Black Spirituality Religion : Archaeology and the New Testament

Discussion in 'Black Spirituality / Religion - General Discussion' started by cherryblossom, Jul 7, 2010.

  1. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    Good Question!


     
  2. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    New Testament Papyri

    A New Testament papyrus is a copy of a portion of the New Testament made on papyrus. To date, over one hundred and twenty such papyri are known. In general, they are considered the earliest and best witnesses to the original text of the New Testament....


     
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    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    John.5

    [1] After this there was a feast of the Jews; and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
    [2] Now there is at Jerusalem by the sheep market a pool, which is called in the Hebrew tongue Bethesda, having five porches.
    [3] In these lay a great multitude of impotent folk, of blind, halt, withered, waiting for the moving of the water.
    [4] For an angel went down at a certain season into the pool, and troubled the water: whosoever then first after the troubling of the water stepped in was made whole of whatsoever disease he had.
    [5] And a certain man was there, which had an infirmity thirty and eight years.
    [6] When Jesus saw him lie, and knew that he had been now a long time in that case, he saith unto him, Wilt thou be made whole?

    [7] The impotent man answered him, Sir, I have no man, when the water is troubled, to put me into the pool: but while I am coming, another steppeth down before me.
    [8] Jesus saith unto him, Rise, take up thy bed, and walk.
    [9] And immediately the man was made whole, and took up his bed, and walked
    : and on the same day was the sabbath.
     
  4. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    I. A CENSUS, AND QUIRINIUS GOVERNOR AT THE TIME OF JESUS' BIRTH?
    - Lk 2:1-3


    A. IT WAS ONCE ARGUED THAT LUKE WAS IN ERROR...
    1. In other words, that there was no such census
    2. Also, that Quirinius was not governor of Syria at that time
    3. And that people did not have to return to their ancestral home

    B. BUT ARCHAEOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES HAVE PROVEN OTHERWISE...
    1. We now know that the Romans:
    a. Had a regular enrollment of taxpayers
    b. Held censuses every 14 years (begun by Augustus Caesar)
    2. An inscription found in Antioch tells of Quirinius being
    governor of Syria around 7 B.C. (evidently he was governor
    twice!)
    3. A papyrus found in Egypt says concerning the conducting of a
    census:
    "Because of the approaching census it is necessary that all
    those residing for any cause away from their home should at
    once prepare to return to their own governments in order that
    they may complete the family registration of the enrollment..."

    II. WHO IS THIS LYSANIAS? - Lk 3:1

    A. THE ONLY LYSANIAS KNOWN TO ANCIENT HISTORIANS...
    1. Was one who was killed in 36 B.C.
    2. This caused some to question Luke's reliability

    B. HOWEVER, AN INSCRIPTION WAS FOUND NEAR DAMASCUS...
    1. It speaks of "Freedman of Lysanias the tetrarch"
    2. And is dated between 14 and 29 A.D.!

    III. WHOEVER HEARD OF "THE PAVEMENT" (GABBATHA)? - Jn 19:13

    A. FOR CENTURIES THERE WAS NO RECORD OF THE COURT CALLED "THE
    PAVEMENT" OR "GABBATHA"...
    1. This caused many to say "It's a myth"
    2. And, "See, it (the Bible) is not historical"

    B. BUT WILLIAM F. ALBRIGHT IN "THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF PALESTINE" SHOWS
    OTHERWISE...
    1. This court was the court of the Tower of Antonia
    2. The court was destroyed in 66-70 A.D. during the siege of
    Jerusalem
    3. It was left buried when the city was rebuilt in the time of
    Hadrian
    4. And was not discovered until recently!

    IV. ICONIUM A CITY OF PHRYGIA? - Ac 14:6

    A. ARCHAEOLOGISTS AT FIRST BELIEVED LUKE'S IMPLICATION TO BE WRONG...
    1. That Lystra and Derbe were in Lycaonia and Iconium was not
    2. They based their belief on the writings of Romans such as
    Cicero, Strabo, and Pliny
    3. Who indicated that Iconium was in Lycaonia
    4. Thus, archaeologists said the book of Acts was unreliable!

    B. BUT IN 1910, SIR WILLIAM RAMSAY FOUND A MONUMENT...
    1. Which showed that Iconium was indeed a Phrygian city
    a. Two inscriptions in the Phrygian language found at Iconium
    in 1910 prove that the Phrygian language was in use there
    for 2 centuries after Paul's visits
    b. Cofirming the interesting topographical detail in Acts (see
    Jour. Hell. Stud., 1911, 189).
    2. Xenophon, who marched with Cyrus’ expedition through Phrygia
    into Lycaonia, calls Iconium the last city of Phrygia
    3. Other ancient authorities who knew the local conditions well
    speak of Iconium as Phrygian until far into the Roman imperial
    period

    V. WHOEVER HEARD OF "POLITARCHS"? - Ac 17:6

    A. CONCERNING THE TERM "RULERS OF THE CITY" (GREEK "POLITARCHS")...
    1. Since the term is not found in the classical literature of the
    Greeks...
    2. ...it was assumed that Luke was wrong to refer to such an
    office

    B. HOWEVER...
    1. Some 19 inscriptions have now been found that make use of this
    title
    2. Five of these are in reference to Thessalonica!

    http://www.ccel.org/contrib/exec_outlines/ca/ca_05.htm
     
  5. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    John.9

    [1] And as Jesus passed by, he saw a man which was blind from his birth.
    [2] And his disciples asked him, saying, Master, who did sin, this man, or his parents, that he was born blind?
    [3] Jesus answered, Neither hath this man sinned, nor his parents: but that the works of God should be made manifest in him.
    [4] I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work.
    [5] As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.
    [6] When he had thus spoken, he spat on the ground, and made clay of the spittle, and he anointed the eyes of the blind man with the clay,
    [7] And said unto him, Go, wash in the pool of Siloam, (which is by interpretation, Sent.) He went his way therefore, and washed, and came seeing.
    [8] The neighbours therefore, and they which before had seen him that he was blind, said, Is not this he that sat and begged?
    [9] Some said, This is he: others said, He is like him: but he said, I am he.
    [10] Therefore said they unto him, How were thine eyes opened?
    [11] He answered and said, A man that is called Jesus made clay, and anointed mine eyes, and said unto me, Go to the pool of Siloam, and wash: and I went and washed, and I received sight.
     
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    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    The White Synagogue

    Mark 1:[21] And they went into Capernaum; and straightway on the sabbath day he entered into the synagogue, and taught.
    [22] And they were astonished at his doctrine: for he taught them as one that had authority, and not as the scribes.
    [23] And there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit; and he cried out,
    [24] Saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art, the Holy One of God.
    [25] And Jesus rebuked him, saying, Hold thy peace, and come out of him.
    [26] And when the unclean spirit had torn him, and cried with a loud voice, he came out of him.
     
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    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    Matt.26

    [3] Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was calledCaiaphas,
    [57] And they that had laid hold on Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled.
    Luke.3

    [2] Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.
    John.11

    [49] And one of them, named Caiaphas, being the high priest that same year, said unto them, Ye know nothing at all,
    John.18

    [13] And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.
    [14] Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.
    [24] Now Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest.
    [28] Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.
    Acts.4

    [6] And Annas the high priest, and Caiaphas, and John, and Alexander, and as many as were of the kindred of the high priest, were gathered together at Jerusalem.
     
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    cherryblossom Banned MEMBER

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    Luke 3:1 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar,Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea

    John 19:15 But they cried out, Away with him, away with him,crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.

    Luke 23:12 And the same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before they were at enmity between themselves.
     
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