What is the difference? http://lexrex.com/enlightened/AmericanIdeal/aspects/demrep.html http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-the-difference-between-a-republic-and-a-democracy.htm These are not scholarly resources, but if you would like me to obtain such, I shall oblige. The United States is a federation or society of States (not a nation). It is treated as a singular nation in public international law. Private international law is a different story .... The States are republics. The United States was not founded on the principle of democracy.