Black Spirituality Religion : CANDOMBLE

Discussion in 'Black Spirituality / Religion - General Discussion' started by Amnat77, Dec 28, 2010.

  1. Amnat77

    Amnat77 Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    INTRODUCTION

    Candomblé is an Afro-Brazilian religion that developed in the cities and plantations of northeastern Brazil in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Created by enslaved Africans and their descendants, its roots are in ancient societies of West, Central and Southwest Africa -- among these, the Dahomey empire; the Yoruba kingdoms of Oyo, Ketu and Oshogbo; and the Kongo and Angola nations. In addition to the African origins of Candomblé, there are some Amerindian and Catholic elements which reflect influences of the colonial society in which the religion came into being. Fundamentally, Candomblé is a religion of balance and reciprocity which places great emphasis, in its rituals and in its cosmology, on the interconnectedness of all forms of life. Human beings are not seen as somehow separate from other elements of the natural universe. All life is related. And all life is necessary. Candomblé is also a religion of resistance. During the period of slavery Candomblé was one of the most important means that Afro-Brazilians created to maintain their most deeply human identities, in spite of their subaltern position in the larger society. In the present-day the religion continues to serve as a way to cultivate profound connections to ancestral traditions, to sacred energies (voduns, orishas and nkisis) and to positive meanings of blackness in the midst of an often painfully racist society.

    THINGS TO DO

    Toque

    The toque is a very important ritual in candomble religion which is supposed to be attended by each member of the religion before death. The Candomblé ritual (toque) has two parts: the preparation, attended only by priests and initiates, which may start a week in advance; and a festive public "mass" and banquet that starts in the late evening and ends around midnight. In the first part, initiates and aides wash and iron the costumes for the ceremony, and decorate the house with paper flags and festoons, in the colors favored by the Orixas that are to be honored on that occasion. They also prepare food for the banquet. Some domestic animals are slaughtered; some parts reserved for sacrifice, the rest is prepared for the banquet. On the day of the ceremony, starting in the early morning, cowrie-shell divinations (jogo de búzios) are performed, and sacrifices are offered to the desired Orixás, and to the messenger spirit (Exú in Ketu).In the public part of the ceremony, children-of-saint (mediunic priests) invoke and "incorporate" Orixás, falling into a trance-like state. After having fallen into trance, the priest-spirits perform dances symbolic of the Orixá's attributes, while the babalorixá or father of saint (leading male priest) leads songs that celebrate the spirit's deeds. The ceremony ends with banquet.Candomblé music, an essential part of the ritual, derives from African music and has had a strong influence in other popular (non-religious) Brazilian music styles. The word batuque, for instance, has entered the Brazilian vernacular as a synonym of "rhythmic percussion music".

    http://death.findyourfate.com/candomble.html
     
  2. Amnat77

    Amnat77 Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Looking to learn more about Candomble, if there are any Brazilians in the house who practice this tradition.. feel free to add or correct the info posted..
     
  3. jamesfrmphilly

    jamesfrmphilly going above and beyond PREMIUM MEMBER

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    Miles Davis
    Miles Davis (tp) Kenny Garrett (ss) Marcus Miller (el-b, key, d, el-g) Don Alias, Mino Cinelu (per)
    Clinton Recording Studios, NYC, late December, 1988

    FNY004766 Catembe Warner Bros. 25873

    * Miles Davis - Amandla (Warner Bros. 25873)