There have been people living in Europe since the Stone Age; there is ton of evidence and arqueological sites spread all across Europe. This upper-palaeolithic culture is dated to be 40.000 years old: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurignacian You also have these two well known locations: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skara_Brae and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stonehenge, which are about 5.000 years old. You should also read about the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corded_Ware_Culture which are 5000 years old. They were spread across much of Europe and there were massive graves found in all Scandinavia; they were nick named the Battle axe culture because of the large amount of axes found in that region. Since the ancient greece is so important for Europe you can read about these cultures these: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aegean_civilization http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mycenaean_civilization. They are more or less 3500 years old.