Blacks don't breastfeed as readily as whites, U.S. study says

Discussion in 'Black Health and Wellness' started by dustyelbow, Apr 5, 2006.

  1. dustyelbow

    dustyelbow Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Blacks don't breastfeed as readily as whites, U.S. study says

    BLACK WOMEN are at least 21 percent less likely to breastfeed than white women, which may put their children more at risk for ear and respiratory infections, a U.S. immunization survey found.

    The wealth and education of women who opted to breastfeed their babies didn't affect the gap between blacks and whites, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said in its weekly Morbidity and Mortality Report.

    The gap reinforces the need for public health programs to encourage more mothers to breastfeed their babies, the study said.

    CDC researchers analyzed data from the 2004 National Immunization Survey of households with children aged 19 months to 35 months. They found significant differences between whites and blacks in almost every subgroup, with well-educated, more affluent women of both races most likely to breastfeed, the study said.

    The study found 13 percent more white women who graduated from college breastfed their infants than black college graduates. At least 10 percent fewer black mothers who were poor breastfed their infants, compared with whites, the study said.

    The greatest gap, almost 38 percent, was between breastfeeding mothers in rural areas, the study said.

    The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends breastfeeding for the first year of a child's life. The study said increasing the rate of breastfeeding can contribute to fewer health problems for mothers and children and cut health-care costs.

    Vitamins and pregnancy

    Pregnant women at risk of a high-blood pressure complication that's responsible for about 60,000 deaths every year don't benefit from taking vitamin C and E supplements, according to a study published in the Lancet.

    The incidence of pre-eclampsia, a condition involving increased blood pressure and swelling due to fluid retention, was similar in women taking

    1,000 milligram of vitamin C and 400 units of vitamin E and in those not taking the supplements, said Lucilla Poston, a professor of maternal and fetal health at King's College in London.

    Women who took vitamin C and E supplements also were more at risk of having a baby born with a lower birth weight, the researchers found. Taking smaller doses of vitamin C and E as they're found in multivitamin preparations specific for pregnancy aren't harmful, Poston said.

    "Use of these high-dose antioxidants isn't justified in pregnancy," Poston said in her study, adding that she doesn't know why the supplements don't prevent pre-eclampsia and may reduce the birth weight, though "a detrimental effect on placental function is possible."

    Petting zoos not so safe

    Those cute petting zoo animals that your kids love to touch may be harboring another

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    type of critter that isn't so cuddly — Escherichia coli O157:H7. Visitors to the zoos are raising their risk of an E. coli infection by failing to take the most basic precautions.

    Last week at the International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases, Tennessee Department of Health researchers reported that of

    1,700 visitors at petting zoos in central Tennessee, 62 percent did not use hand sanitizer stations after visiting the animals. Another report from the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control found that 28 percent of visitors to the 2005 South Carolina State Fair did not use hand-washing facilities. Other risky behaviors were also common in both studies, such as bringing food and drink into the zoo.

    In a third report, a team of researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention studied outbreaks at two Florida zoos and identified behaviors that were most likely to cause infection. These included feeding cows and goats, touching a goat or coming into contact with manure. They also confirmed that hand washing can prevent transmission of the bacteria.

    Looking marvelous

    Show of hands: Who would like to have a body like Halle Berry's? Brad Pitt's abs, anyone? How about Nicole Kidman's nipped waist? Personal trainer Steve Zim (with co-author Mark Laska) promises a celebrity-worthy physique in

    "6 Weeks to a Hollywood Body" (John Wiley & Sons Inc., $24.95).

    Despite its tabloid-ish title, this book contains detailed workouts designed to create a toned figure. Using a few simple props (stability ball, dumbbells, a chair), Zim takes readers through upper body, lower body and abdominal workouts that are described in detail and illustrated. Although many may be familiar, some are tweaked to get the most out of the exercise. The Hollywood Kickout, for example, works the inside and outside of the triceps by slightly twisting the dumbbell and isolating the muscle. That, says Zim, is what gives triceps that nice line of definition.

    The goal is to create the sculpted but symmetrical physique so many stars possess these days. "Most people plan their workouts around what I call mirror muscles," says Zim, referring to the front half of the body most people see in the mirror.

    — from wire reports
     
  2. dustyelbow

    dustyelbow Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    with well-educated, more affluent women of both races most likely to breastfeed, the study said.

    It'a absolutely ridiculous that 'educated' women in the US breastfeed, when our enslaved ancestors was denied or did not possess 'education' in breastfeeding a new generation of American-born Africans.

    I am not saying that what is needed NOW but it shows how values change in greater society <"ruthless educated white" looked down on breastfeeding as primitive had enslaved African attend to those needs of their children and their own> affected the values and development of us as a community.

    Now only 'educated' white women graduates understand the importance of this in the US.

    But that breastmilk may have been contaiminated through environmental and the diet of the mother. I know most whites arent eating good food for the body. I know formulas we buy at the store aren't the best either. It too contain contaminants from "filtered" water. Plus sweetners added to it.

    Looks like "ruthless" white overall has set up a generation of black babies and white babies that will be in BONDAGE.

    Oh well that's what we get for following "ruthless white".

    Still I am hopeful.
     
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