Egyptology (from Egypt and Greek -λογία, -logia. Arabic: علم المصريات) is the study of ancient Egyptian history, language, literature, religion, and art from the 5th millennium BC until the end of its native religious practices in the AD 4th century. A practitioner of the discipline is an “Egyptologist”. In Europe, particularly on the Continent, Egyptology is primarily regarded as being a philological discipline, while in North America it is often regarded as a branch of archaeology. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptology The statement above serves as a basic definition of Egyptology and clearly delineates that on one hand it is primarily regarded as being a philological disciple, while on the other hand, it is often regarded as a branch of archaeology. This distinction is also clearly evident of a difference in classification and the manner in which this body of scientific study has evolved not only on the continents of Europe and North America, respectively, but the African diaspora as well given the fact that every major African Historian, archaeologist, linguist and religious scholar have referenced and in turn have been conditioned by the various schools of thought that exist within this discipline. The purpose of this thread will be to examine this discipline from a philological and archaeological standpoint, with secondary reference to the religious traditions which have influenced the major scholars known as "Egyptologists".