THE 12 TRIBES OF ISRAEL By Andre Austin Reality: Jacob’s 12 sons were the mythological founders of various political groups that merged into the house of Israel. The 12 tribes of Israel never existed. Abraham and Sarah produced Isaac. Isaac and Rebekah produced Jacob. Jacob had 12 sons by four wives: Leah Bilhah Zilpah Rachel 1Reuben 5.Dan 7Gad 11. Joseph-Two sons= 13 2Simeon 6. Naphtali 8. Asher 12. Benjamin 3. Levi (Had no land might be due to a city named after them in Egypt) 4.Judah (Jesus family tree comes from this tribe) 9 Issachar 10. Zebulon (14 Daughter Dinah) Subsequently, Joseph had two sons named Manasseh and Ephraim and Jacob adopted them as if they were his sons. Each of the two sons were treated as a separate tribe in the House of Israel and some say they were merged together as one. Levi tribe birthed Amram who had two sons Moses and Aaron. Aaron had a grandson Phinehas, a name meaning Black or Ethiopian. Levi also had a son named Merari. Phinehas and Merari may have served in the priesthood both for Pharaoh Akheaten and Moses. Across from the city of Aton in Egypt was a city called Levi in Egypt. The idea that Jacob (Israel) had 12 sons and that these sons formed the 12 tribes of Israel constitutes one of the most fundamental beliefs of OT tradition. The Hebrew priests saw the Body of Jacob as the Body of Osiris in Egypt. The Hebrews were confused as to whether there should be 12 or 13 tribes. When set (satan) found Osiris corpse, he hacked it into 14 pieces and distributed them around the country . 13 of the pieces were recovered, but the fourteenth, the penis, had been swallowed by a fish and was never found. The 13 parts of Osiris became associated with sacred territories. Abydos, for example, chief center of the Osiris cult, maintained that the god’s head had been buried there. Over time, a tradition would have developed that the country had 13 sacred territories, one for each part of Osiris body that was recovered. Although the idea of 13 sacred territories would have been popular, the Atenists (Aton) religion formed by Moses and Akhenaten could not tolerate its connection to Osiris and circumcision. Since Osiris could no longer be openly worshiped, the images associated with his body were transferred to Jacob and his family. This required that a 13 son be introduced, causing Joseph’s inheritance to be divided between two tribes. In addition to 12 (13?) sons , Jacob had a daughter, Dinah. Dinah was added to Jacob’s family as a symbol of the missing fourteenth part of Osiris body, the penis. Moses original name was called Osarseph, “son of Osiris”. Moses changed his name and religion and disassociated himself with circumcision because it was associated with Osiris. The ancient Egyptian religion is power because it exist to this day every time we say Amen and circumcise our penis to play out the ritual of Osiris having his penis cut off and lost. And to prove that Jacob was symbolic of Osiris look into the OT: JACOB DREAMED ABOUT A LADDER TO HEAVEN (Gen 28:10-19 The reality of this scene derives from Egyptian writings from the third millennium BC pyramids that describe funerary rituals for the deceased Pharaoh. Jacob named the site of the ladder Beth-el which means House of God, and says that this was the gate to heaven. The Egyptian name for heaven was Hathor=House of Horus. All new kings in Egypt was called Horus and the dead became Osiris. The exchange or replacement of ladders is a funeral ritual of replacing dead king with a new king in Egypt. Just like the deceased king-figure Isaac which his replacement with the new tribal king-figure Jacob. In they pyramids texts written in stone states: “Re setteth upright the ladder for Osiris, and Horus raiseth up the ladder for his father Osiris, he sit down Set”. NOW LETS GET BACK TO THE 12 TRIBES: Deuteronomy 33, Moses delivered a blessing to the tribes of Israel leaving out Simeon. What happened to Jacob’s second son? A different roster appears in Judges 1, Joseph appears as a tribe separate and apart from those of his two sons, and four tribes are omitted altogether: Reuben, Gad, Levi, and Issachar. Where did they go? 1 kings 11 presents another ambiguity. The prophet Ahijah, forecasting the breakup of the Solomon’s kingdom, ripped is cloak into 12 pieces, giving ten to Jeroboam making up Northern kingdom and declaring that Solomon’s heir would have only one tribe. So, who gets the twelfth piece of the garment, the kingdom of Judah or the kingdom of Israel, and which tribe did it represent? The most important piece of evidence about the nature of Israel’s earliest political structure comes from the Song of Deborah, in judges 5. This may be the oldest textual fragment preserved in the Bible, dating to about the twelfth or 11th century Bc and possibly contemporaneous with events described therein. It tells of the efforts of Deborah to rally the tribes of Israel against a powerful Canaanite king who dominated most of Canaan from a northern base in tribal territory of Naphtali. The passage sets forth which tribes answered the call and which didn’t, but the collection of tribal names associated with the sons of Jacob. The Song of Deborah names eleven political entities, three of whom do not bear names of sons of Jacob: Gilead, Machir, and Meroz. It also omits five tribal groups descended from Jacob: Simeon, Levi, Judah, Manasseh, and Gad. The picture presented, therefore, is an Israel that consists of only 11 political entities, eight with names the same as sons of Jacob and three with different names from those of Jacob’s sons. Because this is one of the oldest textual passages in the bible, the inclusion and omission of names provide solid clues about the emergence of Israel and any connections to the sons of Jacob. The absence of five tribes from Deborah’s list strongly suggest that they had not yet come into existence as political entities until later and that their namesakes had no earlier existence as sons of Jacob. Manasseh was later created out of a merger of Machir and part of Gilead, and because Manasseh became the largest territory in Israel, it was portrayed as a descendant of Jacob. Meroz appears once in the Bible. It was part of Israel but not linked to genealogical or territorial listings and disappeared early in Israel history. Meroz is now like the land of OZ. Based on the Song of Deborah, then, we have a very different picture of what political entities formed the nation of Israel during the period of Judges, and it differs from the evolution suggested by the names of Jacob’s sons.