Black Christians : Candace Queen Of the Ethiopians

Discussion in 'Christian Study Group' started by cherryblossom, Jul 22, 2010.

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  1. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    Candace of Meroe
    (3rd century BCE-2nd Century CE)

    In the kingdom of Kush (called Ethiopia by classical authors), particularly during the Meroitic period, women played prominent roles in affairs of the state, occupying positions of power and prestige, the natural outgrowth of which was the development of a line of queens. Unlike the queens of Egypt who derived power from their husbands, the Queens of Kush were independent rulers, to the extent that it was often thought that Meroe never had a king. Four of these queens—Amanerinas, Amanishakhete, Nawidemak and Maleqereabar—became distinctively known as Candaces, a corruption of the word Kentake.

    The word is a transcription of the Meroitic ktke or kdke, which means "queen mother. " All royal consorts were by definition Kdkes. The queen mother played two important roles, which ensured the line of succession and also consolidated her power. She played a prominent role in the choice and coronation of the new king and, unique to Meroitic society, she officially adopted her daughter-in-law. Basically, some of the traits of the matriarchs of Meroe correspond to those of the queen mother in matrilineal societies in other parts of Africa.

    What little is known of the Candaces was learned primarily from Roman sources and more recently from excavations, iconography, and inscriptions on monuments. Classical writers have attested to their power and leadership. One of them is mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles (8:28-39) where, on the road from Jerusalem to Gaza, Philip converted "an Ethiopian eunuch, a court official of the Candace, that is, the queen of the Ethiopians, in charge of her entire treasury..." Pliny, who provided valuable details of the great city of Meroe, which have been borne out by subsequent excavations, states that, "The queens of the country bore the name Candace, a title that had passed from queen to queen for many years."

    http://blackhistorypages.net/pages/candace.php
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  2. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    The following link might help clear some thing up that I mentioned in another thread.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_monarchs_of_Kush

    Listed under the Kus hite Kings of Kerma is:

    Kandake Makeda (c. 1005 BCE- 950 BCE)

    This is a similar list which can be cross-referenced.

    http://en.academic.ru/dic.nsf/enwiki/232609

    Of course Kandake Makeda is also known as "The Queen of the South" and the "Queen of Sheba."

    Where is this southern land from which the first kandake (Makeda) reigned?

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerma

    Kerma (now known as Doukki Gel—a Nubian term which can be roughly translated as "red mound") was the capital city of the Kingdom of Kerma, in present day Egypt and Sudan, an archaeological site as old as 5,000 years. 'Kerma' is also used to describe the early Sudanese kingdom, of which Kerma was capital. This was one of the first black African civilizations, commanding an empire that c.1600 BCE rivalled Egypt - stretching from the First to Fourth Cataracts. It became a real Nubian state during the 3rd millennium BC. Kerma was about 435 miles (700 km) away from Aswan.

    Most references to Kandake Makeda do not speak concerning her reign centered in Kerma but it is part of the historical record of Kush, which was later recorded by the Arwe line which later ruled Ethiopia.

    http://bafsudralam.blogspot.com/2009_06_01_archive.htm

    Kerma is the area which was known in antiquity as Ta-Sety (The Land of the Archer's Bow) and is perhaps Africa's earliest known civilization.
    http://wysinger.homestead.com/kerma.html


    What’s clear is that Kerma’s civilisation emerged out of an ancient pastoral culture that had flourished in that part of Sudan since at least 7000 B.C. when the first settlements were established. Nearby Kerma archaeologists have discovered one of the two oldest cemeteries ever found in Africa – dating back to 7500 B.C. – and the oldest evidence of cattle domestication ever found in Sudan or, indeed, in the Egyptian Nile Valley. Around 3000 BC a town grew up not far from the Neolithic dwellings place.


    http://www.theancientegyptians.com/Kerma.htm

    What then was the biblical "land of Sheba"?


    Shaat and the Island of Sai, was the main trading centre, north of the Third Cataract, for the Kingdom of Kerma.
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  3. Corvo

    Corvo navigator of live MEMBER

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    Thank you brother, this is great information!

    AXE!
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  4. cherryblossom

    cherryblossom Well-Known Member MEMBER

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    The first label I am familiar with, but please direct me to some sources which call her by "Queen of Sheba."
  5. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    http://www.ethiopianhistory.com/Solomonic_Dynasty

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kebra_Nagast

    http://www.cafleurebon.com/makeda-i...pian-queen-the-wife-of-king-solomon-of-judea/

    http://www.fhi.net/fhius/ethiopiafamine/christian.html

    http://www.bethel.edu/~letnie/AfricanChristianity/EthiopiaMakeda.html

    http://www.sankofaworldpublishers.com/sankofawpethiopia2008-tehutinews.htm

    http://www.cwo.com/~lucumi/ethiopia2.html

    In addition to historian J.A. Roger's World's Great Men of Color I also recommend the following by Leo Hansberry.

    PILLARS IN ETHIOPIAN HISTORY,The William Leo Hansberry African History
    Notebook, Volume I Edited by Joseph E. Harris
    Taken from William Leo Hansberry's private papers the four essays in
    Volume I, better described as narrative histories, decipher and remove
    from the entanglement of myth, legend and spurious historical
    documentation the pillars of Ethiopia's unity. The editor, Joseph Harris,
    is the former chairman of the Department of History at Howard University.

    I used to have both volumes but they are no longer in my posession.
  6. Chevron Dove

    Chevron Dove going above and beyond PREMIUM MEMBER

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    Scripture please?

    There is no scripture that would be in agreement with the dates of this link that you posted.

    Based upon my research, the Bible does not put the first civilization beyond the 6000s BC.

    In regards to the scripture about CANDACE in Act 8 and in reference to what you have shared, this is very interesting.

    i do agree that the Kerma civ. emerged out of an ancient pastoral culture of Ta-sety; SETH LANDS [also the land of Sheba] but the dates are off in regards to the Bible. Secular authors cloud the issue of the distinction between the Kerma civilization and Kush.

    And this further confuses the issue of CANDACE, the queen of the Ethiopians listed in the Book of Acts.

    According to what you have provided, it even shows that the background of the name CANDACE shows foreign influence upon the land of Africa and this is not made clear byway of secular authors. The authors in the Book of Acts are showing by listing the name of CANDACE, that there was a foreign influence in the land of Ethiopia and this goes far back in time to the ancient Kush people embracing foreigners from the east.
  7. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    I do not rely upon scripture written after the historical period in question especially that written from outside the context of the personage in question. Furthermore, I was not aware that scriptural reference is required for this thread especially since none exists which names the Queen of Sheba by her right and exact name of Queen Makeda.
  8. Omowale Jabali

    Omowale Jabali The Cosmic Journeyman PREMIUM MEMBER

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    Since there seems to be some confusion introduced into this thread lets be clear that the "Candace" referred in this initial thread is only ONE who is the same as the "Candace" referred in Acts 8:27. lol!


    There were many more before her beginning with Queen Makeda who is connected with the biblical king Solomon.

    The lands of Kush and Kerma are not mentioned in the bible yet they are central to the location of where the Kandakes reigned.
  9. Chevron Dove

    Chevron Dove going above and beyond PREMIUM MEMBER

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    yes it is.

    It is to my understanding that this section of Christian Study is design for those who believe and for those who want to join in accordance with the religion. The central basis for this religion is THE BIBLE. Based upon your previous statements regarding your stance, I don't understand why you are commenting from a Biblical reference based upon the 'land of Sheba' and etc. if you do not believe, unless you are commenting in agreement.

    Queen Makeda, the Queen of Sheba is a subject in this section and of Christian Study so, it should be based upon the Christian foundation which is THE BIBLE.
  10. Chevron Dove

    Chevron Dove going above and beyond PREMIUM MEMBER

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    YES. the land of Kush is mentioned in the Bible with respect to Cush, the son of Ham, the land of Ham. the lands of Ham are reference all throughout the Bible in many context.

    I don't think the name 'makeda' is mentioned in the Bible but, i'm not sure.

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