Black Spirituality Religion : Ekpe Society

Discussion in 'Black Spirituality / Religion - General Discussion' started by cherryblossom, Jan 27, 2011.

  1. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    Ekpe

    From NigerianWiki

    The Ekpe Society is a religious and cultural institution among the Efik people, it can also be found among the Annang and the Ibibios. At its peak, it permeated the social, economic and political life of the Efiks but lately its dominance has been eroded as urbanization and modern political administration expanded. The society is now seen as a fraternity along the masonic lines which tries to represent the interest of Efiks.

    History
    The history of the society is shrouded in mystery since many members pleage a vow of silence. However, some tales abound. According to some stories, prior to the migration of the Efiks from a settlement in Uruan, they owned a secret cult names Mpke sometimes called Nyana Yaku. On the getting to their present stead, they met a similar society among a group of Efut?Ekoi with links to Cameroon. It is here they purchased the Efik grades or the secret religion. However, there are some claims that the Efik originated as a women society before it metamorphosized to become a male society. However, this claim has no support in Efik mythology.

    The society is generally seen to have emerged in its origins as a religious cult, as Ekpe in Efik means leopard, an animal considered invisible and mysterious in Efik and Ibibio folklore. The society then was an esoteric cult in which the uninitiated knew little about. The first main title holder of the society was Esien Ekpe Oku, who is the grandson of Oku Atai, a cousin of an Obong who at one point in time was given control of the Ekpe society The society used its power to enforce law and order through fear. During the emergence of the trans Atlantic trade, the Ekpe members transformed themselves into a trading and regulatory organization enforcing commercial laws and engaging in commerce. (1)

    Structure
    The society had two main grades, the higher grade was comprised of members of the Nyamkpe, Okpoho, Okuahama, Nakanda and the lower grades were made up of Mboko, Mboko Mboko, Mkpe, Mbakara and Edibo. The society was an open but secret society accepting free men, slaves and women. However, the higher grades was generally limited to those who could pay its high fees.



    http://nigerianwiki.com/wiki/Ekpe
     
  2. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    ORIGIN AND HISTORY OF EKPE SOCIETY
    By Cardinal A. Offiong
    Thousands of years ago, Ekpe (Ekpe is an Ibibio word for Lion) existed in more than fifty counties worldwide, but its origin, authentic history and structure remained unknown. After decades of research and with the co-operation of a few surviving custodians of Ekpe tradition (they are less than ten in number today) Tourisim African is publishing an authoritative book on Ekpe, with first-hand information that can never be obtained anywhere else ………….
    It contents includes:

    (1) The origin of Ekpe
    (2) Ekpe as a ceremonial Masquerade, as a socio-cultural Society, as a Mystical Fraternity
    (3) The similarity between Ekpe and the Hebrew Kabbalah
    (4) The twenty four Sacred Orders in Ekpe
    (5) Ekpe as sacred, not a secret Society
    (6) Ekpe as a system of Government in the Old Calabar Province until the advent of the British Colonial rule in Nigeria
    (7) Ekpe as a symbol of Authority, Prestige and Royalty
    (8) No important national ceremony and the reception of Eminent Personality or a Monarch is complete without the appearance of Ekpe Masquerade, from the reception of Sir Edward Edgerton in 1897, Lord Luggard, British Prime Minister, Sir Harold Wilson, American Presidents, Mr. Jimmy Carter, and Mr. Bill Clinton, to the reception of the Queen of England during Commonwealth Head of Government Meeting (CHOGOM) at Abuja in 2003.
    (9) Why all the names of Ekpe Masquerades end with Edibo Aya?
    (10) Who was Asibong Edem Nkatta?
    (11) MBOKKO, the roar of the Lion
    (12) Ekpe in Usak Edet, Cuba, USA, Brazil and other parts of the world
    (13) NSIBIDI, the secret signs in Ekpe System,
    (14) The Lion’s Tail and many more …………..

    http://tourismafricana.com/origin-history-ekpe-soceity.html
     
  3. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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  4. Onyemobi

    Onyemobi Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Ekpe means leopard, not lion. And there are definitely more than 10 Ekpe members still around today.
     
  5. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    Thanks for sharing.....Perhaps you might wish to contact and correct the writer, Cardinal A. Offiong.


    TOURISM AFRICANA
    @ National Council for Arts and Culture (NCAC)
    Uyo Zonal Office, 24 Atakpo Street, P.M.B. 1210, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.
    E-mail:[email protected]
    Phone: 080-2333-7728, O81-3342-7557


    http://tourismafricana.com/origin-history-ekpe-soceity.html
     
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