After the New Deal a project called Federal Writers Project was set up to go interview different peoples that had lived through slavery. A very interesting account was found in each community about groups of Africans who couldn't take the chattel slavery and "flew" back to Africa. In many accounts that I saw, the people weren't talking about a myth, they said they had literally seen people lift up and fly away. Where they truly talking about flying or were they talking about Africans escaping and going back to Africa? These accounts can be found in the book Drums and Shadows: Survival Studies among the Georgia Coastal Negroes http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2895 Ebos Landing The story that gives Ebos Landing its name is one of the most colorful and enduring tales in Georgia's rich literary history. Better known as the "Myth of the Flying Africans," this narrative has been georgiaencyclopedia.org The story that gives Ebos Landing its name is one of the most colorful and enduring tales in Ebos Landing Georgia's rich literary history. Better known as the "Myth of the Flying Africans," this narrative has been told and embellished for 200 years in the form of local legends, children's stories, movies, novels, and television shows. Based on an actual historical event, this remarkable tale of an Ebo (or Igbo) slave rebellion on St. Simons Island has become a powerful metaphor of African American courage, longing, and conviction. The historical roots of the flying Africans legend can be traced back to the spring of 1803, when a group of Igbo slaves arrived in Savannah after enduring the nightmare of the Middle Passage. The Igbo (from what is now the nation of Nigeria, in central West Africa) were renowned throughout the American South for being fiercely independent and unwilling to tolerate the humiliations of chattel slavery. The Igbo who became known as the flying Africans were purchased at the slave market in Savannah by agents working on behalf of John Couper and Thomas Spalding. Loaded aboard a small vessel, the Igbo were confined below deck for the trip down the coast to St. Simons. During the course of the journey, however, the Igbo rose up in rebellion against the white agents, who jumped overboard and were drowned. African American oral tradition, on the other hand, has preserved a very different account of the events that transpired that day. As with all oral histories, the facts of the story have evolved as storytellers elaborated the tale over the years, such that there are now dozens of variations on the original episode. In the late 1930s, more than 100 years after the Igbo uprising on St. Simons, members of the Federal Writers Project collected oral histories in the Sea Islands (many of which can now be found in Drums and Shadows: Survival Studies among the Georgia Coastal Negroes). An older African American man by the name of Wallace Quarterman was asked if he had heard the story of Ebos landing. Quarterman replied: Ain't you heard about them? Well, at that time Mr. Blue he was the overseer and . . . Mr. Blue he go down one morning with a long whip for to whip them good. . . . Anyway, he whipped them good and they got together and stuck that hoe in the field and then . . . rose up in the sky and turned themselves into buzzards and flew right back to Africa. . . . Everybody knows about them.