Black Hebrew Israelites : Daniel chp 11- 1-19 Greek wars explained


Well-Known Member
Jan 19, 2015
Daniel Chp 11 1-19 Greek wars explained

THE SCRIPTURES STARTING FROM VERSE 1-19 DESCRIBE Ptolemy I Soter 367 BC – c. 283 BC ALL THE WAY TO Antiochus lll . 241 – 187 BC

Antiquities of the Jews - Book XII





The people of earth suffered "lost a great many of their inhabitants"

"And while these princes ambitiously strove one against another, every one for his own principality, it came to pass that there were continual wars, and those lasting wars too; and the cities were sufferers, and lost a great many of their inhabitants in these times of distress, insomuch that all Syria, by the means of Ptolemy the son of Lagus, underwent the reverse of that denomination of Savior, which he then had"

HISTORICAL NOTE: King of the South = Ptolemy I Soter I 367 BC – c. 283 BC, was a Macedonian general under Alexander the Great, who became ruler of Egypt (323–283 BC)

HISTORICAL NOTE: And one of his princes = Ptolemy made his son —Ptolemy II Philadelphus—his co-regent

Dan 11- 6
"And in the end of years they shall join themselves together; for the king's daughter of the south(Berenice daughter of Ptolemy II) shall come to the king of the north(the Seleucid monarch Antiochus II Theos) to make an agreement:( an agreement with Ptolemy II (249 BC), had divorced his wife Laodice I and transferred the succession to Berenice's children.) but she shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in these times."--------Antiochus II Theos marries Berenice, daughter of Ptolemy II, to seal a political alliance. Laodice, his first wife, has her assassinated

A. but she shall be given up - Antiochus II took up again with his first wife, Laodice. The Syrian King died shortly after, many suspect from poisoning. Queen Berenice claimed the regency for her infant son Antiochus and conquered Soloia with her army, however, she and her son were both killed by Laodice as well.

Dan 11-7

But out of a branch of her roots shall one stand up in his estate(Berenice's brother, Ptolemy III Euergetes), which shall come with an army, and shall enter into the fortress of the king of the north, and shall deal against them, and shall prevail:---- (Ptolemy III Euergetes, succeeded their father and set about to avenge his sister's murder by invading Syria and having Laodice killed.)

Dan 11-8

"And shall(Ptolemy III Euergetes) also carry captives into Egypt their gods, with their princes, and with their precious vessels of silver and of gold; and he shall continue more years than the king of the north(Antiochus II died in 246 B.C The Syrian King died shortly after, many suspect from poisoning).

Dan 11-9

So the king of the south(Ptolemy III Euergetes) shall come into his kingdom, and shall return into his own land.

The Seleucidic Dynasty [198-167 BCE]

305-281 Seleucus I Nicator

281-261 Antiochus I Soter

261-247 Antiochus II Theos

247-226 Seleucus II Callinicus (son of Laodice)

226-223 Seleucus III Soter Ceraunos

223-187 Antiochus III the Great

Dan 11-10

"But his sons(Antiochus III the Great) shall be stirred up, and shall assemble a multitude of great forces:(Antiochus attempts to acquire Phoenicia and Palestine) and one shall certainly come, and overflow, and pass through: then shall he return, and be stirred up, even to his fortress

Dan 11-11

"And the king of the south(Ptolemy V Epiphanes) shall be moved with choler(anger), and shall come forth and fight with him,(Antiochus III the Great) even with the king of the north: and he shall set forth a great multitude; but the multitude shall be given into his hand."

Dan 11-12

"And when he hath taken away the multitude, his heart shall be lifted up; and he shall cast down many ten thousands: but he shall not be strengthened by it."

Dan 11 - 13

"For the king of the north(Antiochus III the Great) shall return, and shall set forth a multitude greater than the former, and shall certainly come after certain years with a great army and with much riches"--------Antiochus III, see Josephus, Antiquities12.132-153, found in chapter 3, section 3 of Whiston's translation

Dan 11-14

"And in those times there shall many stand up against the king of the south(Ptolemy V Epiphanes): also the robbers of thy people shall exalt themselves to establish the vision; but they shall fall."

Historical Note:

He is supported by Simon II, son of Onias and Zadokite priest from about 219-196 (cf. Sirach 50:1-21)

Dan 11-15

"So the king of the north shall come(Antiochus III the Great), and cast up a mount, and take the most fenced cities: and the arms of the south shall not withstand, neither his chosen people, neither shall there be any strength to withstand."

Historical Note:

Antiochus defeats Ptolemy's general Scopas at the battle of Panion. Phoenicia and Palestine come under Seleucid control.

Dan 11-16

"But he( Philip V of Macedon) that cometh against him shall do according to his(Antiochus III the Great) own will,(secret pact with Philip V of Macedon ) and none shall stand before him: and he(Antiochus III the Great) shall stand in the glorious land(Israel), which by his hand shall be consumed."

Historical Note:

( Under the terms of this pact, Macedon were to receive Egypt's possessions around the Aegean Sea and Cyrene, while Antiochus would annex Cyprus and Egypt.)

(Once more Antiochus attacked the Ptolemaic province of Coele Syria and Phoenicia, and by 199 BC he seems to have had possession of it before the Aetolian leader Scopas recovered it for Ptolemy. But that recovery proved brief, for in 198 BC Antiochus defeated Scopas at the Battle of Panium, near the sources of the Jordan, a battle which marks the end of Ptolemaic rule in Judea.)

Dan 11-17

"He(Antiochus III the Great) shall also set his face to enter with the strength of his whole kingdom, and upright ones with him(Hebrews); thus shall he do: and he shall give him( Ptolemy V Epiphanes) the daughter of women(Cleopatra I the daughter of Antiochus III ), corrupting her: but she shall not stand on his side, neither be for him"

Dan 11- 18

"After this shall he turn his face unto the isles(Antiochus would annex Cyprus and Egypt.), and shall take many: but a prince( Manius Acilius Glabrio) for his own behalf shall cause the reproach offered by him to cease; without his own reproach he shall cause it to turn upon him."

Historical Note: ( Manius Acilius Glabrio the consul routed him at Thermopylae forcing him to withdraw to Asia Minor. Antiochus lll mounted a fresh eastern expedition in Luristan, where he died while pillaging a temple of Bel at Elymaïs, Persia, in 187 BC)

Dan 11-19

"Then he shall turn his face toward the fort of his own land: but he shall stumble and fall, and not be found" -----(187 B.C Antiochus dies while attempting to loot a temple of Bel (to raise money to pay off Rome)


Well-Known Member
Jan 19, 2015
Daniel chp 11 Greek wars explained CONTINUED FROM VS 19

Dan 11- 20

"Then shall stand up in his estate a raiser of taxes:(Seleucus IV Philopator) in the glory of the kingdom [he plundered the temple] but within few days he shall be destroyed, neither in anger, nor in battle."

Historical Note:
On his return from Jerusalem, Heliodorus assassinated Seleucus, and seized the throne for himself..

After King Seleucus IV was assassinated by Heliodorus, a usurper, in 175 BC, Antiochus IV Epiphanes in turn ousted Heliodorus.

Dan 11-21

"And in his estate shall stand up a vile person(the kingdom was seized by the younger brother of Seleucus, Antiochus IV Epiphanes.), to whom they shall not give the honour of the kingdom: but he shall come in peaceably, and obtain the kingdom by flatteries."

Historical Note: (Antiochus, with the help of King Eumenes II of Pergamum, seized the throne for himself, proclaiming himself co-regent for another son of Seleucus, an infant named Antiochus (whom he then murdered a few years later)

Dan 11-22

"And with the arms of a flood(destruction) shall they be overflown from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant(Hebrew People)

Dan 11-23

"And after the league made with him he shall work deceitfully: for he shall come up, and shall become strong with a small people."

Historical Note: (Antiochus installs Jason, brother of Onias III, who accelerated Hellenization in Palestine.)

Dan 11- 24

"He(Antiochus IV Epiphanes) shall enter peaceably even upon the fattest places of the province; and he shall do that which his fathers have not done, nor his fathers' fathers; he shall scatter among them the prey, and spoil, and riches: yea, and he shall forecast his devices against the strong holds, even for a time.(Antiochus conqured Coele-Syria in 170 BC)

Historical Note: Antiochus was the first Seleucid king to use divine epithets on coins These epithets included 'manifest god'

Dan 11-25

"And he(Antiochus)shall stir up his power and his courage against the king of the south(Ptolemy VI of Egypt ) with a great army; and the king of the south shall be stirred up to battle with a very great and mighty army; but he shall not stand: for they shall forecast devices against him."

Historical Note: (Antiochus launched a preemptive strike against Egypt, conquering all but Alexandria and capturing King Ptolemy. Antiochus allowed Ptolemy VI to continue ruling as a puppet king.)

Dan 11- 26

"Yea, they(Ptolemy dynasty) that feed of the portion of his meat shall destroy him(Ptolemy VI Philometor was driven out by his brother Ptolemy VIII Physcon in 164 B.C) and his army shall overflow: and many shall fall down slain."

Historical Note: (From 169–164, Egypt was ruled by a triumvirate consisting of Ptolemy VI Philometor, his sister-queen and his younger brother known as Ptolemy VIII Physcon. In 164 he was driven out by his brother and went to Rome to seek support, which he received from Cato)

Dan 11-27

"And both of these kings' hearts shall be to do mischief, and they shall speak lies at one table; but it shall not prosper: for yet the end shall be at the time appointed."

Historical Note: ( Ptolemy VI Philometor tried to have Ptolemy VIII Physcon assassinated but failed. these 2 kings fought each other until Ptolemy VI Philometor died 145 B.C)

Dan 11-28

"Then shall he(Antiochus IV Epiphaness) return into his land with great riches; and his heart shall be against the holy covenant(Hebrew People); and he shall do exploits(Antiochus attacked Jerusalem and restored Menelaus, then executed many Jews.), and return to his own land."

Dan 11-29

"At the time appointed he shall return(In 168 BC Antiochus led a second attack on Egypt and also sent a fleet to capture Cyprus.), and come toward the south(Egypt); but it shall not be as the former, or as the latter."

Dan 11-30

" For the ships of Chittim(Roman Fleet commanded by Gaius Popillius Laenas) shall come against him: therefore he shall be grieved, and return, and have indignation against the holy covenant: so shall he do; he shall even return, and have intelligence with them that forsake the holy covenant."

Historical Note: (He was sent as an envoy to prevent a war between Antiochus IV Epiphanes of the Seleucid Empire and Ptolemaic Egypt)

Dan 11-31

" And arms(Weapons of War) shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength(The Temple and Hebrew People were Plundered), and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate."

Abomination that maketh desolate

Historical Note: Apocrypha: 1 Macabees Chapter 1-54 56-57

"Now the fifteenth day of the month Casleu(March), in the hundred forty and fifth year, they set up the abomination of desolation upon the altar, and builded idol altars throughout the cities of Juda on every side".

56. And when they had rent in pieces the books of the law which they found, they burnt them with fire.

57. And whosoever was found with any the book of the testament, or if any committed to the law, the king's commandment was, that they should put him to death.

Dan 11-32

"And such as do wickedly against the covenant shall he corrupt by flatteries(Hellenistic Hebrews): but the people that do know their God shall be strong, and do exploits."(Maccabean revolt)

Dan 11-33

"And they that understand among the people shall instruct many(Maccabean revolt): yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, many days.

Historical Note: (Judah Maccabee and Jonathan Maccabee as high priest were put to death)

Dan 11-34

"Now when they shall fall, they shall be holpen with a little help(The Most High Sent Angels to Help Judas Macabees): but many shall cleave to them with flatteries.

Historical Note: Apocrypha: 2 Macabees Chapter 11-6

"Now when they that were with Maccabeus heard that he besieged the holds, they and all the people with lamentation and tears besought the Lord that he would send a good angel to deliver Israel."

Dan 11-35

"And some of them of understanding shall fall((Judah Maccabee and
Jonathan Maccabee as high priest were put to death), to try them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the time of the end: because it is yet for a time appointed.

Dan 11-36

"And the king(Antiochus IV Epiphanes) shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself(Antiochus IV proclaimed himeself GOD), and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods(The Most High), and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done."

Historical Note: Antiochus proclaimed himself God

Antiochus was the first Seleucid king to use divine epithets on coins, perhaps inspired by Bactrian Hellenistic kings who had earlier done so, or else building on the ruler cult that his father Antiochus the Great had codified within the Seleucid Empire. These epithets included 'manifest god', and, after his defeat of Egypt,bringer of victory.

Historical Note: Hebrew Account Antiochus proclaimed himself God

Apocrypha: 2 Macabees Chapter 9-12

"And when he himself could not abide his own smell, he said these words, It is meet to be subject unto God, and that a man that is mortal should not proudly think of himself if he were God."

Dan 11-37

"Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women(Antiochus IV Epiphanes was married his sister), nor regard any god(He thought He was God): for he shall magnify himself above all."

Dan 11-38

"But in his estate shall he honour the God of forces: and a god whom his fathers knew not shall he honour with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things".

Historical Note: (Antiochus Epiphanes died in 164 BC, due to an unknown disease. He was aged at 52 at that time, but before he died he garnished the temple with goodly gifts, and restored all the holy vessels )

Dan 11-39

"Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory: and he shall cause them(Antiochus V rules as a child, with Lysias as regent Philip, (a confidant of Antiochus IV Epiphanes.) to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain."

Historical Note: Antiochus Epiphanes would go too different countries proclaiming the God of the Hebrews

"Yea, and that also he would become a Jew himself, and go through all the world that was inhabited, and declare the power of God."-----Apocrypha: 2 Macabees Chapter 9-17

Dan 11-40

"And at the time of the end(The End of the Seleucid kingdom and Ptolemaic dynasty.) shall the king of the south push at him(
Alexander Balas Ptolemaic supportt) : and the king of the north(Demetrius II ) shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over."

Dan 11-41

"He((Demetrius II) shall enter also into the glorious land(Syria and Palestine), and many countries shall be overthrown(Tripoli, a city of Syria): but these shall escape out of his hand, even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon."

Dan 11-42

"He(Demetrius II) shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries: and the land of Egypt shall not escape.'

Dan 11-43

"But he(Demetrius II) shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt: and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps."

Historical Note: 146 B.C Ptolemy supports Demetrius' claim to the throne; Alexander's wife, queen Cleopatra Thea, leaves her husband and remarries with Demetrius; her father Ptolemy VI Philometor captures Antioch

Demetrius is recognized as king before 8 September 145; he immediately attacks the Egyptian army

Dan 11-44

"But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him:(Mithradates I, king of Parthia ) therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many."

Dan 11-45

"And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain; yet he(Demetrius ll) shall come to his end, and none shall help him."

Historical Note: In 126 BC Demetrius was defeated in a battle at Damascus and was killed on a ship near Tyre
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