Black Spirituality Religion : Archaeology and the Old Testament

Tel Maresha Caves Reveal Lost World of the Idumeans
“Dig for a Day” & Israel Antiquities Authority excavate subterranean metropolis

Biblical Archaeology Society Staff • 09/16/2013

Beneath Tel Maresha are thousands of manmade caves hewn from the soft chalk of the Judean foothills. These underground complexes supported the everyday needs of a multi-ethnic community of Idumeans, Judeans and Arabs. Photo by Garo Nalbandian.

Tel Maresha, located in the Judean foothills southwest of Jerusalem, exists on two levels—one a typical Hellenistic town; the other a subterranean metropolis of cave complexes. These caves, as described by archaeologist Ian Stern in the September/October 2013 issue of BAR, accommodated many of the everyday building, industrial and even ritual needs of a thriving, multi-ethnic community dominated by the Idumeans, the descendants of the Biblical Edomites.

Mentioned already in the Book of Joshua (15:44), Tel Maresha expanded greatly in the third century B.C.E. and became a well-planned Hellenistic city. .....

http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/...esha-caves-reveal-lost-world-of-the-idumeans/
 

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