EVENTS THAT LEAD UP TO THE ENDING OF SLAVERY BY WAR By Andre Austin 1. Toussaint L’Ouverture , in 1791 had a revolution in Haiti with a coalition of blacks and mulattoes became the first African country to defeat a white nation. His greatest rival was General Rigaud a mulatto and white shipman Girard who stole millions of god Toussaint was going to use to fight slavery in Africa. France lost to the Black slaves, not because of voodoo but yellow fever, and had to sell the Louisiana territory. Its land mass was so big it was cut into a dozen more states in America. These new states wanted to expand slavery while the North didn’t want to competition of white labor against black free labor. 2. 1808 embargo law against importation of slaves from Africa. This new policy lead to the breeding of slaves and rocketed the rise of mulattoes across the USA. Absolutist denounced this sexual sin arising out of slavery. Because of the sex in slavery to this day black females are character assassinated into the roles of a harlot and that notorious woman Jezebel. 3. Slave Ship mutinies of The Amistad in 1839 and The Creole in 1841 was fuel to Abolition teachers who taught Cinque to read and write and won his case in the Supreme Court. 4. War of 1812 with Britain led new pioneers to settle the West. 5. War against Mexico 1846-1848. Anti-Slavery Congressmen voted against the Mexican campaigns seeing a possible extension of slave territory. 6. The political rise of John C. Calhoun advocating states’ rights and the expansion of Slavery to new territories and states. Declared slavery a political institution while in reality it was both political and religious institution. Whites supported slavery were grounded in religious assumptions about Ham and forged a close association between slavery and sin. 7. The Fugitive Slave law of 1850 aroused the conscience of the people and swelled the ranks of the abolition minority which at one time seemed to decline to meet a premature death. JFK, in his famous Profiles of Courage praised Senator Webster for helping to pass the new law because it delayed the Civil War for ten years. I thought it was odd. 8. Frederick Douglass publication of the North Star and others news venues agitating for ending of slavery. The Liberator published by William Lloyd Garrison. 9. 1857 Supreme Court Decision reiterating the fugitive slave act of 1850. A slave living in a free state is property and no claims to citizenship or rights a white man is bound to respect. 10. What Oil is today for the world economy Cotton, Sugar, coffee and Tobacco was for the economy during slave times. Money and slavery was a powerful bond. 11. 1793 Eli Whitney invention of Cotton gin increased the demand for slaves. Consumption of cotton in the mills of England were ferocious. 12. Nat Turner killing spree in 1831 John brown’s in 1859 and a plot by Gabriel Prosser in 1800. These and other rebellions help Abolitionists kill the myth of the happy go lucky Sambo slave who was content with his destiny of slavery. 13. Creation of Republican Party in 1854 in Jackson, Michigan advocating a cease to the expansion of new slave states. This went hand and hand with Lincoln election in 1860. 14. Missouri compromise of 1820 allowing Maine in union as a Free State and Missouri as slave. North of the Louisiana purchase (36 parallel Mason/Dixon line of two men who were surveyors) slavery was outlawed and south of the line no laws passed against slavery. 15. Uncle Tom’s Cabin published in 1852 by Harriet Beecher Stowe helped destroy the institution of slavery. 16. Senator Stephen A Douglass passed a bill called the Kansas-Nebraska act of 1854 that lifted the barrier of the Missouri compromise of 1820. The new law allowed the states themselves to vote for slavery or against it. Nebraska decided to be free and Kansas duked it out until admitted as a state in 1861. Kansas was the first battleground of the war to come. 17. The Civil War 1861-1865 due to Southern states seceding from the Union. The South lost because they didn’t centralized food, transportation or cohesion between their own Confederations of states. Focused too much on individual and states and didn’t act as a unit in whole. They tax citizens only at 1% and failed to warehouse their cotton in Europe before the Yankees made a blockade. They also could not assert control of their labor force of blacks who fled in droves to the North. If the South would have been content with slavery and not its expansion or independence the Civil War would have never happened. 18. Abraham Lincoln admitted several times that the divisive blow against the southern troops were the use of black soldiers, cooks, nurses, general labors. Black soldiers had to fight for less pay and to shoot like it was no tomorrow because Confederates took white POW’s but not black ones. Black soldiers were paid $10 per month deducted $3 for clothes whites were paid 13$ and allowance of $3.50 for clothes. Lincoln proposed a reward for black soldiers of allowing them to vote and for those who were literate. The war brought the end of the dividing line of slave and free from mason/Dixon but didn’t end that color-line of segregation, hate, lynching from 1865-1965 when blacks were allowed to vote, travel and eat anywhere they wanted to.