Black African Americans from Colonial Times & Today Slavery in New England part 6 The Armistead ~ Destination Connecticut ~ 1839 Venture Smith, a Slave in Rhode Island~ “However, that same year Smith purchased his wife Meg, who was pregnant, from Thomas Stanton…. in 1775, …” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venture_Smith Venture Smith - Wikipedia en.wikipedia.org The Slaves of Windsor. Page 435-437. [The history and genealogies of ancient Windsor, Connecticut: Including East…] The first record of negro slavery in Connecticut appeared in the inventory of Henry Wocott, Jr., in 1680... “…General Ti, a slave belonging to Capt. Jona. Ellsworth, commanded on that occasion. His master, being a captain of the calvary, furnished him with his own uniform, … to the chain of which he added several huge seals, and set him upon his own war steed. So General Ti rode forth that day, …. Such exhibitions were a source of no little amusement to the whites, who often visited them to witness the evolutions and performances of their sable competitors. On this occasion, as we learn from an eye witness, the general was early on the ground, and becoming somewhat impatient at the tardiness of the soldiers belonging to the Pine Meadow (Suffield) District, he ordered up his horse and rode through the crowd to take a survey of the field, and things in general. Pulling up his horse in the immediate vicinity of Esquire Bissell, and other prominent Windsor citizens, he exclaimed, “Wonder why de troops don’t come on from de north.” The squire, who was a bit of a wag, with a sympathizing air, inquired, “What time is it, General?” Dropping the bridle rein, he drew up his watch, hand over hand, and holding it out, exclaimed with scornful dignity, “Look for yourself, gemmen, by ____,” which not a little amused the squire and his friends, who happened to know that the general could not tell the time himself. When the attempt was made to form the regiment, there was no little difficulty in arranging the soldiers so as to make the best appearance--for most had some bit of uniform, but no two alike….’” [Bissell] At the commencement of the present century, and for some time after, there were many negroes in Windsor; but they all seem to have been, or to have ultimately become, a poor shiftless, lazy set of free negroes.” http://books.google.com/books?id=jM...v=onepage&q=charlotte bradley chaffee&f=false The History and Genealogies of Ancient Windsor, Connecticut: History books.google.com RHODE ISLAND 1688-- Slaves were introduced at this time, although there is no record of any law relegalising slave-holding. Ironically, the colony later prospered under the slave trade, by distilling rum to sell in Africa as part of a profitable triangular trade in slaves and sugar with the Caribbean.… http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhode_Island …In 1752, Venture and Meg welcomed their daughter Hannah. Less than a month later Venture was separated from his family when he was sold to Thomas Stanton in Stonington, Connecticut. …in 1773. However, that same year Smith purchased his wife Meg, who was pregnant, from Thomas Stanton…. in 1775, Venture Smith had freed his entire family…spent the remainder of his life in Haddam Neck, Connecticut, on a farm that he bought in 1776. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venture_Smith Venture Smith - Wikipedia en.wikipedia.org Portrait of a black Revolutionary War sailor c.1780 This portrait of an unidentified Revolutionary War sailor was painted in oil by an unknown artist, circa 1780. Prior to the war, many blacks were already experienced seamen, having served in the British navy and in the colonies' state navies, as well as on merchant vessels in the North and the South. This sailor's dress uniform suggests that he served in the navy, rather than with a privateer. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part2/2h81.html Africans in America/2/Portrait Black Revolutionary War Sailor pbs.org …To both the enslaved and free, privately owned vessels were more attractive than the Continental or state navies. For runaway slaves, there was less chance of being detected by slavecatchers, and for all crew members, there were greater financial rewards. Philadelphia's free blacks, for instance, were more inclined to serve on privateers than in Pennsylvania navy. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part2/2p51.html Africans in America/Part 1/Black Revolutionary Sea Men pbs.org Thomas was not the only African American seaman to ally himself with the British. Many royal naval vessels were piloted by blacks -- some of them runaways, other enslaved to loyalist masters, and still others pressed into service. Possibly a quarter of the slaves who escaped to the British made their way onto ships, some signing onto the ships' crews or joining marauding expeditions of bandits commonly referred to as "Banditti." http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part2/2p51.html Africans in America/Part 1/Black Revolutionary Sea Men pbs.org James Forten (1766-1843), served in the American army as a drummer boy, captured by the British at the age of 15 years old on the privateer Royal Louis http://www.usmm.org/revolution.html Privateers or Merchant Mariners help win the Revolutionary War usmm.org He served as a powder boy on an American ship during the Revolutionary War in America (1775-1783). …spent seven months on a British prision ship. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7175674 James Forten, Sr (1766 - 1842) - Find A Grave Memorial findagrave.com In 1839, a group of Africans who were to be sold into slavery took control of the ship Amistad, which then landed in Connecticut. http://www.visitconnecticut.com/freedom.hmtl Austin F. Williams House 127 Main Street, Farmington, CT A local abolitionist, Austin Williams, built this site as a home for the Amistad Africans during their stay in Farmington. He later built his own home nearby and converted the first structure into a carriage house. The home also served as a stop on the Underground Railroad http://www.visitconnecticut.com/freedom.hmtl New England: Connecticut: Freedom Trail* Milford Cemetery, North Street, Milford, CT This colonial cemetery contains the graves of several African-American Revolutionary War soldiers. A plaque honoring these soldiers is located at the First Baptist Church, at 28 North Street, also in Milford. Mystic Seaport Museum, 75 Greenmanville Avenue, Route 27, Mystic, CT… …a New England coastal village …Mystic Seaport is also the site of current efforts to build a replica of the ship Amistad, a Spanish slave-ship commandeered by 53 Africans who were to be sold into slavery in Cuba. The Charles W. Morgan ship also offers information on the African-Americans and maritime life during the 19th century. Hempstead Historic District, Downtown New London, CT During the 19th century, New London was a major Connecticut port. The Hempstead District housed a vibrant African-American community. The area has many historic buildings, including the colonial Hempstead Houses. Jail Hill District, Between Fountain and Cedar Streets, Norwich, CT In the 19th century, the New London County jail was located in this section of Norwich. Because property around the jail was so inexpensive, the area blossomed into a large African American community. John Brown Birthplace, John Brown Road, Torrington, CT Perhaps the most famous abolitionist of the Civil War era, Brown became reknowned for his raid on Harper's Ferry, VA. His roots and his life, however, began in this home in Torrington. Nero Hawley's Grave, Riverside Cemetery, Daniel's Farm Road, Trumbull, CT Nero Hawley was an African-American soldier in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Hopkins Street Center, 34 Hopkins Street, Waterbury, CT For over 60 years, beginning in the 1920's, the Hopkins Center served the African-American community in Waterbury. http://www.visitconnecticut.com/freedom.hmtl *Note: 19 century means, 1800s; There is more information to this link about the Connecticut Freedom Trail ____________________________________________________ And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death. EXODUS 21:16. And the kings of the earth, who have committed fornication and lived deliciously with her, shall bewail her, and lament for her, …Standing afar off for the fear of her torment, saying, Alas, alas, that great city Babylon, that mighty city! for in one hour is thy judgment come. And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buyeth their merchandise any more: The merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones, and of pearls, …and slaves, and souls of men. REVELATION 18: 9-13. And the LORD shall bring thee into Egypt again with ships, by the way whereof I spake unto thee, Thou shalt see it no more again: and there ye shall be sold unto your enemies for bondmen and bondwomen, and *no man shall buy you. DEUTERONOMY 28:68. Note: The difference between ‘a slave’ versus ‘a bond servant’ is in the phrase ‘no man shall buy you’, of which refers to ‘stealing’. This issue as been the confusion of many due to the North American Slave trade system of which used the false premises that the Bible condoned it. They operated the Slave Ship Trade for about 200 years under the government of Christianity [Anti-Christendom]. If the Bible does not condone stealing then it will not condone stealing humans. Under this blasphemy, their slave trade system was allowed to become perfected and thus they became a great system. Ironically to, this prophecy as it is written in the Bible with regards to slavery and the Slave Ship Trade was the foundation and the basis for the very rise of nations but it will also be the foundation of their fall too because it is human sacrifice. According to the Bible, this evil will be judged, by and by, and measure for measure over the course of about 1000 years. In contrast, many have become confused due to the Bible statements with regards to bond servitude in that it is continuing but the critical point revolves around a major turn of events. According to prophecy, there will come a time when God will make a division with regards to land, New Jerusalem, and after that time prophecy reveals that many people will submit to bond servitude in order to avoid going into slavery byway of people who will seek that kind of system. Slavery will exist, but it will never be accepted under the realm of the Creator. According to Jesus [Mat. 5:20], the same books that were used to condone human sacrifice of which includes the law books of governments in this world, will be the basis for world judgment as it compares to the Bible. This means too that their own law books will be used towards those who support it.