Atonement at the Pool of Reflection 40 Years Later the Spirit of King Laid to Rest From: Underground News Network-UNN Final Call Newspaper retracts allegations attributed to King family accusing Rev. Jackson and Rev. Kyles, citing reporter's lack of fact or proof 8/23/2003 - Right out of the gate the rabbit runs then the dogs follow; it is said a picture is worth a thousand words..."you bet on the horse the horse don't win, you loose and I bet you"... we have never had true black leadership here on slaveship Earth nor have we had true leadership in America. As African Americans, save for one man [The Hon. Elijah Muhammad] and there is no monument etc., dedicated to or erected for H.I.M: concerning the picture worth a thousand words... again our leaders are picked and chosen for us, in a pin the tail on the funky style, as the picture of the 1963 March on Washington depicts, we are a big '******' or as we were called at one time by ignorant whites, Big Ape, we have the muscle for work and being controlled but we have no brains. Our head is always placed on the strong body by that hidden hand of the U.S. government. The movement has always been controlled by Jews, it is time for new leadership... ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Broken Alliance: The Turbulent Times Between Blacks and Jews in America by Jonathan Kaufman. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1988. 311 pages, $19.95, Hb., ISBN 0-684-18699-3. Reviewed by Paul Grubach Broken Alliance is an account of how the twentieth-century alliance between Jews and blacks in the United States came into being, and how it came to be broken. Concentrating on the period since the Second World War, the author describes the rise and fall of the black-Jewish coalition through biographies of three blacks and four Jews who were deeply involved in the civil-rights movement. The author of Broken Alliance, Jonathan Kaufman, is a Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter for the Boston Globe. A Jew with Zionist sympathies, Kaufman owns to an early perception of alienation from Gentile society and culture: "I knew that, as Jews, my family and I would always be outsiders." (p. 2) Though not a scholarly work, Broken Alliance provides the reader with a detailed, and for so widely available a book, unusually frank discussion of the past, present, and future of a minority coalition which has decisively influenced virtually everything to do with black-white relations in America over the past four decades. Author Kaufman, drawing an alliterative shaft from Jesse Jackson's rhetorical quiver, writes that the history of black- Jewish relations went through three phases: "Cooperation," Confrontation," and "Competition and Conflict." Late in the book, he offers the reader a short synopsis of the factors which allegedly fostered the Jewish-black alliance: Blacks and Jews were brought together by intersecting agendas. Jews, emerging from the catastrophe of the Second World War, their recent past shaped by their experience of anti-Semitism in the United States and the legacy of Eastern European socialism, latched onto a political agenda which, they believed, would ensure their success in America: Society should not make distinctions based on race or religion. That was good for blacks -- but it was good for Jews, too. Blacks, readying in the 1950's for yet another assault on segregation, emboldened by the Supreme Court's decision in Brown vs. Board of Education abolishing segregated schools, were willing to reach out and work with white allies. They accepted the help of Jews as people who could make a difference. There was genuine love and cooperation in the civil rights movement, but for some blacks and Jews, the main motivation was not an alliance but success. The alliance was a means to an end, not an end in itself. (p. 268) Interestingly enough, the book fully vindicates claims which just a few years ago would have evoked the dread "anti-Semite" label. Broken Alliance shows that Jews were a ubiquitous and pervasive force within "black" organizations and the civil rights movement, often exercising significant authority over the black rank and file. "It was Jewish intellectuals, as well as lawyers and fund-raisers, who made the greatest contributions to the civil rights movement." (p. 108) Several prominent Jews, including America's leading Reform rabbi, Stephen Wise, were among the founders of the NAACP in 1909. Joel Spingarn, an English professor at Columbia, became the NAACP's chairman in 1914 and served off and on in that role until his death in 1939. His brother, Arthur Spingarn, headed the NAACP's legal struggle; he drew upon the expertise of Jewish legal scholar Felix Frankfurter. The head of the American Jewish Committee, Louis Marshall, argued on behalf of the NAACP before the Supreme Court. Kaufman points out: At a time when the cause of black rights was far from popular, Jewish givers gave tens of thousands of dollars to keep the NAACP on its feet. In 1930, the onset of the Depression threatened the NAACP's future. William Rosenwald, son of Julius Rosenwald, the founder of Sears, Roebuck, offered to donate $1,000 annually for three years if four others agreed to match the gift. Four did, three of them Jews -- Herbert Lehman and Felix Warburg, financiers, and Harold Guinzburg, head of the Viking Press -- and one non-Jew, Edsel Ford. (pp. 30-31) In the summer of 1964, over half the white students heading south to engage in "civil rights" work were Jewish (p. 19). Kaufman adds: Jews wrote most of the checks that bankrolled the fights of Martin Luther King and his Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC); of SNCC, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee; and the Freedom Rides of James Farmer and CORE (the Congress of Racial Equality). Ever since the early years of the NAACP more than fifty years before, with a Jewish president and, a few years later, a black national organizer, leading Jews on the board of directors, and a vocal black membership, blacks and Jews were linked in the fight to end racial discrimination. (p. 19) An examination of the top leadership of the civil rights organizations in the 1960's shows that where there was a black-white alliance for civil rights, it was often a black-Jewish alliance. In addition to Jack Greenberg, director of the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund, who is profiled in the book, Kaufman points out that: [Martin Luther] King's top white adviser was Stanley Levison, a Jewish lawyer whom the FBI believed was a communist agent but whom King relied on to handle his finances, edit his books, and give counsel during some of the crucial crises facing the movement The president of the NAACP and one of King's top contributors was Kivie Kaplan, a retired Boston businessman who -- personally and through friends -- gave hundreds of thousands of dollars, often after a hurried phone call from King or one of his lieutenants. Over at CORE, James Farmer's top fund-raiser and a key speech writer was Marvin Rich, later succeeded by another Jewish civil rights advocate, Alan Gartner. Jews made up more than half the white lawyers who went south to defend the civil rights protesters. They made up half to three-quarter of the contributors to civil rights organizations, even to the more radical organizations, like SNCC. (pp. 85-86) Kaufman points out what he believes gave rise to the coalition: "Both [blacks and Jewsl shared a common desire to break down the barriers of prejudice. Both shared a common enemy: the prejudiced white Gentile." (p. 268) Ultimately, according to the author, the alliance broke up because the expectations and interests of blacks and Jews began to diverge and conflict. Every major Jewish organization, with various degrees of hostility, opposed affirmative action, whereas blacks supported it. There have been disputes over foreign policy as well. Since the 1970's, some Black leaders have emerged as major critics of Israel and political Zionism. Blacks are unhappy with Israelis intimate relations with South Africa, and the tendency of American Jews to rationalize these. As one politically active, thirty-five-year-old black lawyer, Melanie Lomax, put it, many younger blacks " don't respect my parents' generation that was so much in the pocket of the Jewish communityYounger blacks are intent on breaking that stranglehold." (p. 280) Kaufman adds: "For blacks like Lomax, Jews have become the enemy, the obstacle they must overcome in fighting for political and professional success." (p. 280) Despite Kaufman's careful documentation, which does not detract from his breezy style, one of his central theses, ie. what it was that gave rise to massive and enthusiastic Jewish involvement in the civil rights movement, appears flawed. The author claims that three factors promoted Jewish devotion to creating a racially integrated society in America. According to Kaufman, "Jews had turned to black causes out of sympathy fueled by the radical politics of Eastern European immigrants, by their own experience with discrimination, and by the horror of the Holocaust." (p. 33) Since Kaufman has demonstrated that the central Jewish role in the civil rights movement antedated the "Holocaust" by at least two decades, this factor may easily be subsumed in that of Jewish "experience with immigration." But even if the "Holocaust" is left to figure as an independent factor, Kaufman's tripartite explanation for Jewish behavior in America collapses when put to the test elsewhere: specifically, in Israel. The Zionist state and nation which arose in 1948 might be said to have owed its existence to the "Holocaust," if that label be attached to the actual German policy of promoting immigration and then turning to expulsion of the Jews of Europe rather than to a fictitious extermination attempt. Modern Zionism, of course, is supposed to have derived much of its impetus from the recognition of leaders like Theodore Herzl that Jews could never hope to be free from discrimination and the threat of persecution in Gentile nations. Finally, among the Zionists who settled in Palestine before the war and flocked there afterwards, there were East European radicals aplenty, and "labor Zionists" of various socialist hues, including Marxists and sometimes even Marxist-Leninists on the far left, first established, then, until a little over a decade ago, governed Israel. By Kaufman's criteria, the Jews of Palestine should have championed the rights of the native Arab population. As Revisionists have long known, thanks in good part to courageous Jews such as Alfred Lilienthal, the Zionists did anything but that, and have rather intensified their mistreatment of the Palestinians to the extent that by now every sentient American is aware of it. Far from working for and integrated society in which Jews and Arabs functioned as social and political equals, the Jews who founded Israel created a society in which Israeli Jews dominate "israeli" Arabs, a separate and unequal society in which discrimination is part of the established social order. For example, ninety per cent of Israel's territory has been legally defined as land, which can be leased and cultivated only by Jews. Key institutions such as the kibbutz are reserved exclusively for Jews, as the Israeli scholar Uri Davis has recently reminded us in his thorough study, Israel: An Apartheid State. Were Jews around the world, and as Kaufman amply demonstrates, particularly in America, not such overbearing critics of national, racial, and religious exclusivity all this might seem like carping. But this stridency, coupled with the fact that the Zionist ideology is a product of more than visceral ethnocentrism, prompts one to wonder if what is sauce for the Gentile goose shouldn't be the same for the Jewish gander, and to ask, more pointedly, why the Zionists opted for national socialism in Israel while so many of their kinsmen were promoting international socialism from America to Russia. The failure of Broken Alliance to offer credible grounds for the vital leadership and support Jews have lent the civil rights and integration struggle is disappointing. Unanswered and unrefuted, the claims of black nationalists, and recently of more than a few black assimilationists, that the Jewish role was prompted by a desire for Jewish control, stemming originally from the commanding role of Jewish merchants and renters in black economic life, and prompted more recently by murkier motives linked to Jewish nationalism, will continue to work their mischief. Nor does this exhaust Broken Alliance's failures of insight. Kaufman never seriously addresses the possibility that active Jewish hostility toward Gentile society and values might have been a factor in taking the part of a group largely shunned by American whites at the start of this century. As Jewish political scientists Stanley Rothman and S. Robert Lichter have shown, this seems to have been a motive for many Jewish civil rights activists. In the words of one of their informants: ... my activity in the civil rights movement was maybe less in terms of a genuine love, say, for black people at the time than with some kind of identification with white people who were disaffected from white society. The author's openness about the effects of the encroachment of the urban black underclass on old Jewish neighborhoods is instructive not only for its frank sympathy for Jews, but by its contrast with Kaufman's evident attitudes toward non-Jewish Whites in similar situations. As he points out: In the wake of the urban shifts of the 1960's, Jewish neighborhoods in city after city in the North became black. The shift was often accompanied by a rise in crime and a decline in the neighborhood, often the result of city governments cutting back police protection and other city services For a time in the 1960's, there seemed to be no Jew who did not have a grandmother, a cousin, an elderly aunt, a family friend living in a once Jewish, now black ghetto, hemmed by crime and fear. (p 8) Dealing with these traumas in microcosm, in his chapter on Jewish Chicagoans Bernie and Roz Ebstein, who moved to the suburbs after repeated incidents of black hostility, Kaufman writes of their " struggling over to stay or leave. It wasn't a question of racism." (p. 184) Yet his image of Gentile disinclination to be driven from their neighborhoods is provided by a lurid evocation of white resistance to Martin Luther King's stagey march through Chicago's Marquette Park in 1966, which Kaufman blows up into something approaching a combined pogrom, Nuremberg rally, and lynching bee (fatalities: 0; two were killed and fifty-six injured in a riot in a black Chicago neighborhood three weeks before). Surely there is no question that black Americans have suffered discrimination and oppression, and given that American blacks are citizens of a country which their ancestors have inhabited for centuries, the civil rights movement was often inspired by legitimate concerns. Kaufman's heavy investment in universalism (outside Israel) blinds him, however, to the possibility that blacks may legitimately seek not merely self-determination -- "black control over black lives" -- but separatism, oviating the need for white and Jewish mentors to shepherd them to integrated pastures. Likewise, he blinds himself to the possibility that America's white majority might have a legitimate interest in preserving its own identity. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- See The Following Links • Review Broken Alliance: The Turbulent Times Between blacks and Jews in America • Jewish Dominance and Exploitation of the Black Civil Rights Movement • Kivie Kaplan Papers • The Jewish Question We are a body which has always been governed, study the picture above, an aerial view of the 1963 March and you can see this grand orchestration by the master builders, the outline of the shoulders, bringing to view flexed muscles, but where the head is to be is where they placed Martin Luther King, some times called Martin Lucifer King or Michael the deceiver, better known as the great orator...we ask you this question, if King was anti America, he would not have a commemorative plaque unveiled for him at the Lincoln Memorial; what did this black man do for the U.S. government to merit such a great honor? We know that In the District of Columbia there are only monuments to the great white fathers; what was the true significance of the "I have a dream speech" in one basket we have the eggs of women's rights movement, gay and lesbian liberation movement; these are paramount over black liberation, because black liberation did not come out of the works of Martin Luther King... through the covert works of Bayard Rustin, an admitted homosexual. King was used to usher in the Gay rights movement, also the mystic Mahatma Gandhi, working his evil magic [voodoo] caused a mass hypnotic syndrome to fall over the so-called civil rights movement supposed headed by one Dr. Martin Luther King; as the Negroes were marching and being nonviolent and getting killed; the mystic Gandhi was being a voodoo priest fasting and meditating, his was the power which kept the Negroes in America under the spell of the great "drum major/orator" in check, Gandhi was aware of this. Can it be refuted that Bayard Rustin was a slick Negro controlled by a white movement, he had a white mentor, who controlled him, and indirectly controlled the civil rights movement...so when King thought he was fighting for Negro civil rights he was setting a foundation for gay rights...the ultimate goal of the King movement was race mixing, i.e. as the results shows in 2003, 40 years later, multiculturalism--the old timers know the history and they know the inner workings of the movement, the King family, Jesse, all the big timers etc., if Mrs. King would tell the truth it would be revealed that Rustin hood winked her; she fell for the smooth talking outsider; note the King FBI files were not to be opened for fifty years, I'm sure much dirt will be revealed through those documents, of course Mrs. King might not be around then; who knows she still looks good in 2003. Before we get to the heart of this article the writer would like to give you some food for thought, while living in Atlanta Ga. at a writers workshop at Paul Robeson Theaters [The Arts Exchange] I by chance met and spoke with a female cousin of the King family, who I offered a copy of my writings in my personal script, she said she could not accept it as she was trying to get away from witchcraft and or 'voodoo.' She related to me that her family, i.e., the King family was heavily into the black arts; if you have ever seen my handwriting you would understand this statement...to prove or shed light on the cousin statement, I can recall an artist who used to display his work downtown at the Peach Tree Park in Atlanta and his work depicted the sentiment of the cousin of the King family...[is Correta Scott King really a witch?] ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- G.C. Moore to W.C. Sullivan Feb. 29, 1968 The Counterintelligence Program is now being expanded to include 41 offices. ... For maximum effectiveness of the Counterintelligence Program, and to prevent wasted effort, long range goals are being set. 1. Prevent the coalition of militant black nationalist groups. In unity there is strength; a truism that is no less valid for all its triteness. An effective coalition of black nationalist groups might be the first step toward a real "Mau Mau" in America, the beginning of a true black revolution. 2. Prevent the rise of a "messiah" who could unify, and electrify, the militant black nationalist movement. Malcolm X might have been such a "messiah;" he is the martyr of the movement today. Martin Luther King, Stokely Carmichael and Elijah Muhammed all aspire to this position. Elijah Muhammed is less of a threat because of his age. King could be a very real contender for this position should he abandon his supposed "obedience" to "white, liberal doctrines" (nonviolence) and embrace black nationalism. Carmichael has the necessary charisma to be a real threat in this way. 3. Prevent violence on the part of black nationalist groups. This is of primary importance, and is, of course, a goal of our investigative activity; it should also be a goal of the Counterintelligence Program. Through counterintelligence it should be possible to pinpoint potential troublemakers and neutralize them before they exercise their potential for violence. 4. Prevent militant black nationalist groups and leaders from gaining respectability, by discrediting them to three separate segments of the community. The goal of discrediting black ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ It is believed and it is said that when "they" killed King they killed the revolution. The 40-year Anniversary of the 1963 March on Washington D.C, August 28 1963, would have fallen on a Thursday as did the original March. Why was the 40-year Anniversary held on the last day of Dog Days, August 23, 2003=18 which is 9 or 666 the Mark of the Beast. Ronald Wilson Reagan 666, 40th President, is symbolic of the 40-year Anniversary. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 40TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE MARCH ON WASHINGTON Martin Luther King, III and a coalition of labor, peace, justice, and human rights organizations will commemorate the 40th anniversary of the historic March on Washington, August 22nd and 23rd in Washington, DC. "The civil rights movement is alive and well with new energy from labor, peace, women's and gay rights organizations. We come to Washington in August 2003 to demand the same things our parents demanded in 1963: jobs, peace and justice.", says Martin Luther King, III. The 2003 March on Washington includes more than 100 organizations taking a stand against increased U.S. militarism, racism, class warfare, the destruction of the environment and a so-called 'War on Terrorism' that justifies the arrests of innocent people and instills fear in all Americans. The 1963 March on Washington and the "I Have a Dream Speech" garnered public support for both the civil rights movement and King's leadership. After the March on Washington, the nation could no longer turn a blind eye to the horrors of racism. The political impact of this "mighty wave" gave moral strength to the anti-Vietnam War movement, the Women's Rights movement and the Gay and Lesbian Liberation movement. Within a year of the March, Congress passed Civil Rights and Voting Rights Act legislation. Forty years later, the nation's focus is on the Right-Wing's well-financed and expensively promoted assault on civil rights, human rights and affirmative action that threaten to roll-back advances made by generations of men and women who fought and died for equality. The 40th Anniversary of the March on Washington Schedule of events: Friday, August 22 at the Lincoln Memorial: • 4:00pm Ceremony to unveil a Martin Luther King, Jr. Commemorative plaque • 4:30pm Press Briefing • 7:30pm Prayer Vigil and speeches • 9:00pm Poetry Jam called "Spoken Word on Washington" Saturday, August 23rd: • 11am the March will convene at the site of 1968's Resurrection City in West Potomac Park for a series of Community Mobilization Teach-In's. • 3:00pm the crowd will march to the steps of the Lincoln Memorial for a commemorative mass rally. A full list of speakers will be announced as soon as possible. For more information about activites and events for the 40th Anniversary of the March on Washington, please visit March on Washington or call (202) 544-8026. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ August 28, 2003 the true date is 5 days later which is (23) still 5 (2+3=5) is the number of death, five wounds of Christ etc. The day before the real anniversary of the March (August 28, 2003=5 [Death]) is August 27 2003=22 [Judgment]; Mars will be closest to the Earth for the first time in 50,000 years, symbolic of change. The last time Mars was seen this close to the earth the Neanderthal was on Earth. Nothing has changed, we are Neanderthals in our thinking begging the oppressors for civil rights. The south is in the news again [See Monumental News] the CIA has a way of causing confusion. Our point here is to reveal the evil in the Martin Luther King phenomena above we have indicated the whys of the commemoration date not being on August 28, save on August 23 for the 23rd, final day of Dog Days 2003 reveals the mark of the beast. The following will reveal the esoteric and metaphysical relationship of the illuminati and the Martin Luther King phenomena. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Excerpt Word is Bond by Ital Iman I Emancipation proclamation - a proclamation issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863= 20 declaring free all Negro slaves in all states and territories still in rebellion against the union; one hundred years after that Landmark event by the 16th president who was assassinated; the year is 1963 the 35th president John Fitzgerald Kennedy was Assassinated-he also was instrumental in Black Freedom/civil /equal rights-now in that same year 1963 100 years after the freedom of slaves. There was a natural uprising, something dormant in the minds of black folk and the hidden hand, we will call The Association could not handle it. In fear of loosing their grip on their enterprise so they The Hidden Ones Leviathan had a plan they would use a *scapegoat* let us define this term: Scapegoat - a sacrificial lamb. To sacrifice is to make an offering to a deity in worship or atonement...also that which is offered. 1. In the Bible, the goat upon whose head Aaron symbolically laid the sins of the people on the day of Atonement after which it was led away into the wilderness. Leviticus 16 2. An animal, person, or group chosen to bear symbolically or suffer for the bad luck or sins of an individual or group. 3. A person bearing blame for others Let us go back and look at the numbers here one hundred years after the freeing of slaves in the American union the number; one in one hundred the Emancipator, Lincoln is on the one cent the copper penny which is the color of Black People the lowly cent represents lesser value of all other currency as does the Negroes to whites at that time. There is a hidden connection between currency and freedom, believe you me. There was a black revolt in 1963 naturally and the powers that be needed someone to put out the natural fire; so they had created a puppet leader they had occultly groomed Martin Luther King, Jr. whose (666 real name was Michael). Five is an occult or esoteric number representing death the five wounds of Christ the so-called lamb of God. As the Masonic Church, cult want us to believe as slaves God sacrificed his only begotten son for the sins of the world on the cross etc; the emancipator Abraham is on the five dollar bill, he was assassinated one hundred years before John Kennedy in 1963 now five years after Kennedy in 1968 the goat or lamb of the Association was slaughtered. Again we see the occult number ... The Emancipator is on the penny/five dollar bill (6) King was used to lull the revolt. The world thought a great leader had died. Kennedy was not one or in union with the Association, that's why he was killed; he wanted to reveal them - he was not a pawn - King was... At the time it appeared King was anti government, this is the way of the so-called Illuminati. So reader, are you one who does not believe in metaphysical statements? What was said then by the hidden hand when Selassie's bones were supposedly found under the toilet? [he ain't ****?] Let us look closer 1863 (1+8+6+3=18) this is the same number of the mark of the beast 666, i.e. (6+6+6=18). How do we know - Lincoln but by the image of the Hasidic Jew black hat and black uniform... 1968 1+9+6+3= and 2+4= This is the year King was killed - now Lincoln is on the one cent and he is on the five dollar bill (1+5=6). Let us look at 1963 when Kennedy was killed 1+9+6+3= and 1+9= we have the magic one here Kennedy killed 100 years after Lincoln. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- This is sort of a sidetrack but let us look anyway. Bill Clinton is now in office his term ends 37 years after Kennedy 3+7= we see the magic one here 137 years after Lincoln 1+3+7= and 1+1= and this energy falls on President George Bush from the old Indian prophecies who is in office 35 years after the March, August 28 2003=, the date the 40th Commemoration should be on, as today is August  2003. Note: Concerning the Nation of Islam has become a politically correct organization Benjamin Chavis, former head of the NAACP, is the spokesperson for Louis Farrakhan, the civil rights movement and Nation of Islam is at one. The Million Man March in 1997 and the March on Washington 1963 were in the same tenor. Martin Luther King stopped the evolution of the black race, August 27 2003 Mars is closest to the Earth for the first time in 50,000 years just one day before the actual commemoration date brings judgment and puts an end to the Martin Luther King syndrome which has kept us in the past as far as black liberation. It is time to evolve to another plane of consciousness, let Martin Luther King rest, time for new leadership, the day of the divine nine is over. "The servants of the king" (boule') shall be no more, was Alpha Phi Alpha really the concept of the Seven Jewels or was it a conspiracy of "they." It was noted on Cornell University Campus the situation for African American students was reflective of challenges presented by the outside world. Seven African American students in 1906, started a fraternity or a secret society of like minded students which started out as a study group, December 4, 1906 one night in upstate New York, Henry Authur Callis, Eugene Kinckle Jones, Robert Harold Ogle, Charles Henry Chapman, Nathaniel Allison Murray, George Biddle Kelley, and Vertner Woodson Tandy decided to create an organization the first of its kind. These seven Cornell students were said to become the founders of the first African American College Fraternity in the United States. They were called "The Seven Jewels of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity." One of the earliest members of the Alpha Phi Alpha was the scholar W.E.B Dubois who later helped found the NAACP. Alpa Phi Apha was consolidated at Cornell the Seven Jewels decided to expand to other campuses. In 1907 the second chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha was founded at Howard University. We must notice Alpha Phi Alpha was founded on a white campus, one must notice that the original founding at the white campus Cornell University was due to said facts, the black students were excluded etc., from the white society they sought so much to be a part of (doesn't this sound like Martin Luther King?). By creating the fraternity they could mimic their white colleagues which they envied. So why would Alpha Phi Alpha need to be at a black campus such as Howard? If not to be like white folks, to emulate them, or was there a deeper reason? We must ask the question, why use Greek letters, the same social issues could not have been at Howard as they were at Cornell. We must note that the god of Alpha Phi Alpha is Martin Luther King. The highlight of their ritual is to celebrate King's birthday each year. The Seven Jewels created a communication vehicle called, The Sphinx (who can solve this riddle?). The second largest African American National Magazine, now isn't it odd to use an Egyptian symbol for the magazine of a Greek lettered group or were they referring to the Greek sphinx? Paul Robeson and Jesse Owens were among the original famous Alpha Phi Alpha Brothers, note that Alpha Phi Alpha donates money to the NAACP, remember the early member was the NAACP founder W.E.B. Dubois. During the fraternity's 89th Anniversary Convention in Orlando Florida, they donated $30,000 to the NAACP fraternity's chapters give financial support to the NAACP by purchasing life memberships. In 1960, frat brother Thurgood Marshall, first black Supreme Court Justice led an effort to make the NAACP powerful. In the early 1980's again, the group organized a one million dollar fund raising campaign for the NAACP. In October, annually at Howard, the group main activity is the Howard Step Show [step n fetch it]. The group is controlled by elite white groups such as Morehouse is controlled by the Rockefellers which Bill Cosby is only a pawn. W.K. Kellogg Foundation supported them with a grant of $400,000 which they used to establish mentor groups across the nation to provide individual and group mentoring to hundreds of African American males called the Sankofa Project. Isn't it ironic that the elite blacks are members of those groups which started in the so called higher place of learning? Ital Iman I Editor in Chief Underground News Network-UNN™ www.unn13.com If you wish to comment on this or any other article etc., post your comments at our online forum Underground Voices.