Kenyan children most at risk as drought crisis deepensDrought is ravaging central Africa as the November 2005 long rains failed to arrive. Over 3.5 million people in Kenya, including over 500,000 children, do not have food supplies or water sufficient to survive and are taking extreme measures to cope. Save the Children, which has been working in Kenya since 1984, is launching an appeal to begin delivering food, water and health services immediately to two districts devastated by the drought: Isiolo and Kajiado. The programme will include age-appropriate food for 35,500 children under age 5, water provision to needy primary schools in Isiolo and Kajiado, rehabilitation of water holes that service schools and their communities, and improved health care for severely and moderately malnourished children (including provisions of therapeutic milk and hospital equipment). The International Save the Children Alliance works to protect children in situations of conflict and disaster. Save the Children's response will focus on mitigating the effects of drought on the nutritional status of approximately 100,000 children under 5 years of age, primary school children, and pregnant and lactating mothers. A Save the Children assessment team, made up of experts in the fields of logistics, nutrition, protection and security, have completed a review of the situation in Kenya and estimated the relief effort for children in the two districts at $3.3 million USD for the next 12 months. We will be supporting children under the age of 5 who are not currently receiving sufficient food, water or health care appropriate to their needs. Recent reports document extensive livestock deaths as water supplies dry up. Save the Children has substantial expertise in working with similar emergencies and predicts that human loss of life will begin to rise exponentially as people living in these rural communities can no longer rely on their herds for milk, or for cash income for food. Action must be taken now to begin arranging for water and storage facilities, vehicles, delivery of supplies, and staff to support the allocation of food, water and health services. Donations are urgently needed to undertake this essential work before the crisis deepens.