Black Ancestors : BESSIE COLEMAN (QUEEN BESS")

Discussion in 'Honoring Black Ancestors' started by $$RICH$$, Jul 30, 2005.

  1. $$RICH$$

    $$RICH$$ Lyon King Admin. STAFF

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    Bessie Queen Bess Coleman
    1892 - 1926

    First Black African American woman pilot
    she was well known to the public as Queen Bess" Bessie Coleman was the
    first black woman ever to fly an airplane and first african american to earn
    an international pilot license, she worked as a laundress and manicurist in
    chicago.
    As a professional Aviatrix, coleman was often criticized by the press, she
    set out to fulfill a great dream establishing a school for the young black
    aviators,because of this hero Queen lieutenant William J. Powell of the
    Black wings (wrote) .
    We have overcome that which was worse than racial barriers, we have
    overcome the barriers within ourselves that dared to dream.
    Bessie Coleman was born in Atlanta in 1892 at the age of two (2) her
    family moved to a small farm in Texas near the town of (Waxahachie)
    30 miles south of Dallas being one of 13 children she cared mostly for
    her sisters and brothers after the long cotton-picking she earned top
    marks in mathematics but the local school shut down so children could
    help harvest.

    At age nine 9 her Father who was three forth indian left the family
    returning home in Oklahoma, worn out by racial discrimination in Texas
    Bessie mother , rather than uproot the family remain in Texas working
    in laundry and picking cotton to support her family, coleman completed
    the 8th grade at the top of her class then went to work as a laundress
    saving money for a college education in 1910 she enrolled at the
    Preparatory school of the Agricultural and at Normal University in Langston
    after one semester she had to return back to Texas her money was out
    in 1915 with all the humiliating life style she join her brother (Walter ) in
    Chicago and Windy-City became her adopted home, she went to chicago
    beauty school to become a manicurist land her first job at the white sox
    barber shop and became friends with many and a gentlmen who was older
    then she was (Clude Glenn) who she married in 1917 but lived with briefly
    she earned and gain a reputation as the best and fastest manicurist in
    black Chicago, one of her new found friends was (Robert S. Abbott) the
    founder and editor/publisher of the Chicago Definder newspaper
    in 1920 women pilot's were a rarity and black women were a virtual
    impossibility but Bessie continue with great pride to break into this
    barrier after receiving a string of Rejections from american Aviation schools
    she turn to Mr.Abbott for advice , he suggested she learn french and go to
    France where racism would be less a barrier, November 1920 she left for
    France enrolled at (Ecole d'Aviation des freres caudron at Le crotoy )
    she learn to fly in a NIEUPORT type 82 biplane JUNE 1921 ahe received her
    License from the Federation Aeronautique international becoming the first
    black woman in the Institution's History making history , returning back to
    Chicago yet no one willing to help teach her in February 1922 she sailed
    off to Europe then left for Holland and in August she return to the united
    states.

    Coleman made her first appearance in an american air show on September
    3rd, 1922 for an event honoring the all black 369th American Expeditionary
    forces of world war 1 held at curtiss field near New York.

    she put on a show at the Checkerboard airdome now (Midway Airport)
    in Chicago where she was named the world's greatest woman flyer,
    Bessie was offered a film role in Shadow & sunshine financed by african
    american seminole film producing co. she accepted the role to learn
    the first scene of the movie required her to appear in tattered colthes
    walking stick with a pack on her back she refused to proceed, walking
    off the movie set was a statement of principles.

    she later bought her first plane , Ancient curtiss JN-4 priced at $400
    in 1923 it stalled at near 300 feet nose dived to the ground leaving
    coleman with a broken leg , ribs
    Making her first Texas flight JUNE 19th 1923 the Anniversary of the
    Texan blacks achieved their freedom, in 1926 she was on a practice run
    with her mechanic (William D. Wills) who was the pilot she was in the
    back cockpit not seatbelted to see the contour of the field below at
    80 mph the plane went into a tail-spin fliped unside down coleman was
    hurled out and plunged to her death .

    Years after black Aviators inspired by her pioneering achievements
    form a network of BESSIE COLEMAN AERO CLUB was founded in 1977
    by a group of black women pilot's from the Chicago area

    Every APRIL on Coleman's death date , the
    BESSIE COLEMAN AVIATORS

    PILOT'S FROM CHICAGO AMERICAN PILOTS ASSOC.

    NEGRO AIRMEN INTERNATIONAL
    fly low over Lincoln Cemetery in Chicago suburbs of Blue Island to drop
    flowers on the Grave as an additional tribute to the world's first black
    air pilot and aviator Bessie Coleman.

    in 1990 Mayor Daily Renamed old MANNHEIM RD. at O'Hare Airport
    BESSIE COLEMAN DR. and in 1992 he proclaimed MAY 2nd Bessie Coleman
    Day in Chicago and later after she got national Recongnition the
    U.S.Postal service place her on the Stamp....

    this is one of our brave and forwarded Ancestors who lived and died
    for what she beleived and to achieved in for the young Blacks.........
    a american hero and historical maker Bessie Coleman

    read the full text and article here
    http://www.gale.com/free_resources/bhm/bio/coleman_b.htm
     
  2. $$RICH$$

    $$RICH$$ Lyon King Admin. STAFF

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    A woman of greatness and one who is a leader , may she forever be remembered
     
  3. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    Birth: Jan. 26, 1892
    Death: Apr. 30, 1926


    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]


    :bowdown:
     
  4. $$RICH$$

    $$RICH$$ Lyon King Admin. STAFF

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    Thankz for sharing the photo of our dear sister Bessie
     
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