's preaching, visions and conversations with God. In these same chapters are details concerning the wars, violence and natural disasters in Enoch's day, and notable miracles performed by Enoch. The Book of Moses is itself an excerpt from Joseph Smith's translation of the Bible, which is published in full, complete with these chapters concerning Enoch, by Community of Christ, as the Holy Scriptures/Inspired Version of the Bible, where it appears as part of the Book of Genesis. D&C 104:24 (CofC) / 107:48-49 (LDS) states that Adam ordained Enoch to the higher priesthood (now called the Melchizedek, after the great high priest) at age 25, that he was 65 when Adam blessed him, and he lived 365 years after that until he was translated, so making him 430 years old when that occurred.

    Additionally in LDS theology, Enoch is implied to be the scribe who recorded Adam's blessings and prophecies at Adam-ondi-Ahman, as recorded in D&C 107:53-57 (LDS) / D&C 104:29b (CofC).

    External links
    Jewish Encyclopedia Entry (1911)
    Catholic Encyclopedia Henoch (1914)
    Andrei A. Orlov essays on 2 Enoch: Enoch as the Heavenly Priest, Enoch as the Expert in Secrets, Enoch as the Scribe and Enoch as the Mediator
    Ed. Philip P. Wiener Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Cosmic Voyages (1973)
    Dr. Reed C. Durham, Jr. Comparison of Masonic legends of Enoch and Mormon scriptures description of Enoch (1974)

    References
    1.^ 5:24 ?a? e????st?se? ???? t? ?e? ?a? ??? ????s?et? ?t? µet????e? a?t?? ? ?e??
    2.^ LSJ metatithemi
    3.^ Rashi's Commentary on Genesis 5: 24. See also Commentary of Ibn Ezra.
    4.^ 25:1
    5.^ 4Q Enoch (4Q204[4QENAR]) COL I 16-18
    6.^ Clontz, T.E. and J., "The Comprehensive New Testament with complete textual variant mapping and references for the Dead Sea Scrolls, Philo, Josephus, Nag Hammadi Library, Pseudepigrapha, Apocrypha, Plato, Egyptian Book of the Dead, Talmud, Old Testament, Patristic Writings, Dhammapada, Tacitus, Epic of Gilgamesh", Cornerstone Publications, 2008, p. 711, ISBN 978-0-977873-71-5
    7.^ "The initial oracle in chapters 1-5 is a paraphrase of part of Deuteronomy 33,24" George W. E. Nickelsburg, The nature and function of revelation 1 Enoch, Jubilees and some Qumranic documents, 1997
    8.^ Lars Hartman, Asking for a Meaning: A Study of 1 Enoch 1-5 ConBib NT Series 12 Lund Gleerup, 1979 22-26.
    9.^ George WE Nickelsburg & James C Vanderkam, 1 Enoch, Fortress 2001
    10.^ R.H. Charles, The Book of Enoch, London SPCK, 1917
    11.^ E. Isaac, 1 Enoch, a new Translation and Introduction in Old Testament Pseudepigrapha ed. Charlesworth, Doubleday 1983-85
    12.^ Richard Bauckham Jude and the relatives of Jesus in the early church p206 etc.
    13.^ The use of dative toutois in the Greek text (p??ef?te?se? d? ?a? t??t??? instead of the normal genitive with p??f?te?? propheteuo peri auton, "concerning them") has occasioned discussion among commentators including: Ben Witherington Letters and Homilies for Jewish Christians: A Socio-Rhetorical Commentary on Hebrews, James and Jude (9780830829323): "...who might be tempted to follow the teachers' example), nonetheless, Jude says that this prophecy refers to these (toutois) false teachers in Jude 14" p624 John Twycross The New Testament in the original Greek: with notes by C. Wordsworth His warning is addressed to them as well to those of his own and future ages. p140; Cox S. Slandering Celestial Beings Hyderabad 2000 "..but instead Jude wrote proepheteusen toutois (verb + dative case pronoun plural) "prophesied TO these men".." p16
    14.^ Jude 1:14-15
    15.^ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02723b.htm
    16.^ Brock, H. (1907). Joachim Bouvet. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
    17.^ http://archives.catholic.org.hk/books/author/bouvet.htm
    18.^ Etat présent de la Chine, en figures gravées par P. Giffart sur les dessins apportés au roi par le P. J. Bouvet (Paris, 1697)
    19.^ Portrait histoique de l'empereur de la Chine (Paris, 1697)
    20.^ Li, Shenwen, 2001, Stratégies missionnaires des Jésuites Français en Nouvelle-France et en Chine au XVIIieme siècle, Les Presses de l'Université Laval, L'Harmattan, ISBN 2747511235
    21.^ Tewahedo Orthodox Church
    22.^ Alexander Philip S. Biblical Figures Outside the Bible p.118 ed. Michael E. Stone, Theodore A. Bergren 2002 p118 "twice in the Qur'an.. was commonly identified by Muslim scholars with the biblical Enoch, and that this identification opened the way for importing into Islam a substantial body of postbiblical Jewish legend about the character and ...."
    23.^ History of Prophets in Islam and Judaism, B. M. Wheeler, Enoch
    24.^ History of Prophets in Islam and Judaism, B. M. Wheeler, Enoch
    25.^ Lives of the Prophets, L. Azzam, S. Academy Publishing

    Child of ENOCH and EDNA is:
    8. i. METHUSALEH(MATHUSALE) (3317 BC - 23488 BC).

    Generation No. 8

    8. METHUSALEH(MATHUSALE) (3317 BC - 23488 BC) (ENOCH7, JARED6, MAHALELEL5, KENAN4, ENOSH3, THE GOD SET2 SETH, EVE1) He married EDNA.

    Notes for METHUSALEH(MATHUSALE) (3317 BC - 2348 BC):
    [Stem of the House of Connor.FTW]

    Methuselah (Hebrew: ??????????? / ???????????, Modern M?tušéla? / M?tušála? Tiberian M??ûšéla? / M??ûšala? ; "Man of the dart/spear", or alternatively "when he dies/died, it shall be sent/has been sent"[citation needed]) is the oldest person whose age is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. Extra-biblical tradition maintains that he died on the 11th of Cheshvan of the year 1656 (Anno Mundi, after Creation), at the age of 969, seven days before the beginning of the Great Flood.[1] According to Rashi on Genesis 7:4, God delayed the Flood specifically because of the seven days of mourning in honor of the righteous Methuselah. Methuselah was the son of Enoch and the grandfather of Noah.

    Children of METHUSALEH BC) and EDNA are:
    9. i. RAKE'EL9.
    10. ii. LAMECH.

    Generation No. 9

    9. RAKE'EL9 (METHUSALEH(MATHUSALE) (3317 BC - 23488 BC), ENOCH7, JARED6, MAHALELEL5, KENAN4, ENOSH3, THE GOD SET2 SETH, EVE1)

    Notes for RAKE'EL:
    [Stem of the House of Connor.FTW]

    [House of Morney.FTW]

    / -- Mahalalel + ====> [ 6]
    / -- Jared (3544 BC - 2582 BC)
    / \ -- Dinah (Dina) + ====> [ 6]
    / -- Enoch (Henoch) (3382 BC - 3017 BC)
    | \ / -- Rashujal + ====> [ 6]
    / \ -- Baraka
    / -- Methusaleh (Mathusale) (3317 BC - 2348 BC)
    | \ / -- Mahalalel + ====> [ 6]
    | | / -- Daniel (Danel)
    | | / \ -- Dinah (Dina) + ====> [ 6]
    / \ -- Edna
    - Rake'el
    \ / -- Mahalalel + ====> [ 6]
    | / -- Jared (3544 BC - 2582 BC)
    | / \ -- Dinah (Dina) + ====> [ 6]
    | / -- Azrial
    | | \ / -- Rashujal + ====> [ 6]
    | / \ -- Baraka
    \ -- Edna
    \ / -- Mahalalel + ====> [ 6]
    | / -- Rasujal
    | / \ -- Dinah (Dina) + ====> [ 6]
    \ -- Baraka (Azarial)
    \ / -- Mehajael + ====> [ 6]
    \ -- poss. daughter of Mehajael (guess)

    Child of RAKE'EL is:
    11. i. EMZARA10.

    10. LAMECH9 (METHUSALEH(MATHUSALE) (3317 BC - 23488 BC), ENOCH7, JARED6, MAHALELEL5, KENAN4, ENOSH3, THE GOD SET2 SETH, EVE1)

    Notes for LAMECH:
    [Stem of the House of Connor.FTW]

    Lamech is the eighth generation descendant of Seth (Genesis 5:25), the son of Methuselah and the father of Noah (Genesis 5:29), in the genealogy of Seth in Genesis 5. In Genesis 5:12-25, Lamech was a son of Methuselah who was a grandson of Jared who was a grandson of Kenan descended from Adam. In Genesis 4:17-18, Lamech was a son of Methushael who was a grandson of Irad who was a grandson of Cain son of Adam. The Lamech of Genesis 4 and the Lamech of Genesis 5 had ancestral lines with almost identical names plus other intervening ancestors.

    Genesis 5:28-31 records that Lamech was 182 years old at the birth of Noah, and lived for another 595 years after this, placing Lamech's age at death at 777 years, just a few years before the Flood using the Masoretic chronology. With such numbers in this genealogical account, Adam was still alive for about the first 50 (56) years of Lamech's life.

    Child of LAMECH is:
    12. i. NOAH10.

    Generation No. 10

    11. EMZARA10 (RAKE'EL9, METHUSALEH(MATHUSALE) (3317 BC - 23488 BC), ENOCH7, JARED6, MAHALELEL5, KENAN4, ENOSH3, THE GOD SET2 SETH, EVE1) She married NOAH, son of LAMECH.

    Notes for NOAH:
    [Stem of the House of Connor.FTW]

    Noah divided the world amongst his three sons, begotten of his wife Titea [Emzara]: viz., to Shem he gave Asia, within the Euphrates, to the Indian Ocean; to Ham he gave Syria, Arabia, and Africa; and to Japhet, the rest of Asia beyond the Euphrates, together with Europe to Gadea (or Cadiz).

    Although the Book of Genesis in the Bible does not give any further information about the four women it says were aboard Noah's Ark during the Flood, there exist substantial extra-Biblical traditions regarding these women and their names.

    In the Book of Jubilees, known to have been in use from the late 2nd century BC, the names of the wives of Noah, Shem, Ham and Japheth are as follows:

    Wife of Noah - Emzara, daughter of Rake'el, son of Methuselah
    Wife of Shem - Sedeqetelebab
    Wife of Ham - Ne'elatama'uk or Na'eltama'uk
    Wife of Japheth - 'Adataneses
    It adds that the three sons after some years struck out in different directions from the original camp near Mount Ararat and founded three villages bearing the names of these three mothers of the human race.

    According to the Sibylline Oracles the wives of Shem, Ham and Japheth enjoyed fantastically long lifespans, living for centuries, while speaking prophecy to each generation they saw come and go. (These are not considered to be the Sibylline books of the Greeks and Romans, which were lost in antiquity, but rather pseudo-Oracles dating from the middle of the 2nd century BC at the earliest to the 5th century AD, composed by Alexandrian Jews and revised and enriched by later Christian editors, all adding texts in the interests of their respective religions.) According to the anonymous preface of the Judeo-Christian Sibylline Oracles, the Sibyl author was a daughter-in-law of Noah: the "Babylonian Sibyl", Sambethe — who, 900 years after the Deluge, allegedly moved to Greece and began writing the Oracles. The writings attributed to her (at the end of Book III) also hint at possible names of her family who would have lived before the Flood — father Gnostos, mother Circe; elsewhere (in book V) she calls Isis her sister. Other early sources similarly name one of the Sibyls as Sabba (see Sibyl in Jewish Encyclopedia).

    The early Christian writer St. Hippolytus (d. 235 AD) recounted a tradition of their names according to the Syriac Targum that is similar to Jubilees, although apparently switching the names of Shem's and Ham's wives. He wrote: The names of the wives of the sons of Noah are these: the name of the wife of Sem, Nahalath Mahnuk; and the name of the wife of Cham, Zedkat Nabu; and the name of the wife of Japheth, Arathka. He also recounts a quaint legend concerning the wife of Ham: God having instructed Noah to destroy the first person who announced that the deluge was beginning, Ham's wife at that moment was baking bread, when water suddenly rushed forth from the oven, destroying the bread. When she exclaimed then that the deluge was commencing, God suddenly cancels his former command lest Noah destroy his own daughter-in-law who was to be saved[1][2].

    An early Arabic work known as Kitab al-Magall or the Book of Rolls (part of Clementine literature), the Syriac Book of the Cave of Treasures (ca. 350), and Patriarch Eutychius of Alexandria (ca. 930) all agree in naming Noah's wife as "Haykêl, the daughter of Namûs (or Namousa), the daughter of Enoch, the brother of Methuselah"; the first of these sources elsewhere calls Haikal "the daughter of Mashamos, son of Enoch", while stating that Shem's wife is called "Leah, daughter of Nasih".

    Furthermore, the Panarion of Epiphanius (ca. 375) names Noah's wife as Barthenos, while the ca. 5th century Ge'ez work Conflict of Adam and Eve with Satan calls Noah's wife "Haikal, the daughter of Abaraz, of the daughters of the sons of Enos" — whom some authors have connected with Epiphanius' Barthenos (i.e., Bath-Enos, daughter of Enos)[3]. However, Jubilees makes "Betenos" the name of Noah's mother. The word haykal is Syriac for "temple" or "church"; in the Georgian copy of Cave of Treasures, we find instead the name T'ajar, which is the Georgian word for the same[4].

    Armenian tradition give the name of Noah's wife as Nemzar, Noyemzar or Noyanzar.

    Patriarch Eutychius of Alexandria, writing in Arabic, also states that Shem's wife was Salit, Ham's Nahlat and Japheth's Arisisah, all daughters of Methuselah. The theologian John Gill (1697–1771) wrote in his Exposition of the Bible of this tradition "that the name of Shem's wife was Zalbeth, or, as other copies, Zalith or Salit; that the name of Ham's Nahalath; and of Japheth's Aresisia."

    A manuscript of the 8th century Latin work Inventiones Nominum, copies of which have been found at the Abbey of St. Gall in Switzerland, and in a library at Albi, SW France, lists as Noah's wife Set, as Shem's wife Nora, as Ham's wife Sare, and as Japeth's wife Serac[5].

    Jewish Rabbinic literatureThe Genesis Rabba midrash lists Naamah, the daughter of Lamech and sister of Tubal-Cain, as the wife of Noah, as does the 11th century Jewish commentator Rashi in his commentary on Sefer Bereishis 4:22.

    In the medieval midrash Book of Jasher Chapter 5:15, the name of Noah's wife is said to be Naamah, daughter of Enoch[6].

    Islamic traditions
    The Persian historian Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (c. 915) recounts that Japheth's wife was Arbasisah, daughter of Marazil, son of al-Darmasil, son of Mehujael, son of Enoch, son of Cain; that Ham's wife was Na?lab, daughter of Marib, another son of al-Darmasil; and that Shem's wife was ?alib, daughter of Batawil, another son of Mehujael. He says Noah's wife was Amzurah, daughter of Barakil, another son of Mehujael.

    (According to George Sale's Commentary on the Quran (1734), some Muslim commentators asserted that Noah had had an infidel wife named Waila, who perished in the deluge, and was thus not aboard the Ark.)

    Irish and Anglo-Saxon traditions
    Irish folklore is rich in traditions and legends regarding the three sons and their wives. Here the wives are usually named Olla, Olliva, and Ollivani (or variations thereof), names possibly derived from the Anglo-Saxon Codex Junius (ca. 700 AD), a Bible paraphrase written in the fashion of Germanic sagas, and often attributed to the poet Caedmon. The wife of Noah is given as Percoba in Codex Junius.

    The Anglo-Saxon "Solomon and Saturn" dialogue gives for Noah's wife Dalila, for Ham's, Jaitarecta, and for Japheth's Catafluvia, while giving Olla, Ollina and Ollibana as alternatives. The name of Shem's wife is missing. Some versions of the Gaelic Lebor Gabala also name Shem's, Ham's and Japheth's wives as Cata Rechta, Cata Flauia and Cata Chasta respectively. Similar traditions seem to have endured for several centuries in some form, for in Petrus Comestor, we read that the wives of Noah, Shem, Ham and Japheth are Phuarpara, Pharphia, Cataflua and Fliva respectively, and in a 15th century Middle English catechism, we find written "What hicht Noes wyf?" "Dalida; and the wif of Sem, Cateslinna; and the wif of Cam, Laterecta; and the wif of Japheth, Aurca. And other 3 names, Ollia, Olina, and Olybana."

    Ælfric of Eynsham's Anglo-Saxon translation of the Heptateuch (ca. 1000) included illustrations with the wives' names recorded in the captions. One such illustration (fol. 17) names Noah's wife as Phiapphara, Shem's as Parsia, Ham's as Cataphua, and Japheth's as Fura[7]. Another (fol. 14) includes one wife, presumably Noah's, named Sphiarphara[8]. A Middle English illustrated version of Genesis dating to the 13th century also gives Puarphara as Noah's wife.

    Mandaeism
    Mandaean literature, of uncertain antiquity, refers to Noah's wife by the name Nuraita (or Nhuraitha, Anhuraita, various other spellings).

    Gnostic literature
    Gnostic literature of the first few centuries AD calls Noah's wife Norea, including texts ascribed to her, as reported by Epiphanius, and confirmed in modern times with the discovery of these texts at Nag Hammadi.

    Képes Krónika
    Hungarian folklore has several tales about Japheth and his wife called Eneh, attributing this information to the Chronicles of Sigilbert, Bishop of Antioch in the 14th century Képes Krónika.

    Pseudo-Berossus
    According to the 15th century monk Annio da Viterbo, the Hellenistic Babylonian writer Berossus had stated that the sons' wives were Pandora, Noela, and Noegla, and that Noah's wife was Tytea. However, Annio's manuscript is widely regarded today as having been a forgery.[9]

    Nonetheless, later writers made use of this "information", sometimes even combining it with other traditions. The Portuguese friar Gaspar Rodriguez de S. Bernardino wrote in Itinerario da India por terra ate a ilha de Chypre in 1842 that the wives of Noah, Shem, Ham and Japheth were named Tytea or Phuarphara, Pandora or Parphia, Noela or Cataflua, and Noegla, Eliua or Arca. In Robert Southey's Common-place Book from around the same time, similar names are given, with the information attributed to the "Comte de Mora Toledo": Titea Magna; Pandora; Noala or Cataflua; and Noegla, Funda or Afia, respectively.

    Comte de Gabalis
    A cabalistic work that appeared in 1670, known as Comte de Gabalis, considered sacred in Rosicrucianism, maintains that the name of Noah's wife was Vesta.

    This name for Noah's wife had earlier been found in Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa's History of the Incas (c. 1550), where the names Prusia or Persia, Cataflua and Funda are also given for Shem, Ham, and Japheth's wives respectively.

    Miautso traditions
    The Miautso people of China preserved in their traditions the name of Noah's wife as Gaw Bo-lu-en.[10]

    The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
    The LDS Book of Abraham, first published in 1842, mentions the name of Egyptus (Abraham 1:23) as being Ham's wife; his daughter apparently has the same name (v. 25).

    References
    1.^ Lexicon Results for Cham (Strong's 02526)
    2.^ Lexicon Results for Shem (Strong's 08035)
    3.^ Lexicon Results for Yepheth (Strong's 03315)
    4.^ Ethnology or The History & genealogy of the human race. By John Thomas Painter
    5.^ JAPHETH Websters Online Dictionary
    6.^ a b c d Mungello, David E. (1989). Curious land: Jesuit accommodation and the origins of Sinology. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 179, 336–337. ISBN 0824812190. http://books.google.com/?id=wb4yPw4ZgZQC&printsec=frontcover&q=Noah#v=snippet&q=Shem&f=false;. "there are more references in that book on the early Jesuits' and others' opinions on Noah's Connection to China"
    7.^ Hebrew word #486 in Strong's
    8.^ Rene Noorbergen (2001). Secrets of the Lost Races: New Discoveries of Advanced Technology in Ancient Civilizations. TEACH Services, Inc.. ISBN 1572581980.
    9.^ Roswell Dwight Hitchcock, Nathaniel West, Alexander Cruden (1870). Hitchcock's New and Complete Analysis of the Holy Bible. A.J. Johnson. ISBN 0837017424. http://christianthings.com/reading/biblena.html.
    10.^ "Almodad". International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.
    11.^ Thomas Inman (2002). "Almodad". Ancient Faiths Embodied in Ancient Names Part 1. Kessinger Publishing. pp. 231. ISBN 0766126684.
    12.^ Alfred J. Kolatch (2005). "Almodad". The Comprehensive Dictionary of English & Hebrew First Names. Jonathan David Company. pp. p39. ISBN 0824604555.
    13.^ David K. Stabnow (2006). "Almodad". HCSB Super Giant Print Dictionary and Concordance. Broadman & Holman. pp. 47. ISBN 0805494898.
    14.^ Antiquities of the Jews – Book I
    15.^ Die Chronik des Hippolytus
    16.^ Etymologies of Isidore, English translation
    17.^ This was observed as early as 1734, in George Sale's Commentary on the Quran.
    18.^ Seth in Jewish, Christian, and Gnostic Literature p. 54
    19.^ S.P. Brock notes that the earliest Greek texts of Pseudo-Methodius read Moneton, while the Syriac versions have Ionton (Armenian Apocrypha, p. 117)
    20.^ Travels of Noah into Europe

    Child of EMZARA and NOAH is:
    13. i. JAPHET11.

    12. NOAH10 (LAMECH9, METHUSALEH(MATHUSALE) (3317 BC - 23488 BC), ENOCH7, JARED6, MAHALELEL5, KENAN4, ENOSH3, THE GOD SET2 SETH, EVE1) He married EMZARA, daughter of RAKE'EL.

    Notes for NOAH:
    [Stem of the House of Connor.FTW]

    Noah divided the world amongst his three sons, begotten of his wife Titea [Emzara]: viz., to Shem he gave Asia, within the Euphrates, to the Indian Ocean; to Ham he gave Syria, Arabia, and Africa; and to Japhet, the rest of Asia beyond the Euphrates, together with Europe to Gadea (or Cadiz).

    Although the Book of Genesis in the Bible does not give any further information about the four women it says were aboard Noah's Ark during the Flood, there exist substantial extra-Biblical traditions regarding these women and their names.

    In the Book of Jubilees, known to have been in use from the late 2nd century BC, the names of the wives of Noah, Shem, Ham and Japheth are as follows:

    Wife of Noah - Emzara, daughter of Rake'el, son of Methuselah
    Wife of Shem - Sedeqetelebab
    Wife of Ham - Ne'elatama'uk or Na'eltama'uk
    Wife of Japheth - 'Adataneses
    It adds that the three sons after some years struck out in different directions from the original camp near Mount Ararat and founded three villages bearing the names of these three mothers of the human race.

    According to the Sibylline Oracles the wives of Shem, Ham and Japheth enjoyed fantastically long lifespans, living for centuries, while speaking prophecy to each generation they saw come and go. (These are not considered to be the Sibylline books of the Greeks and Romans, which were lost in antiquity, but rather pseudo-Oracles dating from the middle of the 2nd century BC at the earliest to the 5th century AD, composed by Alexandrian Jews and revised and enriched by later Christian editors, all adding texts in the interests of their respective religions.) According to the anonymous preface of the Judeo-Christian Sibylline Oracles, the Sibyl author was a daughter-in-law of Noah: the "Babylonian Sibyl", Sambethe — who, 900 years after the Deluge, allegedly moved to Greece and began writing the Oracles. The writings attributed to her (at the end of Book III) also hint at possible names of her family who would have lived before the Flood — father Gnostos, mother Circe; elsewhere (in book V) she calls Isis her sister. Other early sources similarly name one of the Sibyls as Sabba (see Sibyl in Jewish Encyclopedia).

    The early Christian writer St. Hippolytus (d. 235 AD) recounted a tradition of their names according to the Syriac Targum that is similar to Jubilees, although apparently switching the names of Shem's and Ham's wives. He wrote: The names of the wives of the sons of Noah are these: the name of the wife of Sem, Nahalath Mahnuk; and the name of the wife of Cham, Zedkat Nabu; and the name of the wife of Japheth, Arathka. He also recounts a quaint legend concerning the wife of Ham: God having instructed Noah to destroy the first person who announced that the deluge was beginning, Ham's wife at that moment was baking bread, when water suddenly rushed forth from the oven, destroying the bread. When she exclaimed then that the deluge was commencing, God suddenly cancels his former command lest Noah destroy his own daughter-in-law who was to be saved[1][2].

    An early Arabic work known as Kitab al-Magall or the Book of Rolls (part of Clementine literature), the Syriac Book of the Cave of Treasures (ca. 350), and Patriarch Eutychius of Alexandria (ca. 930) all agree in naming Noah's wife as "Haykêl, the daughter of Namûs (or Namousa), the daughter of Enoch, the brother of Methuselah"; the first of these sources elsewhere calls Haikal "the daughter of Mashamos, son of Enoch", while stating that Shem's wife is called "Leah, daughter of Nasih".

    Furthermore, the Panarion of Epiphanius (ca. 375) names Noah's wife as Barthenos, while the ca. 5th century Ge'ez work Conflict of Adam and Eve with Satan calls Noah's wife "Haikal, the daughter of Abaraz, of the daughters of the sons of Enos" — whom some authors have connected with Epiphanius' Barthenos (i.e., Bath-Enos, daughter of Enos)[3]. However, Jubilees makes "Betenos" the name of Noah's mother. The word haykal is Syriac for "temple" or "church"; in the Georgian copy of Cave of Treasures, we find instead the name T'ajar, which is the Georgian word for the same[4].

    Armenian tradition give the name of Noah's wife as Nemzar, Noyemzar or Noyanzar.

    Patriarch Eutychius of Alexandria, writing in Arabic, also states that Shem's wife was Salit, Ham's Nahlat and Japheth's Arisisah, all daughters of Methuselah. The theologian John Gill (1697–1771) wrote in his Exposition of the Bible of this tradition "that the name of Shem's wife was Zalbeth, or, as other copies, Zalith or Salit; that the name of Ham's Nahalath; and of Japheth's Aresisia."

    A manuscript of the 8th century Latin work Inventiones Nominum, copies of which have been found at the Abbey of St. Gall in Switzerland, and in a library at Albi, SW France, lists as Noah's wife Set, as Shem's wife Nora, as Ham's wife Sare, and as Japeth's wife Serac[5].

    Jewish Rabbinic literatureThe Genesis Rabba midrash lists Naamah, the daughter of Lamech and sister of Tubal-Cain, as the wife of Noah, as does the 11th century Jewish commentator Rashi in his commentary on Sefer Bereishis 4:22.

    In the medieval midrash Book of Jasher Chapter 5:15, the name of Noah's wife is said to be Naamah, daughter of Enoch[6].

    Islamic traditions
    The Persian historian Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (c. 915) recounts that Japheth's wife was Arbasisah, daughter of Marazil, son of al-Darmasil, son of Mehujael, son of Enoch, son of Cain; that Ham's wife was Na?lab, daughter of Marib, another son of al-Darmasil; and that Shem's wife was ?alib, daughter of Batawil, another son of Mehujael. He says Noah's wife was Amzurah, daughter of Barakil, another son of Mehujael.

    (According to George Sale's Commentary on the Quran (1734), some Muslim commentators asserted that Noah had had an infidel wife named Waila, who perished in the deluge, and was thus not aboard the Ark.)

    Irish and Anglo-Saxon traditions
    Irish folklore is rich in traditions and legends regarding the three sons and their wives. Here the wives are usually named Olla, Olliva, and Ollivani (or variations thereof), names possibly derived from the Anglo-Saxon Codex Junius (ca. 700 AD), a Bible paraphrase written in the fashion of Germanic sagas, and often attributed to the poet Caedmon. The wife of Noah is given as Percoba in Codex Junius.

    The Anglo-Saxon "Solomon and Saturn" dialogue gives for Noah's wife Dalila, for Ham's, Jaitarecta, and for Japheth's Catafluvia, while giving Olla, Ollina and Ollibana as alternatives. The name of Shem's wife is missing. Some versions of the Gaelic Lebor Gabala also name Shem's, Ham's and Japheth's wives as Cata Rechta, Cata Flauia and Cata Chasta respectively. Similar traditions seem to have endured for several centuries in some form, for in Petrus Comestor, we read that the wives of Noah, Shem, Ham and Japheth are Phuarpara, Pharphia, Cataflua and Fliva respectively, and in a 15th century Middle English catechism, we find written "What hicht Noes wyf?" "Dalida; and the wif of Sem, Cateslinna; and the wif of Cam, Laterecta; and the wif of Japheth, Aurca. And other 3 names, Ollia, Olina, and Olybana."

    Ælfric of Eynsham's Anglo-Saxon translation of the Heptateuch (ca. 1000) included illustrations with the wives' names recorded in the captions. One such illustration (fol. 17) names Noah's wife as Phiapphara, Shem's as Parsia, Ham's as Cataphua, and Japheth's as Fura[7]. Another (fol. 14) includes one wife, presumably Noah's, named Sphiarphara[8]. A Middle English illustrated version of Genesis dating to the 13th century also gives Puarphara as Noah's wife.

    Mandaeism
    Mandaean literature, of uncertain antiquity, refers to Noah's wife by the name Nuraita (or Nhuraitha, Anhuraita, various other spellings).

    Gnostic literature
    Gnostic literature of the first few centuries AD calls Noah's wife Norea, including texts ascribed to her, as reported by Epiphanius, and confirmed in modern times with the discovery of these texts at Nag Hammadi.

    Képes Krónika
    Hungarian folklore has several tales about Japheth and his wife called Eneh, attributing this information to the Chronicles of Sigilbert, Bishop of Antioch in the 14th century Képes Krónika.

    Pseudo-Berossus
    According to the 15th century monk Annio da Viterbo, the Hellenistic Babylonian writer Berossus had stated that the sons' wives were Pandora, Noela, and Noegla, and that Noah's wife was Tytea. However, Annio's manuscript is widely regarded today as having been a forgery.[9]

    Nonetheless, later writers made use of this "information", sometimes even combining it with other traditions. The Portuguese friar Gaspar Rodriguez de S. Bernardino wrote in Itinerario da India por terra ate a ilha de Chypre in 1842 that the wives of Noah, Shem, Ham and Japheth were named Tytea or Phuarphara, Pandora or Parphia, Noela or Cataflua, and Noegla, Eliua or Arca. In Robert Southey's Common-place Book from around the same time, similar names are given, with the information attributed to the "Comte de Mora Toledo": Titea Magna; Pandora; Noala or Cataflua; and Noegla, Funda or Afia, respectively.

    Comte de Gabalis
    A cabalistic work that appeared in 1670, known as Comte de Gabalis, considered sacred in Rosicrucianism, maintains that the name of Noah's wife was Vesta.

    This name for Noah's wife had earlier been found in Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa's History of the Incas (c. 1550), where the names Prusia or Persia, Cataflua and Funda are also given for Shem, Ham, and Japheth's wives respectively.

    Miautso traditions
    The Miautso people of China preserved in their traditions the name of Noah's wife as Gaw Bo-lu-en.[10]

    The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
    The LDS Book of Abraham, first published in 1842, mentions the name of Egyptus (Abraham 1:23) as being Ham's wife; his daughter apparently has the same name (v. 25).

    References
    1.^ Lexicon Results for Cham (Strong's 02526)
    2.^ Lexicon Results for Shem (Strong's 08035)
    3.^ Lexicon Results for Yepheth (Strong's 03315)
    4.^ Ethnology or The History & genealogy of the human race. By John Thomas Painter
    5.^ JAPHETH Websters Online Dictionary
    6.^ a b c d Mungello, David E. (1989). Curious land: Jesuit accommodation and the origins of Sinology. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 179, 336–337. ISBN 0824812190. http://books.google.com/?id=wb4yPw4ZgZQC&printsec=frontcover&q=Noah#v=snippet&q=Shem&f=false;. "there are more references in that book on the early Jesuits' and others' opinions on Noah's Connection to China"
    7.^ Hebrew word #486 in Strong's
    8.^ Rene Noorbergen (2001). Secrets of the Lost Races: New Discoveries of Advanced Technology in Ancient Civilizations. TEACH Services, Inc.. ISBN 1572581980.
    9.^ Roswell Dwight Hitchcock, Nathaniel West, Alexander Cruden (1870). Hitchcock's New and Complete Analysis of the Holy Bible. A.J. Johnson. ISBN 0837017424. http://christianthings.com/reading/biblena.html.
    10.^ "Almodad". International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.
    11.^ Thomas Inman (2002). "Almodad". Ancient Faiths Embodied in Ancient Names Part 1. Kessinger Publishing. pp. 231. ISBN 0766126684.
    12.^ Alfred J. Kolatch (2005). "Almodad". The Comprehensive Dictionary of English & Hebrew First Names. Jonathan David Company. pp. p39. ISBN 0824604555.
    13.^ David K. Stabnow (2006). "Almodad". HCSB Super Giant Print Dictionary and Concordance. Broadman & Holman. pp. 47. ISBN 0805494898.
    14.^ Antiquities of the Jews – Book I
    15.^ Die Chronik des Hippolytus
    16.^ Etymologies of Isidore, English translation
    17.^ This was observed as early as 1734, in George Sale's Commentary on the Quran.
    18.^ Seth in Jewish, Christian, and Gnostic Literature p. 54
    19.^ S.P. Brock notes that the earliest Greek texts of Pseudo-Methodius read Moneton, while the Syriac versions have Ionton (Armenian Apocrypha, p. 117)
    20.^ Travels of Noah into Europe

    Child is listed above under (11) Emzara.
     
  2. emanuel goodman

    emanuel goodman Well-Known Member MEMBER

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  3. emanuel goodman

    emanuel goodman Well-Known Member MEMBER

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  4. emanuel goodman

    emanuel goodman Well-Known Member MEMBER

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  5. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    Part 4: Ancient Egyptian Priesthood
    intro | history | ritual | temples | priesthood | religion | craftsmen | bibliography


    Priests & Priestesses
    Becoming a priest/ess in ancient Egypt: Each family had their own family worship area, the size of which is wholly dependent upon the size of the house they lived in. Therefore, in each family, one family member acted as the family priest/ess. If the father or mother was a priest/ess, then he or she was the family religious leader, in charge of the family rituals. If the parents were not initiated priest/esses, then usually the elder son acted as the religious leader. And in some nomes (or states), matrilineal descent (through the female) was a tradition so the eldest daughter was the religious leader.
    The only schools, which included most crafts, were taught in the temple colleges. A child would be sent to a college to learn a craft between the ages of 6-10. If the family had a tradition of priest/esses then usually the children would go to the temple college to be interviewed and tested for the priesthood. Exactly how the priest/esses at the college tested the would be initiate is not well known yet, but we do know that usually the following priests would be involved:
    1. A Divine Scribe (reader and writer initiate)
    2. A Prophet (who uses divination of some sort and inner visions)
    3. A Purification Priest
    4. A Priest of Anubis (or some other sort related to traveling in Egyptian heavens (astral plane directly related to Egyptian heavens).
    Every Egyptian temple had 2 types of staff, a magical one and a working one consisting of the scribes, bakers and the every day parts of life. If the would be initiate was found wanting in the magical staff, called People of the Circle, the person might be sent back, taught a craft, or sent to the working temple.
    Egyptian Philosophy, more really less like Voltaire and closer to ethics and conscious, was one of the first things that initiates were taught. Ethics and morals was the beginning of the training. A would be priest developed his own ethics or philosophy before embarking on to magical training. If one had to make a condensed version of all of the Egyptian ethics and philosophy teachings it would be; "Do anything you want, but only in moderation, and while doing so, do not harm anyone physically or psychology."
    In the high magic section of ancient Egypt
    In the temples to Gods the male priesthood predominated. Conversely in the temples to the Goddesses the female priesthood predominated, yet you still find male and females in both. Since many of the groups of gods in the cities were the triads of male, female, offspring, there were rituals to each separately, and rituals for both. Many times the god was worshipped in the day, the goddess at night, but of course, in Egypt, where many traditions did their own thing, sometimes it was reversed. In others, such as the city of Memphis, the female was the Sun, the male god was the moon or something else.
    Magic and worship within the family and village.
    All families had a family shrine. A family member who was initiated as a priest or priestess would preside over the shrine. If no family member was an initiate, the eldest son usually presided. Even to this there were many exceptions, in states where goddesses predominated, it was the eldest daughter. The orientation of the family life (farmer, sailor, trader, etc) determined the chief god/dess. A farmer's family usually had Osiris and Isis and co-partners; a healers, Sekhmet and Thoth.
    Many families had dual shrines, with eldest son leading the god rituals and eldest daughter leading the goddess. God and goddess were considered essential, each predominate in their powers, but always complementing each other.
    In villages, where there were no temples, then there were groups of interested people who belonged to a group, more formal than the family group, less formal than a temple, and headed by an initiated priest/ess. Hence, in a village where there may be four initiated people, there usually would be four groups. For example, in a suburb of Hermopolis state there was a male healer of Thoth, a female healer of Sekhmet, a priest of Thoth, and a Priestess of Isis. Hence, there was a healing group, a divination group, and a family group (Isis). Some people belonged to several groups. All groups worshiped other god/dess besides their chief one. During part of the year even in the group of Isis, Osiris had more emphasis.
    For those who are really into goddess worship you will be pleased to know that the last operating temple of Egypt was the Temple of Isis at Philae before it was closed by the Christians in the late 5th/early 6th century, however people continued coming for 100 years later, despite the Islamic conquest over the Christians in Egypt during that century.
    Initiation and Lesser Mysteries
    The mysteries and initiations varied from temple to temple. In the Lesser Mysteries of Isis there is preparatory instruction, meditation within the temple and introduction to the sanctuary for participation in a performance of drama of death and resurrection. Initiations all contain the same demands in order to be successful today or in the ancient times: preparation of the group and the initiates, complete ceremonies and dedication to the purpose, and study and understanding.
    Egypt allowed for self-initiation for some levels. All cognition, after all, comes from the inside. We are therefore initiated only by ourselves, the master or teacher gives us the Key. In some Egyptian initiations the goal is the receive the Sa, the innate virtue or power of the gods as a sort of fluid (or magnetic fluid or aura). It is transmitted by the God's (I will sometimes say God, but take it as either God or Goddess) hands through touch or passes on the neck or spine of the individual. This operation is called the Satapu-sa.
    "The Summit is the Apex of the Mountains height, but there are both Summit and Valley, hence, something exists which causes both. Equally there is within you that which wants to lift itself despite the animal instincts, and also that which wants to remain earthly. Summit and Valley, are 2 powers manifested. If there were not these two there would be only one. Since there are two there are also all the others which sprang from these, the other Neters or Gods/desses."
    "One should pass through complexity in order to exhaust the various possibilities until the awakening of the consciousness which leads towards simplicity; it is on intermediate phase between dream and reality."
    "If the essence and perfection of all good are comprehended in the god/desses, and if you adhere to a more excellent nature, you will obtain a union with them, the contemplation of truth, and the possession of intellect. A knowledge of the gods is accompanied with a conversion to and knowledge of ourselves. Written on the college walls of the Temple of Horus at Edfu.
    The Egyptian path, as defined by Frankfort, can be considered as;
    Evolution = Ignorance
    Destruction = Knowledge
    Dissolution = Experience
    Reintegration = Understanding
    Integration = Wisdom.

    http://www.sibyllineorder.org/history/hist_egypt4.htm
     
  6. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    Religion in the Late Period of Egypt
    Egyptologists, The Church of the Eternal Source, and many Hermeticists agree that in the Late Period of ancient Egypt, the priesthood began forgetting the esoteric side of their religion, and started adopting bits and pieces of other religions, without the total integration that they practiced earlier. It resulted in a breakdown of usefulness in practicing magic, mumbling now meaningless phrases, and effectiveness in their magic and rituals.
    Occult philosophy by these groups and many others maintain that the more powerful an object is based on the formula: # of people using it + # of years in use + the ability of the individual to use it + the correctness in its use. Feel a talisman that was made and used 4,000 years ago, it still has as more power than the modern work of most systems. In Jungian terms an old cultural symbol is more embedded in our subconscious as a universal symbol, and will be more powerful and last longer than a personal one.
    The prevailing thought up to 10 years ago is that if a form and function of a god/dess has been worshipped for thousands of years by hundreds of thousands of individuals, including those properly initiated, then that form and function will always override what one individual or group over a few years may invoke. The thought form was constructed in the Astral plane and is extremely strong, and a few people who have decided that (usually through ignorance) he/she had a different form or function, will never be able to compete with the stronger form. Those who try to tap into an ancient thought form with a "modified" view of it frequently don't know what they are drawing from and instead of tapping the vast astral power it works against them or else their own power is all they tap into. Isis, for example, is never invoked as a Great Mother Goddess unless she is holding baby Horus. NEVER! I have seen many Wiccan ceremonies where they use the wrong Egyptian god/desses in their rituals, or the wrong god/desses forms for the powers they are invoking. Remember, that despite some current thinking that it's only the association in your mind that counts, don't, for example, invoke Sekhmet with a knife and envision a gentle mother goddess.
    http://www.sibyllineorder.org/history/hist_egypt4.htm
     
  7. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    The Life of An Egyptian Initiate


    [​IMG]

    I am El-An, an Initiate in The Ancient Mystery Schools of Egypt.
    [​IMG]
    I am the first in line - on your left.
    I have come to tell you about the different Initiations.

    In ancient Egypt there were many degrees of Initiation and many Levels of Priesthoods.
    Some of the priests were born into families of Priests or Priestesses where it was assumed they would follow the path of the family bloodline. Secrets were told within the families about the mystery teachings and the Rites-Passages of Initiation.
    One could also become a Priest or Priestess after a long course of study, fasting, and ritual.
    High Priests were initiated by Ra, himself, in the Great Pyramid
    [​IMG]
    when the Sun aligned with the capstone by exact degree.
    [​IMG]

    These Priests would study for many years to achieve this level of spiritual accomplishment. They would forfeit all personal goals and belongings living a life of semi-solitude and worship of the Great Gods and Goddesses of Egypt. For the most part they were men, but there were High Priestesses.
    [​IMG]

    At the time of the Initiation of the High Priests and Priestesses, a stillness would befall the land. Night would become day as the Sun would be seen directly over the capstone of the Great Pyramid of the Sun God Ra.

    Once inside the Great Initiation Pyramid the illusions would begin.
    The Initiates would enter a secret Chamber in the Pyramid where anything could happen. It was often a test of their endurance. They were to discern what was real and what was illusion. Not everyone passed the tests even after years of study.
    Only the very few would witness the appearance of the Sun God, Ra, who would give them the sacred teachings of creation. When their course of study was complete Ra would give them special rods and powers. Next they would be sent out to Teach, to heal, and to Initiate those who would follow them.
    [​IMG]

    There were times when Ra would be accompanied by a Goddess, Isis or Hathor. It was not unusual to present gifts to the Gods and Goddesses who came to Initiate the Priests and Priestesses.
    [​IMG] [​IMG]
    A list was kept of those who passed the tests and became part of the Great White Brotherhood of the Thoth or Isis Mystery Schools.
    [​IMG]
    The Emerald Tablets of Thoth
    The High Priests and Priestesses would Initiate other novices who one day hope to aspire to greatness working with the Gods.
    [​IMG] [​IMG]
    These novices spend forty days and nights in fasting, prayer and study of the Mysteries.
    The fasting consisted of abstaining from all pleasures of the table, to eat no living thing, and to drink no wine.
    Part of their study was the memorization of long lines of text given by the priests and magicians of our Inner Mystery School Circle and the reciting of certain magic formulae, declarations, incantations, spells, litanies and some funerary liturgy.
    The curriculum also included certain riddles and mind puzzles of an esoteric nature, bearing a resemblance in form, but not in content, to those commonly used these days as pastimes in certain intellectual upper classes.
    At the Midwinter evening ten aspirants gathered by the altar between the paws of Hu [Sphinx's paws] waiting for their entrance into an antechamber located underneath the colossus' belly.
    It was a fresh peaceful evening still reflecting on the pyramids the crimson afterglow of the sun Aton, "to Whom all creation worship".
    The candidates talked among themselves about their sacrifices and earnest preparation and fasting prior to the ceremony.
    Some stepped at the Thothmes stele at the Sphinx's breast and read some of its lines.
    The thrill in anticipation filling their hearts was perceived in their words as they recalled especially the last two weeks of work.
    As time passed, all quieted and sat absorbed in their own thoughts and expectations.
    To some, the answering of the Sphinx's riddle, as a password to get admittance into the temple, seemed a little bit scary. "Could I actually answer it correctly?"
    It was known that some students had failed to give the right answer and with embarrassment were asked to return home.
    Even if successfully answering the riddle, it was still that fear of the imminent trials, knowing that some past initiates, not using right judgment, did not survive the experience.

    http://www.crystalinks.com/initiationegypt.html
     
  8. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    Egyptian versus Greek initiation

    Egyptologists like Morenz, Piankoff, Mercer, Frankfort, Faulkner, Assmann, Hornung or Allen have good reasons to stress the difference between the Greek and the Pharaonic perspective on initiation (from the Latin "initio", introduce into a new life). The Egyptians maintained a series of rituals aimed at "a constantly renewed regeneration" (Hornung, 2001, p.14). At best, the Greeks induced the point of death in order to glimpse into its darkness, to "see the goddess" and renew. But they had no "science of the Hades" as in the Amduat. The active continuity between life and death found in Egypt, contradicts the closed and separated interpretation of the Greeks, fostering "escapism" (the "body" as a "prison" out of which one needs to escape). In Egypt, no "new" life was necessary. Death could bring "more" life. For both life and the afterlife depended on identical conditions : offerings ; either directly to the deities through Pharaoh or indirectly to the Ka of the deceased. If dualism fits the Greeks, triadism is Egyptian.

    In their exclusive funerary interpretation of the religious literature of Ancient Egypt (Pyramid Texts, Coffin Texts, Coming out into the Day, Amduat, Book of Gates), these great scholars evidence a Hellenocentrist prejudice. Although the Platonic philosopher "preparing for death and dying" is like the initiate of the Eleusinian mysteries (cf. Phaedrus and Phaedo), and may come to the point of death to see into the invisible (spiritual) worlds, he knows he will never find wisdom in all its purity in any other place than in the next world ... So, according to these authors, sustaining the Hellenistic approach of contemporary Egyptology regarding religious experience in Ancient Egypt, the initiatic, this-life experiences of the king, of his priests and of his worshippers, found in the religious text and on the monuments of Egypt, do not reflect direct spiritual experiences, but are imaginal constructions and wishful thinking about the afterlife. The dogma being : Ancient Egyptian religion was funerary and mortuary. This position is rejected. It is not because a text is found in a tomb that it is necessarily funerary. In Egypt, Pharaoh encountered the deity "face to face" every day. He was a god on Earth, in the Duat and in the sky. His energy had no limitations and with it he sustained creation by offering the right order of nature. There was no question of initiation being linked with the separation caused by physical death. Physical death (of Osiris) was the gate to a resurrection for the benefit of the living (Horus). But the living king (Horus) could also ritually die (as Osiris) to resurrect (himself and Egypt).

    "As we have already seen, it is perfectly feasible for the same pyramid to have been use both for the Sed festival, 'secret rites' and then subsequently as the tomb of the king."
    Naydler, 2005, p.109.

    Indeed, the validity of an exclusive funerary interpretation of the Pyramid Texts (or for that matter the complete corpus of religious texts, such as the Coffin Texts, the Book of Going out into the Day and the Amduat), popular in egyptology the last 50 years, has to be addressed : is there a mystical dimension or direct experiential contact with the divine beyond the first three studied by Egyptology (Assmann, 2002) ? To wit :


    1. the cultic : the local, political residence of the deities, either as belonging to a particular place and/or as state deities functioning as symbols of the collective, political identity ;

    2. the cosmic : the emergence, structure & dynamics of the sphere of their action ;

    3. the mythic : the sacred tradition, or "what is said about the gods", their cultural memory as set down in myths, names, genealogies etc.

    4. the mystic : the direct experience of the deities or the objective spiritual realities encountered by the divine king, his priests and worshippers.
    In the context of the New Solar Theology in general and Atenism in particular, the question whether Egyptian religion had religious subjects besides the dead has already been answered affirmatively, whereas the role of Osirian initiation was touched upon (cf. the Osireon). Akhenaten's return to the "pure" form of Solar worship allows us to work out the inner dynamics of the this-life mysteries celebrated by Pharaoh, "mysticism" being defined as the direct experience of the Divine. Atenism rejects the "hidden" and the "dark", and so cannot exist together with Osiris and Amun. It eliminates the "hidden" side of Re, returns to the exclusive worship of the lightlands of the horizon of both East and West (cf. Ra-Horakhety), and rejects all possible netherwordly interpretation by eliminating the Duat and bringing the sky on Earth, namely in Akhetaten, Akhenaten's City of the Aten. This is the Solar economy pushed to its limits. Its sole mooring-post being the king.

    And the people ? They secretly continued to worship Osiris, even in Akhetaten, and likely elsewhere. Did they remember the failures of kingship (namely at the end of the Old Kingdom) ? Did they disbelieve Akhenaten ? If so, they still obeyed. Perhaps, for their own hearts, the certainty of a good place in the kingdom of Osiris gave greater comfort than the "new" heaven of Akhetaten ? Indeed, the second-best, Lunar heaven of the commoners had not lost its alluring power. But, touching Osiris, the issue of the mystic dimension is "demotized" : how could commoners directly experience and "see" the deities ? For Moret (1922), the mystery in Egypt revolved around the concept of "voluntary death", experienced before the actual physical death of the body. This "dead posture" preludes spiritual rebirth or "peret-em-heru" : going out into the day ... For Wente (1982), the New Kingdom Amduat and Book of Gates bring "the future into the present", so that rebirth "could have been genuinely experienced in this life now". And this, most likely through festivals, pilgrimage & personal piety. In these latter contexts, Osirian faith allowed non-royals to have direct spiritual access to the Duat, the world of magic and of the dead. The Books of the Netherworld are usually very explicit about this, but Egyptology has yet to take them serious.

    "He who know these words will approach those who dwell in the Netherworld. It is very very useful for a man upon Earth."
    Amduat, concluding text of the Second Hour.

    "The mysterious Cavern of the West where the Great God and his crew rest in the Netherworld. This is executed with their names similar to the image which is drawn in the East of the Hidden Chamber of the Netherworld. He who knows their names while being upon Earth will know their seats in the West as a contented one with his seat in the Netherworld. He will stand among the Lord of Provision as one justified by the Council of Re who reckons the differences. It will be useful for him upon Earth ..."
    Amduat, introductory text of the Ninth Hour.

    How can these texts not point to a this-life occult knowledge ? And once we acknowledge the presence of a mystical dimension, we beg the question of how to operate the magic ? Is there a particular series of rituals enabling one to experience the objective spiritual realities behind three thousand years of spirituality today ? Of course, the first thing to do is to lift the funerary restrictions put on the available corpora. Although found in tombs, they move beyond funerary concerns (cf. Wente, 1982), but also show us an initiatic and experiential register, albeit in ante-rational terms. But, in order to clarify our categories, we first will have to distinguish between psi-experiences (parapsychology), occultism (knowledge of the invisible worlds) and mysticism (direct experience of the Divine). Although in the earliest forms of meta-nominal experiences (outside the ordinary realms of sensoric awareness) these phenomena merge (cf. Shamanism), I do avoid adjectives as "shamanic" or "shamanistic" (cf. Naydler, 2005), and prefer "ecstatic", which is more neutral and devoid of the historical connotations implied by Shamanism (the art & science of controlled trance). In Ancient Egypt, the variety of ecstatic experience covers personal piety (offerings, prayers, festivals, mystery plays), magic (psi-events), the occult (entering and leaving the Duat) and mysticism proper (the spirituality of the king and his high priests, meeting the deity "face to face" or transforming into one). I definitely strongly disagree with my most rewarding source of inspiration, Erik Hornung, who wrote about the Egyptians :

    "... any sort of ecstasy appears quite alien to their attitudes."
    Hornung, 1986.

    Elsewhere, the reader may find my epistemological survey of mysticism. In the context of this paper, the term "ecstasy" (from the Greek "ex" or "out" + "stasis" or "standstill" ; "statikè" or "art of weighing") is defined as the class of events pertaining to rapture, the ravishing experience of sublime delight, bliss and joy, accompanied by very strong emotion and (stages or stations of) trance. One moves outside the "nominal" ego and "enters" the realm of a Higher Self, i.e. a witnessing focus of consciousness allowing for the direct perception of objective spiritual realities, hidden from ordinary consciousness as is dreamless sleep from waking (so far indeed for Socrates to compare the former with physical death). This realm can directly influence the immediate context in which events emerge and may be classified as psi-phenomena (cf. strong telekinesis and remote viewing), the manipulation of invisible realms of reality (cf. the occult, magic and necromancy) and the direct experience of the objective spiritual realities invoked by the religions of humanity (cf. mysticism in all its forms). The presence of magic, the study of the Duat, Temple ritual and funerary concerns highlight the highly ecstatic naturalism of the Ancient Egyptians.

    Egyptian initiations, unlike the Greek, were not meant to release the applicant from the solid chains of the world and its destiny, quite on the contrary. The initiate entered the invisible Duat at will and was free as a bird to stride and experience. He also returned, completing the standard cycle of human spirituality en vogue since the Cro-Magnon. Although the Egyptians, like other cultures contemporaneous with Pharaonic Egypt (like the Minoan, Mesopotamian, Hittite), understood that plunging into the spirit-world revitalized consciousness, they particularly focused on regeneration both in this life and in the afterlife. This happened by an "embrace" of objective spiritual principles projected upon recurrent natural cycles (like Horus and Osiris in the myth of Osiris, or the Ba of Re and Osiris in the Solar myths).

    The verb "bs" ("bes") has two nuances : inductive and secretive :


    • inductive : to introduce, bring in, install ;

    • secretive : to initiate, reveal ;
    What is revealed should never be said. It is a secret, or "bs" again, but with one more determinative added (that of a papyrus scroll, indicative of words related to writing and thinking). The "secret of secrets" was the secret image of the deity or "bsw" ("besu").
    "I am a priest knowledgable of the mystery,
    who's chest never lets go what he has seen !"
    Chassinat, 1966, pp.11-12.
    With the verb "bes", Middle Egyptian points to the Egyptian initiate as someone who had seen the hidden image of the deity "face to face", triggering a secret experience. Transformed, he or she had received more life-power, and had become more complete. The Egyptian initiate was prepared for the afterlife. He had faced judgment, had been regenerated and transformed on Earth as he would be in the afterlife.

    Clearly then, the "initiates" were foremost the divine king and those Egyptian priests who belonged to the higher priesthood. Only they were allowed to enter the sanctuary of the temple and perform rituals there (the offering hall, the ambulatory, the inner sanctum). Only one member of this higher priesthood saw the deity "face to face", enthroned in its naos at the back end of the inner sanctum. This high priest was the representative of Pharaoh, the divine "son of Re" and the "Lord of the Two Lands".

    Another word for "secret" is "StA" ("Shtah"), also meaning : "secretive, mysterious, inexplicable, hidden, hidden away." "Shtahu", in epithets of divine beings, refers to the mysterious secrets themselves. In Greek, the word "mustikoi" (root of "mystic, mystical, mysticism") also means "hidden".

    In the Greek mysteries, the afterlife was depicted as a realm of shadows and any hope of individual survival was deemed ephemeral. Nobody escaped destiny, except the deities and the lucky few elected. The latter "escaped" from the world and its sordid entropic fate, misery and possible "eschaton" : a world-fire invoked by these wrathful deities themselves, unforgiving of man's tragi-comical sins, but able to recreate the world in a whim ! Escape from this fated comedy was offered through the mysteries. They would erase the cause of the heaviness of the soul and its attachment to Earth, and end the cycle of metempsychosis, the successive return of the soul in other physical bodies.

    "... what appears in the fifth century is not a complete and consistent doctrine of metempsychosis, but rather experimental speculations with contradictory principles of ritual and morality, and a groping for natural laws : the soul comes from the gods and after repeated trials returns to them, or else it runs forever in a circle through all spheres of the cosmos ; sheer chance decides on the reincarnation, or else a judgement of the dead ; it is morally blameless conduct that guarantees the better lot or else the bare fact of ritual initiation that frees from guilt."

    Burkert, 1985, p.300, my italics.

    The Greek spiritual experience was rational (decontextual). With the end of the Polis States, a great fear had taken hold. Late Hellenism was flooded by astral fatalism and Oriental mysteries adapted to Greco-Roman standards. Demons or deities were invoked to erase a preassigned fate. If the Greek initiate was deemed "liberated" from the world, then the Egyptian initiate was "deified" by the world.

    The Egyptian initiate was not introduced to get rid of guilt, break away from the cycle of reincarnation or leave the Earth without ever returning. Neither did he enter the sanctuary with a confused concept regarding death. He did not believe life on Earth was better than the afterlife, and although he might have feared the "second death" (annihilation of his soul in the afterlife), the Egyptian initiate had a long-standing tradition of moral precepts and rituals to assure this would not happen. Indeed, his initiatoric rituals intended to prepare him for what was bound to happen in the afterlife. Thanks to a "general rehearsal" of what would happen, the adept would have no surprises in the afterlife. Indeed, the laws of life (the deities) were operational in the afterlife as well as on Earth, and the spirits of the deceased existed together with the living, albeit on another plane of existence (cf. hylemorphism).

    In the "holy of holies", the highest Egyptian initiate (the high priest of the temple) came "face to face" with one of the divine hypostases of nature's elements & forces, namely the deity of the temple in its central shrine.

    Only Pharaoh or his direct representative could offer Maat to the deity and thus return the given life to its source (to receive new life). This key ritual in Egyptian monarchical religion, is not focused on reception & the receiver (cf. "to receive in order to bestow" in Qabalah), but on the source of both (cf. "to present in order to receive"). On an individual level, this was a transforming experience insofar as the person was chosen from the higher priesthood. In that case, the confrontation "face to face" left a tremendous imprint on the heart of the individual.


    "(Akenaten) :

    The words of Re are before thee, (---) of my august father,
    who taught me their {essence}, (...) them to me. (...)
    It was known in my heart,
    opened to my face, I understood (---)

    (Ramose) :

    "Thy monuments shall endure like the heavens, for thy duration is like Aton therein. The existence of thy monuments is like the existence of the heavens ; thou art the Only One of {Aton}, in possession of his designs."

    Breasted, 2001, §§ 945-946 - tomb of the vizier Ramose - original lost - Akhenaten justifying Atenism to Ramose by referring to his personal & exclusive mystical experience - Beasted notes : "These accompanying inscriptions are directly below the upper row, depicting the decoration, and belong with a lower band connected with the same incident. They are only in ink and very faded ; I believe my copy of them is the first made. They have never been published." (p.389)
    As a temple ritualist, the Egyptian initiate, in order to be transformed and "see" the deity directly, never left his physical body behind in a passive, trance-like state (compare this with what happens in the Poimandres or inClassical Yoga). Fully awake, he enters into a deeper, more profound, mysterious layer of reality and contacted this plane directly, alone and without intermediaries, except for the doubles and the souls. His ritual actions made his body fully participate in this experience.

    The contrast with the Greek mentality is marked : the Greeks had assimilated a rational distinction between the conditions of becoming and those of being, between potentiality and actuality (cf. Plato and Aristotle). In general, matter was perceived as "gross" and more in tune with the world of becoming. Concepts, ideas and their contemplation were deemed of a "higher" order, which meant done for their own sake. Linear order was the standard of Greek concept realism and the afterlife was envisaged as a gloomy land of no return, alien to the living.


    "The living are not at the mercy of the dead ; the shades are without force and without consciousness. There are no ghostly terrors, no imaginings of decomposition, and no clatterings of dead bones ; but equally there is no comfort and no hope. The dead Archilles brushes aside Odysseus' words of praise, saying : 'Do not try to make light of death to me ; I would sooner be bound to the soil in the hire of another man, a man without lot and without much to live on, than ruler over all the perished dead.' In the dreary monotony everything becomes a matter of indifference."
    Burkert, 1985, p.197, my italics.

    The regular movements of the planets followed precise geometrical conditions. These were suggestive of the "perfect forms" of the world of ideas (or those perceived by the "active intellect"). Hence, in the Greek mysteries, astrology was used to divinate destiny and fate ("heimarmene" and "ananke"). Magic was addressed as a means to overcome one's preassigned fate, wiping out unluck, etc. Finally, theurgy came into being. A decisive release from the forces of fate & mortality was invisaged by working directly with the Deities. In Gnosticism, which had many branches, a "special knowledge" was aimed at. Again the material world appeared in negative, depreciative terms (cf. evil as "privatio boni" in Neoplatonism and Roman Catholicism on original sin and the cause of evil).


    "And when, by drawing on repressed or non-Greek traditions, mysteries began to feed on the hopes of individuals with universal speculation and sought to overcome the chilling isolation of man in death, this was for a long time more a complement than a dangerous rival to the Greek system."
    Burkert, 1985, p.203.

    In the Egyptian conception, commoners sought a happy life to satisfy their souls (cf. theDiscourse of a Man with his Ba), while priests were consecrated in (local) induction rituals (leaving the "ultimate" experience to the high priest). Is it possible the higher priesthood also participated in the Osirian mysteries of death and resurrection, held in major temples of Egypt, like those of Abydos, Busiris and Karnak ? Such ritual activity would prepare them for the afterlife and transform them into "initiates" on Earth (adepts "justified" while alive) ?
    "Follow the god as far as his place,
    in his tomb which is found at the entrance of the cavern.
    Anubis sanctifies the hidden mystery of Osiris,
    (in) the sacred valley of the Lord of Life.
    The mysterious initiation of the Lord of Abydos !"
    Griffith, tombe I, 238, lines 238-239, ca.XIIth Dynasty.
    But Egyptian and Greek initiations had this in common : both involved a confrontation with a symbolical death, followed by a new state of being alife.
    "to die, that is to be initiated"
    Plato
    http://www.maat.sofiatopia.org/peret_em_heru.htm
     
  9. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    Little is known about the daily life of the Ancient Egyptians, but proof of circumcision abounds in temple reliefs. Early Egyptologists assumed that all Egyptian males were circumcised, but more recently both circumcised and uncircumcised penises have been found on the unwrapped mummies of Pharaohs. Modern Egyptologists have pondered about just whom among the Egyptians were circumcised and why. An early Masonic historian, Godfrey Higgins (in Anacalypsis London 1836), writes, “Priests only of the Egyptians were circumcised”. Candidates for priesthood, and for circumcision, were usually chosen from among puberty-age, virgin boys. A more modern Masonic historian, Manly P. Hall, asserts in Freemasonry of the Ancient Egyptians (Los Angeles 1936), “In ancient Egypt learning was regarded as a high privilege and education was under the direction of a small number of individuals who were organized into bonds, pledges and vows of secrecy.... (a candidate) having applied at Heliopolis, was referred to the Learned of the Institution at Memphis, and these sent him to Thebes (where) he was circumcised.”

    Some historians have contended that the priests of Egypt were circumcised as a sacrifice, a forsaking of ‘sinful pleasures’. However, the concept of sex as sin is not known to have been a part of the Egyptian religion. What is known is that the circumcised penis was a symbol of fertility, as can be seen in temple reliefs throughout Egypt. According to Egyptologist, E. A. Budge ('The Gods of the Egyptians': Dover Publications), there was a very early God of Circumcision whose job was to maintain the fertility of the Nile banks. Another early Egyptian myth contended that God circumcised himself and the blood from his penis fell and created the universe. This myth is thought by some to be the progenitor of the blood cults in which animals were sacrificed, as seen in the blood covenants of some modern Semitic religions. Another theory, quite unorthodox, holds that the Great Pyramid (Cheops) was not a tomb at all (it contained no artifacts, no mummies, etc.) but was a temple of initiation. The young initiates to the priesthood were, supposedly, led single file through the narrow passages receiving one initiatory degree after another and, reaching what is now called the Queen’s Chamber, they were circumcised and then proceeded up the Grand Gallery towards the King’s Chamber and their final degree. The circumcised priests were the guardians of immortality; symbols of fertility and life everlasting.

    http://www.circlist.com/rites/egypt.html
     
  10. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    Entering the Service
    Primarily, there was no "ordination to priesthood", but some initiation rituals, though, involving with high probability vows to keep purity, not to take advantage of the office, and perhaps obedience to the superiors. Some scientists believe, that the 42 "Declarations of Innocence" written in the Book of the Dead are actually such vows from the initiation ceremony. The recently discovered "Book of the temple" tells us - as far as can be read in the fragments - of such vows, too. Amongst other things, the candidate had to attest he has committed no murder. In some later texts from the 21st/22nd dynasty is written from an "Introduction to the God" for the high ranking priests, which might be some special "higher ordination". But this was already the time of the "God's State", when the High Priests of Amun had taken control of Upper Egypt. In some cases, priests choose names with special connection to the god, whom they served, for their children; or adults perhaps changed their names, when they entered the temple-service.
    Sources:
    • J.F. Quack: Königsweihe, Priesterweihe, Isisweihe (Assmann, J.: Ägyptische Mysterien, München 2002 GERMAN
    • Helen Jaquet-Gordon: The Graffiti on the Khonsu Temple Roof at Karnak, possibility of download here
    http://www.ancient-egypt-priests.com/AE-Life-english.htm
     
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